Events on Aug 20

  • 0573Gregory of Tours selected Bishop of Tours
  • 0917Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines
  • 1191Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko
  • 1534Turkish Admiral Chaireddin"Barbarossa" occupies Tunis
  • 1566Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp Belgium
  • 1585English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: aid to the Netherland
  • 15971st Dutch East India Company ships returned from Far East
  • 1604Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
  • 16191st Black slaves brought by Dutch to colony of Jamestown Virginia
  • 1641Britain and Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1741Alaska discovered by Danish explorer Vitus Bering
  • 1781George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
  • 1791Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
  • 1794Gen Mad Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers Ohio
  • 1795Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England
  • 1852Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1856Wilberforce University forms in Ohio
  • 1861Skirmish at Jonesboro, Missouri
  • 18648th / last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Va (about 3900 casualties)
  • 1865President Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas
  • 1866President Andrew Johnson formally declares Civil War over
  • 1879Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • 1893Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • 1895Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG)
  • 1896Dial telephone patented
  • 1901Fawcett committee visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • 1908Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo
  • 1910US supported opposition brings down Madriz in Nicaragua
  • 1912Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • 1912Washingston Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings

Born on Aug 20

  • 1517Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle: Cardinal / Viceroy of Naples (1571-75)
  • 1526Peter Opmeer: Church historian / humanist (Historia Martyrum)
  • 1561Jacopo Peri: Composer
  • 1625Thomas Corneille: French playwright
  • 1637Cornelis Van Aerssen: Dutch Governor / co-owner of Surinam
  • 1665Bernardus Smijtegelt: Vicar (Gekrookte Reed)
  • 1702Stepan F graaf Apraksin: Russian General-Field Marshal
  • 1710Thomas Simpson: English mathematician (rules of Simpson)
  • 1720Bernard de Bury: Composer
  • 1756Bernardo Bittoni: Composer
  • 1764Charles F Bentinck: Dutch Minister of Colonies
  • 1785Oliver Hazard Perry: US Naval hero ("We have met the enemy")
  • 1788Jose Bernardo Alcedo: Composer
  • 1799Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician
  • 1802Cadwalader Ringgold: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 1811Gilman Marston: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1890
  • 1820Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis: Composer
  • 1824Absalom Baird: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1905
  • 1832Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe: Inventor, died in 1913
  • 1833Benjamin Harrison: North Bend, Ohio -- (R) 23rd President (1889-1893)
  • 1842Juliaan de Vriendt: Flemish painter
  • 1873Eliel Saarinen: Finland -- Architect (GM Tech Institute, Michigan)
  • 1873William Henry Bell: Composer
  • 1881Edgar Albert Guest: Detroit, Michigan -- Poet / newspaperman
  • 1881Nikolay Yakovlevich Myaskovsky: Composer
  • 1885Dino Campana: Italian poet (Canti orfici)
  • 1886Paul Tillich: German / US theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung)
  • 1888George Sklavos: Composer
  • 1889Witold Friemann: Composer
  • 1890H P Lovecraft: United States -- Gothic Novelist (At the Mountains of Madness)

Died on Aug 20

  • 0984John XIV [Petrus Canepanova]: Italian Pope (983-84)
  • 1153Bernard[us] van Clairvaux: French saint
  • 1384Geert Great [Gerardus Magnus]: Theologist (Getijdenboek)
  • 1538Aefgen Listinck: Dutch anabaptist, burned at stake
  • 1632Valentin de Boulogne: French painter, buried at 38
  • 1639Martin Opitz: German Poet / Historian (Troerinnen), dies at 41
  • 1648Edward Herbert of Cherbury: English military / philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1672Cornelis de Witt: Dutch, statesman, lynched at 49
  • 1672Johan de Witt: Advisor of Holland, lynched
  • 1679Jacob Alting: Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • 1799Johann Christian Gottlob Eidenbenz: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1804Charles Floyd: Only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 1813Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1823Pius VII [Luigi B Chiaramonti]: Pope (1800-23), dies at 83
  • 1825Richard Wainwright: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1854Friedrich WJ von Schelling: German philosopher, dies at 79
  • 1856Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1864Daniel Chaplin: US Union Brigadier General
  • 1864John H Kelly: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 24
  • 1885Edouard J A Agneessens: Flemish Painter (Slave Market), dies at 42
  • 1908Louis Varney: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1910Arthur Coquard: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1912William Booth: English Minister / founder (Leader des Heils)
  • 1914Pius X [Giuseppe M Sarto]: Pope (1903-14)
  • 1915Paul Ehrlich: German geneologist (Chemotherapy, Nobel 1908)
  • 1917JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer: German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1931Waldemar von Baussnern: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1932Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1932Paul Keller: German writer (Vergrabenes Gut), dies at 59
  • 1932Tadeusz Joteyko: Composer, dies at 60

