Events on Jan 17

  • 1501Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
  • 1536Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
  • 1562Edict of St. Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
  • 1584Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
  • 1595French King Henri IV declares war on Spain
  • 1601France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey and Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1718Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
  • 1746Battle of Falkirk, Scotland-Edward I defeats and massacres Scots
  • 1757German Diet declares war on Prussia
  • 17759 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
  • 1827Duke of Wellington appointed British Supreme Commander
  • 1832Johannes van den Bosch appointed Governor-General of Dutch-Indies
  • 1852British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1861Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
  • 1863Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 18711st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
  • 1874Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • 18821st Dutch female Physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • 1885Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • 1893Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a Republic
  • 1895French President Casimir-Perier resigns
  • 1899US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
  • 1905Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer and C G Scannell, Chicago
  • 1911Failed assassination attempt on Premier Briand in French Assembly
  • 1912Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
  • 1915Russia occupies Bukovina and Western Ukraine
  • 19161st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club - Bronxville, New York
  • 1916Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in New York City
  • 1917US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3 / 21)
  • 1920Paul Deschanel elected President of France

Born on Jan 17

  • 1342Philip [the Bold]: Duke of Burgundy
  • 1463Frederick III [the Wise]: Elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
  • 1501Leonhard Fuchs: Germany -- Botanist (History of Plants)
  • 1504Pius V [Antonio Ghislieri]: Saint, Pope (1566-72)
  • 1517Antonio Scandello: Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
  • 1545Antonio Pace: Composer
  • 1574Robert Fludd: Composer
  • 1600Calderon: Writer
  • 1612Thomas Fairfax: Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary General
  • 1657Pieter van Bloemen [Standaart]: Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1659Antonio Veracini: Composer
  • 1683Gerard van Loon: Dutch historian
  • 1712John Stanley: Composer
  • 1719Jean-Joseph Vade: Composer
  • 1728Johann Gottfried Muthel: Composer
  • 1732Stanislaw II August Poniatowski: Last King of Poland (1764-95)
  • 1745Nicolas Roze: Composer
  • 1759Paul Cuffe: Massachusetts, United States -- Merchant / shipbuilder / black nationalist
  • 1761James Hall: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Geologist
  • 1769Ole Andreas Lindeman: Composer
  • 1771Charles Brockden Brown: Father of American novel (Wieland)
  • 1814Ellen Wood: English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
  • 1818Antoine Dorion: (L) joint Premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • 1820Anne Bronte: English Novelist / poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
  • 1828Lewis Addison Grant: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
  • 1834Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman: Dutch actress / Daughter of Mimi Bia
  • 1835Antanas Baranauskas: Lithuanian Bishop / poet / dialectologist
  • 1835Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer
  • 1836Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte: Composer
  • 1842Anton G van Hamel: Founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)

Died on Jan 17

  • 0395Theodosius I [the Great]: Spanish Emperor of Rome, dies at 49
  • 1103Frutolf: German Monk / musicologist / historian
  • 1119Boudouin VII Hapkin: Count of Flanders
  • 1229Albert: Bishop of Riga / founder (Sword Knights), dies at about 68
  • 1604Santino Garsi: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1617Pieter C Bockenberg: Dutch historian, dies at 68
  • 1620Diego Alvarez de Paz: Spanish Missionary / writer (Peru), dies at about 59
  • 1625Nicolo Rubini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1654Paul Potter: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1661Andres Malong: Philippines rebel leader, executed
  • 1738Jean-Francois Dandrieu: Composer
  • 1750Tomaso Albinioni: Italian Composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
  • 1781Marie de Negre Dables: Marquess
  • 1788Alessio Prati: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1805Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron: French interpreter, dies at 73
  • 1820Daniel W Wyttenbach: Dutch classicist / historian, dies at 73
  • 1823Zacharius Werner: German playwright, dies at 36
  • 1830W Waiblinger: Writer
  • 1833James Ball Antyne: Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
  • 1833William Rush: Indians Sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill)
  • 1856Thomas Attwood Walmisley: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1863E J Horace Vernet: French painter, dies at 73
  • 1869Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1874Chang and Eng Bunker: Chinese / Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
  • 1889Juan Montalvo: Ecuadorian Author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
  • 1890Salomon Sulzer: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1891Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1892Alexandre Levy: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1893Rutherford B Hayes: 19th US President (1877-81), dies at 70 in Fremont, Ohio
  • 1901Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist, dies at 87

