Events on Jan 11

  • 0314St. Militiades ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0532Nika-revolt against Justianus and Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople
  • 1158Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes King
  • 1558Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm
  • 1571Emperor Maximilian II grants Austrian adel freedom of religion
  • 1599Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java with pepper, clove and muskaat
  • 1642Isaac Newton is elected a member of Royal Society
  • 1693Mt Etna erupts, Sicily
  • 1753Ferdinand VI of Spain and Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord
  • 17591st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia
  • 1774Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
  • 1775Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
  • 1785Continental Congress convenes in New York City
  • 1787Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel
  • 1790Statisten and Vonckisten unite as Belgium
  • 1803Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy Louisiana
  • 1805Michigan Territory organizes
  • 18131st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1 / 21)
  • 1839Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
  • 1861Alabama becomes 4th state to secede
  • 1863Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama and USS Hatteras
  • 1863Union forces capture Arkansas Post or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • 1864Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865Battle of Beverly, West Virginia
  • 1879Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
  • 1892Hawaiian Historical Society founded
  • 1892Paul Gauguin marries a 13-year-old Tahitian girl
  • 1892William D McCoy of Indiana appointed US Minister to Liberia
  • 1893Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)
  • 1897M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)

Born on Jan 11

  • 1403Jan IV: Duke of Brabant / Limburg
  • 1449Domenico Ghirlandajo: Italy -- Renaissance painter
  • 1503Francesco Parmigianino: Italian artist (Madonna with the Long Neck)
  • 1703Columban Praelisauer: Composer
  • 1720Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck: Utrechts regent
  • 1727Franz Sebastian Haindl: Composer
  • 1746Frantisek Adam Mica: Composer
  • 1746William Curtis: English Botanist / publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • 1750Johann Jakob Walder: Composer
  • 1801John Lodge Ellerton: Composer
  • 1807Alfred Eugene "Mudwall" Jackson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1807Ezra Cornell: Founder (Western Union Telegraph, Cornell University)
  • 1808Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian historian / archaeologist
  • 1814James Paget: English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1814Richard Griffith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1816Fitz-Henry Warren: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 1818John Reese Kenly: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1831James Ronald Chalmers: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 1839Eugenio Maria de Hostos: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / Scholar
  • 1842William James: United States -- Psychologist / philosopher
  • 1849Oskar Lassar: German dermatologist (bath house)
  • 1850J C Arthur: Lowville, New York -- Botanist (studied rusts)
  • 1850Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary: Famous philatelist
  • 1852Konstantin Fehrenbach: German chancellor (1920-21)
  • 1853Gustav Falke: German author / poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
  • 1856Christian August Sinding: Kongsberg, Norway -- Composer
  • 1857Fred[erick J] Archer: English jockey (won 5 Derbys)
  • 1859[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • 1860Marie Bashkirtseff: Russian / French painter / author (Journal)
  • 1864Thomas Dixon: US attorney / playwright (Flaming Sword)

Died on Jan 11

  • 0705John VI: Catholic Pope (701-05)
  • 1055Constantine IX Monomachos: Emperor of Byzantium
  • 1552Johannes Cochlaeus [Dobeneck]: German humanist / theologist
  • 1641Franciscus Gomarus [Francois Gomaer]: French theologist
  • 1650Paul Hallman: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1674Jan Zoet: Actor / playwright / Poet (Brutal-Roffel), dies at 58
  • 1753Hans Sloane: English Physician (British Museum), dies at 92
  • 1775Yemelyan Pugachov: Don Cossack rebel, executed by tsarist Russia
  • 1784Ferdinand Philipp Joseph Lobkowitz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1797Francis Lightfoot Lee: US farmer (singer Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1801Domenico Cimarosa: Italian Composer (Matrimonio segreto), dies at 51
  • 1843Francis Scott Key: Composer (Star Spangled Banner), dies at 63
  • 1847Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld]: German author, dies at 83
  • 1870Adolf Ganz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1877Pietro Romani: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1893Benjamin F Butler: US General / Presidential Candidate (anti-monopoly), dies at 74
  • 1898Gaetano Capocci: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1901Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1914Ambrose Bierce: Writer, dies at 71
  • 1923Constantine I: King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54
  • 1928Thomas Hardy: Novelist (Maddening Crowd), dies near Dorchester at 87
  • 1929Julio Antonio Mella: Cuban revolutionary, murdered at about 28
  • 1931Oscar Fetras: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1944Galeazzo Count of Cortellazzo Ciano: Italian politician
  • 1950Karin Michaelis: Writer, dies at 77
  • 1952Jean JM de Lattre de Tassigny: General (N-Africa / Indo-China), dies at 61
  • 1953Ernst H Ridder Rappard: Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • 1953Marcel Canneel: Flemish painter, dies at 58
  • 1953Noach Zjordanija: Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • 1954Edgar Tytgat: Flemish Painter / etcher / drawer, dies at 77

