Events on Aug 19

  • 0440St. Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken Sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King
  • 1099Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon
  • 1263King James I of Argon censors Hebrew writing
  • 1399King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry
  • 1458Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II
  • 1477Burgundy and acquires Burgundian possessions in the Netherlands and France
  • 1477Maximilian I, Son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, weds Mary of
  • 1493Maximilian I of Austria becomes Roman Catholic German Emperor
  • 1561Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
  • 1587Sigismund III becomes King of Poland
  • 1591French King Henri IV occupies Rouen
  • 1627Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo
  • 1691Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • 16925 women executed for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1698Russian Czar Peter the Great begins term
  • 1772Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government and restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
  • 1787W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
  • 1791Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
  • 1796Spain and France sign anti-English alliance
  • 1812US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • 1816Java again in Dutch hands
  • 1821Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
  • 1826Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
  • 1849New York Herald reports gold discovery in California
  • 1861Confederacy Congress allies with government of MI
  • 18642nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
  • 18881st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins
  • 1891William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum

Born on Aug 19

  • 1521Lodovico Guicciardini: Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti)
  • 1558Paulus Merula: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1596Elisabeth Stuart: English Daughter of James I
  • 1631John Dryden: 1st poet laureate of England (All for Love)
  • 1646John Flamsteed: 1st astronomer royal of England
  • 1686Antonio Tonelli: Composer
  • 1689Samuel Richardson: English Novelist (Pamela)
  • 1737Johann Georg Christoph Schetky: Composer
  • 1743Marie Jeanne Becu comtesse du Barry: Last mistress of Louis XV
  • 1756Anthony FRE Haersolte: Member of Executing Regime
  • 1785Seth Thomas: Pioneer in mass production of clocks
  • 1813William Henry Fry: Composer
  • 1815John Porter McCown: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1816Julius PJA van Zuylen van Nyevelt: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1824Georg Goltermann: Composer
  • 1831Stephen Gano Burbridge: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1839Oskar Brefeld: German Botanist
  • 1844Minna Canth: Finland -- Novelist / playwright (social evils)
  • 1848Gustave Caillebotte: French shipbuilding design / painter (Rue de Paris)
  • 1851Frans Schollaert: Belgian Premier (1908-11)
  • 1858Edith Nesbit: England, United Kingdom -- Children books author (Railway Children)
  • 1859Charles Comiskey: 1st basemen / manager (Chicago White Sox)
  • 1859Hippolyte Delehaye: Flemish historian / hagiographer
  • 1860John Kane: Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)
  • 1870Bernard Baruch: Financier / presidential adviser (Cold War)
  • 1873Fred Stone: Longmont, Colorado -- Acrobat / Broadway actor (Alice Adams)
  • 1885Elsie Ferguson: New York, United States -- Actress (Lie, Footlights, Scarlet Pages)
  • 1885Werner Elert: German luthers theologist
  • 1886Robert Heger: Composer
  • 1889Arthur Waley: Sinologist, translator from Chinese and Japanese

Died on Aug 19

  • 0440Sixtus III: Italian Pope (432-40)
  • 0472Ricimer: Barbaars General
  • 1493Frederick III of Innsbruck: German Emperor (1440-1493), dies at 77
  • 1580Andrea Palladio: Architect / writer (Il Redentore, Venice), dies at 71
  • 1601Michael the Brave: Ruler of Turkey
  • 1650Abraham de Verwer: Painter, buried at about 55
  • 1654Yom Tov Lipmann Heller: Rabbi / Author (Tosefot Yom Tov)
  • 1719Karl H Freiherr von Canstein: German lawyer, dies at 52
  • 1744Carlo Arrigoni: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1753[Johann] Balthasar Neumann: German architect, dies at 66
  • 1780Bernhard Haltenberger: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1795Friedrich Hartmann Graf: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1812Vincenzo Righini: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1813Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1813Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1822Melchor Lopez Jimenez: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1851Gioseffo Catrufo: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1872Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1876George Smith: English assyriologist (script), dies at 36
  • 1881Joseph Labitzky: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1892Frantisek Zdenek Xavier Alois Skuhersky: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1909Rembt THPLA of Boneval Faure: Lawyer / 1st-Member of parliament
  • 1912Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1922Felipe Pedrell: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1929Sergei P Diaghilev: Russia -- Dance master (Imperial Ballet), dies at 57
  • 1944Henry J Wood: English conductor (My Life of Music, Proms), dies at 75
  • 1947Ernst Laqueur: Dut chemist / psychologist (sexual hormones), dies at 67
  • 1954Alcide de Gasperi: Italian Premier (1945..53), dies at 73
  • 1958Antonius "Toon" Verhey: Violin cellist / conductor, dies at 63
  • 1959Jacob Epstein: US / English Sculptor / painter, dies at 78

