Events on Feb 21

  • 1173Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket Absp of Canterbury
  • 1431England begins trial against Joan of Arc
  • 1574Spanish garrison of Middelburg Neth surrenders
  • 1583Groningen Neth begins using Gregorian calendar
  • 1598Boris Godunov crowned tsar
  • 1613Michael Romanov, Son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected Russian tsar
  • 1673Michiel A de Ruyter appointed Lieutenant Admiral General of Dutch fleet
  • 1675Prince Willem III appointed Viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1764John Wilkes thrown out of Engl House of Commons for "Essay on Women"
  • 1777English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • 1782US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint
  • 1792Congress passes Presidential Succession Act
  • 1795Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
  • 1797Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British
  • 18281st American Indian newspaper in US, "Cherokee Phoenix, " published
  • 18421st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington DC
  • 18461st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Massachusetts
  • 1853US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • 1857Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • 1857US issues flying eagle cents
  • 1858Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 1861Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
  • 1862Confederate Constitution and presidency are declared permanent
  • 1862Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico
  • 18641st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • 1866Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • 1874Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English Premier
  • 1874Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • 18781st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • 18832nd French government of Ferry begins

Born on Feb 21

  • 1417Louis IX: Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt)
  • 1484Joachim I Nestor: Elector (Brandenburg, Constitution)
  • 1556Sethus Calvisius: Composer
  • 1674Johann Augustin Kobelius: Composer
  • 1684Justus van Effen: Writer / founder (Holland Spectator)
  • 1690Christoph Stoltzenberg: Composer
  • 1710Willem van Haren: Frisian nobleman / poet (Human Life)
  • 1728Peter III: Kiel, Germany -- Russian tsar (1762) / husband of Catherine
  • 1730Charles L Fournier: Flemish writer / painter
  • 1744Eise J Eisinga: Frisia, built planetarium Franeker
  • 1776Vincenzo Lavigna: Composer
  • 1779Friedrich C von Savigny: German lawyer
  • 1785Karl A Varnhagen von Ense: German officer / author (Die Sterner)
  • 1795Francisco Manuel da Silva: Composer
  • 1800John Henry Winder: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1801Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer
  • 1801John Henry Newman: England, United Kingdom -- Cardinal / author (Dream of Gerontius)
  • 1802George Douglas Ramsey: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1882
  • 1805David Tod: US diplomat / (Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63)
  • 1814Nicolo Gabrielli: Composer
  • 1815Ernest Meissonier: French painter / sculptor
  • 1817Jose Zorrilla y Moral: Vallodolid, Spain -- Poet / dramatist (El rey Loco)
  • 1821Charles Scribner: United States -- Music publisher (Scribner Catalog)
  • 1829Johnson Hagood: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1831Eduard Rappoldi: Composer
  • 1836Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes: Composer
  • 1836Emil Hartmann: Composer
  • 1844Charles-Marie Widor: Lyon, France -- Composer / Professor (Paris Conservatory)
  • 1852[James] Burner Matthews: US playwright / critic (NY Times)
  • 1855Alice Freeman Palmer: Educator (Hall of Fame)

Died on Feb 21

  • 0556Maximianus van Ravenna: Bishop (Basilica S Stefano)
  • 1513Julius II [Giuliano dellea Rovere]: Pope (1503-13), dies at 69
  • 1554Hieronymus Bock: German doctor (founder of modern botany)
  • 1624Dirck van Baburen: Dutch Painter (Sepulture), dies at about 28
  • 1648Christian IV: King of Denmark / Norway
  • 1653Adriaen Pauw: Master of Heemstede / Dutch Grand Pensionary, dies at 71
  • 1677[Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza: Philosopher, dies at 44
  • 1684Pieter van den Abeelen: Dutch medallist / jeweller, dies at about 75
  • 1689Isaacus Vossius: Dutch [Isaac Vos], librarian
  • 1711Joan van Hoorn: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1707-09), dies at 57
  • 1790Johann Friedrich Kloffler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1803Edward Despard: Last person drawn and quartered in England
  • 1842Wojciech Zywny: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1862Justinus A C Kerner: German family doctor / Poet / writer, dies at 75
  • 1864Jeffery Forrest: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 1872Pavel P Gagarin: Russian monarch / politician, dies at 82
  • 1876Henry John Gauntlett: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1879Peter P van Bosse: Dutch liberal Minister of Finance, dies at 69
  • 1884John Pike Hullah: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1894Gustave Caillebotte: French shipbuilding designer / painter, dies at 45
  • 1919Giovanni Bolzoni: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1919Habib Ullah Chan: Emir of Afghanistam (1901-19), murdered at 46
  • 1919Karl von Hohenzollern: Prince of Belgium
  • 1919Kurt Eisner: Premier Bayern (soc), murdered at 51
  • 1924Salvatore Auteri Manzocchi: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1925Alfred Baldwin Sloan: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1926Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: Dutch physicist (Nobel 1913), dies at 72
  • 1938Albert Huybrechts: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1938George Ellery Hale: Astronomer
  • 1945Eric Liddell: Scottish runner (1924 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 43

