Events on Jan 9

  • 1296Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317Phillips V, the Tall, crowned King of France
  • 1349700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses
  • 1428Pope Martinus V declares Jacoba van Beierens marriage invalid
  • 14641st meeting of States-General of the Netherlands
  • 14931st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)
  • 1522Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch Pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland
  • 1570Tsar Ivan the terrible kills 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod
  • 1718France declares war on Spain
  • 1760Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1788Connecticut becomes 5th state
  • 1792Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 17931st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia
  • 1793Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • 1793Jean Pierre Blanchard makes 1st balloon flight in North America
  • 1799Income Tax introduced in the UK
  • 1812Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 1834HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia
  • 1839Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 1839Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 18471st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • 18481st commercial bank in SF established
  • 1854Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 1855Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dies
  • 18577.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 18611st hostile act of Civil War; Star of West fired on, Sumter, South Carolina
  • 1861Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede
  • 1866Fisk University establishes
  • 1879Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson

Born on Jan 9

  • 1554Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi]: Pope (1621-23)
  • 1574Christoph Buel: Composer
  • 1620Johann Weichmann: Composer
  • 1695John E Loovens: Lawyer
  • 1699Robert J Pothier: French lawyer
  • 1728Thomas Warton: Poet laureate of England (Pleasures of Melancholy)
  • 1748Stefan Paluselli: Composer
  • 1803Christopher Gustavus Memminger: Secy Treas (Confederacy) died in 1888
  • 1816John Palmer Usher: Secy Int (Union) died in 1889
  • 1820Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer
  • 1822John Porter Hatch: Volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), died in 1901
  • 1829Adolf von Schlagintweit: German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829Thomas William Robertson: England, United Kingdom -- Playwright (Caste)
  • 1832Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman: Dutch Governor of Suriname
  • 1839John Knowles Paine: Portland, Maine -- Composer
  • 1843Christiaan A Ulder: Composer (waltzes / tumbas)
  • 1851Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer
  • 1856Anton Askerc: Slavic priest / poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 1856Lizette Woodworth Reese: US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 1856Stevan Mokranjac: Composer
  • 1857Henry B Fuller: American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • 1859Frederik Pijper: Dutch vicar / church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 1866Albert Baertsoen: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 1867Jacques Urlus: Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth)
  • 1870Joseph B Strauss: Civil Engineer / builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 1876Hans Bethge: Writer
  • 1879John Broadus Watson: Behaviorist psychologist
  • 1881Giovanni Papini: Italy -- Writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 1881Lascelles Abercrombie: English poet / critic (Revaluations)
  • 1890Karel Capek: Czechoslovakia -- Writer (R U R); coined the word "robot"

Died on Jan 9

  • 1499Johan Cicero: Elector of (Brandenburg, 1486-99), dies at 43
  • 1514Anna de Bretagne: Wife of Maximilian, dies at 36
  • 1677Aernout "Aert" van der Neer: Cartoonist / landscape painter, dies at 73
  • 1679Werner Fabricius: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1798Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea: Earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 1843Caroline Herschel: "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • 1849Jan Kops: Dutch agriculturist / vicar, dies at 83
  • 1853Juan N Gallego: Spanish Poet / interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1854Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta]: Ital composer, dies at 77
  • 1863Ferdinand Huber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1878Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sard (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
  • 1879Don Joaquin BF Espartero: Field Marshal / Viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 1886Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1893Mohara: Arab ivory / slave trader, dies in battle and is eaten
  • 1902Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns: Belgian lawyer / Interior minister, dies at 66
  • 1908Abraham Goldfaden: US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908Wilhelm Busch: Writer
  • 1911Edwin Arthur Jones: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1927Houston S Chamberlain: British / German race theorist, dies at 71
  • 1930Edward W Buck: Dutch / US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
  • 1931Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer]: French writer (La fille perdue)
  • 1936John Gilbert: Actor (Love, Downstairs), dies at 40
  • 1939Johann Strauss: Austrian conductor / Royal ball director, dies at 72
  • 1941Ko Boezeman: Dutch resistance fighter
  • 1943Robin G Collingwood: English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1946Countee Cullen: US Poet (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1947Karl Mannheim: Sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947Lambertus Zijl: Sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1949Amilcare Zanella: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1953Hans Aanrud: Norwegian Author (Storken), dies at 89