Historical events on August 21

  • 0959Erachus becomes Bishop of Luik
  • 1321160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake
  • 1560Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy
  • 1673Sea battle at Kijkduin: De Ruyter defeats English and French fleet
  • 1703Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II
  • 1718Emperor Karel VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1831Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia)
  • 1841John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • 18581st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • 1863Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • 1864Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
  • 1864Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, Kentucky
  • 1864Battle of Summit Point, Virginia
  • 1864General Major Nathan B Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1878American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, New York
  • 1883Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • 1887Mighty (Dan) Casey struck-out in a game with New York Giants!
  • 1888William Seward Burroughs patents adding machine
  • 1891Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • 1897Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • 190121st US Mens Tennis: William Larned beats Beals C Wright (62 68 64 64)
  • 1901Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching and spitting on an ump
  • 1912Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • 191420th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian Country Club - Illinois
  • 1914Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • 1914French offensive in the Ardennen / Sambre
  • 19203rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor Country Club - Flossmoor, Illinois
  • 1922Curly Lambeau and Green Bay Football Club granted NFL franchise
  • 1925BV Emmen soccer team forms
  • 1926White Sox Ted Lyons no hits Red Sox 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway

Born on August 21

  • 1165Philip II Augustus: 1st great Capetian King of France (1179-1223)
  • 1567Francois de Sales: French Bishop of Geneva / writer / Saint
  • 1642Johann Friedrich Treiber: Composer
  • 1643Afonso VI: King of Portugal (1656-67) (mentally ill)
  • 1660Hubert Gautier: Engineer (wrote 1st book on bridge building)
  • 1689Jose Pradas Gallen: Composer
  • 1721Lucretia W van Winter-van Merken: Dutch poet
  • 1725Jean-Baptiste Greuze: French painter
  • 1751Johann Georg Witthauer: Composer
  • 1765William IV: King of England (1830-37)
  • 1780Jernej Kopitar: Slovenian censor (Slovenian Grammar)
  • 1789Augustin-Louis Baron Cauchy: French mathematician
  • 1801Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: WWII Dutch Statesman / historian
  • 1806Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer
  • 1809Francesco Schira: Composer
  • 1810Thomas Jefferson McKean: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1821William Barksdale: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1824John Sanford Mason: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1825Kate Fanny Loder: Composer
  • 1829Otto Goldschmidt: Composer
  • 1852Benedetto Junck: Composer
  • 1871Leonid N Andrejev: Russian journalist / writer (Red Laugh)
  • 1872Aubrey Beardsley: England, United Kingdom -- Artist (Salome)
  • 1874Herman A van Karnebeek: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1918-27)
  • 1875Maurice Lippens: Belgian Earl / Minister / Governor of Congo
  • 1879Henry Ainley: Leeds, England -- Actor (As You Like It)
  • 1880Johan H Westerveld: Dutch WWII resistance fighter / leader (OD)
  • 1890Bill Henry: San Francisco, California -- Newscaster (Who Said That?)
  • 1892Charles Vanel: Rennes, France -- Actor (Wages of Fear)
  • 1893Juliette Marie Olga Lili Boulanger: Composer

Died on August 21

  • 1131Boudouin II van Bourg: King of Jerusalem
  • 1190Godfried III: Duke of Brabant (Grimbergse war)
  • 1245Alexander van Hales: English scholar
  • 1516John III van Egmont [Manke John]: Viceroy of Holland, dies at 78
  • 1627Jacques Mauduit: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1629Camillo Procaccini: Italian Painter / etcher
  • 1673Isaac Sweers: Dutch fleet Admiral / Civil rights activist, dies at 51
  • 1673John de Love I: Vice-admiral, dies in sea battle at about 54
  • 1723Dimitrie Cantemir: Philosopher / Monarch of Moldova 1710-11, dies at 49
  • 1772Alessandro Felici: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1772Johann Andreas Joseph Giulini: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1785Jean B Pigalle: French Sculptor (Child with Pigeon)
  • 1798Corneille F de Nelis: Flemish Scholar / Bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • 1812Silverius Muller: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1824John Taylor: Philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), dies at 70
  • 1824Santiago Ferrer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1838A v Chamisso: Writer, dies at 57
  • 1856Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1864John Calhoun Sanders: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 24
  • 1888Simon Vissering: Dutch Minister of Finance (1879-81), dies at 70
  • 1898Nicola van Westerhout: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1905Jules Oppert: German Assyriologist (decodes characters), dies at 80
  • 1932Frederick Corder: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1935Josef Cyril Sychra: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1940Leon Trotsky: Russian revolutionary, icepicked by Frank Jackson at 62
  • 1940Paul Juon: Russian / Swiss violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 1942Kiyoano Ichiki: Japanese Colonel (WWII)
  • 1943Henrik Pontoppidan: Writer (Peter Gelukkige, Nobel 1917), dies at 86
  • 1947Ettore Bugatti: Italian / French car manufacturer
  • 1949Gerhard von Keussler: Composer, dies at 75