Events on Jun 18

  • 0860Swedish Vikings attack Constantinople
  • 1155Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor
  • 11785 Canterbury monks report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1178Proposed time of origin of lunar crater Giordano Bruno
  • 1316Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns
  • 1538Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V and King French I
  • 1541Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as King of Ireland
  • 1574Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580States of Utrecht forbid Catholic worship
  • 1629Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn vs. Dunkerk Cape
  • 1639Treaty of Berwick: End 1st Bishop war
  • 1643Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
  • 1682William Penn found Philadelphia
  • 1757Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1778British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779French fleet occupies St. Vincent
  • 1812War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1822Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1822Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey and Peter Poyas arrested in South Carolina
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave South-Africa
  • 1837Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1839Dutch Prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
  • 1863After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • 1864At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
  • 1873Susan B Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President
  • 1892Macademia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 18981st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
  • 18984th US Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
  • 1900Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as Premier of Italy

Born on Jun 18

  • 1511Bartolommeo Ammanati: Italian sculptor / architect
  • 1511Ponte Santa Trinita: Florence, Italy
  • 1581Thomas Overbury: Poet
  • 1681Feofan Prokopovich: Theologian, Archbishop of Novgorod, Westernizer
  • 1716Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter
  • 1723Giuseppe Scarlotti: Composer
  • 1740Karel van Poucke: Flemish sculptor
  • 1744Augustin Holler: Composer
  • 1757Ignaz Joseph Pleyel: Composer
  • 1758Pieter PJQ Ondaatje: Ceylon / Dutch jurist / patriot
  • 1780Michael Henkel: Composer
  • 1794George Grote: British historian
  • 1799William Lassell: Discoverer (satellites of Uranus and Neptune)
  • 1809Sylvanus William Godon: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1879
  • 1812Ivan Goncharov: Russia -- Novelist / travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813Pavel Annenkov: Rus literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti)
  • 1820Martin Andreas Udbye: Composer
  • 1822Henry David Leslie: Composer
  • 1824Johannes Heykamp: Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1839William Henry Seward, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1920
  • 1850Richard Heuberger: Composer
  • 1854Edward Wyllis Scripps: Publisher / journalist
  • 1857Henry Clay Folger, Jr.: United States -- Businessman / Shakespeare fan
  • 1858Hans Schardt: Switzerland -- Geologist
  • 1860Hugo Loudon: CEO (Royal Dutch Oil [Shell])
  • 1877James Montgomery Flagg: Illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam)
  • 1881Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen: Dutch labor leader
  • 1884Edouard Daladier: Premier France (1933..40)
  • 1886George Mallory: England, United Kingdom -- Mountain climber ("because it is there")
  • 1887Blanche Yurka: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actress (Taxi, Tale of 2 Cities)

Died on Jun 18

  • 0741Leo III de Isaurier: Byzantine Emperor (717-41)
  • 1291Alfonso III: King of Aragon (1285-91)
  • 1464Rogier van der Weyden: Flemish painter, dies at 65
  • 1580Juliana van Stolberg: Engraver of Nassau
  • 1629Piet Heyn: Lieutenant Admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies in battle at 51
  • 1669Abraham Crijnssen: Swiss Admiral, conquered Suriname
  • 1686Johann Quirsfeld: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1726Michel-Richard Delalande: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1772Gerard of Swieten: Botanist / Painter of Maria Theresia, dies at 72
  • 1799Johann Andre: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1817Joannes Siberg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1801-05)
  • 1821Charles Hague: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1824Ferdinand III JJ-B: Archduke of Austria / ruler of Toscane, dies at 55
  • 1850Antoni Weinert: Composer, dies at 99
  • 1853Branko Radicevic: Serbian Poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 1859Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1866Jacobus T Abels: Painter, dies at 62
  • 1876August Rockel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1880John Sutter: US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • 1884Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Arg writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 1886Joannes A Paredis: Belgian / Netherlands Bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • 1909Learmont Drysdale: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1911Franjo Zaver Kuhac: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1916Helmuth J L von Moltke: German chief General of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916Max Immelmann: German pilot (WWI), killed
  • 1921Herman Baccaert: Flemish philological / writer (Kantkennis), dies at 37
  • 1922John C Kapteyn: Astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1928Roald E G Amundsen: Norwegian pole explorer
  • 1934Francisco Lacerda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935August Reusner: Composer, dies at 64

