Events on Dec 14

  • 0644Osman ibn Affan appointed 3rd kalief of islam
  • 0867Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0872John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287Zuider Zee seawall collapses with loss of 50,000 lives
  • 1490Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria
  • 1582Zealand / Brabant Neth adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12 / 25
  • 1656Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1774Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft William and Mary
  • 1782Charleston, SC evacuated by British
  • 17931st state road authorized, Frankfort, Ky to Cincinnati
  • 1798David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut and bolt machine
  • 1819Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1825Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins
  • 18491st chamber music group in US gives their 1st concert (Boston)
  • 1882Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo
  • 1889American Academy of Political and Social Science organized, Philadelphia
  • 19011st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • 1911South Pole 1st reached, by Norwegian Roald Amundsen
  • 1913Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • 1915Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
  • 1917UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1920Heavyweight Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in New York City
  • 1920Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1924Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou
  • 1926Danish Madsen Government forms
  • 1927Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929Alexander Zaimis elected President of Greece
  • 1930New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game
  • 19311st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht

Born on Dec 14

  • 1363John Van [Jean C] Gerson: French theologist
  • 1546Tycho Brahe: Knudstrup, Denmark -- Astronomer (Golden nose)
  • 1730Capel Bond: Composer
  • 1738Johann Antonin Kozeluch: Composer
  • 1777Juan N Gallego: Spanish poet / interpreter (El dos the mayo)
  • 1779Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma: Composer
  • 1780Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German / Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1783Johann Christoph Kienlen: Composer
  • 1789Maria Agata Szymanowska: Composer
  • 1812Charles J Canning: English Earl / 1st Viceroy of British-Indies
  • 1829John Mercer Langston: 1st black to hold US political office
  • 1830Allen Thomas: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1907
  • 1832Daniel Harris Reynolds: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 1837William Wells: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1853Salvador Diaz Miron: Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas)
  • 1862John M Acket: Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions)
  • 1868Richard Batka: Composer
  • 1870Dirk J de Geer: Dutch Premier (1926-29, 39-40)
  • 1870Karl Renner: Austrian Chancellor / President (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1873Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen: Composer
  • 1875Dobri Khristov: Composer
  • 1877Lieven Duvosel: Flemish music writer / composer (Leiecyclys)
  • 1883Manolis Kalomiris: Greek opera composer
  • 1883Morihei Ueshiba: Founder (Aikido)
  • 1884Regina Ullmann: Writer
  • 1894Joaquin Zamacois Soler: Composer
  • 1895George VI: King of England (1936-52)
  • 1896James H Doolittle: USAF General (Raid on Tokyo 1942)
  • 1897Margaret Chase Smith: (Rep / Sen-R-Maine)
  • 1898Frederick Douglass Hall: Composer

Died on Dec 14

  • 0872Adrian II: Italian Pope (867-72) / last married pope, dies at about 80
  • 1136Harald IV: "Gylle Krist", King of Norway, murdered
  • 1417John Oldcastle: Lord Cobham, English nobleman, hanged and burned
  • 1542James: King of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1591Juan de la Cruz [de Yepes]: Spanish Carmelet / Poet / saint
  • 1732Johann Philipp Fortsch: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1754Mahmud I: Sultan of Turkey, dies at 58
  • 1760Kacic Miosic: Croatian Poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga)
  • 1788Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach: German composer, dies at 74
  • 1788Carlos III: King of Naples / Spain (1759-88), dies at 72
  • 1799George Washington: 1st President USA (1789-97), dies at 66
  • 1823Vincenzo Cuoco: Italian Historian (Naple revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1829Luigi Marchesi: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1849Conradin Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1861Albert: Prince consort of Engld / husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42
  • 1861George HG Earl of Aberdeen: English Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 76
  • 1861Heinrich August Marschner: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1862George Dashiell Bayard: Union Brigadier General, dies at 27
  • 1873J Louis R Agassiz: Swiss geologist / paleo-biologist)
  • 1886Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1893Karolina Pawlowa: Writer, dies at 86
  • 1900Jean B A Kessler: Director of Oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • 1903William Ennis: 1st cop to die in electric chair
  • 1906John A C Oudemans: Dutch geographer / astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1909Leopold II: King of Belgium
  • 1914Giovanni Sgambati: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1918Sidonio Pais: Prince of Portugal, murdered
  • 1923Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1926Theo van Rysselberghe: Belgian Painter (pointillism), dies at 64
  • 1928Theodore Roberts: Actor (Roaring Road, 10 Commandments), dies at 77

