Events on Jul 16

  • 0390Brennus and Gauls defeat Romans at Allia
  • 0463Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
  • 0622Moslem Era begins-Mahomet begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hejira)
  • 0622Origin of Islamic Era (Muharram 1, 1 AH)
  • 1054Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
  • 1099Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue and set it afire
  • 1212Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem power in Spain
  • 1251The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stork a haircut (legend)
  • 1338German monarch signs Treaty of Rense
  • 1429Army entered Reims
  • 1429Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
  • 1439Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
  • 1519Public debate between Martin Luther and Theologist John Eck
  • 1548La Paz, Bolivia is founded
  • 1573Alva demands submission of Zealand / Holland
  • 1618Captain John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
  • 1659Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II
  • 16611st banknotes in Europe were issued by Bank of Stockholm
  • 1683Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attain Vienna
  • 1769Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California
  • 1775John Adams graduates Harvard
  • 1790Congress establishes District of Columbia
  • 1798US Public Health Service forms and US Marine Hospital authorized
  • 1801Pope Pius VII and 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
  • 1845New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
  • 1856Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 1857Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • 1861Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • 1862David G Farragut is 1st rear Admiral in US Navy
  • 1863Utrecht-Swells railway opens

Born on Jul 16

  • 1571Theodoor Galle: Flemish engraver, baptized
  • 1715Charles Prince de Rohan-Soubise: Marshal of France
  • 1722Joseph Wilton: Sculptor
  • 1723Joshua Reynolds: England, United Kingdom -- Portrait painter (Simplicity)
  • 1725Georg Simon Lohlein: Composer
  • 1728Henri Moreau: Composer
  • 1746Giuseppe Piazzi: Italian Monk / discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • 1796Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: Painter
  • 1821Mary Baker Eddy: Founded Christian Science (Science & Health)
  • 1822Luigi Arditi: Violinist / composer
  • 1823James Isham Gilbert: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Robert Brown Potter: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1834Carlo Angeloni: Composer
  • 1834Peter Leyten: Bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • 1839Philipus J Hoedemaker: Dutch theologist
  • 1848Henri[cus A] Viotta: Dutch conductor / composer (Lexicon of Music)
  • 1855Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer
  • 1860Jens Otto Harry Jespersen: Linguist / philologist
  • 1862Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola]: US civil rights activist
  • 1865George A Birmingham [Rev James Owen Hannay]: Novelist
  • 1872Roald Amundsen: Norway -- Explorer that discovered the South Pole
  • 1882Edward Earle: Toronto, Ontario -- Actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight)
  • 1887"Shoeless" Joe Jackson: Black sox player (Say it aint so, Joe)
  • 1888Frits Zernike: Invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • 1888Percy Kilbride: San Francisco, California -- Actor (Egg & I, Ma & Pa Kettle)
  • 1896Mauritius R J Dekker [Boris Robazki]: Dutch writer (Merkteken)
  • 1896Trygve Halvdan Lie: Norway -- 1st UN Secretary General (1946-52)
  • 1899Eunice Hunton Carter: 1st black female district attorney (NY)
  • 1901Fritz Mahler: Composer
  • 1903Mary Philbin: Chicago, Illinois -- Actress (Phantom of the Opera)

Died on Jul 16

  • 0276Mark Annius Florianus: Emperor of Rome (276), murdered
  • 0599Monulphus: Bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht (St Servaaskerk)
  • 1139Walram II: Duke of Limburg / Neth-Lutherans
  • 1482John van Schaffelaar: Gelders knight
  • 1557Anne of Cleeves: Queen of England / 4th Wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41
  • 1590Bartholomaeus a Martyribus [Fernandez]: Pontiff of Portugal
  • 1647Massaniello [Tommaso Aniello]: Napolitan rebel, murdered
  • 1664A Gryphius: Writer, dies at 47
  • 1691Francois-Michel Le Tellier: Marquis de Louvois, statesman
  • 1698Cristoph Kaldenbach: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1729Johann David Heinichen: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1730Elijiah Fenton: Poet
  • 1736Thomas Yalden: Poet / fable writer
  • 1747Giuseppe Maria Crespi: Painter / etcher
  • 1762Jacques Hotteterre: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1764Ivan VI: Emperor of Russia (1740-41), murdered at 23
  • 1782Louise Ulrike: Queen of Sweden / Wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61
  • 1827Josiah Spode: Potter
  • 1843Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Politician, dies at 68
  • 1864Victor JB Girardey: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 27
  • 1868Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1886Ned Buntline [Edward Zane Carroll Judson]: Author
  • 1887Nicaise de Keyser: Flemish Painter (Battle at Woeringen), dies at 73
  • 1889Michele Amari: Italian Historian / Minister of Education, dies at 83
  • 1896Edmond-Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt: Novelist, dies at 74
  • 1896William Hamilton Gibson: Illustrator / Author / Novelist
  • 1897Levin Goldschmidt: German business law expert
  • 1916Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: Russ bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1916Ludwig P Scharwenka: German Composer (Album Polonaise), dies at 70
  • 1916Victor Alexander Haden Horsley: Physician