Historical events on June 19

  • 0987Louis IV, crowned King of France
  • 1205Pope Innocent III fires Adolf I as Archbishop of Cologne
  • 1269King Louis IX of Frances decrees all Jews must wear a badge of shame
  • 1286Rabbenu Mir of Rothenbur imprisoned in fortress of Ensisheim
  • 1369Duke Philip the Stout marries Margaretha van Male
  • 1464French King Louis XI forms postal service
  • 1502Emperor Maximilian I and England sign treaty of Antwerp
  • 1572Garrison under Adrian van Swieten occupy Oudewater
  • 1586English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1621Battle at Dragetsani: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1631Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes Duke of Mantua
  • 1669Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as King
  • 1754Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies and Iroquois indians
  • 1770General Church of New Jerusalem established
  • 1829Sir Robert Peel found London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)
  • 1835New Orleans gives US government Jackson Square to be used as a mint
  • 18461st baseball game (Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
  • 1850Swedish / Norwegian crown Prince Charles weds Dutch Princess Wilhelmina
  • 1861Anaheim Post Office established
  • 1861Francis Pierpont is elected provisional Governor of West Virginia
  • 1862Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • 1864CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • 1864Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia
  • 1865Siege of Richmond, Virginia
  • 1865Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
  • 18671st Belmont: J Gilpatrick aboard Ruthless wins in 3:05
  • 1868Maj General E R S Canby removes Mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1875Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • 1881Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • 1889Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"

Born on June 19

  • 1566James I Stuart: King of Scotland (James VI) / England (1567 / 1603-25)
  • 1595Wladyslaw IV Vasa: King of Poland (1632-48)
  • 1608Thomas Fuller: England, United Kingdom -- Literary (History of the Holy War)
  • 1613Christian de Placker: Composer
  • 1623Blaise Pascal: Mathematician / physicist / religious writer (Pascal)
  • 1633Philippus van Limborch: Remonstrants theologist / vicar
  • 1708Johann Gottlieb Janitsch: Composer
  • 1717Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz: Composer
  • 1741Reinier Vinkeles: Dutch engraver / art collector
  • 1764John Barrow: England, United Kingdom -- Founded Royal Geographical Society
  • 1764Jose Gervasio Artigas: General / father of Uruguay
  • 1766Edmund Weber: Composer
  • 1782John Bray: Composer
  • 1783Thomas Sully: US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
  • 1792Gustav Schwab: Writer
  • 1810Ferdinand David: Violist / compser (Hohe Schule des Violinspiels)
  • 1811Henry Prince: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1814Johannes H Weissenbruch: Landscape painter
  • 1815John William Glover: Composer
  • 1834Edgar H G Degas: French painter (ballerina)
  • 1842Carl Johann Adam Zeller: Composer
  • 1843Charles Edouard Lefebvre: Composer
  • 1854Alfredo Catalani: Composer
  • 1856Elbert Hubbard: United States -- Editor / publisher / author (Message to Garcia)
  • 1858Charles Haddon George Alexander [George Samson]: British actor
  • 1858Dirk Fock: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1921-26)
  • 1861Douglas Haig: British Field Marshal (Sudan, WWI)
  • 1861Jose Protasio Rizal: Philippine optician / author / nationalist
  • 1865Alfred Hugenberg: German RC President of the Directorate of Krupp / media magnate
  • 1865May Whitty: Liverpool, England -- Actress (Mrs Minerva, Suspicion)

Died on June 19

  • 1113Odo / Odardus van Kamerijk: French writer / Bishop of Kamerijk
  • 1312Piers Gaveston: Earl of Cornwall, beheaded
  • 1341Juliana van Falconieri: Italian Saint / Swedish tenor
  • 1542Leo Jud[ae]: Swiss pastor / church Reformer
  • 1554Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius]: German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • 1652Louis de Geer: Netherlands / Swedish industrialist / millionaire, dies at 64
  • 1747Alessandro Marcello: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1747Nadir: Shah of Persia (1736-47), murdered
  • 1759Charles-Joseph-Balthazar Sohier: Composer, dies at 31
  • 1762Johann Ernst Eberlin: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1787John Brown: Theologist
  • 1794Richard H Lee: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1811Samuel Chase: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 1820Joseph Banks: English natural Historian (Cook / Australia)
  • 1822John Bray: Composer, dies on 40th birthday
  • 1837Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky: Russian writer, dies in battle
  • 1840John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrial / orangist, dies at 50
  • 1864George Lincoln Prescott: US Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries
  • 1867Maximilian F J: Austrian Archduke / Emperor of Mexico
  • 1902John E E Dalberg baron van Acton: English historian, dies at 69
  • 1915Sergey Ivanovich Taneyev: Russian Composer (Oresteia), dies at 58
  • 1922Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1932Solomon Tshkisho Platje: South African writer
  • 1937James M Barrie: Scottish writer (Dear Brutus / Peter Pan)
  • 1939Grace Abbott: Social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at 60
  • 1940Maurice Jaubert: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1944Han Yong-woon: Zen teacher, dies at 65 in Seoul County, Korea
  • 1947Willem H Fly: Typographer / co-founder (SDAP), dies at 84
  • 1953Ethel Rosenberg: Executed at Sing Sing, in 5 tries
  • 1953Julius Rosenberg: NYC, 1st US civilian executed for espionage at 37