Events on Jan 8

  • 0624Moslem army occupies Kurashitische Caravan
  • 0794Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Island
  • 0871Battle at Ashdown: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
  • 1198Lotario di Segni elected Pope Innocentius III
  • 1214Earl Ferrand of Flanders drops ties with France
  • 1499Louis XII of France after papal divorce marries Anne, Duchess of Brittany to keep duchy for the crown
  • 1558French troops under Duke de Guise occupy Calais
  • 1598Genoa Italy expels Jews
  • 1598Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
  • 1656Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • 16751st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • 1716Dutch gang leader "Sjako" arrested
  • 1745England, Austria, Netherlands and Saxon sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 1760Comet C / 1760 A1 (Great comet) approaches within 0.0682 AUs of Earth
  • 1790George Washington delivers 1st state of union address (or Jan 4)
  • 179811th Amendment ratified, judicial powers construed
  • 1800Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
  • 1800Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
  • 1806Cape colony becomes English colony
  • 1811Louisiana slave revolt by Charles Deslondes at German Coast
  • 1815Battle of New Orleans-War of 1812 ended 12 / 24 / 1814 but nobody knew
  • 1830Dutch King Willem I fires him displeasing parliament members
  • 1833Boston Academy of Music, 1st US music school, established
  • 18381st telegraph message sent using dots and dashes (NJ)
  • 1838Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 1842Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • 1848Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 18531st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 1856Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 1865Sen Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the National flower

Born on Jan 8

  • 1081Henry V: Roman German King / Emperor (1098 / 1111-25)
  • 1583Simon Episcopius: Dutch Bishop / theologist
  • 1587Johannes Fabricius: Denmark -- Astronomer (discovered sunspots)
  • 1589Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic: Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka)
  • 1628Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville [duc de Luxemburg]: French soldier
  • 1632Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf: German jurist
  • 1658Nicolas Coustou: French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
  • 1668Jean Gilles: Composer
  • 1767Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28)
  • 1777Filippo Traetta: Italy -- Composer / musicologist
  • 1786Nicholas Biddle: Made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
  • 1787Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer
  • 1788Erik Drake: Composer
  • 1791Jacob Collamer: (Sen-Vermont)
  • 1792Lowell Mason: Medfield, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Zebulo)
  • 1810Robert Schumann: Zwickau, Germany -- Composer (Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik)
  • 1812Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer
  • 1812William Henry Holmes: Composer
  • 1814Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan]: Dutch humorist
  • 1814Thomas Green: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1815George Webb Morell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1815Lawrence Pike Graham: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1817John Selden Roane: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1867
  • 1821James Longstreet: Confederate General (1st Corps, ANV)
  • 1822Alfredo Carlo Piatti: Composer
  • 1823Alfred Russel Wallace: British zoologist / co-discoverer (evolution)
  • 1824Per August Olander: Composer
  • 1824William Wilkie Collins: English Novelist (Woman in White)
  • 1830Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 1836Fannie M Jackson: Pioneer and educator, 1st US Black woman college graduate

Died on Jan 8

  • 0624Abu Sufjan ibn Harb: Kurashite chief, dies in battle
  • 1198Coelestinus III [Giacinto Bobo]: Pope (1191-98)
  • 1324Marco Polo: Venetian explorer / gov of Nanking
  • 1336Giotto di Bondone: Italian Renaissance painter, dies at about 71
  • 1455Laurentius Justitianus [Lorenzo Giustiniani]: Saint, dies at 73
  • 1567Jacob Vaet: Flemish Composer / royal chaplain master, dies at about 37
  • 1598Johan Georg: Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), dies at 72
  • 1642Galileo Galilei: Italian physicist / astronomer, dies at 77 in Italy
  • 1651Giovanni Battista Gagliano: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1696Michael de Ronghe: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1711Philips van Almonde: Zealand Lieutenant Admiral, dies at 66
  • 1775John Baskerville: English printer / type designer, dies at 68
  • 1790John Stinstra: Dutch baptist vicar, dies at 81
  • 1808Messenger: Horse that sired many great trotters
  • 1811Friedrich Nicolai: Writer
  • 1811Samuel Story: Dutch rear Admiral (Battle of Kamperduin), dies at 58
  • 1815Edward Pakenham: Engl General (Battle of New Orleans), dies in battle
  • 1819Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1831Franz Vinzenz Krommer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1842Pierre: Earl the Cambronne, French General (Waterloo, Elba), dies at 71
  • 1858Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt: Composer, dies at 48
  • 1859Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian Historian / archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 1864Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1891Fredrik Pacius: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1892John Heykamp: Old-Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 67
  • 1894Pierre-Joseph van Beneden: Paleont (life of tapeworms), dies at 84
  • 1907Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish Painter / etcher, dies at 57
  • 1918Michael Hertz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1919Peter Altenberg: Writer, dies at 59
  • 1921Luis Villalba Munoz: Composer, dies at 48