Historical events on July 17

  • 0180Christenen Cittinus / Donatus / Natzalus / Secunda / Speratus / Vestia sentenced to death in Carthago
  • 0561John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I
  • 0855St. Leo IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1054Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV King
  • 1070Arnulf III the Hapless becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1203Venetianen conquer Constantinople, Emperor Alexius III flees
  • 1245Pope bans Emperor Frederik II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time
  • 1393Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1429Dauphin crowned King of France
  • 14531st battle at Castillon: French beat English troops
  • 1473Charles the Stout conquerors Nijmegen
  • 1509Venice recaptures Padua
  • 1549Jews are expelled from Ghent Belgium
  • 1552Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1583Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • 1585English secret service discovers Anthony Babingtons murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1596At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya
  • 1603Sir Walter Ralegh arrested
  • 1727Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1740Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV
  • 1774Captain Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata)
  • 17751st military hospital approved
  • 1788Russian fleet destroys Swedish
  • 1794African Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • 1821Spain cedes Florida to US
  • 1841British humor magazine "Punch" 1st published
  • 1850Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • 1856Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Philadelphia)
  • 1861Congress authorizes paper money
  • 1861Manassas, VA General Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, General Johnston is ordered to Manassas

Born on July 17

  • 1674Isaac Watts: England, United Kingdom -- Writer / preacher / hymnist (Horae Lyrican)
  • 1744Elbridge Gerry: (DR) 5th VP (Mass-Gov), invented gerrymandering
  • 1763Johannes H van der Palm: Dutch theologist / Minister of Education
  • 1763John Jacob Astor: Germany -- Richest man in US, banker / fur trader
  • 1775August Harder: Composer
  • 1817Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach: Composer
  • 1827Frederick A Able: English chemist / inventor (cordiet)
  • 1830Eelco Refer: Linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • 1832Johan August Soderman: Composer
  • 1839Friedrich Gernsheim: Composer
  • 1853Francesco Fanciulli: Composer
  • 1871Lyonel C A Feininger: US cartoonist / painter
  • 1873Antonina Neshdanova: Russian soprano (Rigoletto)
  • 1875Donald Francis Tovey: Eton, England -- Musicologist / composer
  • 1876Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach]: Russian diplomat
  • 1876Rosa Jackson Lumpkin: Georgia, United States -- Lived to be 115 (died in 1991)
  • 1876Vittorio Gnecchi: Composer
  • 1878Henri Zagwijn: Composer
  • 1883Bart de Ligt: Anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • 1883Mauritz Stiller: Swedish actor / director (Erotikon)
  • 1885Benjamin James Dale: Composer
  • 1888Shmuel Agnon: Israel -- Novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • 1894Mary Clare: London, England -- Actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent)
  • 1897Elbert Parr Tuttle: Lawyer / judge
  • 1898Berenice Abbott: Springfield, Ohio -- Photographer (World of Atget)
  • 1902Christina Stead: Australia -- Novelist (Man Who Loved Children)
  • 1903Valerian Mikhaylovich Bogdanov-Berezovsky: Composer
  • 1904Jef Alpaerts: Flemish pianist / conductor
  • 1905Norman Waterhouse Lees: Jazz fan
  • 1905William Gargan: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor (Dynamite, Ellery Queen)

Died on July 17

  • 0924Edward [the Older]: English speaking King (899-924)
  • 1025Boleslaw I Chobry [the brave]: Duke / King of Poland
  • 1070Boudouin VI: Count of Flanders / Henegouwen
  • 1510Tree of Commonwealth: Beheaded at about 48
  • 1627Lieven de Key: Flemish master builder (Vleeshal), dies at about 67
  • 1682Johann Heinrich Kittel: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1709Pascal Collasse: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1746Anthonie van de Heim: Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • 1762Peter III Fjodorovitsj: Emperor of Russia (1762), dies at 34
  • 1763Wenzel Raimund Pirck: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1793Charlotte Corday: Murderer (Jean-Paul Marat), is guillotined
  • 1794Jean-Frederic Edelmann: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1826Joseph Graetz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1838John Whites: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 82
  • 1851Beni Egressy: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1863James Johnston Pettigrew: US attorney / Confederate, dies at 35
  • 1864Daniel McCook, Jr.: US Union Brigadier General, dies at 29
  • 1864Dirk Dark Curtius: Attorney / liberal Minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • 1871Karl Tausig: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1875Gabor Matray: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1878Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi: Italian / Aust Poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • 1901John Farmer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1903James A McNeill Whistler: US / British writer (Bride Tomorrow), dies at 69
  • 1915Francesco Fanciulli: Composer, dies on 62nd birthday
  • 1918Aleksei N Romanov: Son of tsar Nicolas II, executed at 13
  • 1918Alexandra Fjodorova: Wife of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death at 46
  • 1918Anastasia N Romanova: Daughter of tsar Nicholas, executed at 17
  • 1918Botkin: Personal Physician of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death
  • 1918Charitonov: Cook of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death
  • 1918Demidova: Lady in waiting of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death