Events on Jan 2

  • 0069Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, Emperor
  • 0533John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
  • 1492Spain recaptures Granada from the Moors (Granada Day)
  • 1570Tsar Ivan the Terrible march to Novgorod begins
  • 1585Spain and Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602Battle at Kinsale, Ireland: English army beats Spanish
  • 1602Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English at Kinsdale
  • 1678Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 17761st revolutionary flag displayed
  • 1776Austria ends interregation torture
  • 1788Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1800Free black community of Philadelphia petitions Congress to abolish slave
  • 1811US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the President of the US)
  • 1814Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
  • 1831Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 18321st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
  • 18391st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
  • 18421st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 1861Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1861SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1870Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins
  • 1871King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 18791st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
  • 1879British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879Dr Benjamin E Mays, named President of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1879Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Illinois
  • 1882Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1885Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum

Born on Jan 2

  • 1642Mehmed IV: Sultan of Turkey
  • 1699Osman III: Sultan of Turkey
  • 1728Louis Barbiano de Belgioioso: Austrian count / diplomat in Belgium
  • 1732Franz Xaver Brixi: Composer
  • 1752Philip Freneau: Poet of American Revolution (The American Village)
  • 1777Christian D Rauch: German sculptor
  • 1807Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki: Composer
  • 1809Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns: Composer
  • 1822Rudolph J E Clausius: Germany -- Physicist (thermodynamics)
  • 1830Henry Kingsley: English / Australian writer
  • 1831Justin Winston: Historian / librarian (Harvard)
  • 1835Charles Russell Lowell, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1837Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev: Nizhny-Novgorod, Russia -- Composer (Tamara)
  • 1842Amy G C A Bonet-Maury: French reformed theologist
  • 1846Sandor Erkel: Composer
  • 1857Frederick Opper: Cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)
  • 1857Martha Carey Thomas: Educator / President (Bryn Mawr College)
  • 1860William C Mills: Museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)
  • 1861Helen Herron Taft: 1st lady (1909-12)
  • 1870Ernst Barlach: Writer
  • 1873Anton Pannekoek: Dutch astronomer / marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1879Johannes L "Jan" Walch: Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • 1879Pieter Tesch: Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • 1880Louis Breguet: French aviation pioneer
  • 1885Johannes Ringers: Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • 1886Moyshe Leyb Halpern: Galican / US poet (In New-York)
  • 1889Tito Schipa: Italy -- Tenor / composer (La Rondine)
  • 1889Walter Baldwin: Ohio, United States -- Actor (Gay Amigo)
  • 1892Lura Anson: Nebraska, United States -- Entertainer
  • 1894Robert Nathan: NYC, New York -- Poet, Novelist (Portrait of Jennie)

Died on Jan 2

  • 0017Publius Ovidius Naso: Roman poet
  • 1726Domenico Zipoli: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1740Johann Georg Weichenberger: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1763John Casteret Earl Granville: English Premier, dies at 72
  • 1789Franz Joseph Leonti Meyer von Schavensee: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1790Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer): German rococo sculptor
  • 1801Johann C Lavater: Swiss vicar / philosopher, dies at 59
  • 1803Ignaz Franz von Beecke: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1861Frederik Willem IV: King Prussia (1840-61) / German (1849-61), dies at 65
  • 1863Roger Weightman Hanson: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 35
  • 1892George B Airy: English astronomer / writer, dies at 90
  • 1904James Longstreet: Confederate General, dies at 82
  • 1915Karl Goldmark: Austria-Hungarian Composer (Queen of Saba), dies at 84
  • 1917Edward B Tylor: English anthropologist, dies at 84
  • 1918Sijbe K Bakker: Vicar / Theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • 1921Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg: German chancellor / Prime Minister (Prussia), dies at 64
  • 1923Sam Carter: Black resident of Rosewood Florida, lynched by KKK
  • 1929Erich Wichman[n]: Dutch fascist Painter / sculptor, dies at 38
  • 1937Ross Alexander: Actor (Captain Blood, Boulder Dam), dies at 29
  • 1941Mischa Levitzki: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1945Betram Home Ramsay: English Admiral / Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • 1950Emil Jannings: Actor (The Way of All Flesh), dies at 65
  • 1960Cees [Cornelis J] Laseur: Dutch actor / director (Hague Comedy), dies at 60
  • 1960Chris van Abkoude: Author (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), dies at about 79
  • 1960Fausto Coppi: Italian, ran world record 45, 798 km, dies at 40
  • 1963Dick Powell: Actor / director (Dick Powell Theater), dies at 58
  • 1963Jack Carson: Actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce), dies at 52
  • 1965Staf Gustaf Frans Nees: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1968Sanoesi Pane: Indonesian writer
  • 1969Georges Renevant: Actor (Cornered), dies after long illness at 74