Historical events on December 15

  • 0687St. Sergius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Conon
  • 1124Chancellor Haimeric selects Pope (Lamberto becomes Honorius II)
  • 1488Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after sailing round Cape of Good Hope
  • 1569Westmoreland flees to Scotland
  • 1582Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens prof of botany / medicine
  • 1582Spanish Netherlands / Denmark / Norway adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1586Laevinus Torrentius, becomes Bishop of Antwerp
  • 1593State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft
  • 1612Simon Marius, is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
  • 1660Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan
  • 1664English colonizing Connecticut
  • 1667Brandenburg declares himself neutral in Devolutie War
  • 1680Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal
  • 1745Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen and Austria
  • 17911st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
  • 1791Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval
  • 17921st life insurance policy issued in US (Philadelphia)
  • 1794Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France
  • 18101st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published
  • 1811Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1815Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia
  • 18201st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • 1836Patent Office burns in Washington, DC
  • 18541st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
  • 1859GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
  • 1864Battle of Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1864Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon and Glade Springs, Virginia
  • 18741st reigning King to visit US (of Hawaii) received by President Grant
  • 1877Thomas Edison patents phonograph
  • 1891James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)

Born on December 15

  • 0037Nero Claudius Augustus Germanicus: 5th Emperor of Rome (54-68)
  • 1534Lucas Osiander: Composer
  • 1567Christoph Demantius: Composer
  • 1574Samuel Besler: Composer
  • 1610David Teniers II: Flemish courtpainter (Theatrum Pictorium)
  • 1648Gregory King: English statistician (Natural & Political Observations)
  • 1657Michel-Richard Delalande: Composer
  • 1667Ludwig Ernst: Composer
  • 1720J F Beck: Writer
  • 1735Cesare Beccaria-Bonesana: Italian lawyer
  • 1765Philippe-Jacques Pfeffinger: Composer
  • 1778Godert AGP Baron van der Capellen: Dutch Governor-General (Dutch-Indies)
  • 1787Charles Cowden Clarke: English editor / Shakespearean critic
  • 1793Henry Charles Carey: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Economist (Principles of Poli Economy)
  • 1803August Freyer: Composer
  • 1812Isidor Dannstrom: Composer
  • 1821Auguste Emmanuel Vaucorbeil: Composer
  • 1822Edward Stephen: Composer
  • 1823Friedrich Gottlieb Schwencke: Composer
  • 1832Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel: French engineer (Eiffel tower)
  • 1836Edmond Picard: French / Belgian lawyer / writer (La forge Roussel)
  • 1842Henry Gadsby: Composer
  • 1848Edwin Howland Blashfield: Decorated the dome of Library of Congress
  • 1852Antoine Henri Becquerel: Discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903)
  • 1852Tewfik Pasja: Khedive (viceroy) of Egypt
  • 1853Jean B A Kessler: Director of Oil on Dutch Indies
  • 1857Eugeniusz Pankiewicz: Composer
  • 1859Ludwik L Zamenhof: Russian Poland, Physician / linguist (Esperanto)
  • 1860Niels Ryberg Finsen: Denmark -- Physician / phototherapist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1861Charles Edgar Duryea: Inventor (1st auto built and operated in US)

Died on December 15

  • 1025Basilius II [the Bulgarendoder]: Byzantine Emperor (976-1025)
  • 1230Ottokar I: King of Bohemia (1197-1230)
  • 1515Alfonso de Albuquerque: Viceroy of Portuguese Indies
  • 1576Joachim Hopperus [Hoppers]: Frisian lawyer / politician, dies at 53
  • 1598Philip van Marnix: Flemish ruler of St Aldegonde / poet, dies at 58
  • 1626Adriaen de Vries: Dutch Sculptor / painter, dies at about 70
  • 1675John Vermeer: Dutch Painter (Love Letter), dies at 43
  • 1688Gaspar Fagel: Lawyer / Netherlands grand pensionary (1672-88), dies at 54
  • 1699Henrik A van Reede tot Drakenstein: Dutch botanist, dies at about 63
  • 1712Sidney 1st Earl of Godolphine: English Minister of Finance, dies at 67
  • 1715George Hickes: English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
  • 1779Manuel Jeronimo Romero de Avila: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1792Joseph Martin Kraus: Composer, dies at 36
  • 1816Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowitz: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1817Maria Walewska [Leszczinska]: Lover of Emperor Napoleon I
  • 1822Ferenc Verseghy: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1826William Browser: Revolting slave, executed in New York City
  • 1831Paul R Cantzlaar: Gov of Saba / Curacao / Dutch-West Indies, dies at 60
  • 1839Matthijs I van Bree: Flemish court-painter, dies at 66
  • 1861Gualtiero Sanelli: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1880Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello: Ital Minister of Justice, dies at 76
  • 1889Ferdinand II A F A: King of Portugal, dies at 73
  • 1890Sitting Bull: Hunkpapa-Sioux chief (Little Big Horn), killed by US
  • 1892Charles Balmer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1896John GR Acquoy: Dutch Theologist / church historian, dies at 67
  • 1901Elias Alvares Lobo: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1909Francisco Tarrega y Eixea: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1934Maggis Lena Walker: 1st US (black) woman to head a bank, dies at 69
  • 1943Thomas W "Fats" Waller: Jazz pianist, dies at 39 in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1944Glenn Miller: US band leader / jazz composer, dies at 40