Events on Jan 12

  • 1493Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1552Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
  • 1583Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1 / 1 / 1583)
  • 1598Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1684French King Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon
  • 1701Frisia and Groningen begin use of Gregorian calendar
  • 1701Parts of the Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1755Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
  • 17731st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)
  • 1777Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
  • 1806French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden Neth, 150 die
  • 1809British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 18121st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 1836Battle of Wetumka, Florida
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia
  • 1839Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842Franciscan nuns begin Missionary work on Netherlands Antilles
  • 1861FL state troops demand surrender of Ft Pickens
  • 1863President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1879British Zulu War begins: Lieutenant General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • 18961st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • 1900Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1903Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
  • 1903Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • 1904Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
  • 19061st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Born on Jan 12

  • 1483Hendrik van Nassau-Dillenburg en Dietz: Gov / Viceroy of Holland
  • 1492Andreas Alicatus: Italian author
  • 1562Charles Emanuel I [the great]: Duke of Savoy
  • 1576Peter Scriverius: Dutch lawyer / historian
  • 1580Jean Baptiste van Helmont: Belgian chemist (found boiling pt temp)
  • 1588Jose Ribera [Lo Spagnoletto]: Spanish painter
  • 1599Adrian van Utrecht: Flemish painter
  • 1638Ernst R Tarhemberg: Austrian Field Marshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1665Pierre de Fermat: French lawyer / mathematician
  • 1674Reinhard Keiser: Composer
  • 1711Gaetano Latilla: Composer
  • 1715Jacques Duphly: Composer
  • 1729Lazzaro Spallanzani: Modena, Italy -- Physiologist
  • 1730Johann Joachim Christoph Bode: Composer
  • 1737Brizio Petrucci: Composer
  • 1749Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff: Austrian Earl / Prince / diplomat
  • 1751Ferdinand I: King of Sicily and Naples
  • 1751Jacob M R Lenz: Writer (Das Leidende Weib)
  • 1780Wilhelm M L de Wette: German exegetist / theologist
  • 1783Erik Gustaf Geijer: Swedish historian / poet (Natthimmelen)
  • 1792Robert Patterson: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1804Hippolyte Monpou: Composer
  • 1807Jan T Beelen: Dutch / Belgian bible expert
  • 1808Paul "the Great" Taglioni: Vienna, Austria -- Ballet choreographer
  • 1810Ferdinand II: King of Sicily
  • 1814Jones Mitchell Withers: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
  • 1819Zealous Bates Tower: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 1821Nikolai Afanisev: Composer
  • 1825Joseph Robert Davis: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1826Charles Cruft: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883

Died on Jan 12

  • 0689Benedict Biscop: English saint
  • 1167Aelred of Hexham / Rievaulx: English abbot / saint, dies at about 56
  • 1390Peter van Herenthals: Dutch Theologist / church historian, dies at 67
  • 1519Maximilian I of Hapsburg: German kaiser
  • 1537Lorenzo di Credi: Italian painter
  • 1674Giacomo Carissimi: Italian bandmaster / Composer (Jephta), dies at 68
  • 1759Anne of Hannover: English princess, dies at 49
  • 1765Johann Melchior Molter: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1807Adriaan Kluit: Dutch historian, dies at 71
  • 1807Joan Lucaz: Dutch Scholar / journalist / patriot, dies at 60
  • 1829Friedrich von Schlegel: German cultural philosopher / poet, dies at 56
  • 1829Michael Gottard Fischer: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1839Joseph A Koch: Aust Painter / cartoonist / etcher / illustrator, dies at 70
  • 1851Johan Herman Koekkoek: Painter, dies at 72
  • 1860Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop on Curacao (christened slaves), dies at 63
  • 1867Victor Cousin: French philosopher / Minister of Education, dies at 74
  • 1925Oskar Brefeld: German botanist, dies at 85
  • 1928Ruth Snyder: 1st woman to die in electric chair
  • 1933Vaclav Suk: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1940Erich R Jaensch: German psychologist (eidetiek), dies at 56
  • 1943Jan R T Campert: Dutch resistance fighter / Poet (18 Dead), dies at 40
  • 1947Jonas Cohn: German / English philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1950Koos van de Griend: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1953Simeon Roncal: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1956John Raedecker: Dutch Sculptor (WWII Monument Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • 1956Norman Kerry: Actor (Air Eagles, Phantom of Opera), dies at 61
  • 1958Arthur Shepherd: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1960Nevil Shute [Norway]: Eng / Aust Author (Town like Alice), dies at 60
  • 1962Richard de Guide: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1965Lorraine Hansberry: US playwright, dies in NYC, dies at 34

