Events on Oct 17

  • 0532Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0733Battle at Poitiers: Charles Martel beats Abd al-Rachmans Omajjaden
  • 1387Swells convent Windesheim initiated
  • 1415Jewish autonomy in Palestine ends, as Raban Gamliel leaves office
  • 1483Tomas de Torquemada appointed Inquisitor-General of Spain
  • 1492Columbus sights isle of San Salvador (Watling Island, Bahamas)
  • 1556Ex-Emperor Karel departs Netherlands for Spain
  • 1651Future King Charles II flees from England
  • 1691New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1707German Composer Johann S Bach marries his niece Maria Bach
  • 1740Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1777British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, New York
  • 1781Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 1787Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 1797Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions and France
  • 1800Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
  • 1808Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1815Napoleon arrives in St. Helena
  • 18251st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1829Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
  • 1829German 1st assassination on abandoned teenager Kaspar Hauser
  • 1850Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • 1855Bessemer steelmaking process patented
  • 18601st British Golf Open: Willie Park shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club
  • 18601st pro golf tournament held (Scotland) (Willie Park wins)
  • 1862Battle of Leetown and Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1868Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • 1871Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
  • 1871President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 1877Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Born on Oct 17

  • 1563Jodocus Hondius: Flemish mathematician / cartographer
  • 1577Cristofano Allori: Italian painter (Judith)
  • 1626Simon van Leeuwen: Lawyer / historian (Roman-Holland regt)
  • 1688Domenico Zipoli: Composer
  • 1696August III: King of Poland / monarch Frederik August II of Saksen
  • 1704Willem Bentinck: Orangist
  • 1711Jupiter Hammon: 1st American black to publish poetry (Complete Works)
  • 1720Maria Teresa Agnesi: Composer
  • 1725John Wilkes: English journalist / MP (N Briton)
  • 1729Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny: Composer
  • 1730Ernestus Weinrauch: Composer
  • 1734Grigori G Orlov: Russ guard officer / favorite of Catharina II
  • 1806Alphonse LPP de Candolle: Switzerland -- Botanist
  • 1811Albertus C van Raalte: Dutch / US vicar (owned land in Michigan)
  • 1815Emanuel Geibel: Writer
  • 1817Sajjid Ahmad Chan: Indian moslem leader / co-founder (Pakistan)
  • 1817Samuel Ringgold Ward: Maryland, United States -- Minister / abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
  • 1844Miguel Nieto: Composer
  • 1845Franz Ehrle: German prefect of Vatican library
  • 1848William "Candy" Cummings: Created curve ball
  • 1859William "Buck" Ewing: Hall of fame catcher (New York Giants, Cin Reds)
  • 1860Dionyssios Lavrangas: Composer
  • 1864Elinor Glyn: British Novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1875Alfred Polgar: Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • 1878Andrei N Rimski-Korssakov: Russian musicologist / Son of Nikolai
  • 1878Henri Mulet: Composer
  • 1883A S Neill: British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • 1885Aaf Bouber-ten Hoope: Dutch actress (Jantjes) / Wife of Herman Bouber
  • 1886Spring Byington: Colorado Springs, Colorado -- Actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride)
  • 1892Herbert Norman Howells: Composer

Died on Oct 17

  • 0532Boniface II: 1st "German" Pope
  • 1312Jan II: Duke of Brabant / Limburg (charter of Kortenberg)
  • 1552Andreas Osiander: Protestant Reformation theologist, dies at 53
  • 1586Philip Sidney: English Poet / diplomat, dies in battle at 32
  • 1702Walraad the Old: Count / soverign of Nassau-Usingen
  • 1763Arnold Hoogvliet: Poet (Abraham the patriarch), dies at 76
  • 1806Jean Jacques Dessalines: Emperor of Haiti
  • 1825Peter Winter: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1837Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Austrian composer, dies at 58
  • 1887Gustav R Kirchhoff: German physicist (spectroscopy), dies at 63
  • 1890Prosper Philippe Catherine Sainton: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1897Isidor Dannstrom: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1904Nikolai Amani: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1909Nicola Spinelli: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1910Julia Ward Howe: Composer (Battle Hymn of Republic), dies at 91
  • 1910William V Moody: US Poet (Sabine Woman, Great Divide)
  • 1917Maria J "Marie" Bakker: Actress / Wife of Maarten Stranger, dies at 59
  • 1921Katherine Griffith: Actress (Pollyanna), dies at 45
  • 1944Pavel Haas: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1957John HA Eman: Founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
  • 1963Jacques Hadamard: French Mathematician (Prime Numbers), dies at 97
  • 1966Soledad Jiminez: Spanish actor (Phantom ofthe Range), dies at 91
  • 1966Wieland Wagner: German opera director
  • 1967Henry Pu Yi: Last Emperor of China, dies at 61
  • 1973Ingeborg Bachmann: Austrian Poet (Gott von Manhattan), dies at 47
  • 1977Robert C "Cal" Hubbard: US baseball player / umpire, dies at 77
  • 1979John Stuart: Actor (Number 17), dies at 81
  • 1979Karel Reiner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1979S J Perelman: US humorist (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 75
  • 1981David Guion: Composer, dies at 88

