Events on Jun 21

  • 0524Battle at Vezerone: Burgundy beats France
  • 0996Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German Emperor of Elzas
  • 1128Battle of Akspoele: Earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik
  • 1498Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
  • 1529Battle at Landriano: Leyva beats France
  • 1547Great fire in Moscow
  • 1572Garrison under Adrian of Swieten conquers Gouda
  • 16071st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown
  • 1633Galileo Galilei is forced by Inquisition to "abjure, curse, and detest" his Copernican heliocentric views
  • 1661Treaty of Kardis: Russia and Sweden sign peace treaty
  • 1667Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter occupies Sheerness, England
  • 1672Dutch pension advisor Johan de Witt seriously wounded
  • 1672French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht
  • 1684King Charles II revokes Massachusetts Bay Colony charter
  • 1749Pieter Steyn installed as pension advisor of Neth
  • 17681st US bachelor of medicine degree (Dr John Archer)
  • 1788US Constitution goes into effect as NH is 9th to ratify
  • 1788Vizille France population demands local parliament
  • 1791Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
  • 1792Vancouver meets Spanish ships Sutil and Mexicana off Vancouver, BC
  • 1805Great Stoneface Mt found in New Hampshire
  • 1821African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 1834Cyrus Hall McCormick patents reaping machine
  • 1858Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • 1863Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • 1879F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately)
  • 1887Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria
  • 1894Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • 1895British Roseberry government falls
  • 1898Guam becomes a territory of US

Born on Jun 21

  • 1002Leo IX [Bruno Count of Egesheim & Dagsburg]: Pope (1049-54)
  • 1577Giovanni Del Turco: Composer
  • 1596Michael Fjodorovitsj: Tsar of Russia (1613-45) / 1st Romanov
  • 1640Abraham Mignon: Still life painter
  • 1668Cajetan Kolberer: Composer
  • 1732Johann Christoph Frederic Bach: Composer
  • 1740Hendrik van Wijn: Dutch archivist (Algemeen Rijksarchief)
  • 1763Pierre P Royer-Collard: French attorney / philosopher
  • 1774Daniel D Tompkins: (D-R), 6th US Vice President (1817-25)
  • 1790Wilhelm Speyer: Composer
  • 1805Karl Friedrich Curschmann: Composer
  • 1817James Brewerton Ricketts: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
  • 1818Ernst II: Duke of Saxon-Coburg-Gotha (1844-93) / composer
  • 1818Joseph Abel Haskin: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1823Edward Elmer Potter: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1839Johannes P R Tak: Dutch liberal politician
  • 1839John Decatur Barry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1839Machado de Assis: Writer
  • 1844Ernest F Cambier: Belgian colonial pioneer (1st railway Congo)
  • 1851Daniel Carter Beard: United States -- Organized 1st boy scout troop
  • 1859Henry O Tanner: Artist
  • 1862Henry Holden Huss: Composer
  • 1862Johannes Schlaf: Writer
  • 1865Albert Herbert Brewer: Composer
  • 1873Henry M Tomlinson: British writer (Sea & Jungle)
  • 1876Willem H Keesom: Physicist (helium vast)
  • 1879Umberto Brunelleschi: Italian cartoonist / illustrator (Candide)
  • 1882Rockwell Kent: Artist / painter / illustrator (Canterbury Tales)
  • 1883Fjodor W Gladkow: Russian writer (Cement)
  • 1884Claude "Auk" Auchinleck: British Field Marshal North-Africa

Died on Jun 21

  • 1208Philips van Zwaben Hohenstaufen: Roman-German King
  • 1377Edward III: King of England (1327-77)
  • 1529John Skelton: English poet, dies at about 69
  • 1573Antonie van Burgundy: Mayor of Sealand, dies in battle
  • 1591Aloysius [Luigi] van Gonzaga: Prince / Italian Jesuit saint
  • 1876Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican General (took Alamo), dies at 79
  • 1884Alexander: Prince / last male descendent of Johan W Friso
  • 1887Adolf Schimon: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1900Polibo Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1908Nikolai A Rimski-Korssakov: Russian Composer (Sheherazade), dies at 64
  • 1913Stefan O Iosif: Romanian Poet (Beautiful Irine), dies at 37
  • 1914Glauco Velasquez: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1925Jan H Leopold: Poet / classical (translated Omar Khayyam), dies at 60
  • 1934[James] Thorne Smith: United States -- Sci-fi Author (Stray Lamb, Turnabout)
  • 1940Edouard Vuillard: French Painter / graphic artist
  • 1940Hendrik Marsman: Dutch Poet / writer / critic, drowns at 40
  • 1940W Hasenclever: Writer, dies at 49
  • 1944Jan Bonekamp: Dutch resistance fighter / friend of Hannie Schaft
  • 1945Josef Hora: Czech writer / Poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • 1946Heinrich Kaminski: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Don McBride: Actor (Mr Clyde-My Friend Flicka), dies at 68
  • 1957Frantisek Kupka: Czech writer, dies at 85
  • 1964Andrew Goodman: US civil rights activist, murdered at 20
  • 1964James Chaney: US civil rights activist, murdered at 21
  • 1964Michael Schwerner: US civil rights activist, murder at 21
  • 1965Bernard M Baruch: Presidential Advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • 1969Maureen "Little Mo" Connolly: 1st woman grand slam (1953), dies at 34
  • 1970Achmed Sukarno: 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), dies at 68
  • 1972Seth Bingham: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1973Frank Leahy: Football coach (Notre Dame), dies at 64

