Events on Apr 25

  • 1185Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
  • 1449Anti-pope Felix V resigns
  • 1507Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America
  • 1607Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish / Portuguese fleet
  • 1614Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms
  • 1626Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld
  • 1660London Convention Parliament begins
  • 1660Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II
  • 1678French troops conquer Ypres
  • 1684Patent granted for thimble
  • 1707Battle of Almansa-Franco-Spanish forces defeat Anglo-Portuguese
  • 1719Daniel Defoes publishes "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 1747Prince Willem V appointed Viceroy of Zealand
  • 1792Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier
  • 1850Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • 1859Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 18617th New York arrives to reinforce Washington, DC
  • 1861Battle of Lavaca, Texas
  • 1862Battle of New Orleans LA - US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans
  • 1867Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • 1875Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 1876Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • 1881250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • 1881French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia
  • 1886Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna
  • 1891President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco
  • 1896Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
  • 1896Sidney Jones and Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
  • 1898US declares war on Spain over Cuba
  • 1901In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)

Born on Apr 25

  • 1214Louis IX: King of France (1226-70)
  • 1228Koenraad IV: Roman Catholic German King (1237-54)
  • 1284Edward II: King of England (1307-27)
  • 1567Aurelio Signoretti: Composer
  • 1599Oliver Cromwell: Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58)
  • 1614Hieronymus van Beverningk: Chief Dutch treasurer / maecenas
  • 1666Johann Heinrich Buttstett: Composer
  • 1677Guillaume Coustou, Sr.: French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly)
  • 1690Gottlieb Theophil Muffat: Composer
  • 1710James Ferguson: Astronomer
  • 1723Giovanni Marco Rutini: Composer
  • 1730Fedele Fenaroli: Composer
  • 1769Mark Isambard Brunel: Engineer / inventor
  • 1792John Keble: Anglican priest / founder (Oxford Movement)
  • 1818Marek Konrad Sokolowski: Composer
  • 1824Gustave-Rodolphe-Clarence Boulanger: Painter
  • 1825Charles Ferdinand Dowd: United States -- Standardized time zones
  • 1837William Charles Levey: Composer
  • 1840James Dearing: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1841Pauline Lucca: Soprano
  • 1842Antonio Fogazzarro: Italian writer / poet (Il santo / Leila)
  • 1849Felix Klein: German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
  • 1862Edward Grey: English Viscount of Fallodon / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1867Jean Demoor: Belgian Physician / physiologist
  • 1869Karl Prohaska: Composer
  • 1871Sara Amsel: Indonesian / Dutch actress
  • 1876Ruben Marcos Campos: Composer
  • 1881Hans Windisch: German new testament expert
  • 1883Elsa Maxwell: Keokuk, Iowa -- Writer (Jack Paar Show)
  • 1895Stanley Rous: British soccer official

Died on Apr 25

  • 0974Ratherius of Verona / Liege: Bishop / abbot, dies at about 84
  • 1342Benedict XII [Jacques Fournier]: Pope (1334-42)
  • 1472Leon Battista degli Alberti: Scupltor / musician (Dinner Pieces)
  • 1482Margaret of Anjou: Queen (Henry VI)
  • 1566Diane de Poitiers: Lover of French King Henry II
  • 1595Torquato Tasso: Italian Poet / playwright, dies at 51
  • 1607Don Juan Alvarez: Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1607Jacob van Heemskerck: Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle
  • 1635Alessandro Tassoni: Ital political writer (Rape of Bucket), dies at 69
  • 1647Matthias Gallas: Austrian Earl of Campo / Duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
  • 1663Heinrich Pape: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1690David Teniers the Younger: Flemish Painter (Pictorium), dies at 79
  • 1728John Woodward: Geologist / physician
  • 1744Anders Celsius: Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42
  • 1792Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1792Nicolas J Pelletier: Frenchman, 1st guillotined
  • 1800William Cowper: English lawyer / Poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 1808Alois Luigi Tomasini: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1822Frederick "William" Herschel: German / British astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1828John Goldberg: Dutch patriot / statesman, dies at 64
  • 1845Thomas Duncan: Painter
  • 1853William Beaumont: Physiologist
  • 1862Charles Ferguson Smith: US Union General Major, dies of infection at 55
  • 1873Walter de la Mare: Engl Poet / Author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
  • 1905Jacob Olie: Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • 1906John Knowles Paine: US composer, dies at 67
  • 1925George Stephanescu: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1926Ellen K S Key: Swed Author / feminist (Century of the Child), dies at 76
  • 1928Pjotr N Wrangel: Russian Baron General, dies at 49
  • 1937Clem Sohn: Air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open

