Events on May 25

  • 12411st attack on Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main Germany
  • 1522Emperor Karel I returns to Spain
  • 1632Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
  • 1659Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector
  • 1660English King Charles II lands in Dover
  • 1720"Le Grand St. Antoine" reaches Marseille, plague kills 80,000
  • 1784Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
  • 1787Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, G Washington presiding
  • 1793Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1810Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain (National Day)
  • 1812Earthquake destroys Caracas Venezuela
  • 1825American Unitarian Association founded
  • 18441st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 1861John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a Supreme Court decision protecting writ
  • 1864Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • 18761st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • 18764th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
  • 1878Gilbert / Sullivans opera "HMS Pinafore, " premieres in London
  • 1887Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
  • 1895Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite
  • 18981st US troop transport to Manila leaves San Francisco
  • 189933rd Belmont: R Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
  • 1900Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
  • 190438th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
  • 1906After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0
  • 1914British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule
  • 19152nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • 1915Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pittsburgh (Federal League), 10-0
  • 1919Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
  • 1922Babe Ruth suspended 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an ump

Born on May 25

  • 1494Jacopo Pontormo II: Italy -- Painter (Sepulture of Christ)
  • 1550Camillus de Lellis: Italian soldier / monastery founder / Saint
  • 1688Christian August Jacobi: Composer
  • 1713John Stuart: 3rd Earl of Bute, English Premier (1760-63)
  • 1726Giuseppi Paolucci: Composer
  • 1729Jean de Neufville: Dutch / US Merchant (started 4th English war)
  • 1767Ferdinand Franzl: Composer
  • 1767Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer
  • 1779Henry M Baron de Kock: Dutch officer / politician
  • 1781Ferdinand K J: Archduke of Austria-Este / Governor-General (Sicily)
  • 1818Jacob Burckhardt: Switzerland -- Cultural historian
  • 1821Diederich Krug: Composer
  • 1830Jules de Geyter: Belgian poet (International)
  • 1839John Eliot: English meteorologist
  • 1845William Muldoon: Belfast, New York -- Boxing commissioner (help find PAL)
  • 1847Alphonse Goovaerts: Composer
  • 1847John Alexander Dowie [Elijah the Restorer]: United States -- Evangelist
  • 1865Frederick Augustus III: King of Saxon (1904-18)
  • 1865John Raleigh Mott: Organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946)
  • 1865Pieter Zeeman: Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel 1902)
  • 1877Billy Murray: Singer (Denver Nightengale)
  • 1879W Maxwell Aitken lord Beaverbrook: Canada -- Banker
  • 1882Harry Fox: Entertainer
  • 1886Philip Murray: Founded Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
  • 1889Gilardo Gilardi: Composer
  • 1889Igor Sikorsky: Developed a working helicopter
  • 1889Sverre Jordan: Composer
  • 1891Robert W P Peereboom: Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper)
  • 1894Dirk Vansina: Flemish playwright (Verschaeve Gives Evidence)
  • 1896Jan N Bakhuizen van den Brink: Theologist / church historian

Died on May 25

  • 0615Boniface IV: Pope (608-15)
  • 0709Aldhelmus of Ealdhelm: Engl abbot / Bishop / Poet / saint, dies at about 69
  • 0946Edmund the Older: King of Wessex / England (939-46)
  • 1085Gregory VII [Ildebrando]: Pope (1073-85)
  • 1261Alexander IV [Rinaldo dei conti di Segni]: Pope (1254-61)
  • 1555Gemma Frisius: Frisian geographer / astronomer, dies at 46
  • 1765Pierre-Joseph Le Blan: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1826Christian Friedrich Ruppe: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1849Andreas Michiels: Dutch Military gov of West Sumatra, dies in battle at 52
  • 1862Johann N Nestroy: Aust actor (Einmal Keine Sorgen Haben), dies at 60
  • 1895Ahmed Djevdet Pasja: Turkish Minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1899Marie-Rosalie "Rosa" Bonheur: French painter, dies at 68
  • 1914Paolo Giorza: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1917Leon Felix Augustin Joseph Vasseur: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1919Madame C J Walker: Wealthy cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 51
  • 1924Theodore Morse: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1926Symon Petlyura: Leader of Ukraine (pogroms), assassinated at 47
  • 1934Gustav Theodore Holst: English Composer (Ode to Death), dies at 59
  • 1936Jan Levoslav Bella: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1937Henry O Tanner: Artist
  • 1946Patty Smith Hill: Songwriter (Happy Birthday To You), dies at 78
  • 1949Simon H Spoor: Intelligence officer / General (WWII), dies at 47
  • 1964Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1968Charles K Feldman [Gould]: Producer (Casino Royale), dies at 63
  • 1971Jo Etha Collier: Young black woman killed by 3 whites in Drew, Mississippi
  • 1971Mark Brunswick: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1971Terence De Marney: Actor (Case Thomas-Johnny Ringo), dies at 62
  • 1974Donald Crisp: Actor / director (Beloved Brat, Dawn Patrol), dies at 91
  • 1981Rosa Ponselle: US singer (Metropolitan Opera), dies at 84
  • 1981Roy Brown: Rocker, dies at 55 of a heart attack

