Events on Jan 3

  • 0236St. Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0269St. Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0936Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
  • 1338Jacob of Arteveld elected Mayor of Ghent
  • 1407Bloody battles between Hoeksen and Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht
  • 1431Joan of Arc handed over to the Bishop
  • 1521Martin Luther excommunicated by Roman Catholic Church
  • 1638Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • 1638Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • 1667Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1667Russia and Poland sign Truce of Androsovo
  • 1750Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
  • 1752East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malakka: 92 killed
  • 1777Washington defeats British at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey
  • 1780Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian, " 1st sung
  • 1825Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 18311st US building and loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 1833Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
  • 18401st deep sea sounding
  • 1847California town of Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 18521st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1861Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 1861US Ft Pulaski and Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 1862Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
  • 1870Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
  • 1871Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, New York
  • 18721st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 18761st free kindergarten in US opens in Florence, Massachusetts
  • 18881st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC
  • 1889Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood

Born on Jan 3

  • 1624William Tucker: 1st Black child born in America
  • 1680Johann Baptist Zimmermann: German stucco worker
  • 1730Charles Palissot de Montenoy: French writer / politician
  • 1757Johann Abraham Sixt: Composer
  • 1763Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 1777Louis Poinsot: French instrument worker
  • 1777M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca / Piombino
  • 1786Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer
  • 1789Carl G Carus: German Physician / psychologist / philosopher
  • 1793Lucretia Coffin Mott: United States -- Teacher / Minister / abolitionist / feminist
  • 1802Feliks Ostrowski: Composer
  • 1803Douglas William Jerrold: London, England -- Author / playwright / wit (Punch Magazine)
  • 1810Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega: Danish West Indies, Baroness
  • 1819Thomas Hill Watts: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1892
  • 1823Jaak-Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer
  • 1829John G R Acquoy: Theologist / church historian
  • 1829Konrad Duden: German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1830Alexander Ewing: Composer
  • 1835Larkin Goldsmith Mead: Sculptor
  • 1840Father Joseph Damien de Veuster: Belgium -- Helped lepers in Hawaii
  • 1853Iwan Knorr: Composer
  • 1868Franz V M Cumont: Belgian religious historian
  • 1869Paul Charles Rene Landormy: Composer
  • 1870Henry Eichheim: Composer
  • 1870Henry Handel Richardson: Australia -- Novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • 1876Wilhelm Pieck: Co-founder German Communist Party / President (1949-60)
  • 1879Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge: 1st lady (1923-29)
  • 1882Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (Pygmalion)
  • 1883Clement Richard Attlee: (L) British Prime Minister (1945-51)
  • 1884Eli S Jones: United States -- Evangelist (Christ of Indian road)

Died on Jan 3

  • 1322Philip V [the Tall]: King of France (1316-22)
  • 1543Juan Cabrillo: Conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California
  • 1552Henry II of Bavaria: Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
  • 1560Peder Palladus: Danish church Reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
  • 1570Bartholomeus Latomus [Steinmetz]: Flemish Archbishop of Trier
  • 1571Joachim II Hector: Elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
  • 1628Francesco Maria Guaitoli: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1641Jeremiah Horrocks: English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
  • 1670George Monck: English General, dies at 61
  • 1759Marquis and Marquess of Tavora: Portugese nobles, executed
  • 1761Willem de Fesch: Dutch violinist / Composer (Joseph), dies at 73
  • 1795Josiah Wedgwood: British, ceramic craftsman / woodworker, dies at 64
  • 1829Robert Archibald Smith: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1836Friedrich Witt: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1841Wilhelmus Kist: Writer / Director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
  • 1853Theodor Uhlig: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1865Jozef Lies: Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • 1868Moritz Hauptmann: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1873John Lodge Ellerton: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1875George Bizet: Composer
  • 1882William H Ainsworth: English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • 1898James Wimshurst: British designer / inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
  • 1900Edwin George Monk: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1907Josef Foerster: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1912Felix Dahn: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1914Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1915James E Flecker: British diplomat / Novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
  • 1923Jaroslav Hasek: Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
  • 1931Joseph J C Joffre: French marshal, dies at 78
  • 1938Arthur Boon: Flemish priest / philologist, dies at 54

