Events on Jan 10

  • 0236St. Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1072Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
  • 1356German Emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree
  • 1429Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary and Spain
  • 1430Duke Philip the Good marries Isabella of Portugal
  • 1430Order of the Guilder forms
  • 1514Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin finished
  • 15501st sitting of "Vurige Chamber" in Paris
  • 1642King Charles I and family flee London for Oxford
  • 1663King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company
  • 1731Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma / Piacenza
  • 1776"Common Sense" by Thomas Paine, published
  • 1806Dutch in Cape Town surrender to British
  • 1808Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1811Louisiana slaves rebell in 2 parishes
  • 1839Tea from India 1st arrives in the UK
  • 1840Penny Post mail system is starts
  • 1845Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding
  • 1861Florida becomes 3rd state to secede from US
  • 1861Ft Jackson and Ft Philip are taken over by LA state troops
  • 1861US forts and property seized by Mississippi
  • 1862Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 1862Battle of Romney, West Virginia
  • 18631st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863January-uprising begins in Poland
  • 1870Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 1870John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
  • 1878US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 1883Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 1889Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France

Born on Jan 10

  • 1502Hendrik Niclaes: German / Dutch Merchant / cult leader (Children of God)
  • 1628Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff [Jan Maet]: Seascape painter
  • 1638Niels Stensen: Danish astronomer
  • 1644Louis Boufflers: Marshall of France
  • 1683Gasparo Visconti: Composer
  • 1701Johann Caspar Simon: Composer
  • 1747Abraham L Breguet: French clock maker
  • 1760Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg: Composer
  • 1766Louis Massonneau: Composer
  • 1768James Varicick: 1st AME Zion Bishop
  • 1769Michel Ney: French marshal (Waterloo)
  • 1778Carolus Linnaeus: Swedish Botanist (naming plants and animals)
  • 1780M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist
  • 1814Aubrey de Vere: Irish writer (Victorian Observer)
  • 1815Alexander Brydie Dyer: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1874
  • 1815Thomas Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1825Alexander Travis Hawthorn: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1834John Acton: English historian / MP
  • 1854Peter Gast: Composer
  • 1855Peter J Blok: Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • 1871Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti: Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 1876Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel: Dutch goldsmith
  • 1877Frederick Gardner Cottrell: Inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
  • 1880Eduard M Meijers: Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
  • 1880French van Cauwelaert: Flemish Minister / Mayor of Antwerp
  • 1880Grock [Adrien Wettach]: Switzerland -- Clown / circus director
  • 1882Charles Trowbridge: Vera Cruz, Mexico -- Actor (Fatal Hour)
  • 1883Florence Reed: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Silent film actress (Dancing Girl)
  • 1883Francis X Bushman: Norfolk, Virginia -- Silent film actor (Ben Hur)
  • 1884James Philip Dunn: Composer

Died on Jan 10

  • 0681Agatho: Sicilian Pope (678-81)
  • 0866Lin-chi I-hsuan [J Rinzai Gigen]: Zen teacher
  • 0976John I Tzimisces: Co-Emperor of Byzantium (969-76), dies at 51
  • 1271Otto II [the Lame]: Earl of Gelre
  • 1276Gregorius X [Tedaldo Visconti]: Pope
  • 1542Gerardus Noviomagus [Gerrit Geldenhauer]: Dutch theologist, die at 59
  • 1645William Laud: Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded for treason at 71
  • 1674Jacob de Witt: Dutch mayor (Dordrecht) / MP, dies at 84
  • 1754Daniel Raap: Dutch porcelain salesman / politician, dies at about 51
  • 1768Charles Cressent: French court furniture maker, dies at 82
  • 1775Jemeljan Pugatshov: Russian kosak leader / "Czar Peter III"
  • 1780Francesco Antonio Vallotti: Italian Organist / composer, dies at 82
  • 1789Pierre Lyonet: Dutch zoologist / cryptologist, dies at 82
  • 1792Jean-Louis Laruette: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1800Johan Wikmanson: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1824Victor Emanuel I: King of Sardinia (1802-21), dies at 64
  • 1833Adrien Marie Legendre
  • 1833Antoinio da Silva Leite: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1855Mary Russell Mitford: Engl playwright / Poet (Julian), dies at 67
  • 1862Samuel Colt: Inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47
  • 1871Pierre A du Terrail: French writer, dies at 41
  • 1876Charles EH de Coussemaker: Belgian musicologist / historian, dies at 70
  • 1889Martin Andreas Udbye: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1892Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn: Composer, dies at 91
  • 1895Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1899Gerard Keller: Dutch writer (Vlugmaren), dies at 69
  • 1908Anna S Barbiers: Dutch actress (Klaasje Zevenster), dies at 65
  • 1917Buffalo Bill Cody: Army scout and Indian fighter
  • 1934Marinus van der Lubbe: Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1935Edwin H Flack: English 800 / 1500m runner (1896 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 60