Historical events on January 13

  • 0888Duke Odo becomes King of West-France
  • 1099Crusaders set fire to Mara Syria
  • 1547Earl Henry Howard of Surrey sentenced to death
  • 1559Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
  • 1610Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
  • 1630Patent to Plymouth Colony issued
  • 1695Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
  • 1733James Oglethorpe and 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1785John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times
  • 1794Congress changes US flag to 15 stars and 15 stripes
  • 1830Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 1854Anthony Foss patents accordion
  • 1863Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, New York City
  • 1863Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
  • 1869Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
  • 1869National convention of black leaders meets in Washington DC
  • 1873P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana Governor
  • 1874Battle between jobless and police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • 1874US troops land in Honolulu to protect the King
  • 1882Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
  • 1883Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430
  • 1888National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1893British Independent Labor Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • 1894Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • 1902Textile workers strike in Enschede Netherlands till June 1
  • 19061st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
  • 1908French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip
  • 1908Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
  • 1911Roald Amundsens anchors at Walvis Bay
  • 1914IWW-leader / songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

Born on January 13

  • 1381St Colette: Abbess / Reformer (Poor Clares)
  • 1406Matteo Palmieri: Italian writer (Della vita civile)
  • 1505Joachim II Hector: Ruler (Brandenburg)
  • 1596Jan J Goyen: Dutch landscape painter
  • 1616Antoinette Bourignon: Flemish mystic / French religious fanatic
  • 1628Charles Perrault: France -- Lawyer / writer (Mother Goose)
  • 1683Johann Christoph Graupner: German composer
  • 1690Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel: Composer
  • 1727Johann Christoph Schmugel: Composer
  • 1734Luca Sorkocevic: Composer
  • 1778Anton Fischer: Composer
  • 1788Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer
  • 1802Eduard von Bauernfeld: Vienna, Austria -- Comedic playwright
  • 1807Napoleon Bonaparte Buford: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1808Salmon P Chase: (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • 1812Humphrey Marshall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1815William Henry French: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1824Ignacy Marceli Komorowski: Composer
  • 1835Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns: Belgian jurist / Minister of the Interior
  • 1850Leon Francis Victor Caron: Composer
  • 1859Karl Bleibtreu: German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 1864Wilhelm K W Wien: German phyicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1866Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer
  • 1869Emanuele F: Duke of Aosta, Italian General (WWI) / fascist
  • 1870Henryk Opienski: Polish composer / conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • 1874Jozef E van Roey: Flemish Cardinal / Archbishop of Mechlin
  • 1884Johannes Elsensohn: Dutch actor / writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
  • 1884Sophie Tucker [Kalish]: Russia -- Singer / last of red hot mammas
  • 1892Paul Smart: United States -- Yachtsman (1948 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1893Clarke Ashton Smith: United States -- Sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)

Died on January 13

  • 0533Remigius van Reims: 1st Bishop of Reims (459-533) / saint, dies about 96
  • 0858Aethelwolf: King of Wessex (Battle at Aclea)
  • 0888Charles III [the Fat One]: King of Franconia / Roman Emperor
  • 1049Derrick IV: Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle
  • 1177Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg: Duke of Austria
  • 1307Arnoud van Foreest: Dom deacon of Utrecht
  • 1330Frederick III [the Handsome]: Duke of Austrian / German anti-king
  • 1599Edmund Spenser: Poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
  • 1625Pieter Bruegel "the Older": (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter
  • 1651Abraham C Bloemaert: Painter / cartoonist / engraver, dies at 86
  • 1682Simon van Leeuwen: Dutch lawyer / historian, dies at 55
  • 1691George Fox: Founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • 1702Peter Rabus: Dutch Poet / translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41
  • 1762Leonhard Trautsch: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1795Francois-Joseph Krafft: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1797Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern: Wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
  • 1828Alexandre-Auguste Robineau: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1838Ferdinand Reis: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1864Stephen Foster: Composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York
  • 1879WF Hendrik the Navigator: Prince of the Netherlands / Viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
  • 1892Charles Albert White: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1901Carlo Angeloni: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Thomas P Krag: Norw Author / Novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • 1914Bernardus H Heldt: Dutch MP, dies at 72
  • 1914Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1924Georg H Quincke: German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • 1928Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer, dies at 57
  • 1929Wyatt Earp: US marshall (OK Corral), dies at 80
  • 1930C-E Auguste Rateau: French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66
  • 1934Jean-Baptiste Marchand: Soldier / explorer (Sudan), dies at 70