Events on Jul 17

  • 0180Christenen Cittinus / Donatus / Natzalus / Secunda / Speratus / Vestia sentenced to death in Carthago
  • 0561John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I
  • 0855St. Leo IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1054Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV King
  • 1070Arnulf III the Hapless becomes Earl of Flanders
  • 1203Venetianen conquer Constantinople, Emperor Alexius III flees
  • 1245Pope bans Emperor Frederik II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time
  • 1393Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • 1429Dauphin crowned King of France
  • 14531st battle at Castillon: French beat English troops
  • 1473Charles the Stout conquerors Nijmegen
  • 1509Venice recaptures Padua
  • 1549Jews are expelled from Ghent Belgium
  • 1552Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun
  • 1583Spanish and Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • 1585English secret service discovers Anthony Babingtons murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1596At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya
  • 1603Sir Walter Ralegh arrested
  • 1727Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1740Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV
  • 1774Captain Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata)
  • 17751st military hospital approved
  • 1788Russian fleet destroys Swedish
  • 1794African Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • 1821Spain cedes Florida to US
  • 1841British humor magazine "Punch" 1st published
  • 1850Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega)
  • 1856Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Philadelphia)
  • 1861Congress authorizes paper money
  • 1861Manassas, VA General Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, General Johnston is ordered to Manassas

Born on Jul 17

  • 1674Isaac Watts: England, United Kingdom -- Writer / preacher / hymnist (Horae Lyrican)
  • 1744Elbridge Gerry: (DR) 5th VP (Mass-Gov), invented gerrymandering
  • 1763Johannes H van der Palm: Dutch theologist / Minister of Education
  • 1763John Jacob Astor: Germany -- Richest man in US, banker / fur trader
  • 1775August Harder: Composer
  • 1817Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach: Composer
  • 1827Frederick A Able: English chemist / inventor (cordiet)
  • 1830Eelco Refer: Linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • 1832Johan August Soderman: Composer
  • 1839Friedrich Gernsheim: Composer
  • 1853Francesco Fanciulli: Composer
  • 1871Lyonel C A Feininger: US cartoonist / painter
  • 1873Antonina Neshdanova: Russian soprano (Rigoletto)
  • 1875Donald Francis Tovey: Eton, England -- Musicologist / composer
  • 1876Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach]: Russian diplomat
  • 1876Rosa Jackson Lumpkin: Georgia, United States -- Lived to be 115 (died in 1991)
  • 1876Vittorio Gnecchi: Composer
  • 1878Henri Zagwijn: Composer
  • 1883Bart de Ligt: Anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • 1883Mauritz Stiller: Swedish actor / director (Erotikon)
  • 1885Benjamin James Dale: Composer
  • 1888Shmuel Agnon: Israel -- Novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • 1894Mary Clare: London, England -- Actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent)
  • 1897Elbert Parr Tuttle: Lawyer / judge
  • 1898Berenice Abbott: Springfield, Ohio -- Photographer (World of Atget)
  • 1902Christina Stead: Australia -- Novelist (Man Who Loved Children)
  • 1903Valerian Mikhaylovich Bogdanov-Berezovsky: Composer
  • 1904Jef Alpaerts: Flemish pianist / conductor
  • 1905Norman Waterhouse Lees: Jazz fan
  • 1905William Gargan: Brooklyn, New York -- Actor (Dynamite, Ellery Queen)

Died on Jul 17

  • 0924Edward [the Older]: English speaking King (899-924)
  • 1025Boleslaw I Chobry [the brave]: Duke / King of Poland
  • 1070Boudouin VI: Count of Flanders / Henegouwen
  • 1510Tree of Commonwealth: Beheaded at about 48
  • 1627Lieven de Key: Flemish master builder (Vleeshal), dies at about 67
  • 1682Johann Heinrich Kittel: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1709Pascal Collasse: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1746Anthonie van de Heim: Dutch pension advisor (1737-46), dies at 53
  • 1762Peter III Fjodorovitsj: Emperor of Russia (1762), dies at 34
  • 1763Wenzel Raimund Pirck: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1793Charlotte Corday: Murderer (Jean-Paul Marat), is guillotined
  • 1794Jean-Frederic Edelmann: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1826Joseph Graetz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1838John Whites: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 82
  • 1851Beni Egressy: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1863James Johnston Pettigrew: US attorney / Confederate, dies at 35
  • 1864Daniel McCook, Jr.: US Union Brigadier General, dies at 29
  • 1864Dirk Dark Curtius: Attorney / liberal Minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • 1871Karl Tausig: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1875Gabor Matray: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1878Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi: Italian / Aust Poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • 1901John Farmer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1903James A McNeill Whistler: US / British writer (Bride Tomorrow), dies at 69
  • 1915Francesco Fanciulli: Composer, dies on 62nd birthday
  • 1918Aleksei N Romanov: Son of tsar Nicolas II, executed at 13
  • 1918Alexandra Fjodorova: Wife of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death at 46
  • 1918Anastasia N Romanova: Daughter of tsar Nicholas, executed at 17
  • 1918Botkin: Personal Physician of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death
  • 1918Charitonov: Cook of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death
  • 1918Demidova: Lady in waiting of tsar Nicolas II, shot to death

