Events on Oct 14

  • 0530[Discorus] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1066Battle of Hastings, in which William the Conqueror wins England
  • 1529Sultan Suleiman II ceases Vienna
  • 1586Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
  • 1700Rabbi Judah Hasid and Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1745French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1758Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 17741st American colonial declaration of rights with sinking of Peggy Stewart
  • 17741st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Philadelphia)
  • 1806Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 18341st black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • 1834George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film
  • 1862Baseballer James Creighton ruptures bladder hitting HR
  • 1862Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • 1863Battle at Bristoe Station Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • 186715th and last Tokugawa Shogun resigns in Japan
  • 1884George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film
  • 1893George Edwardes "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • 1893Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • 1899Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa
  • 1905New York Giants beats Philadelphia Athletics, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series
  • 1906All Chicago World Series, 1st AL victory, White Sox win 4 games to 2 Cubs losers share of $439.50 is lowest for World Series
  • 1908Baseball Writers Association of America, forms
  • 1908Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 1 in 5th World Series, 1st rematch
  • 1908Smallest crowd at World Series, 6,210 fans see Cubs beat Tigers
  • 1909Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series
  • 1912Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 1913Explosion in coal mine at Cardiff kills 439
  • 1914German troops occupy Brug
  • 1920Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland

Born on Oct 14

  • 1542Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din: 3rd Mogol Emperor of India (1556-1605)
  • 1606Johan Maetsuyker: Dutch Governor-General of Ceylon (1653-78)
  • 1633James II Stuart: King of England / Scotland (James VII) (1685-88)
  • 1639Simon van der Stel: Dutch Governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
  • 1687Robert Simson: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Mathematician
  • 1712George Grenville: British Prime Minister (1763-65)
  • 1730Jean Joseph Rodolphe: Composer
  • 1734Francis Lightfoot Lee: US farmer / signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1738Giovanni Calisto Andrea Zanotti: Composer
  • 1740Joannes Siberg: Dutch Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1801-05)
  • 1753Franz Anton Dimmler: Composer
  • 1764Charles-Henri Plantade: Composer
  • 1774Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Dutch politician
  • 1784Ferdinand VII MF: King of Spain
  • 1789Constant van Crombrugghe: Flemish monastery founder
  • 1796Adolf Ganz: Composer
  • 1801Joseph AF Plateau: Belgium -- Physicist
  • 1827James Sidney Robinson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1827William GGVV Harcourt: English lawyer / Minister of Finance
  • 1837Ellison Capers: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1908
  • 1853Ciprian Porumbescu: Composer
  • 1855George Edwardes: British composer (Gaiety Girl)
  • 1857Elwood Haynes: Auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • 1859Camille Chevillard: Composer
  • 1861Bjarni Thorsteinsson: Composer
  • 1864Maurice de Plessys: French poet (Palace Occidental)
  • 1867Masaoka Shiki: Japan -- Haiku and tanka poet / diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
  • 1869Joseph Duveen: England, United Kingdom -- Art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • 1871Alexander von Zemlinsky: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Schneeman)
  • 1873Jose Serrano Simeon: Composer

Died on Oct 14

  • 0530Dioscurus: Anti-Pope (530)
  • 1066Harold II: King of England (1066)
  • 1092Aboe Ali Hasan ibn Nizam al-Moelk: Writer (Sijasetname), assassinated
  • 1536Garcilaso de la Vega: Spanish Poet / diplomat, dies in battle
  • 1570Floris van Montmorency: Baron of Montigny, dies at 43
  • 1660Francesco Albana: Italian Painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
  • 1669Antonio Cesti: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1719Arnold Houbraken: Painter / writer), dies at 59
  • 1771Franz Xaver Brixi: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1775Johann Jacob Rowalt: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1790William Hooper: US attorney / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 48
  • 1847William Michael Rooke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1857Ignacy Marceli Komorowski: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1872Albrecht FH: Prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • 1877Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1880Victorio: Apache chief / murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • 1893Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist, dies at 84
  • 1900Albert de Vriendt: Flemish historical Painter / etcher
  • 1900Sandor Erkel: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1909Johann Gottfred Matthison-Hansen: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1919Wilhelm von Siemens: German industrial / Son of Werner
  • 1923George Elbridge Whiting: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1923Marcellus Emants: Writer / Poet (Refrained from Confession)
  • 1930Sam[uel] van Houten: Lib minister (Child labor laws)
  • 1944Erwin Rommel: German Field Marshal (WWII-Africa), suicide at 52
  • 1957Carl Natanael Berg: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1958Jean Poveigh: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1959Errol Flynn: US actor (Captain Blood), dies of heart attack at 50
  • 1960Abram F Joffe: Russian physicist (crystal)
  • 1966Arcady Dubensky: Composer, dies at 75

