Events on Jan 7

  • 0754Pope Stefanus II arrives in Ponthion
  • 1325Afonso IV succeeds Dionysius as King of Portugal
  • 1558Calais, last English possession in France, retaken by French
  • 1566Antonio "Michele" Ghislieri is elected Pope Pius V
  • 1566Michaele Ghislieri is elected Pope Pius V
  • 1579England signs an offensive and defensive alliance with Netherland
  • 1584Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia and Holy Roman empire
  • 1598Boris Godunov seizes Russian throne on death of Feodore I
  • 1601Robert, Earl of Essex leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth
  • 1608Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1610Galileo discovers 1st 3 Jupiter satellites, Io, Europa and Ganymede
  • 1618Francis Bacon becomes English lord chancellor
  • 1622Germany and Transylvania sign Peace of Nikolsburg
  • 1630Composer Pier Cavalli marries rich widow Maria Sosomeno
  • 1654Fire after heavy storm destroys 2 / 3 of De Rijp Neth, 1 dies
  • 1698Russian Czar Peter the Great departs Netherlands to England
  • 1714Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (built years later)
  • 1761Battle at Panipat India: Afghan army beats Mahratten
  • 17821st US commercial bank, Bank of North America, opens in Philadelphia
  • 17841st US seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia
  • 17851st balloon flight across English Channel (Blanchard & Jeffries)
  • 18172nd Bank of US opens
  • 18221st printing in Hawaii
  • 1822Liberia colonized by Americans
  • 18301st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)
  • 1835HMS Beagle anchors off Chonos Archipelago
  • 1861Florida troops takeover Ft Marion at St. Augustine
  • 1862Battle of Manassas Junction, Virginia
  • 1862Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, West Virginia
  • 1868Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock

Born on Jan 7

  • 1611James Harrington: England, United Kingdom -- Political author (Commonwealth of Oceans)
  • 1612Paul de La Pierre: Composer
  • 1634Adam Krieger: German composer
  • 1652Pavao Vitezovic: Croatia -- Writer / historian
  • 1653Bernhard Albinus: Germany -- Court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)
  • 1685Gerard George Clifford: Dutch Director of East India Company
  • 1710Josef Antonin Sehling: Composer
  • 1799Daniel Tyler: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1808Jacob Ammen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1816Stephen Miller: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1821Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1822Lucius C M Bakker: Frisian Physician / author (Goethe)
  • 1824James Morrison Hawes: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
  • 1830Samuel Emerson Opdycke: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1830Albert Bierstadt: Germany -- Painter (US landscapes)
  • 1842Johan Lindegren: Composer
  • 1844Marie-Bernarde Soubirous [St Bernadette of Lourdes]: Saint / visionary
  • 1845Louis III: Last King of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 1845Paul Deusen: German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 1853Nikolai Arkas: Composer
  • 1860Emanuil Mandlov: Composer
  • 1868Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski: Polish / German orientalist
  • 1873Adolph Zukor: Hungary -- Movie producer / director / executive (Paramount)
  • 1875Thomas Hicks: English / US marathon runner (1904 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1876William Yeates Hurlstone: Composer
  • 1877Johannes F Buziau: Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • 1879St Bernadette [Marie-Bernarde Soubirous]: Religious Visionary
  • 1883Andrew Browne: Irish / British Admiral (WWII)
  • 1890Henny Porten: Magdeburg, Germany -- Silent screen star (Deception)
  • 1890Maurice E McLoughlin: Tennis champ (US Open-1912)

Died on Jan 7

  • 0312Lucianus of Antioch: Theologist / saint
  • 1130Baldricus Burgoliensis: French Historian / Archbishop, dies at about 83
  • 1285Charles I of Anjou: King of Naples / bro of King Louis IX, dies at 58
  • 1451Amadeus VIII: Last anti-pope Felix V (1439-49), dies at 67
  • 1529Peter Vischer [the Old]: German Count of Sebaldus
  • 1566Ludovicus Blosius [Louis de Blois "Dacrianus"]: Writer
  • 1590Jacob Andreae: German Theologist (Formulae Concordiae), dies at 61
  • 1591Jacobus de Kerle: French / Flemish composer, dies at about 59
  • 1598Theodorus I [Fedor Ivanovitch]: Czar of Russia (1584-98), dies at 40
  • 1655Innocentius X [Giambattista Pamfili]: Pope (1644-55), dies at 80
  • 1678Johannes Flittner: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1722Antoine Coypel: French Painter / poet, dies at 60
  • 1736Ceslav Vanura: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1755Gallus Zeiler: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1758Allan Ramsay, Sr.: Scottish Poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • 1790Antonio Corbisiero: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1810Joseph Lipavsky: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1833Ramon Felix Cuellar y Altarriba: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1843Franz Schoberlechner: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1858Willem Broes: Vicar / Theologist (Textenrol), dies at 91
  • 1868William Batchelder Bradbury: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1870Karl Schwencke: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1890Augusta Maria L Katharina: Wife of German Emperor Wilhelm I, dies at 78
  • 1890Hans Matthison-Hansen: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1891Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1892Tewfik Pasja: Viceroy of Egypt, dies at 39
  • 1907Anton Urspruch: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1921Benno Erdmann: German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69
  • 1922Antonio Scontrino: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1929Henry Arthur Jones: English playwright (Silver King), dies at 77

