Events on Jan 4

  • 0274St. Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0871Battle at Reading: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1357Flemish Earl Louis and Luxembourg Duke Wenceslaus sign peace treaty
  • 1493Columbus left new world on return from 1st voyage
  • 1642King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
  • 1717Netherlands, England and France sign Triple Alliance
  • 1754Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)
  • 1762England declares war on Spain and Naples
  • 1790President Washington delivers 1st "State of the Union"
  • 1832Insurrection of Trinidad negroes
  • 1843Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • 1861President Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
  • 1861US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • 1862Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • 18634 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of New York
  • 1884Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • 1885Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • 1887Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (SF-SF)
  • 1893US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • 1894France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • 1896Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
  • 1902Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick vs. England at the MCG
  • 1904Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
  • 1904Supreme Court rules Puerto Ricans cannot be denied admission to US
  • 1906South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • 1912Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • 19151st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
  • 1915Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
  • 19201st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
  • 1920Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits

Born on Jan 4

  • 1334Amadeus VI [Green Earl]: Earl of Savoye
  • 1567Franciscus Aguilon: Physicist / mathematician / Jesuit / architect
  • 1579Willem Teellinck: Dutch theologist / vicar
  • 1581James Ussher: Archbishop of Armagh (gave age to Earth based on bible)
  • 1604Jacob Balde: German Jesuit / barok conductor (Jephthe)
  • 1710Giovanni Battista Pergolesi: Italian composer (Il Prigioniero Superbo)
  • 1717Antonio Maria Mazzoni: Composer
  • 1720Johann Friedrich Agricola: German (court)composer / Organist
  • 1726Cornelis Ploos van Amstel: Dutch engraver / art collector
  • 1739Henrik C Cras: Dutch lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii)
  • 1756Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician
  • 1759Maria Rosa Coccia: Composer
  • 1773Johann Peter Heuschkel: Composer
  • 1785Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm: Germany -- Librarian (fairy tale collector)
  • 1789Benjamin Lundy: Philanthropist / abolitionist
  • 1797Wilhelm Beer: Germany -- Amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • 1805Stephan Hale Alonzo Marsh: Composer
  • 1807Baltasar Saldoni: Composer
  • 1813Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Austria -- Attorney / Premier (1852-59)
  • 1813Isaac Pitman: Britain -- Inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • 1813Louis L Bonaparte: English / French linguist / senator
  • 1821John James Peck: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1822Joseph Jones Reynolds: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1823Otto van Rees: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
  • 1823Peter Joseph Osterhaus: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 1837Casimiro de Abreu: Brazil -- Poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • 1844Thomas H Rollinson: Composer
  • 1847Hendrik Goeman Borgesius: Dutch politician
  • 1869Percy Pitt: Composer
  • 1872Edmund Rumpler: Austria -- Auto / airplane builder

Died on Jan 4

  • 0838Babak: Persian social / religious reformer, martyred
  • 1584Tobias Stimmer: Swiss Painter / cartoonist / playwright, dies at 44
  • 1612Henry L Spieghel: Dutch Merchant / writer, dies at 62
  • 1678Johan Maetsuyker: Dutch Governor-General of Ceylon (1653-78), dies at 71
  • 1695Duke of Luxembourg: Luxembourg / French marshal
  • 1701Ernst R Tarhemberg: Austria -- Field marshal, dies at 62
  • 1707Louis Willem I: Count of Baden-Baden
  • 1729Meir Bacharach: Hebrew poet
  • 1745Willem I Kerricx [the Young]: Flemish Architect / painter, dies at 62
  • 1752Gabriel Cramer: Swiss Mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
  • 1761Stephen Hales: English vicar / inventor (ventilator), dies at 83
  • 1765Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1778Charles D J Eisen: French engraver / painter, dies at 57
  • 1782Ange-Jacques Gabriel: French Architect (Ecole Military), dies at 83
  • 1786Mozes Mendelssohn: Jewish / German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • 1793Bengt Lidner: Swedish Poet (Medea / Yttersa domen), dies at 35
  • 1804Charlotte Lennox: English Novelist (The Female Quixote)
  • 1809Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1821Elizabeth Ann Seton: 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland
  • 1831Nikola P Neofit Rilski: Bulgaria abbot / poet, dies at 37
  • 1843Petronella Moens: Frisian Author / poetess, dies at 80
  • 1864Mateo Ferrer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1877Cornelius Vanderbilt: US robber baron, dies at 82
  • 1880Anselm Feuerbach: German painter
  • 1883Nicolas Ledesma: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1885Eduard Yosif Kotek: Composer, dies at 29
  • 1886Ernest Panckoucke: French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • 1898Frantisek Pivoda: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1903Geo[rge J H] Poggenbeek: Dutch surrealist painter, dies at 49
  • 1908Antony Winkler Prins: Writer (Groiller Encyclopaedia), dies at 70

