Events on May 20

  • 0526Earthquake kills 250,000 in Antioch, Syria
  • 1293Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
  • 1303Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War
  • 1310Shoes were made for both right and left feet
  • 1495French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
  • 1498Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calcutta India
  • 1501Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands
  • 1521Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball
  • 1524Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
  • 1571Venice, Spain and Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
  • 1591Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis / Mauritius
  • 1631German army under Earl Johann Tilly conquerors Maagdenburg
  • 1639Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes
  • 1690England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II
  • 1704Elias Neau forms school for slaves in New York
  • 17341st Jockey Club forms in South Carolina
  • 1775Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence of Britain
  • 1784England and Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 1825Charles X becomes King of France
  • 18301st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • 1830D Hyde patents fountain pen
  • 18451st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • 1861Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
  • 1861Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
  • 1861North Carolina becomes 11th and last state to secede from Union
  • 1862Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West
  • 1864Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
  • 1864Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed / injured person
  • 1867British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills law on women suffrage
  • 1867Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria

Born on May 20

  • 1364Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur]: British soldier / politican
  • 1470Pietro Bembo: Cardinal / Theologian
  • 1537Hieronymus Fabricius Ab: Aquapend, Italy -- Physician (De Formato Foetu)
  • 1547Melchior Bischoff: Composer
  • 1554Paulo Bellasio: Composer
  • 1593Jacob Jordaens: Flemish barok artist
  • 1750Stephen Girard: Bailed out US bonds during War of 1812
  • 1754Hans Gram: Composer
  • 1759William Thornton: Architect (Capitol Building - Washington, DC)
  • 1764J Gottfried Schadow: German sculptor / cartoonist / lithographer
  • 1768Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison: 1st lady (1809-17)
  • 1772William Congreve: English officer (design fire rocket)
  • 1806John Stuart Mill: United Kingdom -- Philosopher / political economist / Utilitarian
  • 1812Gustav Adolf Mankell: Composer
  • 1818William George Fargo: Founder (Wells Fargo)
  • 1822Emile Erckmann [E-Chatrian]: French writer (Waterloo)
  • 1825Antoinette Brown Blackwell: Clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
  • 1828James William Reilly: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1830Amalia MdGA: Princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach / Wife of Prince Henry
  • 1830Hector H Malot: French writer (Without Family)
  • 1841Sara Louisa Oberholtz: Social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • 1844Henri Julien Felix Rousseau: French ambassador / painter (Dream)
  • 1850Eaton Faning: Composer
  • 1851Emile Berliner: Germany -- Inventor (flat phonograph record)
  • 1851Rose Hawthorne Lathrop: United States -- Nun / Daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 1856Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter
  • 1874Folkert E Posthuma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture / Industry
  • 1876John Owen Jones: Composer
  • 1881Wladyslaw Sikorski: Premier Poland (WWII General)
  • 1882Sigrid Undset: Norway -- Novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)

Died on May 20

  • 1277John XXI [Petrus Juliani / Hispanus]: Port Pope (1276-77)
  • 1444Bernardinus van Siena: Italian saint, dies at 63
  • 1449Peter: Prince / regent of Portugal / writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria)
  • 1471Henry VI: King of England (1422-61, 70-71) / France (1431-71)
  • 1506Christopher Columbus: Explorer, dies at 55 in poverty, Spain
  • 1509Catharina Sforza: Italian Duchess of Forli, dies at 45
  • 1597Matthijs Heldt: Dies in battle
  • 1622Osman II: Sultan of Turkey (1618-22)
  • 1648Wladyslaw IV Wasa: King of Poland
  • 1650Francesco Sacrati: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1669Joris van der Hagen: Landscape painter
  • 1751Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1782Carlo Giovanni Testori: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1782Christoph Gottlieb Schroter: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1834Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert de Motier: Nobleman
  • 1834Marquis de Lafayette: French General
  • 1841Joseph Blanco White: Theological writert
  • 1847Mary Lamb: Writer
  • 1864John Clare: English Poet (Little Trotty Wagtail), dies at 70
  • 1875Amalia: Wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
  • 1876Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
  • 1876Khristo Botev: Bulgarian poet
  • 1883William Chambers: Author / publisher
  • 1896Clara Josephine Wieck Schumann: Composer / pianist, dies at 76
  • 1900Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1910Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1919Jacob Verdam: Philosopher
  • 1923Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist
  • 1935Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven]: Lawyer / detective writer, dies at 68
  • 1939Joe Carr: NFL hall of famer / NFL President (1921-39), dies at 59