Historical events on January 12

  • 1493Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1552Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
  • 1583Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1 / 1 / 1583)
  • 1598Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1684French King Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon
  • 1701Frisia and Groningen begin use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1701Parts of the Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1755Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
  • 17731st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)
  • 1777Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • 1806French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden Neth, 150 die
  • 1809British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 18121st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 1836Battle of Wetumka, Florida
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia
  • 1839Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842Franciscan nuns begin Missionary work on Netherlands Antilles
  • 1861FL state troops demand surrender of Ft Pickens
  • 1863President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1879British Zulu War begins: Lieutenant General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • 18961st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • 1900Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1903Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
  • 1903Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • 1904Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
  • 19061st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Born on January 12

  • 1483Hendrik van Nassau-Dillenburg en Dietz: Gov / Viceroy of Holland
  • 1492Andreas Alicatus: Italian author
  • 1562Charles Emanuel I [the great]: Duke of Savoy
  • 1576Peter Scriverius: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1580Jean Baptiste van Helmont: Belgian chemist (found boiling pt temp)
  • 1588Jose Ribera [Lo Spagnoletto]: Spanish painter
  • 1599Adrian van Utrecht: Flemish painter
  • 1638Ernst R Tarhemberg: Austrian Field Marshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1665Pierre de Fermat: French lawyer / mathematician
  • 1674Reinhard Keiser: Composer
  • 1711Gaetano Latilla: Composer
  • 1715Jacques Duphly: Composer
  • 1729Lazzaro Spallanzani: Modena, Italy -- Physiologist
  • 1730Johann Joachim Christoph Bode: Composer
  • 1737Brizio Petrucci: Composer
  • 1749Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff: Austrian Earl / Prince / diplomat
  • 1751Ferdinand I: King of Sicily and Naples
  • 1751Jacob M R Lenz: Writer (Das Leidende Weib)
  • 1780Wilhelm M L de Wette: German exegetist / theologist
  • 1783Erik Gustaf Geijer: Swedish historian / poet (Natthimmelen)
  • 1792Robert Patterson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1804Hippolyte Monpou: Composer
  • 1807Jan T Beelen: Dutch / Belgian bible expert
  • 1808Paul "the Great" Taglioni: Vienna, Austria -- Ballet choreographer
  • 1810Ferdinand II: King of Sicily
  • 1814Jones Mitchell Withers: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
  • 1819Zealous Bates Tower: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 1821Nikolai Afanisev: Composer
  • 1825Joseph Robert Davis: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1826Charles Cruft: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

Died on January 12

  • 0689Benedict Biscop: English saint
  • 1167Aelred of Hexham / Rievaulx: English abbot / saint, dies at about 56
  • 1390Peter van Herenthals: Dutch Theologist / church historian, dies at 67
  • 1519Maximilian I of Hapsburg: German kaiser
  • 1537Lorenzo di Credi: Italian painter
  • 1674Giacomo Carissimi: Italian bandmaster / Composer (Jephta), dies at 68
  • 1759Anne of Hannover: English princess, dies at 49
  • 1765Johann Melchior Molter: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1807Adriaan Kluit: Dutch historian, dies at 71
  • 1807Joan Lucaz: Dutch Scholar / journalist / patriot, dies at 60
  • 1829Friedrich von Schlegel: German cultural philosopher / poet, dies at 56
  • 1829Michael Gottard Fischer: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1839Joseph A Koch: Aust Painter / cartoonist / etcher / illustrator, dies at 70
  • 1851Johan Herman Koekkoek: Painter, dies at 72
  • 1860Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop on Curacao (christened slaves), dies at 63
  • 1867Victor Cousin: French philosopher / Minister of Education, dies at 74
  • 1925Oskar Brefeld: German botanist, dies at 85
  • 1928Ruth Snyder: 1st woman to die in electric chair
  • 1933Vaclav Suk: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1940Erich R Jaensch: German psychologist (eidetiek), dies at 56
  • 1943Jan R T Campert: Dutch resistance fighter / Poet (18 Dead), dies at 40
  • 1947Jonas Cohn: German / English philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1950Koos van de Griend: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1953Simeon Roncal: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1956John Raedecker: Dutch Sculptor (WWII Monument Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • 1956Norman Kerry: Actor (Air Eagles, Phantom of Opera), dies at 61
  • 1958Arthur Shepherd: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1960Nevil Shute [Norway]: Eng / Aust Author (Town like Alice), dies at 60
  • 1962Richard de Guide: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1965Lorraine Hansberry: US playwright, dies in NYC, dies at 34