Events on Nov 19

  • 0461St. Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0498Anastasius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0615Pope Deusdedit / Adeodatus I elected to succeed Boniface IV
  • 1302Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree "Unam sanctam"
  • 1367League of Cologne goes against Danish King Waldemar IV
  • 1493Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage
  • 1530Augsburg: Emperor Karel I enables Edict of Worms
  • 1620Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
  • 1621Rabbi Isaiah b Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 16441st protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1700Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
  • 1794Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1824Storm causes St. Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
  • 1837Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
  • 1850Lord Tennyson becomes British Poet laureate
  • 1861Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1863Lincoln delivers his address in Gettysburg; "4 score & 7 years..."
  • 1879National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
  • 18931st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 18941st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 and 5 Ap)
  • 1894Dutch troops occupy and plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1896Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • 1903Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
  • 1906London selected to host 1908 Olympics
  • 1909Former Dutch Premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1911New York receives 1st Marconi wireless transmission from Italy
  • 1919US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
  • 1922Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent

Born on Nov 19

  • 1600Charles I: King of England (1625-49); executed by Parliament
  • 1600Lieuwe van Aitzema: Dutch historian (Matters of State & War)
  • 1607Erasmus Quellinus II [Quellien]: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1616Eustache Le Sueur: French painter
  • 1709Pierre Leclair: Composer
  • 1711Michail V Lomonosov: Russian Scholar / poet
  • 1752George Rogers Clark: Frontier military leader in Revolutionary War
  • 1753Stanislas Champein: Composer
  • 1761Joseph Supries: Composer
  • 1770Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen: Copenhagen, Denmark -- Sculptor (Dying Lion)
  • 1770Bertel Thowwaldsen: Danish sculptor
  • 1796Johann Wilhelm Mangold: Composer
  • 1805Ferdinand de Lesseps: France -- Diplomat (built Suez Canal)
  • 1810August Willich: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1811John Ancrum Winslow: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1873
  • 1827Isaac Munroe St John: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1831James A Garfield: Ohio, United States -- Gen / (R) 20th President (March 4-Sept 19, 1881)
  • 1833Wilhelm Dilthey: German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans)
  • 1834Georg H Quincke: German physicist (test of Quincke)
  • 1835Fitzhugh Lee: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1905
  • 1846Emile C Wauters: Belgium -- Painter (Van der Goes in the Red Monastery)
  • 1859Mikhail Mikhayl Ippolitov-Ivanov: Russia -- Musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
  • 1870Vicente Lleo: Composer
  • 1874Karl Adrian Wohlfart: Composer
  • 1875Michael I Kalinin: Russian metal worker / head of state
  • 1879Karel van den Oever: Flemish author / poet (Geuzenstad)
  • 1885Erskine Sanford: Trinidad, Colorado -- Actor (Angel on My Shoulder)
  • 1886Fernand Crommelynck: Belgian playwright (Le Cocu Magnificent)
  • 1899Allen Tate: United States -- Poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems)
  • 1900Anna Seghers [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling]: German author (7th Cross)

Died on Nov 19

  • 0498Anastasius II: Pope (496-9)8 (Dante Inferno XI, 8-9)
  • 1272David of Augsburg: Franciscan minister / author
  • 1316Jan I: King of France (November 15-19. 1316)
  • 1389Dimitri Ivanovitch "Donskoi": Monarch of Vladimir-Soezdal, dies at 39
  • 1472Joannes / Basilius Bessarion: Archbishop of Nicaea
  • 1495Alfonso II: King of Naples (1494-95)
  • 1630Johann Hermann Schein: German Composer (Opella Nova), dies at 44
  • 1665Nicholas Poussin: French painter
  • 1692Georg F von Waldeck: German commander-in-chief (Colors)
  • 1703Man in the Iron Mask: Prisoner in Bastille prison in Paris
  • 1719Jean Deutz: Minster of Heemskerk / Merchant / Amsterdam regent, dies at 64
  • 1785Bernard de Bury: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1798Theobald W Tone: Irish nationalist
  • 1804Pietro Alessandro Guglieli: Italian opera composer, dies at 75
  • 1825Jan Vaclav Hugo Vorisek: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1854Alberich Zwyssig: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1880Bernard de Hair: Vicar / Poet / church historian, dies at 74
  • 1887Emma Lazarus: US Poet ("Give us your tired and poor"), dies in New York at 38
  • 1899[Maria] Catharina Beersmans: Belgian actress (Medea), dies at 55
  • 1908Albert Dietrich: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1911Ramon Caceres: President (Dominican Republic), murdered
  • 1915Joe Hill: Labor leader / songwriter, executed for murder
  • 1915Solomon Schechter: Theologist, dies at about 64
  • 1923French Netscher: Author / journalist (In 3rd Chamber), dies at 59
  • 1924Lee Stack: British sirdar in Egypt / Governor-General of Sudan, murdered
  • 1928Achille Simonetti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1929Arthur H Mann: English Composer (Church of England Hymnal)
  • 1931Frederic Cliffe: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1932Marie MJ Poupelet: French Sculptor / poster artist
  • 1933Enrique Jose Varona: Cuban sociologist / Vice President, dies at 84

