Events on Oct 18

  • 0707John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1016Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
  • 1210Pope Innocent III excommunicates German Emperor Otto IV
  • 1267Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls Archbishop Engelbert III
  • 1534New pursuit of French protestants
  • 1564John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • 1572Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • 1622French King Louis XIII and Huguenots sign treaty of Montpellier
  • 16481st US labor organization forms (Boston Shoemakers)
  • 1667English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
  • 1672Poland and Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1685French King Louis XIV revoked Edict van Nantes
  • 1685Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism
  • 1748Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession
  • 1767Boundary between MD and PA, Mason Dixon line, agreed upon
  • 1776Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover and Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776In a New York bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"
  • 1863Battle of Charlestown, West Virginia
  • 1867US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia ($7.2 million)
  • 18731st football game between Toronto Argonauts and Hamilton Tigers
  • 1873Columbia Princeton Rutgers andYale set rules for collegiate football
  • 1878Edison makes electricity available for household usage
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity" (BG)
  • 18891st all NYC World Series New York Giants (NL) play Brooklyn (AA)
  • 1890John Owen is 1st man to run 100 yd dash in under 10 seconds
  • 18911st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins
  • 18921st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
  • 1898American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 1904Mahlers 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • 1908Belgium annexes Congo Free State

Born on Oct 18

  • 1239Stefanus V: Prince of Transylvania / King of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1405Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini]: Italian Pope (1458-64) (Cynthia)
  • 1547Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips]: Dutch classic philologist / historian
  • 1611Valentin Strobel: Composer
  • 1638Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor]: Swedish poet
  • 1663Frans Eugenius: Duke / Prince of Savoye / land guardian of Austria-Netherlands
  • 1668Johan Georg IV: Elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1668Wierich PL Earl von Daun: Austrian Prince of Thiano / Field Marshal
  • 1697Giovanni Canaletto: Venetian painter (Venicei Regatta on Grand Canal)
  • 1712Jeremias van Riemsdijk: Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1775-77)
  • 1777Heinrich von Kleist: Germany -- Dramatist / poet (Penthesilea)
  • 1785Thomas Love Peacock: English author (Headlong Hall)
  • 1789Giovanni Tadolini: Composer
  • 1794Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer
  • 1804Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua]: King of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1806John Breckinridge Grayson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1811Hugh Thompson Reid: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1818Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1829Charles Sidney Winder: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1829Lucius Marshall Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1831Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern: German Kaiser / King of Prussia
  • 1833Johannes Habert: Composer
  • 1837Friedrich W Mengelberg: German sculptor / painter
  • 1844Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu: Composer
  • 1850Francis Thome: Composer
  • 1854Solomon A Andree: Swedish engineer / balloonist / Artic explorer
  • 1859Henri Bergson: France -- Philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • 1871Louis de Vries: Dutch actor (Ghetto)
  • 1872Josephine CMA: Princess of Belgium / nun
  • 1875James E K Aggrey: Ghana -- US Theologian / educationalist

Died on Oct 18

  • 0707John VII: Greek Pope (705-07)
  • 1216John: King of England (1199-1216, Magna Charta)
  • 1340Henry Henricus of Friemar: Augustine philosopher
  • 1417Gregorius XII [Angelo Correr]: Pope (1406-15)
  • 1459Jan of Heinsberg: Bishop of Luik (1419-56)
  • 1503Pius III [Francesco Todeschini]: Pope (9 / 22-10 / 18 / 1503)
  • 1545John Taverner: English Composer (Western Wynde), dies at about 55
  • 1558Maria: Queen of Hungary / guardian of the Netherlands (1531-55), dies at 53
  • 1589Adolf van Nieuwenaar and Meurs: Viceroy of Utrecht, dies in battle
  • 1678Cornelis Galle II: Flemish engraver / illustrator, dies at 63
  • 1678Jacob Jordaens: Flemish barok painter, dies at 85
  • 1767Joseph Paul Ziegler: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1771Robert Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1788Jean-Guillain Cardon: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1830Peter I Petrovic Njegos: Bishop (Montenegro)
  • 1832Othon Joseph Vandenbroek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1839French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68
  • 1862James Creighton: Dies of a ruptured bladder from hitting home run on October 14th
  • 1864David Bell Birney: US lawyer / Union General Major, dies at 39
  • 1864Jacques Francois Gallay: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1865Lord Henry JT Palmerston: English Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 80
  • 1876Francis Preston Blair: Newspaper editor (Washington Globe), dies at 85
  • 1893Charles F Gounod: French Composer (La reine the Saba), dies at 75
  • 1893Lucy [Blackwell-]Stone: US abolitionist / feminist
  • 1909Alfredo Oriani: Italian writer (La rivolta ideal)
  • 1931Thomas Alva Edison: Inventor, dies at 84 in West Orange, New Jersey
  • 1938Karl J Kautsky: Austrian marxist / socialist
  • 1940Suze Groeneweg: 1st woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber (1918-37), dies at 65
  • 1941Dirk Fock: Governor-General van / of the Netherlands Indies 1921-6, dies at 83
  • 1943Benedictus H Dancer: Botanist, dies at 52