Historical events on January 4

  • 0274St. Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0871Battle at Reading: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1357Flemish Earl Louis and Luxembourg Duke Wenceslaus sign peace treaty
  • 1493Columbus left new world on return from 1st voyage
  • 1642King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
  • 1717Netherlands, England and France sign Triple Alliance
  • 1754Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)
  • 1762England declares war on Spain and Naples
  • 1790President Washington delivers 1st "State of the Union"
  • 1832Insurrection of Trinidad negroes
  • 1843Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • 1861President Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
  • 1861US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • 1862Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • 18634 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of New York
  • 1884Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • 1885Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • 1887Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (SF-SF)
  • 1893US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • 1894France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • 1896Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
  • 1902Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick vs. England at the MCG
  • 1904Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
  • 1904Supreme Court rules Puerto Ricans cannot be denied admission to US
  • 1906South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • 1912Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • 19151st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • 1915Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 19201st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • 1920Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits

Born on January 4

  • 1334Amadeus VI [Green Earl]: Earl of Savoye
  • 1567Franciscus Aguilon: Physicist / mathematician / Jesuit / architect
  • 1579Willem Teellinck: Dutch theologist / vicar
  • 1581James Ussher: Archbishop of Armagh (gave age to Earth based on bible)
  • 1604Jacob Balde: German Jesuit / barok conductor (Jephthe)
  • 1710Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Italian composer (Il Prigioniero Superbo)
  • 1717Antonio Maria Mazzoni: Composer
  • 1720Johann Friedrich Agricola: German (court)composer / Organist
  • 1726Cornelis Ploos van Amstel: Dutch engraver / art collector
  • 1739Henrik C Cras: Dutch lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii)
  • 1756Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician
  • 1759Maria Rosa Coccia: Composer
  • 1773Johann Peter Heuschkel: Composer
  • 1785Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm: Germany -- Librarian (fairy tale collector)
  • 1789Benjamin Lundy: Philanthropist / abolitionist
  • 1797Wilhelm Beer: Germany -- Amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • 1805Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh: Composer
  • 1807Baltasar Saldoni: Composer
  • 1813Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Austria -- Attorney / Premier (1852-59)
  • 1813Isaac Pitman: Britain -- Inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • 1813Louis L Bonaparte: English / French linguist / senator
  • 1821John James Peck: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1822Joseph Jones Reynolds: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1823Otto van Rees: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
  • 1823Peter Joseph Osterhaus: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 1837Casimiro de Abreu: Brazil -- Poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • 1844Thomas H Rollinson: Composer
  • 1847Hendrik Goeman Borgesius: Dutch politician
  • 1869Percy Pitt: Composer
  • 1872Edmund Rumpler: Austria -- Auto / airplane builder

Died on January 4

  • 0838Babak: Persian social / religious reformer, martyred
  • 1584Tobias Stimmer: Swiss Painter / cartoonist / playwright, dies at 44
  • 1612Henry L Spieghel: Dutch Merchant / writer, dies at 62
  • 1678Johan Maetsuyker: Dutch Governor-General of Ceylon (1653-78), dies at 71
  • 1695Duke of Luxembourg: Luxembourg / French marshal
  • 1701Ernst R Tarhemberg: Austria -- Field marshal, dies at 62
  • 1707Louis Willem I: Count of Baden-Baden
  • 1729Meir Bacharach: Hebrew poet
  • 1745Willem I Kerricx [the Young]: Flemish Architect / painter, dies at 62
  • 1752Gabriel Cramer: Swiss Mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
  • 1761Stephen Hales: English vicar / inventor (ventilator), dies at 83
  • 1765Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1778Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter, dies at 57
  • 1782Ange-Jacques Gabriel: French Architect (Ecole Military), dies at 83
  • 1786Mozes Mendelssohn: Jewish / German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • 1793Bengt Lidner: Swedish Poet (Medea / Yttersa domen), dies at 35
  • 1804Charlotte Lennox: English Novelist (The Female Quixote)
  • 1809Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1821Elizabeth Ann Seton: 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland
  • 1831Nikola P Neofit Rilski: Bulgaria abbot / poet, dies at 37
  • 1843Petronella Moens: Frisian Author / poetess, dies at 80
  • 1864Mateo Ferrer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1877Cornelius Vanderbilt: US robber baron, dies at 82
  • 1880Anselm Feuerbach: German painter
  • 1883Nicolas Ledesma: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1885Eduard Yosif Kotek: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1886Ernest Panckoucke: French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • 1898Frantisek Pivoda: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1903Geo[rge J H] Poggenbeek: Dutch surrealist painter, dies at 49
  • 1908Antony Winkler Prins: Writer (Groiller Encyclopaedia), dies at 70