Events on Sep 25

  • 0953Ratherius becomes Bishop of Luik
  • 0955Bishop Ratherius of Luik flees
  • 1066Battle of Stampford Bridge King Harold Godwinson II of England, beaten by his brother King Harold Hardrada of Norway
  • 1212Emperor Frederik II ends Golden Degree (Bohemia)
  • 1340England and France sign disarmament treaty
  • 1396Battle of Nicopolis: Sultan Bajezid I defeats Crusades armies
  • 1492Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • 1493Columbus sails with 17 ships on 2nd voyage to America
  • 1555Freedom of Religion in Augsburg
  • 1560Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg, 1st Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1597Amiens surrenders to French King Henri IV
  • 16391st printing press in America
  • 1639Suzuki Shosan, Samurai Monk of Zen Buddhism, found awakening
  • 1654England and Denmark sign trade agreement
  • 1690Publick Occurrences, 1st US (Boston) newspaper, publish 1st and last ed
  • 1775American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured
  • 1777English general William Howe conquers Philadelphia
  • 1780Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • 1789Congress proposes Bill of Rights (10 of 12 will ratify)
  • 180412th amendment to US constitution, regulating judicial power
  • 1836HMS Beagle anchors at St. Michael
  • 1846US troops under General Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
  • 1857Relief of Lucknow by Havelock and Outram begins
  • 1861Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 1866(Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
  • 1867Congress creates 1st all-black university, Howard University in Washington DC
  • 18821st baseball doubleheader (Providence andWorcester)
  • 1886Comedy opera "Dorothy, " 1st produced in London
  • 1888Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1888Start of Sherlock Holmes "Hound of Baskervilles" (BG)

Born on Sep 25

  • 1593Matthew Merian [the Elder]: Engraver / bookseller
  • 1612Mark Zuesius Boxhorn: Dutch historian
  • 1683Jean-Philippe Rameau: Dijon, France -- Composer (Traite)
  • 1714Jean-Benoit Leclair: Composer
  • 1725Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot: Designed and built 1st automobile
  • 1729Christian G Heyne: German archaeologist
  • 1741Vaclav Pichl: Composer
  • 1744Frederik Willem II: King of Prussia (1786-97)
  • 1752Carl Stenborg: Composer
  • 1766Armand-Emmanuel [duc de Richelieu]: French Prime Minister (1815-18, 1820-21)
  • 1785George Frederic Pinto: Composer
  • 1793Felicia Dorothea Hermans: Poet
  • 1798Henri Scheffer: Painter
  • 1805Henry P Scholte: Dutch / US vicar / founder (Pella colony in Iowa)
  • 1822Adolph Wilhelm August Friedrich von Steinwehr: Brigadier General (Union vol)
  • 1823Thomas John Wood: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1829William Michael Rossetti: Civil servant
  • 1830Karl Klindworth: Pianist / conductor
  • 1832William Le Baron Jenney: United States -- Architect / "father of skyscraper"
  • 1839[Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman: Writer / feminist
  • 1839Karl A von Zittel: German geologist / paleontologist (Libya)
  • 1852Cornelis J Snijders: Supreme Commander of Dutch Navy (1910-18)
  • 1852Hans Vaihinger: German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)
  • 1858Emmeline Pankhurst-Goulden: English feminist
  • 1866Thomas Hunt Morgan: United States -- Biologist (Nobel-1933)
  • 1872Charles Blake Cochran: Impresario
  • 1879Luis da Costa: Composer
  • 1884Cornelis "Kees" Boeke: Dutch educationalist
  • 1886Jesus Guridi: Composer
  • 1886John Howard Lawson: Scriptwriter / playwright

Died on Sep 25

  • 0813Al-Amin: Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 1066Harald III Hardrada: King of Norway (1047-66), dies in battle at 51
  • 1392Sergius van Radonesj: Russian saint, dies at 78
  • 1396Jean de Vienne: French Admiral / crusader, dies in battle
  • 1396Odard de Chasseron: French knight / crusader, dies in battle
  • 1396Philip of Bar: French knight / crusader, dies in battle
  • 1501Dzore Drzic: Croatish poet
  • 1525Johannes Pistorius [Bakker]: RC pastor / church reformer, burned at 26
  • 1619Francesco Soto de Langa: Composer
  • 1716Johann Christoph Pez: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1727Jacques Abbadie: French theologist, dies at about 73
  • 1733Georg Motz: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1777Johann Heinrich Lambert: Mathematician, dies at 49
  • 1808Richard Porson: Scholar
  • 1813Braz Francisco de Lima: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1840Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonald: Duc de Tarente, soldier
  • 1860Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1871Arvir A Afzelius: Swedish story teller
  • 1876A Glabbrenner: Writer, dies at 66
  • 1914A Lichtenstein: Writer, dies at 25
  • 1914Jan B Stobbaerts: Flemish painter, dies at 76
  • 1916Julius Fucik: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1918John Ireland: Irish / US Archbishop of St Paul, dies at 80
  • 1920William F Sudds: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1929Miller Huggins: Manager (New York Yankees), dies from blood poisoning at 49
  • 1933Paul Ehrenfest: Austria / Netherlands physicist, dies at 53
  • 1944Jakob Schaffner: Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • 1944Leo Justinus Kauffmann: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1945Bela Bartok: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1945Charles A Ellwood: US sociologist / psychologist, dies at 72