Historical events on February 22

  • 0896Pope Formosa crowned King Arnulf of Karinthie / French Emperor
  • 1071Battle of Cassel-Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III / I
  • 1281Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV
  • 1288Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV
  • 1300Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree
  • 1349Jews are expelled from Zurich Switzerland
  • 1495French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown
  • 1561William of Orange appointed Viceroy of Burgundy / Charolais
  • 1630Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn, at Thanksgiving
  • 1656New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • 1744Battle at Toulon: English-French and Spanish fleet
  • 1746French troops conquer Brussels
  • 1746Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
  • 1774English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1775Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • 17841st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China, " sails from New York
  • 1821Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • 1825Russia and Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1828Russia and Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
  • 1836Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • 1847Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army
  • 18541st meeting of the Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 18561st national meeting of the Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 1860Organized baseball played in SF for 1st time
  • 1860Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 18642nd / last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 1864Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
  • 1865Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 1865Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery

Born on February 22

  • 1403Charles VII: King of France (1422-61) - drove out English
  • 1440Ladislaus V Posthumus: King of Hungary / Bohemia
  • 1514Tahmasp I: Shah of Persia (1524-76) / author (Tazkire-i Shah)
  • 1542Santino Garsi: Composer
  • 1573Gemignano Capilupi: Composer
  • 1634Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten: Fortress architect
  • 1684William Pulteney: London, England -- Statesman (Earl of Bath)
  • 1705Peter Arctedius [Artedi]: Swedish biologist
  • 1745Joao de Sousa Carvalho: Composer
  • 1749Johann Nikolaus Forkel: Musicologist / 1st biographer of Bach
  • 1761Erik Eriksson Tulindberg: Composer
  • 1761Jacob Kimball: Composer
  • 1764Alexander Campbell: Composer
  • 1770Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek: Composer
  • 1772Joseph Lipavsky: Composer
  • 1772Karl Jacob Wagner: Composer
  • 1773Matthijs I van Bree: Flemish (court)painter
  • 1778Rembrandt Peale: Portrait / historical painter (Court of Death)
  • 1779Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer
  • 1788Arthur Schopenhauer: Germany -- Philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1796Adolphe Quetelet: Belgium -- Mathematician / astronomer / statistician
  • 1797William I: Berlin, Germany -- King of Prussia (1861-88) / German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1798Charles Mynn Thruston: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1810Holger Simon Paulli: Composer
  • 1814Henryk Oskar Kolberg: Composer
  • 1817Niels Wilhelm Gade: Danish violinist / composer / conductor
  • 1819Bernardo Calvo Puig: Composer
  • 1819James Russell Lowell: Poet / critic / diplomat / abolitionist
  • 1822Adolf Kuszmaul: German Physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • 1827James Barnet Fry: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1894

Died on February 22

  • 0606Sabinian: Italian Pope (604-06)
  • 1071Arnulf III: Earl of Flanders / Hainault (Arnulf I), dies in battle
  • 1213Wibert of Gembloers: Benediction / writer / abbot of Gembloers
  • 1371David II Bruce: King of Scotland (1331..71), dies at 46
  • 1478Hendrik Herp (Herpius / Harphius): Writer (Spieghel volcomenheit)
  • 1512Amerigo Vespucci: Italian explorer (America), dies at 60
  • 1674John Wilson: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1690Charles Le Brun: Classical Painter (Academie de Peinture), dies at 70
  • 1727Francesco Gasparini: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1731Frederik Ruysch: Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • 1750Pietro Filippo Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1770Christopher Snider: 11, Boston, becomes 1st martyr of US Revolution
  • 1788Franz Joseph Oehlschlagel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1816Adam Ferguson: Scottish sociologist / historian, dies at 92
  • 1822Johann Ignaz Walter: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1824John Davy: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1829Adam A Earl von Neipperg: Austrian General, dies at 53
  • 1832Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Poet, Weimar, Germany
  • 1836John Clarke-Whitfeld: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1838Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1846Carolus Antonius Fodor: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1849Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1875Charles Lyell: British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77
  • 1878Franz Hunten: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1903Frederick William Farrar: Writer / dean (Canterbury 1895-1903)
  • 1903Hugo Filipp Jakob Wolf: Austrian Composer (Corregidor), dies at 42
  • 1913Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure: Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • 1913Francisco Indalecio Madero: Mex pres, assassinated in military coup at 39
  • 1913Suarez: Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a miltary coup
  • 1925Georges / Joris Helleputte: Belgian Catholic minister, dies at 72