Historical events on October 15

  • 1520King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall
  • 1581Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine, " is staged in Paris
  • 1582Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 1598Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654Prince Willem III appointed Viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660Asser Levy granted butchers license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1705English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724Cornelis Steenoven is 1st Archbishop of Old-Catholic church
  • 1756Saxon army surrenders to Prussia
  • 17891st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
  • 1815Napoleon Bonaparte exiled on Island of St. Helena
  • 1842Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
  • 1846Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
  • 186011-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • 1863Cliff House opens in SF (1st of many on site)
  • 1864Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1874Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • 187745th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • 1878Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 18811st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1883Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • 1889Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • 1894Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
  • 1897Aaron / Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897King Leopold II takes Belgian crown

Born on October 15

  • 1542Djalalud-Din Mohammed Akbar: Emperor of India (1556-1605)
  • 1550Henry: Earl of Nassau-Dillenburg / Brother of William of Orange
  • 1674Robert Herrick: Massachusetts, United States -- British poet (Together)
  • 1761Peter Gronland: Composer
  • 1762Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer
  • 1775Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer
  • 1784Thomas Hastings: Composer
  • 1785Jose Miguel Carrera: President of Chile (1811-14)
  • 1795Frederik Willem IV: King of Prussia (1840-61) / Germany (1849-61)
  • 1799August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer
  • 1816Amiel Weeks Whipple: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1818Irvin McDowell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1819Marinus FAG Campbell: Bibliography / literary
  • 1822Alfred Meissner: Austrian Physician / writer
  • 1829Asaph Hall: Discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos and Deimos)
  • 1831Helen Maria Hunt Jackson: Author (Ramona)
  • 1832Henry Harrison Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
  • 1836Thomas Lafayette Rosser: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1851George F Moore: US theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament)
  • 1852Wilhelm Posse: Composer
  • 1856R G Nivelle: French military man
  • 1858Frank Valentine Van der Stucken: Composer
  • 1858John L Sullivan: Massachusetts, United States -- Heavyweight boxing champ (1882-92)
  • 1859Jaime de Magalhes Lima: Portuguese author / poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro)
  • 1865Walther Amelung: German archaeologist
  • 1874Otallo Morales: Composer
  • 1878Paul Reynaud: Premier France (May-June 1940)
  • 1879Jane Darwell [Patti Woodward]: Palmyra, Missouri -- Actress (Huckleberry Finn)
  • 1879Sara Allgood: Dublin, Ireland -- Actress (Blackmail, Storm in a Teacup)
  • 1881P G Wodehouse: British-American writer (Stiff Upper Lip Jeeves)

Died on October 15

  • 0892Al-Mutamid: Kalief of Abbasiden
  • 1080Rudolf von Schwaben: German anti-King
  • 1268Dirk II: Mister of Valkenburg
  • 1271Hostiensis [Henricus the Segusia]: Cardinal / Bishop of Ostia
  • 1389Urbanus VI [Bartolomeo Prignano]: Italian Pope (1378-89)
  • 1512Antoon Keldermans: Flem builder (Middelburg town hall), dies at 72
  • 1524Joachim Patinir: Flemish landscape painter, dies at about 45
  • 1539Reynier Brunt: Procureur-General of Court of Holland
  • 1595Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi: Persian-Dutch E indies poet, dies at 48
  • 1605Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din: Mogol keizer of India (1556-1605), dies at 63
  • 1682John Ferrabosco: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1817Tadeusz AB Kosciusko: Polish Lieutenant General / freedom fighter
  • 1819F Louise W: Daughter of Viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • 1883Francesco Schira: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1900Zdenek Fibich: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1910Stanley "Midnight Assassin" Ketchel: HW boxing champ, shot and killed
  • 1914Aleksander Rozycki: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1917Mata Hari: Dutch dancer / German spy, executed by firing squad in Paris
  • 1937James Marcus: Actor (Clockwork Orange), dies at 60
  • 1942Dirk Bannink: Nurse / local counciller Deventer, executed
  • 1944Philip Mechanicus: Journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1945Pierre Laval: Former Premier of Vichy France, executed at 62
  • 1946Hermann Goering: Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison
  • 1955Fumio Hayasaka: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1958John C Poortenaar: Painter / etcher / cartoonist, dies at 72
  • 1958John Hamilton: Actor (Perry White-Superman), dies at 61
  • 1960Clara Kimball Young: Actress (Return of Chandu), dies of a stroke at 70
  • 1960Henny Porten: Silent screen actress (Mother Love), dies at 70
  • 1960Maude Eburne: Actress (Ladies They Talk About, Guardsman), dies at 84
  • 1964Cole Porter: Composer (Still of the Night), dies at 73