Historical events on August 20

  • 0573Gregory of Tours selected Bishop of Tours
  • 0917Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines
  • 1191Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko
  • 1534Turkish Admiral Chaireddin"Barbarossa" occupies Tunis
  • 1566Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp Belgium
  • 1585English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: aid to the Netherland
  • 15971st Dutch East India Company ships returned from Far East
  • 1604Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
  • 16191st Black slaves brought by Dutch to colony of Jamestown Virginia
  • 1641Britain and Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1741Alaska discovered by Danish explorer Vitus Bering
  • 1781George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
  • 1791Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
  • 1794Gen Mad Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers Ohio
  • 1795Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England
  • 1852Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1856Wilberforce University forms in Ohio
  • 1861Skirmish at Jonesboro, Missouri
  • 18648th / last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Va (about 3900 casualties)
  • 1865President Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas
  • 1866President Andrew Johnson formally declares Civil War over
  • 1879Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • 1893Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • 1895Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG)
  • 1896Dial telephone patented
  • 1901Fawcett committee visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • 1908Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo
  • 1910US supported opposition brings down Madriz in Nicaragua
  • 1912Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • 1912Washingston Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings

Born on August 20

  • 1517Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle: Cardinal / Viceroy of Naples (1571-75)
  • 1526Peter Opmeer: Church historian / humanist (Historia Martyrum)
  • 1561Jacopo Peri: Composer
  • 1625Thomas Corneille: French playwright
  • 1637Cornelis Van Aerssen: Dutch Governor / co-owner of Surinam
  • 1665Bernardus Smijtegelt: Vicar (Gekrookte Reed)
  • 1702Stepan F graaf Apraksin: Russian General-Field Marshal
  • 1710Thomas Simpson: English mathematician (rules of Simpson)
  • 1720Bernard de Bury: Composer
  • 1756Bernardo Bittoni: Composer
  • 1764Charles F Bentinck: Dutch Minister of Colonies
  • 1785Oliver Hazard Perry: US Naval hero ("We have met the enemy")
  • 1788Jose Bernardo Alcedo: Composer
  • 1799Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician
  • 1802Cadwalader Ringgold: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1811Gilman Marston: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1820Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis: Composer
  • 1824Absalom Baird: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1905
  • 1832Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe: Inventor, died in 1913
  • 1833Benjamin Harrison: North Bend, Ohio -- (R) 23rd President (1889-1893)
  • 1842Juliaan de Vriendt: Flemish painter
  • 1873Eliel Saarinen: Finland -- Architect (GM Tech Institute, Michigan)
  • 1873William Henry Bell: Composer
  • 1881Edgar Albert Guest: Detroit, Michigan -- Poet / newspaperman
  • 1881Nikolay Yakovlevich Myaskovsky: Composer
  • 1885Dino Campana: Italian poet (Canti orfici)
  • 1886Paul Tillich: German / US theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung)
  • 1888George Sklavos: Composer
  • 1889Witold Friemann: Composer
  • 1890H P Lovecraft: United States -- Gothic Novelist (At the Mountains of Madness)

Died on August 20

  • 0984John XIV [Petrus Canepanova]: Italian Pope (983-84)
  • 1153Bernard[us] van Clairvaux: French saint
  • 1384Geert Great [Gerardus Magnus]: Theologist (Getijdenboek)
  • 1538Aefgen Listinck: Dutch anabaptist, burned at stake
  • 1632Valentin de Boulogne: French painter, buried at 38
  • 1639Martin Opitz: German Poet / Historian (Troerinnen), dies at 41
  • 1648Edward Herbert of Cherbury: English military / philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1672Cornelis de Witt: Dutch, statesman, lynched at 49
  • 1672Johan de Witt: Advisor of Holland, lynched
  • 1679Jacob Alting: Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • 1799Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1804Charles Floyd: Only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1813Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1823Pius VII [Luigi B Chiaramonti]: Pope (1800-23), dies at 83
  • 1825Richard Wainwright: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1854Friedrich WJ von Schelling: German philosopher, dies at 79
  • 1856Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1864Daniel Chaplin: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1864John H Kelly: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 24
  • 1885Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish Painter (Slave Market), dies at 42
  • 1908Louis Varney: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1910Arthur Coquard: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1912William Booth: English Minister / founder (Leader des Heils)
  • 1914Pius X [Giuseppe M Sarto]: Pope (1903-14)
  • 1915Paul Ehrlich: German geneologist (Chemotherapy, Nobel 1908)
  • 1917JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer: German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1931Waldemar von Baussnern: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1932Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1932Paul Keller: German writer (Vergrabenes Gut), dies at 59
  • 1932Tadeusz Joteyko: Composer, dies at 60