Historical events on January 8

  • 0624Moslem army occupies Kurashitische Caravan
  • 0794Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Island
  • 0871Battle at Ashdown: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1198Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
  • 1214Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
  • 1499Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown
  • 1558French troops under Duke de Guise occupy Calais
  • 1598Genoa Italy expels Jews
  • 1598Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
  • 1656Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • 16751st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • 1716Dutch gang leader "Sjako" arrested
  • 1745England, Austria, Netherlands and Saxon sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 1760Comet C / 1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth
  • 1790George Washington delivers 1st state of union address (or Jan 4)
  • 179811th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • 1800Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
  • 1800Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
  • 1806Cape colony becomes English colony
  • 1811Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • 1815Battle of New Orleans-War of 1812 ended 12 / 24 / 1814 but nobody knew
  • 1830Dutch King Willem I fires him displeasing parliament members
  • 1833Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
  • 18381st telegraph message sent using dots and dashes (NJ)
  • 1838Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 1842Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • 1848Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 18531st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 1856Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 1865Sen Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the National flower

Born on January 8

  • 1081Henry V: Roman German King / Emperor (1098 / 1111-25)
  • 1583Simon Episcopius: Dutch Bishop / theologist
  • 1587Johannes Fabricius: Denmark -- Astronomer (discovered sunspots)
  • 1589Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic: Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka)
  • 1628Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville [duc de Luxemburg]: French soldier
  • 1632Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf: German jurist
  • 1658Nicolas Coustou: French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
  • 1668Jean Gilles: Composer
  • 1767Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28)
  • 1777Filippo Traetta: Italy -- Composer / musicologist
  • 1786Nicholas Biddle: Made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
  • 1787Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer
  • 1788Erik Drake: Composer
  • 1791Jacob Collamer: (Sen-Vermont)
  • 1792Lowell Mason: Medfield, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Zebulo)
  • 1810Robert Schumann: Zwickau, Germany -- Composer (Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik)
  • 1812Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer
  • 1812William Henry Holmes: Composer
  • 1814Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan]: Dutch humorist
  • 1814Thomas Green: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1815George Webb Morell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1815Lawrence Pike Graham: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1817John Selden Roane: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1821James Longstreet: Confederate General (1st Corps, ANV)
  • 1822Alfredo Carlo Piatti: Composer
  • 1823Alfred Russel Wallace: British zoologist / co-discoverer (evolution)
  • 1824Per August Olander: Composer
  • 1824William Wilkie Collins: English Novelist (Woman in White)
  • 1830Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1836Fannie M Jackson: Pioneer and educator, 1st US Black woman college graduate

Died on January 8

  • 0624Abu Sufjan ibn Harb: Kurashite chief, dies in battle
  • 1198Coelestinus III [Giacinto Bobo]: Pope (1191-98)
  • 1324Marco Polo: Venetian explorer / gov of Nanking
  • 1336Giotto di Bondone: Italian Renaissance painter, dies at about 71
  • 1455Laurentius Justitianus [Lorenzo Giustiniani]: Saint, dies at 73
  • 1567Jacob Vaet: Flemish Composer / royal chaplain master, dies at about 37
  • 1598Johan Georg: Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), dies at 72
  • 1642Galileo Galilei: Italian physicist / astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy
  • 1651Giovanni Battista Gagliano: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1696Michael de Ronghe: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1711Philips van Almonde: Zealand Lieutenant Admiral, dies at 66
  • 1775John Baskerville: English printer / type designer, dies at 68
  • 1790John Stinstra: Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • 1808Messenger: Horse that sired many great trotters
  • 1811Friedrich Nicolai: Writer
  • 1811Samuel Story: Dutch rear Admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • 1815Edward Pakenham: Engl General (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
  • 1819Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1831Franz Vinzenz Krommer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1842Pierre: Earl the Cambronne, French General (Waterloo, Elba), dies at 71
  • 1858Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1859Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian Historian / archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 1864Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1891Fredrik Pacius: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1892John Heykamp: Old-Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
  • 1894Pierre-Joseph van Beneden: Paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
  • 1907Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish Painter / etcher, dies at 57
  • 1918Michael Hertz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1919Peter Altenberg: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1921Luis Villalba Munoz: Composer, dies at 48