Events on Jan 13

  • 0888Duke Odo becomes King of West-France
  • 1099Crusaders set fire to Mara Syria
  • 1547Earl Henry Howard of Surrey sentenced to death
  • 1559Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
  • 1610Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
  • 1630Patent to Plymouth Colony issued
  • 1695Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
  • 1733James Oglethorpe and 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1785John Walter publishes 1st issue of London Times
  • 1794Congress changes US flag to 15 stars and 15 stripes
  • 1830Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 1854Anthony Foss patents accordion
  • 1863Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, New York City
  • 1863Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
  • 1869Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
  • 1869National convention of black leaders meets in Washington DC
  • 1873P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana Governor
  • 1874Battle between jobless and police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • 1874US troops land in Honolulu to protect the King
  • 1882Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
  • 1883Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430
  • 1888National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
  • 1893British Independent Labor Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • 1894Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • 1902Textile workers strike in Enschede Netherlands till June 1
  • 19061st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
  • 1908French pilot Henry Farman is 1st European to fly roundtrip
  • 1908Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
  • 1911Roald Amundsens anchors at Walvis Bay
  • 1914IWW-leader / songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

Born on Jan 13

  • 1381St Colette: Abbess / Reformer (Poor Clares)
  • 1406Matteo Palmieri: Italian writer (Della vita civile)
  • 1505Joachim II Hector: Ruler (Brandenburg)
  • 1596Jan J Goyen: Dutch landscape painter
  • 1616Antoinette Bourignon: Flemish mystic / French religious fanatic
  • 1628Charles Perrault: France -- Lawyer / writer (Mother Goose)
  • 1683Johann Christoph Graupner: German composer
  • 1690Gottfried Heinrich Stolzel: Composer
  • 1727Johann Christoph Schmugel: Composer
  • 1734Luca Sorkocevic: Composer
  • 1778Anton Fischer: Composer
  • 1788Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer
  • 1802Eduard von Bauernfeld: Vienna, Austria -- Comedic playwright
  • 1807Napoleon Bonaparte Buford: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1808Salmon P Chase: (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • 1812Humphrey Marshall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1815William Henry French: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1824Ignacy Marceli Komorowski: Composer
  • 1835Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns: Belgian jurist / Minister of the Interior
  • 1850Leon Francis Victor Caron: Composer
  • 1859Karl Bleibtreu: German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 1864Wilhelm K W Wien: German phyicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1866Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer
  • 1869Emanuele F: Duke of Aosta, Italian General (WWI) / fascist
  • 1870Henryk Opienski: Polish composer / conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • 1874Jozef E van Roey: Flemish Cardinal / Archbishop of Mechlin
  • 1884Johannes Elsensohn: Dutch actor / writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
  • 1884Sophie Tucker [Kalish]: Russia -- Singer / last of red hot mammas
  • 1892Paul Smart: United States -- Yachtsman (1948 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1893Clarke Ashton Smith: United States -- Sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)

Died on Jan 13

  • 0533Remigius van Reims: 1st Bishop of Reims (459-533) / saint, dies about 96
  • 0858Aethelwolf: King of Wessex (Battle at Aclea)
  • 0888Charles III [the Fat One]: King of Franconia / Roman Emperor
  • 1049Derrick IV: Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle
  • 1177Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg: Duke of Austria
  • 1307Arnoud van Foreest: Dom deacon of Utrecht
  • 1330Frederick III [the Handsome]: Duke of Austrian / German anti-king
  • 1599Edmund Spenser: Poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
  • 1625Pieter Bruegel "the Older": (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter
  • 1651Abraham C Bloemaert: Painter / cartoonist / engraver, dies at 86
  • 1682Simon van Leeuwen: Dutch lawyer / historian, dies at 55
  • 1691George Fox: Founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • 1702Peter Rabus: Dutch Poet / translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41
  • 1762Leonhard Trautsch: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1795Francois-Joseph Krafft: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1797Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern: Wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
  • 1828Alexandre-Auguste Robineau: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1838Ferdinand Reis: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1864Stephen Foster: Composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York
  • 1879WF Hendrik the Navigator: Prince of the Netherlands / Viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
  • 1892Charles Albert White: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1901Carlo Angeloni: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1913Thomas P Krag: Norw Author / Novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • 1914Bernardus H Heldt: Dutch MP, dies at 72
  • 1914Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1924Georg H Quincke: German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • 1928Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer, dies at 57
  • 1929Wyatt Earp: US marshall (OK Corral), dies at 80
  • 1930C-E Auguste Rateau: French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66
  • 1934Jean-Baptiste Marchand: Soldier / explorer (Sudan), dies at 70