Historical events on January 18

  • 0336St. Mark elected Catholic Pope
  • 0350General Maxentius drives out Western Roman Emperor Constans
  • 0532Nika uprising at Constantinople fails, 30-40,000 die
  • 1307German King Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia
  • 1478Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod
  • 1486King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, Daughter of Edward IV
  • 1520Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde
  • 1535Francisco Pizarro founds Lima Peru
  • 16441st UFO sighting in America, by perplexed pilgrims in Boston
  • 1691English King Willem III travels to The Hague
  • 1701Frederik I / Sophie Charlotte van Hanover crowned King / Queen of Prussia
  • 17331st polar bear exhibited in America (Boston)
  • 1777San Jose California, founded
  • 1778Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
  • 1795French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795Governor / Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
  • 1840Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 1862Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1865Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 1869Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
  • 18712nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Bismarck
  • 1884General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 18961st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • 1896British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • 1901Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
  • 1905French government of Combes falls
  • 19111st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • 1912English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before
  • 1913Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • 1915Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die

Born on January 18

  • 1543Alfonso Ferrabosco: Composer
  • 1641Francois Michel le Tellier: French Statesman (Marquis de Louvois)
  • 1657Hendrik Casimir II: Dutch Field Marshal (Nassau)
  • 1685Tiberius Hemsterhuis: Dutch Classical prof, baptized
  • 1689Charles de Montesquieu: France -- Philosopher / writer (Letters Persanes)
  • 1726Hendrik D F L: Prince of Prussia / diplomat
  • 1732Jean-Guillain Cardon: Composer
  • 1751Ferdinand Kauer: Composer
  • 1779Peter Roget: Thesaurus fame / inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)
  • 1782Daniel Webster: Salisbury, New Hampshire -- Orator / politician / lawyer
  • 1793William Henry Havergal: Composer
  • 1795Anna Paulowna Romanova: Monarch of Russia / Daughter of Czar Paul I
  • 1809Richard Caswell Gatlin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1813Joseph Farwell Glidden: Inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)
  • 1815James Chesnut, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1815Richard Yates Gov: MC (Union), died in 1873
  • 1817Jacques Gregoir: Composer
  • 1818Johannes van Vloten: Dutch literary / theologist
  • 1820Abraham Buford: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 1829Louis van Haecke: Flemish chaplain / author (Blood to Bridge)
  • 1831Edward Ferrero: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1835Jan van Droogenbroeck: Flemish poet
  • 1840Austin Dobson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic / biographer
  • 1840Ernst Rudorff: Composer
  • 1849Edmund Barton: 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • 1854Thomas A Watson: Needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • 1856Daniel Nathan Hale Williams: Surgeon (1st open heart operation)
  • 1856John Hyatt Brewer: Composer
  • 1857Otto von Below: German Commandant (WWI)
  • 1861Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist

Died on January 18

  • 1367Pedro I: King of Portugal (1357-67), dies at 46
  • 1479Louis IX [the Rich]: Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt), dies at 61
  • 1580Antonio Scandello: Italian Composer (Passion of John), dies at 63
  • 1659Benedikt Lechler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1664Moise Amyrault: French Theologist / vicar
  • 1666Adriaen A Bloemaert: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56
  • 1677John A van Riebeeck: Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57
  • 1730Peter II: Czar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1760Claudio Casciolini: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1769Hakuin Ekaku: Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan
  • 1854Juda Turo: American philanthropist
  • 1862John Tyler: 10th US President (1841-45), dies at 71 in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1875Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1886Michal Czajchovski [Sadik Pasja]: Writer
  • 1890Amadeus I FM: King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • 1902Filippo Marchetti: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1913Edmond R H Regout: Dutch industrialist / politician, dies at 49
  • 1919John C F: Son of English King George V, dies at 13
  • 1921Adolf von Hildebrand: German sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1923Wallace Reid: Actor (Birth of a Nation), dies at 31
  • 1936Rudyard Kipling: Author (Gunga Din, Nobel 1907), dies at 70
  • 1940Kazimierz P Tetmajer: Polish writer / Poet (Young Poland), dies at 74
  • 1951Robert Mark: US Chairman (Caste World Congress), dies at 41
  • 1954Sydney Greenstreet: Actor (Conflict, Maltese Falcon), dies at 74
  • 1962Raymond Moulaert: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1966Kathleen Norris: US author, dies at 85
  • 1967Albert Conti: Actor (Eagle, Jazz Heaven, Topaz), dies at 79
  • 1967Barney Ross: Welterweight Boxing Champ (1934), dies at 57
  • 1967Harry Antrim: Actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies of heart attack at 83
  • 1967Reese "Goose" Tatum: Basketballer (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 45