Events on Jan 5

  • 1349Margaretha of Bavaria names her son Willem V Earl of Holland / Zealand
  • 1438Pope Eugenius IV deallocated council of Basel to Ferrara
  • 1463French Poet Francois Villon banished from Paris
  • 1477Battle at Nancy, Burgundy vs. Switz, 7000+ killed
  • 1531Pope Clemens VII forbids English King Henry VIII to re-marry
  • 1554Great fire in Eindhoven Neth
  • 1593William Louis of Nassau becomes Governor / Viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1638Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • 1675Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • 1709Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
  • 1717Prussian King Frederik Willem I buys conscript for nobles
  • 1719Engl / Hannover / Saxony-Poland / Austria sign anti-Prussian / Russian pact
  • 1757Failed assassination attempt on French King Louis XV by Damiens
  • 1776Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution
  • 1781British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
  • 18001st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service, Baltimore
  • 1804Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 1809Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
  • 1822Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 18281st edition of Amsterdam General Trade Journal (Algemeen Handelsblad)
  • 1834Kiowa Indians record this as the night the stars fell
  • 1836Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo
  • 1840Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 1841James Clark Ross (UK) is 1st to enter pack ice near Ross Ice Shelf
  • 1850California Exchange opens
  • 1854Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die
  • 18591st steamboat sails, Red River
  • 1861250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 1861Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan and Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 1875President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi

Born on Jan 5

  • 1560William Cobbold: Composer
  • 1592Shah Jahan: Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) - built the Taj Mahal
  • 1596Henry Lawes: English composer
  • 1661Jacob Balthasar Schutz: Composer
  • 1679Pietro Filippo Scarlotti: Composer
  • 1710Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer
  • 1729Paul C la Fargue: Cartoonist / painter
  • 1759Jacques Cathelineau: French royalist / army leader
  • 1769Jean Baptiste Say: French economist (Political Economics)
  • 1773Pieter Fontijn: Dutch painter / drawer
  • 1778Fortunato Santini: Composer
  • 1779Stephen Decatur: United States -- Naval hero (War of 1812)
  • 1788Kaspar Ett: German Organist / composer
  • 1806Andre H C van Hasselt: Belgian poet (La Belgium)
  • 1810Auguste Mermet: Composer
  • 1811Cyrus Hamlin: Educator / Missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • 1813Thomas Neville Waul: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 1822Joseph Brevard Kershaw: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1823William Rockstro: Composer
  • 1828August Valentine Kautz: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1895
  • 1835Friedrich Richard Faltin: Composer
  • 1835Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch gouvernement doctor on Saint Maarten
  • 1840John Doby Kennedy: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1846Rudolf Christoph Eucken: Germany -- Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 1848Khristo Botev: Hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 1850Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1858Gustaf af Geijerstam: Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror)
  • 1859DeWitt B Brace: Inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • 1871Frederick Shepherd Converse: Newton, Massachusetts -- Composer
  • 1874Joseph Erlanger: Doctor (shock therapy-Nobel 1944)

Died on Jan 5

  • 1066Edward de Belijder [the Confessor]: King of England (1043-66)
  • 1387Pedro IV: King of Aragon / Conqueror of Sicily, dies at 67
  • 1425John of Bavaria / Bayern: Liege of Holland / Zealand / Dordrecht, poisoned
  • 1477Charles [the Bold]: Duke of Burgundy / writer, dies at 43
  • 1524Marko Marulic / Marulus / Splichanin / Pecinich: Croatian poet, dies at 73
  • 1592Willem II: Duke of Gulik / Kleef / Gelre, dies at about 75
  • 1595Ercole Procaccini: Italian painter
  • 1603Pieter Adriaansz van der Werff: Mayor of Lead, dies at 73
  • 1684Claude Audran II: French Painter / engraver, dies at 44
  • 1740Antonio Lotti: Italian opera composer, dies at about 72
  • 1746Anton Simon Ignaz Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1759Thomas-Philippe et de Boussu: S Netherlands cardinal, dies at 79
  • 1783Friedrich Wilhelm Reidt: Composer, dies on 73rd birthday
  • 1796Samuel Huntington: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 64
  • 1807Michel Adanson: French biologist (Plant classes), dies at 79
  • 1814Johann Gottfried Krebs: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1827Frederick of York: English duke / Bishop / General, dies at 63
  • 1848Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1858Johann JWAFK Radetzky von Radetz: Austr Earl / field marshal, dies at 91
  • 1860St John Nepomucene Neumann: 1st male US saint
  • 1862Joseph Frohlich: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1888Henri Herz: Composer, dies a day before 85th birthday
  • 1891Guillaume L Baud: Dutch Minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • 1904Karl A von Zittel: German geologist / paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • 1922Ernest H Shackleton: British South pole explorer (Endurance), dies at 47
  • 1933Calvin Coolidge: 30th President (1923-29), dies at 60 in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • 1940Tina Modotti [Maria del Carmen]: Ital / Mexican communist, dies at 46
  • 1942Yves Paringaux: French Chief of Staff, murdered
  • 1943George Washington Carver: Famous black scientist, dies at 81
  • 1944Adolph Goldschmidt: German / Swiss art historian, dies at 80