Historical events on January 11

  • 0314St. Militiades ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0532Nika-revolt against Justianus and Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople
  • 1158Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes King
  • 1558Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm
  • 1571Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion
  • 1599Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java with pepper, clove and muskaat
  • 1642Isaac Newton is elected a member of Royal Society
  • 1693Mt Etna erupts, Sicily
  • 1753Ferdinand VI of Spain and Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord
  • 17591st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia
  • 1774Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
  • 1775Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • 1785Continental Congress convenes in New York City
  • 1787Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel
  • 1790Statisten and Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • 1803Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy Louisiana
  • 1805Michigan Territory organizes
  • 18131st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1 / 21)
  • 1839Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
  • 1861Alabama becomes 4th state to secede
  • 1863Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama and USS Hatteras
  • 1863Union forces capture Arkansas Post or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • 1864Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865Battle of Beverly, West Virginia
  • 1879Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
  • 1892Hawaiian Historical Society founded
  • 1892Paul Gauguin marries a 13-year-old Tahitian girl
  • 1892William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US Minister to Liberia
  • 1893Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)
  • 1897M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)

Born on January 11

  • 1403Jan IV: Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1449Domenico Ghirlandajo: Italy -- Renaissance painter
  • 1503Francesco Parmigianino: Italian artist (Madonna with the Long Neck)
  • 1703Columban Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1720Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck: Utrechts regent
  • 1727Franz Sebastian Haindl: Composer
  • 1746Frantisek Adam Mica: Composer
  • 1746William Curtis: English Botanist / publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • 1750Johann Jakob Walder: Composer
  • 1801John Lodge Ellerton: Composer
  • 1807Alfred Eugene "Mudwall" Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1807Ezra Cornell: Founder (Western Union Telegraph, Cornell University)
  • 1808Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian historian / archaeologist
  • 1814James Paget: English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1814Richard Griffith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1816Fitz-Henry Warren: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1818John Reese Kenly: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1831James Ronald Chalmers: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1839Eugenio Maria de Hostos: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / Scholar
  • 1842William James: United States -- Psychologist / philosopher
  • 1849Oskar Lassar: German dermatologist (bath house)
  • 1850J C Arthur: Lowville, New York -- Botanist (studied rusts)
  • 1850Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary: Famous philatelist
  • 1852Konstantin Fehrenbach: German chancellor (1920-21)
  • 1853Gustav Falke: German author / poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
  • 1856Christian August Sinding: Kongsberg, Norway -- Composer
  • 1857Fred[erick J] Archer: English jockey (won 5 Derbys)
  • 1859[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • 1860Marie Bashkirtseff: Russian / French painter / author (Journal)
  • 1864Thomas Dixon: US attorney / playwright (Flaming Sword)

Died on January 11

  • 0705John VI: Catholic Pope (701-05)
  • 1055Constantine IX Monomachos: Emperor of Byzantium
  • 1552Johannes Cochlaeus [Dobeneck]: German humanist / theologist
  • 1641Franciscus Gomarus [Francois Gomaer]: French theologist
  • 1650Paul Hallman: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1674Jan Zoet: Actor / playwright / Poet (Brutal-Roffel), dies at 58
  • 1753Hans Sloane: English Physician (British Museum), dies at 92
  • 1775Yemelyan Pugachov: Don Cossack rebel, executed by tsarist Russia
  • 1784Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Francis Lightfoot Lee: US farmer (singer Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1801Domenico Cimarosa: Italian Composer (Matrimonio segreto), dies at 51
  • 1843Francis Scott Key: Composer (Star Spangled Banner), dies at 63
  • 1847Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld]: German author, dies at 83
  • 1870Adolf Ganz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1877Pietro Romani: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1893Benjamin F Butler: US General / Presidential Candidate (anti-monopoly), dies at 74
  • 1898Gaetano Capocci: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1901Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1914Ambrose Bierce: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1923Constantine I: King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54
  • 1928Thomas Hardy: Novelist (Maddening Crowd), dies near Dorchester at 87
  • 1929Julio Antonio Mella: Cuban revolutionary, murdered at about 28
  • 1931Oscar Fetras: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1944Galeazzo Count of Cortellazzo Ciano: Italian politician
  • 1950Karin Michaelis: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1952Jean JM de Lattre de Tassigny: General (N-Africa / Indo-China), dies at 61
  • 1953Ernst H Ridder Rappard: Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • 1953Marcel Canneel: Flemish painter, dies at 58
  • 1953Noach Zjordanija: Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • 1954Edgar Tytgat: Flemish Painter / etcher / drawer, dies at 77