Historical events on October 18

  • 0707John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1016Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
  • 1210Pope Innocent III excommunicates German Emperor Otto IV
  • 1267Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls Archbishop Engelbert III
  • 1534New pursuit of French protestants
  • 1564John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • 1572Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • 1622French King Louis XIII and Huguenots sign treaty of Montpellier
  • 16481st US labor organization forms (Boston Shoemakers)
  • 1667English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
  • 1672Poland and Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1685French King Louis XIV revoked Edict van Nantes
  • 1685Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism
  • 1748Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession
  • 1767Boundary between MD and PA, Mason Dixon line, agreed upon
  • 1776Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover and Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776In a New York bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"
  • 1863Battle of Charlestown, West Virginia
  • 1867US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia ($7.2 million)
  • 18731st football game between Toronto Argonauts and Hamilton Tigers
  • 1873Columbia Princeton Rutgers andYale set rules for collegiate football
  • 1878Edison makes electricity available for household usage
  • 1887Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity" (BG)
  • 18891st all NYC World Series New York Giants (NL) play Brooklyn (AA)
  • 1890John Owen is 1st man to run 100 yd dash in under 10 seconds
  • 18911st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins
  • 18921st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
  • 1898American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 1904Mahlers 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • 1908Belgium annexes Congo Free State

Born on October 18

  • 1239Stefanus V: Prince of Transylvania / King of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1405Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini]: Italian Pope (1458-64) (Cynthia)
  • 1547Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips]: Dutch classic philologist / historian
  • 1611Valentin Strobel: Composer
  • 1638Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor]: Swedish poet
  • 1663Frans Eugenius: Duke / Prince of Savoye / land guardian of Austria-Netherlands
  • 1668Johan Georg IV: Elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1668Wierich PL Earl von Daun: Austrian Prince of Thiano / Field Marshal
  • 1697Giovanni Canaletto: Venetian painter (Venicei Regatta on Grand Canal)
  • 1712Jeremias van Riemsdijk: Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1775-77)
  • 1777Heinrich von Kleist: Germany -- Dramatist / poet (Penthesilea)
  • 1785Thomas Love Peacock: English author (Headlong Hall)
  • 1789Giovanni Tadolini: Composer
  • 1794Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer
  • 1804Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua]: King of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1806John Breckinridge Grayson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1811Hugh Thompson Reid: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1818Edward Otho Cresap Ord: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1829Charles Sidney Winder: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1829Lucius Marshall Walker: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1831Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern: German Kaiser / King of Prussia
  • 1833Johannes Habert: Composer
  • 1837Friedrich W Mengelberg: German sculptor / painter
  • 1844Emille-Louis-Victor Mathieu: Composer
  • 1850Francis Thome: Composer
  • 1854Solomon A Andree: Swedish engineer / balloonist / Artic explorer
  • 1859Henri Bergson: France -- Philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • 1871Louis de Vries: Dutch actor (Ghetto)
  • 1872Josephine CMA: Princess of Belgium / nun
  • 1875James E K Aggrey: Ghana -- US Theologian / educationalist

Died on October 18

  • 0707John VII: Greek Pope (705-07)
  • 1216John: King of England (1199-1216, Magna Charta)
  • 1340Henry Henricus of Friemar: Augustine philosopher
  • 1417Gregorius XII [Angelo Correr]: Pope (1406-15)
  • 1459Jan of Heinsberg: Bishop of Luik (1419-56)
  • 1503Pius III [Francesco Todeschini]: Pope (9 / 22-10 / 18 / 1503)
  • 1545John Taverner: English Composer (Western Wynde), dies at about 55
  • 1558Maria: Queen of Hungary / guardian of the Netherlands (1531-55), dies at 53
  • 1589Adolf van Nieuwenaar and Meurs: Viceroy of Utrecht, dies in battle
  • 1678Cornelis Galle II: Flemish engraver / illustrator, dies at 63
  • 1678Jacob Jordaens: Flemish barok painter, dies at 85
  • 1767Joseph Paul Ziegler: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1771Robert Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1788Jean-Guillain Cardon: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1830Peter I Petrovic Njegos: Bishop (Montenegro)
  • 1832Othon Joseph Vandenbroek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1839French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68
  • 1862James Creighton: Dies of a ruptured bladder from hitting home run on October 14th
  • 1864David Bell Birney: US lawyer / Union General Major, dies at 39
  • 1864Jacques Francois Gallay: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1865Lord Henry JT Palmerston: English Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 80
  • 1876Francis Preston Blair: Newspaper editor (Washington Globe), dies at 85
  • 1893Charles F Gounod: French Composer (La reine the Saba), dies at 75
  • 1893Lucy [Blackwell-]Stone: US abolitionist / feminist
  • 1909Alfredo Oriani: Italian writer (La rivolta ideal)
  • 1931Thomas Alva Edison: Inventor, dies at 84 in West Orange, New Jersey
  • 1938Karl J Kautsky: Austrian marxist / socialist
  • 1940Suze Groeneweg: 1st woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber (1918-37), dies at 65
  • 1941Dirk Fock: Governor-General van / of the Netherlands Indies 1921-6, dies at 83
  • 1943Benedictus H Dancer: Botanist, dies at 52