Historical events on January 3

  • 0236St. Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0269St. Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0936Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
  • 1338Jacob of Arteveld elected Mayor of Ghent
  • 1407Bloody battles between Hoeksen and Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht
  • 1431Joan of Arc handed over to the Bishop
  • 1521Martin Luther excommunicated by Roman Catholic Church
  • 1638Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • 1638Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • 1667Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667Russia and Poland sign Truce of Androsovo
  • 1750Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
  • 1752East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malakka: 92 killed
  • 1777Washington defeats British at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey
  • 1780Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian, " 1st sung
  • 1825Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 18311st US building and loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 1833Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
  • 18401st deep sea sounding
  • 1847California town of Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 18521st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1861Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 1861US Ft Pulaski and Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 1862Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
  • 1870Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
  • 1871Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, New York
  • 18721st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 18761st free kindergarten in US opens in Florence, Massachusetts
  • 18881st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC
  • 1889Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood

Born on January 3

  • 1624William Tucker: 1st Black child born in America
  • 1680Johann Baptist Zimmermann: German stucco worker
  • 1730Charles Palissot de Montenoy: French writer / politician
  • 1757Johann Abraham Sixt: Composer
  • 1763Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 1777Louis Poinsot: French instrument worker
  • 1777M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca / Piombino
  • 1786Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer
  • 1789Carl G Carus: German Physician / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1793Lucretia Coffin Mott: United States -- Teacher / Minister / abolitionist / feminist
  • 1802Feliks Ostrowski: Composer
  • 1803Douglas William Jerrold: London, England -- Author / playwright / wit (Punch Magazine)
  • 1810Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega: Danish West Indies, Baroness
  • 1819Thomas Hill Watts: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1892
  • 1823Jaak-Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer
  • 1829John G R Acquoy: Theologist / church historian
  • 1829Konrad Duden: German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1830Alexander Ewing: Composer
  • 1835Larkin Goldsmith Mead: Sculptor
  • 1840Father Joseph Damien de Veuster: Belgium -- Helped lepers in Hawaii
  • 1853Iwan Knorr: Composer
  • 1868Franz V M Cumont: Belgian religious historian
  • 1869Paul Charles Rene Landormy: Composer
  • 1870Henry Eichheim: Composer
  • 1870Henry Handel Richardson: Australia -- Novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • 1876Wilhelm Pieck: Co-founder German Communist Party / President (1949-60)
  • 1879Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge: 1st lady (1923-29)
  • 1882Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (Pygmalion)
  • 1883Clement Richard Attlee: (L) British Prime Minister (1945-51)
  • 1884Eli S Jones: United States -- Evangelist (Christ of Indian road)

Died on January 3

  • 1322Philip V [the Tall]: King of France (1316-22)
  • 1543Juan Cabrillo: Conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California
  • 1552Henry II of Bavaria: Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
  • 1560Peder Palladus: Danish church Reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
  • 1570Bartholomeus Latomus [Steinmetz]: Flemish Archbishop of Trier
  • 1571Joachim II Hector: Elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
  • 1628Francesco Maria Guaitoli: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1641Jeremiah Horrocks: English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
  • 1670George Monck: English General, dies at 61
  • 1759Marquis and Marquess of Tavora: Portugese nobles, executed
  • 1761Willem de Fesch: Dutch violinist / Composer (Joseph), dies at 73
  • 1795Josiah Wedgwood: British, ceramic craftsman / woodworker, dies at 64
  • 1829Robert Archibald Smith: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1836Friedrich Witt: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1841Wilhelmus Kist: Writer / Director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
  • 1853Theodor Uhlig: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1865Jozef Lies: Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • 1868Moritz Hauptmann: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1873John Lodge Ellerton: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1875George Bizet: Composer
  • 1882William H Ainsworth: English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • 1898James Wimshurst: British designer / inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
  • 1900Edwin George Monk: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1907Josef Foerster: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1912Felix Dahn: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1914Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1915James E Flecker: British diplomat / Novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
  • 1923Jaroslav Hasek: Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
  • 1931Joseph J C Joffre: French marshal, dies at 78
  • 1938Arthur Boon: Flemish priest / philologist, dies at 54