Historical events on April 26

  • 0757Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
  • 1220German King Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
  • 14781st Easter
  • 1514Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn
  • 1532Sultan Suleiman through Hungary on away to Vienna
  • 1564William Shakespeare baptized
  • 16071st British to establish an American colony land at Cape Henry, Virginia
  • 1654Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1677Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • 1709Frisian Viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa
  • 1721Smallpox vaccination 1st administrated
  • 17551st Russian university opens (Moscow)
  • 1777Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from New York to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • 1814King Louis XVIII lands on Calais, from England
  • 1819Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 1841"Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk
  • 1853Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 1855Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 1865Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
  • 1865Battle of Ft Tobacco, Virginia
  • 1865Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham, North Carolina
  • 1887Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity
  • 1890Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London
  • 18931st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1900AL opener in Cleveland draws 6,500
  • 1904Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • 1905Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
  • 19061st motion pictures shown in Hawaii
  • 1907Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens
  • 19121st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)

Born on April 26

  • 0121Antonius Marcus Aurelius [Marcus A Verus]: Emperor of Rome (161-180)
  • 1319Jean II [the Good]: King of France (1350-64)
  • 1538Giovanni P Lomazzo: Italian writer / poet (Trattato)
  • 1567Nicolas Forme: Composer
  • 1603Francesco Nigetti: Composer
  • 1637Philip J van Lichtenbergh: Governor of Suriname
  • 1648Pedro II: King of Portugal (1683-1706)
  • 1711David Hume: English empiricist / philosopher (Treatise of Human Nature)
  • 1718Esek Hopkins: United States -- 1st Commander-in-Chief (US Navy)
  • 1726Pasquale Paoli: Corsican freedom fighter
  • 1776Joan M Kemper: Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book)
  • 1782Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily: Wife of Louis Phillip of Austria
  • 1787Ludwig Uhland: Writer
  • 1796Auguste-Matthieu Panseron: Composer
  • 1806Ludwig Friedrich Hetsch: Composer
  • 1812Alfred Krupp: German arms Merchant
  • 1820Alice Cary: Cincinnati, Ohio -- American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel)
  • 1822Frederick Law Olmsted: Architect / writer (designed Central Park)
  • 1822Jan Albert van Eyken: Composer / Organist
  • 1827Charles Edward Hovey: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1834Artemus Ward [Charles Farrar Browne]: Humorist
  • 1834Horatio Richmond Palmer: Composer
  • 1836Erminnie Adelle Platt: United States -- Ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • 1839Cyrus Hamblin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1841Wilhelm Scherer: German literature historian
  • 1863Arno Holz: Writer
  • 1863Charles Haslewood Shannon: Lithographer / painter
  • 1868Harold Sidney Harmsworth: 1st Viscount Rothermere / Newspaper publisher
  • 1868Robert Herrick: US writer (Common lot)
  • 1873Otto zur Linde: German author (Charon)

Died on April 26

  • 1196Alfonso II: King of Aragon (1162-96)
  • 1444Robert Campin: South Netherlands Painter / porter of Doornik, dies at about 65
  • 1558Jean Francois Fernel: French physician
  • 1648Christoph Thomas Walliser: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1703Georg Christoph Leuttner: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1726Jeremy Collier: Engl Bishop / Historian / opponent to theater, dies at 75
  • 1785Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1789Peter I Panin: Russian General (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67
  • 1827Bernardo Ottani: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1865Charles J Sax: Belgian inventor (saxophone), dies at 74
  • 1865John Wilkes Booth: Assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27
  • 1907Pietro Plantania: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1922Hans Sommer: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1924Josef Labor: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1938Edmund Husserl: German philosopher (study of phenomenon), dies at 79
  • 1940Carl Bosch: German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1941Jean Demoor: Belgian Physician / physiologist / educationalist, dies at 74
  • 1946Hermann Keyserling: Count / philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1951John Alden Carpenter: US Composer (Sea Drift), dies at 75
  • 1952Charles L Baars: Dutch actor (Women Tamers), dies at 59
  • 1956Edward Arnold: Actor (Mr Smith Goes to Washington), dies at 66
  • 1958Johan N C "Joan" Collette: Painter, dies at 68
  • 1960Wander J de Haas: Dut physicist (Einstein-De Haas effect), dies at 82
  • 1961Gail Russell: Actress (Calcutta, Moonrise, El Paso), dies at 36
  • 1964Edwin John Pratt: Canadian Poet (Towards the Last Spike), dies at 81
  • 1964Pieter van der Lijn: Dutch geologist (Boulder Book), dies at 93
  • 1965Aaron Avshalomov: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1970Gypsy Rose Lee: Stripper / actress (Pruitts of S Hampton), dies at 56
  • 1970John Knittel: Writer, dies at 79
  • 1972Margaret A R Bonds: US pianist / Composer / arranger, dies at 59