Historical events on May 26

  • 0961German King Otto II crowned
  • 1328William of Ockham forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
  • 1521Edict of Worms outlaws Martin Luther and his followers
  • 1596England, France and Netherlands signs Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 16371st battle of Pequot at New Haven Ct kills 500 indians
  • 1647Massachusetts disallows priest access to colony
  • 1736Battle of Ackia (La), British and Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • 1781Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 1790Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
  • 1798British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1805Lewis and Clark 1st see Rocky Mountains
  • 1805Napoleon is crowned King of Italy
  • 1824Brazil is recognized by US
  • 1834Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • 1860Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy
  • 1861Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
  • 1861Union blockades New Orleans LA and Mobile, Alabama
  • 1864Territory of Montana formed
  • 1865Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
  • 1868President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
  • 1876HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • 1884Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
  • 1887Racetrack betting becomes legal in New York state
  • 1894Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • 18961st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach, New York
  • 1896Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
  • 1896Last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 189832nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
  • 1898San Francisco approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • 1900British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa

Born on May 26

  • 1566Mohammed III: Sultan of Turkey (1595-1603)
  • 1591Dirck Janszoon Sweelinck: Composer
  • 1689Mary Wortley Montagu: English essayist, feminist, eccentric
  • 1700Nikolaus L Earl von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf: German evangelist
  • 1771Rahel Varnhagen von Ense-Levin: German saloon owner / author
  • 1773Hans Georg Nageli: Composer
  • 1782Joseph Drechsler: Composer
  • 1799Alexander S Pushkin: Russia -- Writer (Eugene Onegin)
  • 1806Henry Knox Thatcher: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1880
  • 1822E de Goncourt: Writer
  • 1825Felipe Gutierrez y Espinoza: Composer
  • 1835Edward Porter Alexander: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1846Arthur Coquard: Composer
  • 1850Christine [Elizabeth C] Poolman: Dutch actress (Stupid force)
  • 1853Monroe A Althouse: Composer
  • 1856George Templeton Strong: Composer
  • 1865Akseli V Gallen-Kallela: Fins painter / graphic artist / illustrator
  • 1866John Eigenhuis: Writer (Tough Workers)
  • 1867Mary: Queen of Great Britain / North Ireland
  • 1871Camille Huysmans: Belgian Premier (1946-47)
  • 1873Cornelis G N de Vooys: Translator / founder (New Taalgids)
  • 1874Henry Farman: French aviation pioneer (double decker)
  • 1877Isadora Duncan: San Francisco, California -- Free form / interpretative dancer
  • 1877Jean Schlumberger: French writer (La Mort de Sparte)
  • 1877Sadao Araki: Japanese General / Minister of War (1931-34)
  • 1884Charles Winninger: Athens, Wisconsin -- Actor (Charlie Farrell Show)
  • 1890Kurt Edzard: German sculptor (nudes / portraits)
  • 1893Eugene Goossens: London, England -- Conductor / composer (Perseus)
  • 1893Norma Talmadge: New York, United States -- Actress (Sign on Door, Camille)
  • 1895Dorothea Lange: US documentary photographer

Died on May 26

  • 0735Beda Venerabilis: English speaking church historian, dies at about 62
  • 1421Mohammed I: Sultan of Turkey (1413-21)
  • 1512Bajezid II: Governor of Amasja / 8th Sultan of Turkey
  • 1595Philippus Nerius [Filippo Neri]: Italian Merchant / saint, dies at 79
  • 1609Cornelis Claesz: Mapmaker, buried
  • 1685Karel: Monarch of Palts
  • 1703Samuel Pepys: English marine expert (Diary) / composer, dies at 70
  • 1753Willem Maurits: Earl of Nassau / gov of Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1818Michael A Barclay de Tolly: Russian Field Marshal / War Minister
  • 1831Georg Hermes: German philosopher / Theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1832Francois-Louis Perne: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1864Ch Sealsfield: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1868Michael Barrett: Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • 1871Aime Maillart: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1873August Conradi: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1876Frantisek Palacky: Czech Historian / MP, dies at 77
  • 1880John Curwen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1883Abd el-Kader: Algerian Sultan / religious ruler, dies at about 74
  • 1891Frederick Bowen Jewson: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1905Alphonse de Rothschild: French banker
  • 1908Mirza Ghulam Ahmad: Indies Theologist (Ahmadiyya motion), dies at 69
  • 1912Jan Blockx: Belgian opera Composer (Bride of the Sea), dies at 61
  • 1924Johann Heinrich Beck: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1924Victor Herbert: Irish / US cellist / Composer / conductor, dies at 65
  • 1926S V Petlura: Ukrainain ataman, assassinated by Shalom Schwarzbard
  • 1933Jimmie Rodgers: Country singer, dies at 35
  • 1939Charles H Mayo: US surgeon / co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939Cornelis J Cutters: Supreme Commander of Navy (1910-18)
  • 1943Edsel Ford: Owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49
  • 1946Friedrich A H von Waldeck: Monarch of Waldeck