Historical events on January 14

  • 1236English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
  • 1526Charles V and Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1526Francis I forced to give up claims in Burgundy, Italy and Flanders
  • 1601Church authorities burn hebrew books in Rome
  • 16391st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford
  • 1639Rodger Ludlow publishes"Fundamental Orders of Connecticut"
  • 1641United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed
  • 1659Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1699Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739England and Spain signs 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1783Congress ratifies peace treaty between US and England
  • 1784Revolutionary War ends; Congress ratifies Treaty of Paris
  • 1785Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)
  • 1794Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation on his wife
  • 1799Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
  • 1799King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1847Conspiracy in New Mexico against US
  • 1858French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1861Ft Pikens, Florida falls into state hands
  • 1863Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee
  • 1864General Sherman begins his march to the South
  • 1868NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868SC constitutional convention, meets with a black majority
  • 1873"Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • 1873P B S Pinchback elected to Senate

Born on January 14

  • 1451Franchinus Gaffurius: Composer
  • 1566Angelo Notari: Composer
  • 1592Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan: Leader of India
  • 1615John Biddle: English Minister (Unitarian)
  • 1618Jan Six: Dutch Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1655Angelo Predieri: Composer
  • 1664Simon van Slingelandt: Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36)
  • 1684Jean-Baptiste Vanloo: French painter
  • 1705Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier / Lozier-Bouvet: Governor (Reunion Is)
  • 1722Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer: Composer
  • 1751Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter: Composer
  • 1780Francois-Joseph Dizi: Composer
  • 1798Isaac da Costa: Dutch writer / lawyer
  • 1798Johan R Thorbecke: Premier of the Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
  • 1804John Park: Composer
  • 1806Matthew Fontaine Maury: Naval Commander (Confederacy)
  • 1812Carl Gradener: Composer
  • 1814Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer
  • 1817Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch poet / editor (Iduna)
  • 1819Fabio Campana: Composer
  • 1819Frederick Steele: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1822Nicholas Mori: Composer
  • 1831John Bullock Clark, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 1834William Cleaver Francis Robinson: Composer
  • 1836[Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1839Emil Bohn: Composer
  • 1841Berthe M P Morisot: French painter / aquarellist
  • 1844Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer
  • 1845Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice: 5th marquess of Landsdowne / Governor-General of Canada
  • 1850Jean de Reszke [Jan Mieczyslaw]: Polish tenor

Died on January 14

  • 0973Ekkehard I: Monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis)
  • 1163Ladislaus I Arpad: King of Hungary (1162-63)
  • 1301Andreas III Arpad: King of Hungary (1290-1301), dies at 50
  • 1595Ferdinand: Archduke of Austria / Mayor of Bohemenia
  • 1623Paolo Sarpi: Italian church Historian / politician, dies at 70
  • 1648Casparus Barleaus: Flemish Theologist / Poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
  • 1742Edmund Halley: Genius eclipsed by Newton, dies at 85
  • 1766Frederik V: King of Denmark / Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
  • 1802Marie Allard: French ballerina, dies at 59
  • 1817Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1822Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell: German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • 1830Johann G Repsold: German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • 1847Gov Bent: 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • 1868Heinrich Schenker: Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66
  • 1887Friedrich von Amerling: Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • 1887Peter "Peerke" Donders: Missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
  • 1888Stephen Heller: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1898Lewis Carroll: Writer (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 65
  • 1901Charles Hermite: French Mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78
  • 1901Mandell Creighton: English Bishop / historian, dies at 57
  • 1901Victor Balaguer: Catalaans Historian / politician / author, dies at 76
  • 1902Cato M Guldberg: Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1905Ernst Abbe: German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1907Karl von Perfall: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1908Holger Drachmann: Writer
  • 1909Sinovi P Rozhestvensky: Russian Admiral, dies at 60
  • 1912Otto Liebmann: German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1916Otto Ammon: German anthropologist / sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1924Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • 1925Willem Devout: Self employed (V & Dreesmann)