Historical events on January 5

  • 1349Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland / Zealand
  • 1438Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463French Poet Francois Villon banished from Paris
  • 1477Battle at Nancy, Burgundy vs. Switz, 7000+ killed
  • 1531Pope Clemens VII forbids English King Henry VIII to re-marry
  • 1554Great fire in Eindhoven Neth
  • 1593William Louis of Nassau becomes Governor / Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1675Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • 1709Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
  • 1717Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719Engl / Hannover / Saxony-Poland / Austria sign anti-Prussian / Russian pact
  • 1757Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution
  • 1781British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
  • 18001st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service, Baltimore
  • 1804Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
  • 1822Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 18281st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell
  • 1836Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo
  • 1840Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1850California Exchange opens
  • 1854Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die
  • 18591st steamboat sails, Red River
  • 1861250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan and Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1875President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Born on January 5

  • 1560William Cobbold: Composer
  • 1592Shah Jahan: Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) - built the Taj Mahal
  • 1596Henry Lawes: English composer
  • 1661Jacob Balthasar Schutz: Composer
  • 1679Pietro Filippo Scarlotti: Composer
  • 1710Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer
  • 1729Paul C la Fargue: Cartoonist / painter
  • 1759Jacques Cathelineau: French royalist / army leader
  • 1769Jean Baptiste Say: French economist (Political Economics)
  • 1773Pieter Fontijn: Dutch painter / drawer
  • 1778Fortunato Santini: Composer
  • 1779Stephen Decatur: United States -- Naval hero (War of 1812)
  • 1788Kaspar Ett: German Organist / composer
  • 1806Andre H C van Hasselt: Belgian poet (La Belgium)
  • 1810Auguste Mermet: Composer
  • 1811Cyrus Hamlin: Educator / Missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • 1813Thomas Neville Waul: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 1822Joseph Brevard Kershaw: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1823William Rockstro: Composer
  • 1828August Valentine Kautz: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1895
  • 1835Friedrich Richard Faltin: Composer
  • 1835Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch gouvernement doctor on Saint Maarten
  • 1840John Doby Kennedy: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1846Rudolf Christoph Eucken: Germany -- Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 1848Khristo Botev: Hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 1850Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1858Gustaf af Geijerstam: Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror)
  • 1859DeWitt B Brace: Inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • 1871Frederick Shepherd Converse: Newton, Massachusetts -- Composer
  • 1874Joseph Erlanger: Doctor (shock therapy-Nobel 1944)

Died on January 5

  • 1066Edward de Belijder [the Confessor]: King of England (1043-66)
  • 1387Pedro IV: King of Aragon / Conqueror of Sicily, dies at 67
  • 1425John of Bavaria / Bayern: Liege of Holland / Zealand / Dordrecht, poisoned
  • 1477Charles [the Bold]: Duke of Burgundy / writer, dies at 43
  • 1524Marko Marulic / Marulus / Splichanin / Pecinich: Croatian poet, dies at 73
  • 1592Willem II: Duke of Gulik / Kleef / Gelre, dies at about 75
  • 1595Ercole Procaccini: Italian painter
  • 1603Pieter Adriaansz van der Werff: Mayor of Lead, dies at 73
  • 1684Claude Audran II: French Painter / engraver, dies at 44
  • 1740Antonio Lotti: Italian opera composer, dies at about 72
  • 1746Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1759Thomas-Philippe et de Boussu: S Netherlands cardinal, dies at 79
  • 1783Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer, dies on 73rd birthday
  • 1796Samuel Huntington: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 64
  • 1807Michel Adanson: French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • 1814Johann Gottfried Krebs: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1827Frederick of York: English duke / Bishop / General, dies at 63
  • 1848Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1858Johann JWAFK Radetzky von Radetz: Austr Earl / field marshal, dies at 91
  • 1860St John Nepomucene Neumann: 1st male US saint
  • 1862Joseph Frohlich: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1888Henri Herz: Composer, dies a day before 85th birthday
  • 1891Guillaume L Baud: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • 1904Karl A von Zittel: German geologist / paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1922Ernest H Shackleton: British South pole explorer (Endurance), dies at 47
  • 1933Calvin Coolidge: 30th President (1923-29), dies at 60 in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • 1940Tina Modotti [Maria del Carmen]: Ital / Mexican communist, dies at 46
  • 1942Yves Paringaux: French Chief of Staff, murdered
  • 1943George Washington Carver: Famous black scientist, dies at 81
  • 1944Adolph Goldschmidt: German / Swiss art historian, dies at 80