Events on Nov 12

  • 0295Origin of Era of Ascension
  • 0607Boniface III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0954Lotharius becomes King of France
  • 1591Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
  • 1614Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
  • 1673Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
  • 1682Swedish King Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy
  • 1727France and Bavaria renew secret treaty
  • 1775General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
  • 1813Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
  • 1823Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
  • 1859Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
  • 1873Bay District Race Track opens
  • 1885Montreal and Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • 1892Allegheny Athletic Association beats Pittsburgh Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
  • 1892Pudge Heffelfinger receives $500, becomes 1st pro football player
  • 1899British troops reach Durban Natal
  • 19101st Movie stunt: man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon
  • 1914Turks Sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 1915Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
  • 1915Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
  • 1918Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a Republic
  • 1919Ross and Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1920Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
  • 1921Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • 1923In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power November 8
  • 1924Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
  • 1925US and Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 19271st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting New York to New Jersey opens
  • 1927Trotsky expelled from Soviet CP; Stalin becomes undisputed Dictator

Born on Nov 12

  • 1676Giovanni Antonio Pollarolo: Composer
  • 1755Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst: Prussia Military / Minister of War (1807-10)
  • 1757Jacobus Bellamy [Zelandus]: Zealand poet
  • 1790Letitia Christian Tyler: 1st Wife of President Tyler
  • 1815Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Johnstown, New York -- Suffragist (80 Years & More)
  • 1817Carlo Pedrotti: Composer
  • 1817Martin Gustav Nottebohm: Composer
  • 1827Gustav Adolf Merkel: Composer
  • 1831Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun: Austria -- Botanist
  • 1833Aleksandr Porfirievich Borodin: Russia -- Composer (Robert LeDiable)
  • 1840Auguste Rodin: France -- Sculptor (Kiss, Thinker)
  • 1841John W Rayleigh: England, United Kingdom -- Physicist (Nobel 1904) / Cambridge (1908-14)
  • 1844Octave Fouque: Composer
  • 1853Oskar Panizza: Writer
  • 1858Alexis Contant: Composer
  • 1865Frans L M "Sas" van Aerschot: Flemish operetta actor (Paljas)
  • 1866Sun Yat-sen: Father of modern China (ROC & PRC) (traditional)
  • 1886L G Kortenhorst: Politician
  • 1886Leonardus G Kortenhorst: Dutch MP (KVP)
  • 1889DeWitt Wallace: St. Paul, Minnesota -- Publisher (founded Readers Digest -1921)
  • 1903Jack Oakie: Sedalia, Missouri -- Actor (Great Dictator, 1974 Photoplay Award)
  • 1905Solon Michaelides: Composer
  • 1908Hans Werner Richter: German author (Socially Responsible Cinema)
  • 1908Harry A Blackmun: Illinois, United States -- 100th Supreme Court Justice (1970-94)
  • 1908Shamus Culhane: Animator
  • 1911Luc Estang [Lucien Bastard]: French writer (Stigmates)
  • 1911William Thomas Pennar Davies: Poet author / Theologian
  • 1912Alphonse [Tuffy] Leemans: NFL fullback (New York Giants)
  • 1914Edward "Henricus" Schillebeeckx: Dutch theologist
  • 1914Roberto Cavanagh: Argentina -- Polo (1936 Olympics - Gold Medalist)

Died on Nov 12

  • 0607Boniface III: Italian Pope (607)
  • 1035Canute "The Great": King of the Danes (1016-1035), dies at 41
  • 1035Knut II [the Great]: Viking King of Engl / Den / Nor (1014-35), dies at 39
  • 1202Knut VI: King of the Denen / Turn (1182-1202), dies at about 39
  • 1555Stephen Gardiner: English Bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • 1558Shalom Shakna ben Joseph: Rabbi (founder of 1st Polish Yeshiva)
  • 1567Anne Pierre Adrien Duke of Montmorency: Marshal of France, dies at 74
  • 1595John Hawkins: English navigator / treasurer of the Navy, dies at 63
  • 1600Andreas of Austrian: Land Guardian of the Netherlands (1598-1600), dies at 42
  • 1606Matthaus Ludecus: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1671Thomas: 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron, English General, dies at 59
  • 1722Adriaen van der Werff: Dutch Painter / engraver / architect, dies at 63
  • 1739Ludwig Ernst: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1754Jacob de Wit: Amsterdam Painter / decorater, dies at 58
  • 1802Charles van Poucke: Flemish sculptor, dies at 62
  • 1823Emmanuel Aloys Forster: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1852Georg Hellmesberger: Composer, dies at 22
  • 1869Gheorghe Asachi: Author / humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia)
  • 1893Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • 1896Spyridon Xyndas: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1912Jose Canalejas bon Mendez: Premier of Spain (1910-12), murdered at 58
  • 1921Fernand Khnopff: Belgian Painter / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1925Roman Statkowski: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1939(Ernest YY) Oscar Tourniaire: Actor (Bluejackets), dies at 59
  • 1940Alejandro Garcia Caturla: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1941Abe "Kid Twist" Reles: New York gangster / police informer, killed
  • 1944Edgar Stillman Kelley: US Composer (Gulliver), dies at 87
  • 1944George D Birkhoff: US Mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • 1944Roy Agnew: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1947Emmuska Orczy: British Author (Scarlet Pimpernel), dies at 82