Historical events on October 19

  • 0615St. Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1031Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord
  • 1298Rindfleish-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
  • 14532nd Battle at Castillon: France beats English, end of hundred year war
  • 14662nd Peace of Thorn
  • 1492Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)
  • 1576Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
  • 1630In Boston the 1st general court is held
  • 1634Beach Island in North sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood
  • 1682English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland
  • 1722French C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher
  • 1765Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote Declaration of Rights and Liberties
  • 1781Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2pm; Revolutionary War ends
  • 1812Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
  • 1818US and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • 1849Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to receive medical degree
  • 18531st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
  • 1856James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
  • 1859Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
  • 1863Battle of Buckland Mills, Virginia
  • 1864Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
  • 1864US Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to General Major
  • 18701st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
  • 1870British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed
  • 1874Mary Walsh and Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon
  • 1879Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light
  • 1882Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1888Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • 1900Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • 1900S African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe

Born on October 19

  • 1507Viglius ab Aytta Zuichemus [Aytta van Zwichem]: Dutch priest
  • 1545Giovanale Ancina: Composer
  • 1581Dimitri Ivanovitch: Russian Son of Ivan IV "the Terrible"
  • 1605Thomas Browne: British writer (Garden of Cyrus)
  • 1652Louis Le Quointe: Composer
  • 1684Johann Christoph Fravenholtz: Composer
  • 1690Giuseppi Maria Carretti: Composer
  • 1784Leigh Hunt: British writer (Lord Byron)
  • 1792Dirk Donker Curtius: Dutch attorney / Minister of Justice (liberal)
  • 1810Cassius Marcellus Clay: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1819Joseph C Juglar: French Physician / economist (Crises Commercial)
  • 1824Frantisek Pivoda: Composer
  • 1824Rufus Saxton: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1908
  • 1828Adolfo Fumagalli: Composer
  • 1834Francis Channing Barlow: US lawyer / General Major / co-founder (ABA)
  • 1850Annie S Peck: Mountain climber / explorer / diplomat
  • 1859Georg Knorr: German engineer (brake system trains)
  • 1863John Huston Finley: Illinois, United States -- Editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • 1866Clarence Lucas: Composer
  • 1868Bertha Landes: 1st woman elected Mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • 1871Walter B Cannon: US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • 1873Jaap Eden: Dutch World Champion cycling and speed skating
  • 1876Mordecai [3 finger] Brown: Hall of fame pitcher
  • 1882Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius: Lithuania -- Poet / philologist / playwright
  • 1889Uncle Art Satherly: Entertainer (1968 Academy of Country Music Award)
  • 1892Alexander A Aljechin: Russian / French chess champ (1927-35, 37-46)
  • 1892Ilmari Hannikainen: Composer
  • 1895Louis Mumford: Cultural historian / city planner / writer
  • 1899Miguel Asturias: Guatemala -- Poet / diplomat (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67)
  • 1900Theodoro Valcarcel: Composer

Died on October 19

  • 1268Konradin von Hohenstaufen: Duke of Zwaben, beheaded
  • 1547Pierino del Vaga: Italian painter, dies at about 46
  • 1608Martinus A del Rio: Spanish lawyer Historian / theologist
  • 1609Jacobus Arminius [Jacob Hermans]: Theologist, dies at about 49
  • 1758Johan H Roman: Finnish / Swedish Composer / conductor / violinist
  • 1786Pietro Alessandro Pavona: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1790Lyman Hall: US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1793Francisco Morera: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1813Josef Poniatovski: Polish General / marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 1834Cornelis Loots: Accountant / Poet (Volkswoede), dies at 69
  • 1835Henry Doeff: Translator (Dutch-Japanese dictionary), dies at 57
  • 1838Henry Fagel: Baron / court clerk of States-General / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864Daniel Davidson Bidwell: Magistrate / Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 1888Amaat Vyncke: Flemish Missionary / founder (Flemish Wind), dies at 38
  • 1909Cesare Lombroso: Italian psychiatrist / criminologist
  • 1918Joseph Lesage: French Painter / etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • 1921Antonio Granjo: Premier (Portugal), murdered
  • 1932Arthur Friedheim: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1934Johan J Arch: Graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63
  • 1937Ernest Rutherford baron of Nelson: Engl physicist (Nobel 1908)
  • 1955John Hodiak: Actress (Lifeboat, Battleground), dies at 41
  • 1957Vere G Childe: British archaeologist / prehistorian, dies at 65
  • 1959Boughera El Quafi: Marathoner (1928 Olympics - Gold Medalist), shot to death at 60
  • 1959Stanley Bate: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1961Benjamin Merkelbach: Architect / city builder of Amsterdam, dies at 60
  • 1961John Axel Fernstrom: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1964Maurice Gosfield: Actor (Doberman-Phil Silvers Show), dies at 51
  • 1966Elizabeth Arden: US cosmetic manufacturer
  • 1971Alberto Pirelli: Italian industrial, dies at 89
  • 1971Betty Bronson: Actress (Naked Kiss), dies after brief illness at 64