Historical events on June 22

  • 0431Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens
  • 0816Pope Stephen IV, [V] elected to succeed Leo III
  • 1342Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reconning)
  • 1377Richard II succeeds Edward III as King of England
  • 1476Battle at Morat / Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
  • 1497Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath
  • 1533Ferdinand of Austria and Sultan Suleiman sign peace treaty
  • 1559Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
  • 1596Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java
  • 1611Henry Hudson and son set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers
  • 1633Galileo Galilei forced to recant Earth orbits Sun by Pope (but on October 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)
  • 1675Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II
  • 1740King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion and freedom of the press
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1772Slavery outlawed in England
  • 1774English parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • 17751st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
  • 1799England and Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic
  • 1807British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • 1808Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
  • 18152nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • 1832John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
  • 1847Doughnut created
  • 1848Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for President
  • 1849Stephen C Massett opens courthouse using only piano in California
  • 1868Arkansas re-enters US
  • 18701st Boardwalk in America invented
  • 1870Congress creates Department of Justice
  • 1873Prince Edward Island joins Canada
  • 1874Dr Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy

Born on June 22

  • 1478Philips de Schone: Archduke of Austrian / King of Castilia (Philips I)
  • 1611Pablo Bruna: Composer
  • 1613Lambert Pietkin: Composer
  • 1674Eugene J P: Earl of Merode, Belgian Marquis of Westerloo
  • 1684Francesco Onofrio Manfredini: Composer
  • 1701Nikolaj Eigtved: Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)
  • 1741Alois Luigi Tomasini: Composer
  • 1742Heinrich Gottfried Reichard: Composer
  • 1757George Vancouver: Surveyed Pacific coast from SF to Vancouver I
  • 1805Giuseppe Mazzini: Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • 1824Frederic Louis Ritter: Composer
  • 1830Theodor Leschetizky: Composer
  • 1837Paul Morphy: New Orleans, Louisiana -- Greatest chess player of all time (1857-61)
  • 1840Ernest Debes: German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • 1849Stephen C Massett: Opens at courthouse as 1st pro entertainer
  • 1859Frank Heino Damrosch: Author / musician / teacher (founded Institute of Music)
  • 1864Hermann Minkowski: German mathematician
  • 1869Hendrikus Colijn: Dutch Premier (AR 1933-39)
  • 1883Jose Rolon: Composer
  • 1887Albert PAA Besnard: Dutch poet / journalist (Uprising & Remorse)
  • 1891Franz de Backer: Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • 1891Harry Seymour: New York, United States -- Actor (Boy Meets Girl, Tenderfoot)
  • 1893Osvald Chlubna: Composer
  • 1896Francis C Denebrink: US Naval officer (WWI, WWII, Korea)
  • 1897Norbert Elias: English / Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898Erich Maria Remarque: Novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front)
  • 1898R M Remarque: Writer
  • 1899Dorothy Devore: Fort Worth, Texas -- Actress (Narrow Street, Senior Daredevil)
  • 1899Michal Kalecki: Polish economist
  • 1900Jennie Tourel: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47)

Died on June 22

  • 1276Innocent V [Pierre the Tarantaise]: Pope (1276), dies at about 36
  • 1527Machiavelli: Writer
  • 1535John Fisher: English Bishop (1504-35) / cardinal, beheaded at about 65
  • 1741Joseph-Hector Fiocco: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1745Hubert Renotte: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1754Nicholas Siret: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1777Josef Christian: German sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1803Wilhelm Heinse: Writer
  • 1843Gabriele Prota: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1874Howard Staunton: World chess champion, designer of chess pieces
  • 1885Mahdi [Muhammad Ahmed]: Sudanese music reviewer
  • 1897Ralph Abercromby: British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun: Austria botanist, dies at 66
  • 1903George White: Black resident of Delaware, lynched
  • 1906Fritz Schaudinn: German animal scholar: examined amoebasis, dies at 34
  • 1909Detlev [Freiherr Friedrich A von] Liliencron: German poet, dies at 65
  • 1910Marie: Princess of Wied / Orange Nassau
  • 1922Henry H Wilson: Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • 1926Hermann Suter: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1928George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba), dies at 46
  • 1930Karl von Amira: German historian, dies at 82
  • 1945Isamu Tsjo: Japanese Chief of Staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1945Mitsuri Ushijima: Japanese Lieutenant General / Commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • 1950Julio Fonseca: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1954Don Hollenbeck: Newscaster (CBS Weekend News), dies at 49
  • 1955Wyllis Cooper: TV narrator (Volume One), dies at 56
  • 1961Betty Elder: Actress (Annie Get Your Gun)
  • 1964Havank [HF van der Kallen]: Detective writer (Shade), dies at 60
  • 1965Adriaan F Dussenbroek: Dutch doctor / co-founder (UNA), dies at 72
  • 1965David O Selznick: Producer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 63