Historical events on January 6

  • 1066King Harald of England crowned
  • 1099Henry V crowned German King
  • 1227Ferrand of Portugal freed from the Louvre
  • 1352French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star
  • 1453Emperor Frederik III becomes Archduke of Austria
  • 1496Moorish fortress Alhambra, near Grenada, surrenders to the Christi
  • 1497Jews are expelled from Graz (Syria)
  • 1535City of Lima Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro
  • 1540King Henry VIII of England married his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves
  • 1579Artois / Hainault / Dowaai sign pro-Spanish Union of Arras
  • 1622Pope Gregory XV forms Congregatio the Propagande Fide
  • 1639Virginia is 1st colony to order surplus crops (tobacco) destroyed
  • 1663Great earthquake in New England
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies army draws to Glasgow
  • 1759George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Curtis
  • 1773Massachusetts slaves petition legislature for freedom
  • 1781Battle of Jersey (Island in the UK)
  • 1784Turkey and Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 1832New England Anti-Slavery Society organizes (Boston)
  • 1838Samuel Morse made 1st public demonstration of telegraph
  • 18392 day storm off Irish and English coast immortalized as "Big Wind"
  • 18424,500 British and Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before India
  • 1857Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • 1861Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 1861New York City mayor proposes New York become a free city, trading with N&S
  • 1873Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • 1880Record snow cover in Seattle-120 cm
  • 1893Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast
  • 1896Cecil Rhodes resigns as Premier of Cape colony
  • 18981st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake

Born on January 6

  • 1367Richard II: Bordeaux, France -- King of England (1377-99)
  • 1412Joan of Arc: Domremy, martyr
  • 1486Martin Agricola [M Sore]: German composer / cantor
  • 1488Helius Eobanus Hessus: German poet (Silvae)
  • 1585Claude Favre Baron de Perouges seigneur de Vaugelas: French grammarian
  • 1602Karl Rabenhaupt: German / Dutch Baron of Sucha / army leader
  • 1683Francois de La Croix: Composer
  • 1692Rynoldus Popma van Oevering: Composer
  • 1695Giuseppe Sammartini: Composer
  • 1702Jose Melchior de Nebra Blascu: Composer
  • 1728Charles-Joseph-Balthazar Sohier: Composer
  • 1728Domingos dos Reis Quita: Portuguese playwright / poet
  • 1732Matija A Reljkovic: Croatia -- Writer (Satir iliti divji covic)
  • 1745James Montgolfier: France -- Aeronaut (1st pioneer balloonist)
  • 1776Ferdinand von Schill: Prussian officer / rebel
  • 1791Jose Melchor Gomiz y Colomer: Composer
  • 1794Kaspar Masek: Composer
  • 1798Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer
  • 1799Jedediah Strong Smith: US fur trader / explorer
  • 1800Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye: Dutch politician
  • 1802Ion Heliade-Radulescu: Romania -- Author / Novelist / writer (Gramatica)
  • 1803Henri Herz: Composer
  • 1807Joseph Holt: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1894
  • 1807Ludwig Erk: Composer
  • 1811Charles Sumner: Leading Reconstruction Senator, died in 1874
  • 1822Heinrich Schliemann: German polyglot / archeologist (Troje)
  • 1826Herman Grimm: Germany -- Writer / Novelist (Ralph Waldo Emerson)
  • 1827John Calvin Brown: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1827John Wesley Frazer: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in 1906
  • 1829Kanagaki Robun [Bunzo Nozaki]: Japanese humorist / gesaku-author

Died on January 6

  • 1088Berengarius of Tours: French theologist
  • 1374Andreas Corsini: Italian Saint / Bishop of Fiesole
  • 1425Jan of Bavaria: Liege of Holland / Bishop / duke
  • 1448Christopher III: King of Denmark / Norway / Sweden
  • 1536Baldassare Peruzzi: Italian Architect / painter
  • 1541Bernard van Orley: Flemish royal Painter of Hungary, dies at about 52
  • 1592Johan Casimir: Palsgrave at the Rhine
  • 1646Elias Hill: German Architect of Augsburg, dies at 72
  • 1685Malachias Siebenhaar: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1693Mehmed IV: Sultan of Turkey, dies at 51
  • 1694Francesco Morosini: Italian army General
  • 1697Carlo Mannelli: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1725Chikamatsu Monzaemon: Japanese playwright (Yotsugi Soga), dies at about 71
  • 1738Franz Xaver Murschhauser: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1742Johann Georg Reinhardt: Composer
  • 1785Haym Salomon: Dies in Philadelphia at 44, helped finance the revolution
  • 1790Johann Trier: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1799W G Frederik: Prince of Orange / General, dies at 25
  • 1831Rodolphe Kreutzer: Fr Composer / violinist (Kreutzersonate), dies at 64
  • 1884Gregor Mendel: Augustine Monk / heredity pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1884Paul Taglioni: "the Great, " Ital / Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • 1917Hendrik P G Quack: Lawyer / economist (Bank of the Netherlands), dies at 82
  • 1918Georg F L P Cantor: German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • 1919Theodore Roosevelt: 26th President (1901-09), dies in New York at 60
  • 1928Alvin C Kraenzlein: Track star (1900 Olympics - 4 Gold Medals), dies at 51
  • 1929Nicolas Nikolayevitch: Grand-duke of Russia, dies at 72
  • 1935George P Baker: US playwright (Dramatic Technique), dies at 68
  • 1936Charles A Stoneham: President (New York Giants)
  • 1941Franz Hessel: Writer, dies at 60
  • 1950Isaiah Bowman: Geographer / co-founder (Geographical Review), dies at 71