Historical events on January 10

  • 0236St. Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1072Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
  • 1356German Emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree
  • 1429Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary and Spain
  • 1430Duke Philip the Good marries Isabella of Portugal
  • 1430Order of the Guilder forms
  • 1514Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin finished
  • 15501st sitting of "Vurige Chamber" in Paris
  • 1642King Charles I and family flee London for Oxford
  • 1663King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company
  • 1731Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma / Piacenza
  • 1776"Common Sense" by Thomas Paine, published
  • 1806Dutch in Cape Town surrender to British
  • 1808Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1811Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
  • 1839Tea from India 1st arrives in the UK
  • 1840Penny Post mail system is starts
  • 1845Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding
  • 1861Florida becomes 3rd state to secede from US
  • 1861Ft Jackson and Ft Philip are taken over by LA state troops
  • 1861US forts and property seized by Mississippi
  • 1862Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 1862Battle of Romney, West Virginia
  • 18631st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863January-uprising begins in Poland
  • 1870Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 1870John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
  • 1878US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 1883Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 1889Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France

Born on January 10

  • 1502Hendrik Niclaes: German / Dutch Merchant / cult leader (Children of God)
  • 1628Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff [Jan Maet]: Seascape painter
  • 1638Niels Stensen: Danish astronomer
  • 1644Louis Boufflers: Marshall of France
  • 1683Gasparo Visconti: Composer
  • 1701Johann Caspar Simon: Composer
  • 1747Abraham L Breguet: French clock maker
  • 1760Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg: Composer
  • 1766Louis Massonneau: Composer
  • 1768James Varicick: 1st AME Zion Bishop
  • 1769Michel Ney: French marshal (Waterloo)
  • 1778Carolus Linnaeus: Swedish Botanist (naming plants and animals)
  • 1780M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist
  • 1814Aubrey de Vere: Irish writer (Victorian Observer)
  • 1815Alexander Brydie Dyer: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1874
  • 1815Thomas Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1825Alexander Travis Hawthorn: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1834John Acton: English historian / MP
  • 1854Peter Gast: Composer
  • 1855Peter J Blok: Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • 1871Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti: Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 1876Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel: Dutch goldsmith
  • 1877Frederick Gardner Cottrell: Inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
  • 1880Eduard M Meijers: Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
  • 1880French van Cauwelaert: Flemish Minister / Mayor of Antwerp
  • 1880Grock [Adrien Wettach]: Switzerland -- Clown / circus director
  • 1882Charles Trowbridge: Vera Cruz, Mexico -- Actor (Fatal Hour)
  • 1883Florence Reed: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Silent film actress (Dancing Girl)
  • 1883Francis X Bushman: Norfolk, Virginia -- Silent film actor (Ben Hur)
  • 1884James Philip Dunn: Composer

Died on January 10

  • 0681Agatho: Sicilian Pope (678-81)
  • 0866Lin-chi I-hsuan [J Rinzai Gigen]: Zen teacher
  • 0976John I Tzimisces: Co-Emperor of Byzantium (969-76), dies at 51
  • 1271Otto II [the Lame]: Earl of Gelre
  • 1276Gregorius X [Tedaldo Visconti]: Pope
  • 1542Gerardus Noviomagus [Gerrit Geldenhauer]: Dutch theologist, die at 59
  • 1645William Laud: Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded for treason at 71
  • 1674Jacob de Witt: Dutch mayor (Dordrecht) / MP, dies at 84
  • 1754Daniel Raap: Dutch porcelain salesman / politician, dies at about 51
  • 1768Charles Cressent: French court furniture maker, dies at 82
  • 1775Jemeljan Pugatshov: Russian kosak leader / "Czar Peter III"
  • 1780Francesco Antonio Vallotti: Italian Organist / composer, dies at 82
  • 1789Pierre Lyonet: Dutch zoologist / cryptologist, dies at 82
  • 1792Jean-Louis Laruette: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1800Johan Wikmanson: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1824Victor Emanuel I: King of Sardinia (1802-21), dies at 64
  • 1833Adrien Marie Legendre
  • 1833Antoinio da Silva Leite: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1855Mary Russell Mitford: Engl playwright / Poet (Julian), dies at 67
  • 1862Samuel Colt: Inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47
  • 1871Pierre A du Terrail: French writer, dies at 41
  • 1876Charles EH de Coussemaker: Belgian musicologist / historian, dies at 70
  • 1889Martin Andreas Udbye: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1892Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1895Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1899Gerard Keller: Dutch writer (Vlugmaren), dies at 69
  • 1908Anna S Barbiers: Dutch actress (Klaasje Zevenster), dies at 65
  • 1917Buffalo Bill Cody: Army scout and Indian fighter
  • 1934Marinus van der Lubbe: Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1935Edwin H Flack: English 800 / 1500m runner (1896 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 60