Historical events on November 20

  • 1168Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1272Edward I proclaimed King of England
  • 1342Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo beats nobles
  • 14311st meeting of Order of Guilder Flies
  • 1520Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst
  • 1616Bishop Richelieu becomes French Minister of Foreign Affairs / War
  • 1637Peter Minuit and 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1719Sweden and Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm
  • 1755English Minister William Pitt Sr resigns
  • 1780Britain declares war on Holland
  • 1789New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • 1795Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday
  • 18152nd Peace of Paris: France and allies
  • 1815Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Great Alliance
  • 18171st Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1829Jews expelled from Nikolayev and Sevastopol Russia
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay
  • 1862Armies of Mississippi / Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee
  • 1862Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1865Howard University forms in Washington DC
  • 1866Howard University founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1866Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • 1873Rival cities of Buda and Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1888William Bundy patents timecard clock
  • 1889Gustav Mahlers 1st Symphony
  • 1890Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions
  • 1894US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

Born on November 20

  • 1327Bassui Tokusho: Zen founder (Kogakuji monastery in Nakamura Japan)
  • 1602Otto von Guericke: Inventor (air pump)
  • 1606Abraham de Wicquefort: Dutch diplomat / historian
  • 1620Peregrine White: Son of WM and Susanna White, born aboard Mayflower
  • 1625Artus II Quellinus "the Young": Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1652Romanus Weichlein: Composer
  • 1752Thomas Chatterton: English poet (Christabel)
  • 1757Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer
  • 1759Nikolaus Paul Zmeskall: Composer
  • 1761Pius VIII [Francesco S Castiglioni]: Italy -- 253rd Pope (1829-30)
  • 1765Friedrich Heinrich Himmel: Composer
  • 1766John Wall Calcott: Composer
  • 1781Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian
  • 1802James Lawrence Lardner: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1881
  • 1830Patrick Henry Jones: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
  • 1834Franjo Zaver Kuhac: Composer
  • 1836John Thomas Croxton: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1841Wilfrid Laurier: (L) 7th Canadian Prime Minister (1896-1911)
  • 1850Arthor Goring Thomas: Composer
  • 1862Willem H Vliegen: Dutch typographer / co-founder / Chairman (SDAP)
  • 1863Maria H "Mina" Beersmans: Flemish actress (Black Griet)
  • 1864Gerard W Kernkamp: Dutch historian / editor (Groene Amsterdammer)
  • 1866Kenesaw Mountain Landis: Judge / 1st commissioner of baseball
  • 1867Vicente Ripolles: Composer
  • 1869Clark Griffith: Missouri, United States -- Baseball player / manager (New York Yankees)
  • 1871William H Kilpatrick: US mathematician / philosopher / educator
  • 1873Daniel Gregory Mason: Brookline, Massachusetts -- Composer (Chanticker)
  • 1879Franz Pfemfert: Writer
  • 1884Norman Thomas: Marion, Ohio -- Socialist (Presidential Candidate 1928-48)
  • 1886Karl von Frisch: Zoologist / bee expert (Nobel 1973)

Died on November 20

  • 0967Aboe al-Faradj al-Isfahani: Arabic Author (Book of liederen)
  • 1347Stefano Colonna: Roman senator, dies in battle
  • 1480Eleonora van Austrian: Translator
  • 1518Pierre de la Rue / Peter van Straten: Flemish composer
  • 1527Wendelmoet "Weyntjen" Claesdochter: 1st Dutch woman burned as heretic
  • 1669Arnold Geulincx: South Netherlands philosopher (Cholera), dies at 45
  • 1675Francisco de Moura y Cortereal: Spanish land guardian of the Netherlands (1664-68)
  • 1678Charles Dujardin: Painter / etcher (Learned Dog), dies at about 56
  • 1713Thomas Tompion: English clock maker (cylinder tunnel)
  • 1737Caroline of Ansbach: Queen of Great-Britain
  • 1741Melchior de Polignac: French diplomat / clergyman
  • 1750Wilhelmus Schortinghuis: Theologist (Christian religion), dies at 50
  • 1758Johan Helmich Roman: Finnish Composer / violist, dies at 64
  • 1764Christian Goldbach: German mathematician
  • 1827Alexey Nikolayevich Titov: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1851Wenzel Sedlak: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1856Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1863James Bruce: Count of Elgin and Kincardine, Governor Jamaica, dies at 52
  • 1882Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1887Louis Gallait: Belgian Painter (Egmont & Receiver), dies at 77
  • 1894Anton Rubinstein: Russian Composer (Dmitri Donskoi), dies at 64
  • 1898John Fowler: English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1899Carl A E Ahlqvist [A Oksanen]: Finnish translator, dies at 63
  • 1925Alexandra: Danish princess / Queen of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • 1927Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1939Marie Joseph Leon Desire Paque: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1944Sekio Nishina: Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine)
  • 1950Francesco Cilea: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1952Benedetto Croce: Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1957Weldon Hart: Composer, dies at 46