Historical events on January 9

  • 1296Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1349700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses
  • 1428Pope Martinus V declares Jacoba van Beierens marriage invalid
  • 14641st meeting of States-General of the Netherlands
  • 14931st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)
  • 1522Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch Pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland
  • 1570Tsar Ivan the terrible kills 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod
  • 1718France declares war on Spain
  • 1760Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1788Connecticut becomes 5th state
  • 1792Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 17931st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia
  • 1793Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • 1793Jean Pierre Blanchard makes 1st balloon flight in North America
  • 1799Income Tax introduced in the UK
  • 1812Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 1834HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia
  • 1839Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 1839Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 18471st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • 18481st commercial bank in SF established
  • 1854Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 1855Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dies
  • 18577.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 18611st hostile act of Civil War; Star of West fired on, Sumter, South Carolina
  • 1861Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede
  • 1866Fisk University establishes
  • 1879Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson

Born on January 9

  • 1554Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi]: Pope (1621-23)
  • 1574Christoph Buel: Composer
  • 1620Johann Weichmann: Composer
  • 1695John E Loovens: Lawyer
  • 1699Robert J Pothier: French lawyer
  • 1728Thomas Warton: Poet laureate of England (Pleasures of Melancholy)
  • 1748Stefan Paluselli: Composer
  • 1803Christopher Gustavus Memminger: Secy Treas (Confederacy) died in 1888
  • 1816John Palmer Usher: Secy Int (Union) died in 1889
  • 1820Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer
  • 1822John Porter Hatch: Volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1901
  • 1829Adolf von Schlagintweit: German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829Thomas William Robertson: England, United Kingdom -- Playwright (Caste)
  • 1832Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman: Dutch Governor of Suriname
  • 1839John Knowles Paine: Portland, Maine -- Composer
  • 1843Christiaan A Ulder: Composer (waltzes / tumbas)
  • 1851Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer
  • 1856Anton Askerc: Slavic priest / poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 1856Lizette Woodworth Reese: US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 1856Stevan Mokranjac: Composer
  • 1857Henry B Fuller: American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • 1859Frederik Pijper: Dutch vicar / church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 1866Albert Baertsoen: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1867Jacques Urlus: Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth)
  • 1870Joseph B Strauss: Civil Engineer / builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 1876Hans Bethge: Writer
  • 1879John Broadus Watson: Behaviorist psychologist
  • 1881Giovanni Papini: Italy -- Writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 1881Lascelles Abercrombie: English poet / critic (Revaluations)
  • 1890Karel Capek: Czechoslovakia -- Writer (R U R); coined the word "robot"

Died on January 9

  • 1499Johan Cicero: Elector of (Brandenburg, 1486-99), dies at 43
  • 1514Anna de Bretagne: Wife of Maximilian, dies at 36
  • 1677Aernout "Aert" van der Neer: Cartoonist / landscape painter, dies at 73
  • 1679Werner Fabricius: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1798Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea: Earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 1843Caroline Herschel: "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • 1849Jan Kops: Dutch agriculturist / vicar, dies at 83
  • 1853Juan N Gallego: Spanish Poet / interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1854Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta]: Ital composer, dies at 77
  • 1863Ferdinand Huber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1878Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sard (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
  • 1879Don Joaquin BF Espartero: Field Marshal / Viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 1886Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1893Mohara: Arab ivory / slave trader, dies in battle and is eaten
  • 1902Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns: Belgian lawyer / Interior minister, dies at 66
  • 1908Abraham Goldfaden: US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908Wilhelm Busch: Writer
  • 1911Edwin Arthur Jones: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1927Houston S Chamberlain: British / German race theorist, dies at 71
  • 1930Edward W Buck: Dutch / US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
  • 1931Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer]: French writer (La fille perdue)
  • 1936John Gilbert: Actor (Love, Downstairs), dies at 40
  • 1939Johann Strauss: Austrian conductor / Royal ball director, dies at 72
  • 1941Ko Boezeman: Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1943Robin G Collingwood: English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1946Countee Cullen: US Poet (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1947Karl Mannheim: Sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947Lambertus Zijl: Sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1949Amilcare Zanella: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1953Hans Aanrud: Norwegian Author (Storken), dies at 89