Historical events on May 21

  • 0143Earliest known date in Amer-pre Mayan King Harvest-Bergvorst installed
  • 0685Battle at Nechtansmere: Picten beat Northumbrians
  • 0996Pope Gregory V crowns his cousin Otto III German Emperor
  • 1040King Henry III gives Utrecht the Groninger currency
  • 1216French crown Prince Louis enters England
  • 1420Treaty of Troyes-French King Charles VI gives France to English
  • 1471King Edwards IV enters London
  • 1502Portuguese Admiral Da Nova discovers St. Helena
  • 1553English Lady Jane Grey marries Guildford Dudley
  • 1674General John Sobieski chosen King of Poland
  • 1683West Indian Company sells 1 / 3 of Suriname
  • 1793Curacao Island Council forbids criticism on House of Orange
  • 1804Lewis and Clark Expedition begins
  • 1809Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian Archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • 18191st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in New York City
  • 1825Prince Willem FK marries Louise AWA of Prussia
  • 18321st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore)
  • 1840New Zealand became a British colony
  • 18461st steamship arrives in Hawaii
  • 1856Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
  • 1861NC is 10th state to secede from Union
  • 1861Richmond, Va is designated Confederate Capital
  • 1863Siege on Port Hudson, Louisiana begins
  • 1864GEN David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
  • 18661st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • 1879Battle of Iquiquw
  • 1881American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
  • 1881US Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms
  • 188614th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45
  • 1891Boxers Peter Jackson and Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds

Born on May 21

  • 1527Philip II: King of Spain (1556-98) and Portugal (1580-98)
  • 1633Joseph de La Barre: Composer
  • 1671Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaia: Composer
  • 1680Frederich Karl Erbach: Composer
  • 1720Antonio Corbisiero: Composer
  • 1722Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle: Composer
  • 1775Lucien Bonaparte: Prince of Canino / Musignano
  • 1780Elizabeth Fry: Quaker Minister / prison Reformer / nurse
  • 1796Reverdy Johnson: Rep (Union), died in 1876
  • 1821John F Loudon: Dutch entrepreneur / colonial director
  • 1822Dabney Herndon Maury: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1900
  • 1822Mosby Monroe Parsons: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1865
  • 1825George Lafayette Beal: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 1834Charles-Albert Gobat: Switzerland -- Politician / lawyer / author (Nobel 1902)
  • 1835Newton Martin Curtis: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1841Joseph Parry: Composer
  • 1843Louis Renault: French lawyer
  • 1855Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian poet / writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • 1858Jose Battle Ordonez: Uruguay -- Politician
  • 1860Willam Einthoven: Dutch physiologist / inventor (electrocardiograph)
  • 1865C J Thomsen: Denmark
  • 1867Marie Joseph Leon Desire Paque: Composer
  • 1872Henry Warren: Boston, Massachusetts -- Inventor (Telechon electric clock)
  • 1873Emil Ermatinger: Switzerland -- Literature historian
  • 1873Everard Verachtert: Flemish translator (I speak beschaafd Dutch)
  • 1878Glenn Hammond Curtiss: United States -- Inventor (hydroplane)
  • 1878Louis L H de Visser: Dutch MP (CPN)
  • 1880Pablo Luna y Carne: Composer
  • 1882Georgine M "May" Basting: Actress (Hostage Rights of Aemstel)

Died on May 21

  • 0987Louis V: Last Carlovingians King of France (966-987)
  • 1254Koenraad IV: RC-German King (1237-54), dies at 26
  • 1481Christian I: King of Denmark / Norway / Sweden
  • 1524Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk: General / Premier, dies at about 80
  • 1542Hernando de Soto: Dies while searching for gold near Mississippi River
  • 1639Giovan D "Tommaso" Campanella: Italian philosopher / poet, dies at 70
  • 1647Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft: Poet / playwright (Warenar), dies at about 65
  • 1650James G: Marquis of Montrose, Scottish General, hanged
  • 1690John Eliot: English Missionary in Massachusetts, dies at 85
  • 1703Roemer Vlacq: Dutch Admiral, dies in battle
  • 1725Robert Haley Earl of Oxford: English Whig Premier (1710-4), dies at 63
  • 1786Carl W Scheele: Swedish pharmacist / chemist, dies at 43
  • 1790Thomas Warton: English Poet (Oxford sausage)
  • 1812Joseph Wolfl: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1815Roman Hoffstetter: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1817Johann Friedrich Christmann: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1844Guiseppi Baini: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1860Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1885Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1894August A Kundt: German physicist, (test of Kundt), dies at 54
  • 1895Franz von Suppe: Austrian Composer (Poet und Bauer), dies at 76
  • 1897Karol Mikuli: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1924Bobby Franks: Killed by Leopold and Loeb, at 14
  • 1926Ronald Arthur A Firbank: British writer (Prancing Nigger), dies at 40
  • 1933John Henry Mackay: Scottish / German Author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • 1935Hugo de Vries: Botanist Gruppenweise Artbildung, dies at 87
  • 1935Jane Addams: A founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), dies at 65
  • 1949Klaus Mann: German writer, dies at 42
  • 1952John Garfield: Actor (Juarez, Air Force), dies at 39
  • 1954Janos Hammerschlag: Composer, dies at 68