Historical events on July 18

  • 1290King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
  • 1330Battle of Velbuzd
  • 1572Willem van Orange recognized as Viceroy of Holland / Friesland / Utrecht
  • 1588Admiral Howard beats Spanish Armada
  • 1630Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1716Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 17431st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham, Massachusetts
  • 1766Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1814British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • 1853Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1862Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • 1863Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • 1864President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
  • 1870Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • 1872Britain introduces secret ballot voting
  • 1882Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 18962nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills, New York
  • 18973rd US Golf Open: James Foulis wins
  • 1897Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1912Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • 1913After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
  • 19152nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • 1915Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
  • 1918US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WWI
  • 1921Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • 1925Hitler publishes Mein Kampf

Born on July 18

  • 1340Philip van Artevelde: Wine salesman / lord lt of Flanders
  • 1534Zacharias Ursinus: German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)
  • 1552Rudolf II [of Habsburg]: Emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
  • 1634Joannes Camphuys: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91)
  • 1635Robert Hooke: Isle of Wight, United Kingdom -- Physicist (Micrographia)
  • 1670Giovanni Battista Bononcini: Italian (opera)composer
  • 1711Pierre-Joseph Le Blan: Composer
  • 1720Gilbert White: "father of British naturalists"
  • 1766Friedrich Fleischmann: Composer
  • 1810Peter Singer: Composer
  • 1811William Makepeace Thackeray: England, United Kingdom -- Victorian Novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • 1823Leonard Fulton Ross: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1901
  • 1827Pierre L Goossens: Archbishop of Mechelen / Cardinal
  • 1853Hendrik Antoon Lorentz: Holland, Netherlands -- Physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1862Napoleon V Bonaparte: French pretender to throne
  • 1862Nikolaj N Yudenitcch: Russian General / counter-revolutionary
  • 1864Ricarda Huch: Writer
  • 1865Laurence Housman: England, United Kingdom -- Author / playwright (Victoria Regina)
  • 1870Emil Mlynarski: Composer
  • 1871Giacomo Balla: Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • 1872Julius Fucik: Composer
  • 1880Otto Vrieslander: Composer
  • 1882Manuel Galvez: Argentina -- Writer / poet / historian (Paraguay)
  • 1887Vidkun Al Quisling: Norwegian Minister of Defense / Premier (1942-45)
  • 1888Alexander Rosemeier: Indonesian / Dutch painter
  • 1888Sydney Horler: English detective writer
  • 1890Charles Wilson: President of General Motors (1940-53) / Secretary of Defense (1953-57)
  • 1891Gene Lockhart: NYC, New York -- Actor (Going My Way, Christmas Carol)
  • 1893Josef Huttel: Composer
  • 1893Richard Dix: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Actor (10 Commandments, Cimarron)

Died on July 18

  • 0640Arnulf: Bishop of Metz (614-640) / politician, dies at about 58
  • 1100Godfried IV van Bouillon: Count of Antwerp
  • 1374Francesco Petrarch: Italian Poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
  • 1591Jakob Handl [Petelin]: Austrian Composer / bandmaster, dies at 40
  • 1608Joachim III Frederik: Ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 61
  • 1639Bernard: Duke of Saksen-Weimar (Rheinfelden)
  • 1642Willem Earl of Nassau-Siegen: Gov of Ft Emmerik / Heusden
  • 1650Christoph Scheiner: German astronomer, dies at 74
  • 1695Joannes Camphuys: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 61
  • 1710Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio: Ital painter, dies at 36
  • 1721Jean Antoine Watteau: French painter
  • 1735Johann Krieger: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1817Jane Austen: Writer
  • 1831Thomas Greatorex: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1833Joseph Comb: Missionary to Moluccas, dies at 63
  • 1854Abbas Hilmi I: Viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 1863William Dorsey Pender: US Confederate General Major, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1894Leconte de Lisle: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1898Emil Hartmann: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1899Horatio Alger, Jr.: American clergyman / Author (Disagreeeable Woman)
  • 1901Alfredo Carlo Piatti: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1908Jaime Nuno: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1915George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1938Vladimir M Kirshon: Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1939Witold Maliszewski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1941Dionyssios Lavrangas: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1944George A Hartland: English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • 1950Carl Clinton Van Doren: US literary (The Nation), dies at 64
  • 1956Willem J A Kerncamp: Dutch overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1958Henry Farman: French aviation pioneer (double decker), dies at 84