Historical events on September 26

  • 1371Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1396Sultan Bajezid I beheads 100s of crusaders
  • 1404Brussels Brabants / Limburgse audit-office established
  • 1580Francis Drake with Spanish treasure returns to England
  • 1629Sweden and Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1655Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • 1680Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal
  • 1687Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks Parthenon destroyed in war between Turks and Venetians
  • 1733France, Spain and Sardinia sign anti-German covenant
  • 1772New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine
  • 1777British troops occupy Philadelphia during American Revolution
  • 1786England and France sign trade agreement
  • 17894th Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office
  • 1789Jefferson appointed 1st Secretary of State; John Jay 1st chief justice;
  • 1789Samuel Osgood 1st Postmaster and Edmund J Randolph 1st Attorney General
  • 1815Russia, Prussia and Austria sign Holy Alliance
  • 1824Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) and lives
  • 18612nd British Golf Open: Tom Morris Sr shoots a 163 at Prestwick Club
  • 18741st Grand International Rifle match held
  • 18761st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • 1884Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • 1887Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • 1890US stops minting $1 and $3 gold coin and 3 cent piece
  • 1892Diamond Match Co patented book matches
  • 1895Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1901Boer General Botha captures Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901Great Britain annexes Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1904Charles Kleins "Music Master, " premieres in New York City
  • 1904Earl Grey is named British Governor-General of Canada
  • 1906Pitts Lefty Leifield no-hits Phillies, 8-0 in 6 inning game

Born on September 26

  • 1729Moses Mendelssohn: Philosopher / critic / Bible translator
  • 1759Hans D L Earl Yorck von Wartenburg: Prussian Field Marshal / Governor-General
  • 1767Wenzel Muller: Composer
  • 1820Isvar Chandra Vidyasagar: Father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita)
  • 1821Alvin Peterson Hovey: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823Ivan S Aksakov: Russian journalist (Denj, Moskvitsh)
  • 1841Pavel Ivanovich Blaramberg: Composer
  • 1867Maggie L Walker: Black business and civic leader
  • 1868Henry Franklin Belknap Gilbert: Composer
  • 1870Christian X: King of Denmark (1912-47)
  • 1872Ottokar T Czernin von und zu Chudenitz: Austrian Foreign min (1916-18)
  • 1873Amilcare Zanella: Composer
  • 1875Edmund Gwenn: Wales, United Kingdom -- Actor (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 1876Edith Abbott: Dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • 1877Alfred Cortot: French pianist
  • 1879Petko J Todorov: Bulgaria -- Writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee)
  • 1887Antonio Moreno: Madrid, Spain -- Actor / director (It, Careers)
  • 1889Martin Heidegger: Germany -- Existentialist (Being & Time)
  • 1891Alfred Plane: US sharp shooter (1912, 20 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1893Milos Crnjanski: Serbian poet (Seobe)
  • 1894Gladys Brockwell: Brooklyn, New York -- Actress (Long Pants, Oliver Twist)
  • 1895Fay Holden: Birmingham, England -- Actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films)
  • 1897Pope Paul VI [Giovanni Montini]: 262nd Roman Catholic Pope (1963-78)
  • 1897Victor O Stomps: Writer
  • 1897Wilhelmina J "Willy" Haak: Dutch actress / act teacher (Goethe / Brecht)
  • 1901Donald Cook: Portland, Oregon -- Actor (Too Young To Go Steady)
  • 1902Umberto "Albert" Anastasia: US gangster (Murder Inc)
  • 1903Gerhard Nebel: Writer
  • 1907Anthony F Blunt: British historian / spy for USSR
  • 1907Bep [Lambertus] van Klaveren: European Boxing Champ (1928 Olympics - Silver Medalist)

Died on September 26

  • 1023Godfried I: Duke of Neth-Lutherans
  • 1342John I: Ruler of Poland
  • 1345Willem IV: Earl of Henegouwen / Holland / Zealand, dies at about 27
  • 1371Vlkasin: Hungarian General / co-king of Serbia
  • 1614Felice Anerio: Italian Composer (pontifical royal chapel)
  • 1626Lancelot Andrewes: English Theologist / Bishop of Winchester, dies at 71
  • 1788Francois Bainville: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1808Pavel Vranicky: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1820Daniel Boone: Frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85
  • 1866Carl Almqvist: Swedish Author (Amorina), dies at 72
  • 1871Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1904Lafcadio Hearn: Author (Soul of the Great Ball), dies at 54
  • 1917Edgar H G Degas: French Painter (ballerina)
  • 1935Andy Adams: US writer (Cattle fire), dies at 76
  • 1937Bessie Smith: Singer, dies of injuries sustained in car crash at 43
  • 1944Ernst Isler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1945R Beer-Hofmann: Writer, dies at 78
  • 1947Hugh Lofting: Writer (Gub Gub Book), dies at 61
  • 1952George Santayana: US philosopher / Poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88
  • 1956Lucien Febvre: French Historian (Un Destin, Martin Luther), dies at 78
  • 1958Carl Brisson: Actor (Ship Cafe, Ring, Song of Soho), dies at 64
  • 1959Solomon Bandaranaike: Prime Minister of Ceylon (1956-59), assassinated at 60
  • 1961Eily Malyon: Actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch), dies at 81
  • 1961Juanita Hansen: Actress (Fast Company), dies of heart ailment at 67
  • 1964Ida Moore: Actress (Mr Music, Johnny Belinda), dies at 82
  • 1966Helen Kane: Actress (Heads Up, Pointed Heels), dies of cancer at 62
  • 1971Muriel Kirkland: Actress (Nana, Fast Workers), dies of emphysema at 68
  • 1972Charles J Correll: Actor / voice (Calvin & the Colonel), dies at 82
  • 1973Anton Schnack: German writer / poet, dies at 81
  • 1979Arthur Hunnicutt: Actor (Big Sky, Apache Uprising), dies at 68