Historical events on November 13

  • 0866Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra)
  • 1002English King Ethelred II launches massacre of Danish settlers
  • 1511England signs on to the Saint League
  • 1553English Lady Jane Grey / Bishop Cranmer accused of high treason
  • 1565Pope Pius IV publishes degree Professi fidei
  • 1642Battle at Turnham Green, London: King Charles I vs. English parliament
  • 1673Prince Willem III / Raimundo Earl Montecuccoli conquer Bonn
  • 1715Battle at Sheriffmuir: English army beats Scottish Earl of Mar
  • 1715Pro-James Edward Stuart-rebellion surrenders
  • 1781English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
  • 1789Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes"
  • 1830Oliver Wendell Holmes publishes "Old Ironsides"
  • 18391st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in New York
  • 1843Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • 1849Peter Burnett elected 1st Governor of California
  • 18511st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands and Orange"
  • 1851Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1854"New Era" sinks off New Jersey coast with loss of 300
  • 18651st US gold certificates issued
  • 1865US issues 1st gold certificates
  • 1868American Philological Association organized in New York
  • 1875Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
  • 1875National Bowling Association organized in New York City
  • 1885Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
  • 18951st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
  • 1906C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 vs. Queensland
  • 1907French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)
  • 1909259 miners die in a fire at St. Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois
  • 1909Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 19131st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob

Born on November 13

  • 1312Edward III: King of England (1327-77, raped Countess of Salisbury)
  • 1504Philip the Generous: Landgrave of Hesse
  • 1559Albrecht / Albertus: Archduke of Austria / Cardinal / Viceroy of Portugal
  • 1663Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow: Composer
  • 1699Jan Zach: Composer
  • 1718Anton Laube: Composer
  • 1759Timothy Olmstead: Composer
  • 1789Martin de Ron: Composer
  • 1792Edward John Trelawney: England, United Kingdom -- Traveler / author (Adv of Younger Son)
  • 1804Theophilus Hunter Holmes: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 1809John AB Dahlgren: US Union Lieutenant Admiral / inventor (Civil war Dahlgren-cannon)
  • 1811Yuri Arnold: Composer
  • 1813John Wolcott Phelps: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1813Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Poet / ruler of Montenegro (1830-51)
  • 1814Joseph Hooker: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 1819Henry Brinley Richards: Pianist / composer
  • 1831James Maxwell: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Physicist (Treatise on Electricity)
  • 1833Edwin Thomas Booth: United States -- US Hall of Fame / actor (Hamlet)
  • 1834Ignacio M Altamirano: Mexican author (El Zarco)
  • 1838Joseph F Smith: 6th President of Mormon church
  • 1848Albert HK: Monarch of Monaco (1889-1922)
  • 1854George Whitfield Chadwick: Lowell, Massachusetts -- Composer (Judi Van Winke)
  • 1856Louis D Brandeis: Massachusetts, United States -- 68th Supreme Court Justice (1916-39)
  • 1856Sigwart Aspestrand: Composer
  • 1868Pierre Maurice: Composer
  • 1875Rogelio del Villar: Composer
  • 1878John C Kielstra: Dutch economist / Governor of Suriname (1933-44)
  • 1879Maurice Delage: Composer
  • 1882John Lowry: Mount Vernon, New York -- Builder (Radio City Music Hall)
  • 1885Montague Fawcett Phillips: Composer

Died on November 13

  • 1004Abbo van Fleury [Floriacensis]: French abbott / saint
  • 1093Edward Macduncan: Scot crown prince / Son of Malcolm II, dies in battle
  • 1093Malcolm III MacDuncan: King of Scotland, dies in battle
  • 1319Erik VI Menved: King of Denmark (1286-1319)
  • 1359Ivan II: Great ruler of Moscow and Vladimir
  • 1460Henry the Navigator: Prince of Portugal, dies at 66
  • 1687Nell [Eleanor] Gwyn: Mistress of Charles II of England, dies at 37
  • 1689Philipp von Zesen: German Poet (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • 1770George Grenville: British Premier (1763-65) / Stamp Act, dies at 58
  • 1771Conrad E Ackermann: German actor / theater director, dies at 61
  • 1779Thomas Chippendale: English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • 1849William Etty: English Painter (nudist), dies at 62
  • 1862Ludwig Uhland: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1863Carnot Posey: Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 50
  • 1868Gioachino (Antonio) Rossini: Composer (Barber of Seville), dies at 76
  • 1877Pietro Coppola: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1896Antonio Pena y Goni: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1903Wilhelm von Polenz: German Author (Country of Zukunft)
  • 1909Aeneas Mackay: Dutch Internal Minister (ARP) / Colonization, dies at 70
  • 1916Frederik Septimus Kelly: Composer, dies at 35
  • 1917Emile Durkheim: French sociologist (Le suicide)
  • 1918Marten Baersma [MH Bottema]: Fries author, dies at 28
  • 1928Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski: Polish / German orientalist, dies at 60
  • 1939George Nicholls, Jr.: Actor (Finishing School), dies at 42
  • 1942Daniel J Callaghan: US spy (at Guadalcanal)
  • 1942Douglas H Fox: US captain of destroyer Barton, dies in battle
  • 1942Norman Scott: US Admiral (at Guadalcanal)
  • 1944Paul Graener: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1944Wang Tjing-Wei: Premier China (1932-35)
  • 1951Hugo Leichtentritt: Composer, dies at 77