Events on Jan 14

  • 1236English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
  • 1526Charles V and Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1526Francis I forced to give up claims in Burgundy, Italy and Flanders
  • 1601Church authorities burn hebrew books in Rome
  • 16391st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford
  • 1639Rodger Ludlow publishes"Fundamental Orders of Connecticut"
  • 1641United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malakka, 7,000 killed
  • 1659Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1699Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739England and Spain signs 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1783Congress ratifies peace treaty between US and England
  • 1784Revolutionary War ends; Congress ratifies Treaty of Paris
  • 1785Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)
  • 1794Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation on his wife
  • 1799Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets
  • 1799King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1847Conspiracy in New Mexico against US
  • 1858French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1861Ft Pikens, Florida falls into state hands
  • 1863Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee
  • 1864General Sherman begins his march to the South
  • 1868NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868SC constitutional convention, meets with a black majority
  • 1873"Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • 1873P B S Pinchback elected to Senate

Born on Jan 14

  • 1451Franchinus Gaffurius: Composer
  • 1566Angelo Notari: Composer
  • 1592Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan: Leader of India
  • 1615John Biddle: English Minister (Unitarian)
  • 1618Jan Six: Dutch Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1655Angelo Predieri: Composer
  • 1664Simon van Slingelandt: Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36)
  • 1684Jean-Baptiste Vanloo: French painter
  • 1705Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier / Lozier-Bouvet: Governor (Reunion Is)
  • 1722Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer: Composer
  • 1751Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter: Composer
  • 1780Francois-Joseph Dizi: Composer
  • 1798Isaac da Costa: Dutch writer / lawyer
  • 1798Johan R Thorbecke: Premier of the Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
  • 1804John Park: Composer
  • 1806Matthew Fontaine Maury: Naval Commander (Confederacy)
  • 1812Carl Gradener: Composer
  • 1814Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer
  • 1817Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch poet / editor (Iduna)
  • 1819Fabio Campana: Composer
  • 1819Frederick Steele: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1822Nicholas Mori: Composer
  • 1831John Bullock Clark, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 1834William Cleaver Francis Robinson: Composer
  • 1836[Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1881
  • 1839Emil Bohn: Composer
  • 1841Berthe M P Morisot: French painter / aquarellist
  • 1844Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer
  • 1845Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice: 5th marquess of Landsdowne / Governor-General of Canada
  • 1850Jean de Reszke [Jan Mieczyslaw]: Polish tenor

Died on Jan 14

  • 0973Ekkehard I: Monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis)
  • 1163Ladislaus I Arpad: King of Hungary (1162-63)
  • 1301Andreas III Arpad: King of Hungary (1290-1301), dies at 50
  • 1595Ferdinand: Archduke of Austria / Mayor of Bohemenia
  • 1623Paolo Sarpi: Italian church Historian / politician, dies at 70
  • 1648Casparus Barleaus: Flemish Theologist / Poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
  • 1742Edmund Halley: Genius eclipsed by Newton, dies at 85
  • 1766Frederik V: King of Denmark / Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
  • 1802Marie Allard: French ballerina, dies at 59
  • 1817Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1822Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell: German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • 1830Johann G Repsold: German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • 1847Gov Bent: 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • 1868Heinrich Schenker: Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66
  • 1887Friedrich von Amerling: Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • 1887Peter "Peerke" Donders: Missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
  • 1888Stephen Heller: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1898Lewis Carroll: Writer (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 65
  • 1901Charles Hermite: French Mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78
  • 1901Mandell Creighton: English Bishop / historian, dies at 57
  • 1901Victor Balaguer: Catalaans Historian / politician / author, dies at 76
  • 1902Cato M Guldberg: Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1905Ernst Abbe: German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1907Karl von Perfall: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1908Holger Drachmann: Writer
  • 1909Sinovi P Rozhestvensky: Russian Admiral, dies at 60
  • 1912Otto Liebmann: German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1916Otto Ammon: German anthropologist / sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1924Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • 1925Willem Devout: Self employed (V & Dreesmann)

Historical events on January 15

  • 0708Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 0946Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded / ousted
  • 1346Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland / Zealand
  • 1535Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
  • 1552France signs secret treaty with German Protestants
  • 15623rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754Riot at burial of doelist Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
  • 1759British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1762Fraunces Tavern opens in New York City
  • 1777People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1785Mozarts string quartet opus 10 premieres
  • 17971st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
  • 18311st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr and Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 18311st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1833HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 18471st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in New York City
  • 1851Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • 18571st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
  • 1861Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
  • 18631st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
  • 1877US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 18821st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1886Weekly Herald, 1st Vancouver, BC newspaper, publishes 1st issue
  • 1892Basketball rules published in Triangle Magazine, Massachusetts

Born on January 15

  • 1432Afonso V "the African": King of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1507Johann Oporinus [Herbster]: Switzerland -- Book publisher (Koran)
  • 1567Black Box [Catherine Quinol]: Guadeloupe -- Vocalist (Love Sensation)
  • 1715Georg C Wagenzeil: Austria -- Composer / pianist
  • 1716Philip Livingston: Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1730John Malchair: Composer
  • 1733Joseph Lederer: Composer
  • 1742Eugene Godecharle: Composer
  • 1779Jean Coralli: Paris, France -- Ballet producer / choreographer
  • 1791Franz Gillparzer: Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 1795Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / man of letters
  • 1798Thomas Crofton Croker: Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • 1809Cornelia Connelly: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus)
  • 1809Pierre Joseph Proudhon: France -- Politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1813James Marion Sims: South Carolina, United States -- Surgeon / gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1815Henry Morris Naglee: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1817Lewis Golding Arnold: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1871
  • 1821Lafayette McLaws: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1826Mikhail Saltykov: Spas-Ugol, Russia -- Satirist (Family of Noblemen)
  • 1845Ella Flagg Young: 1st woman President (National Educational Association)
  • 1845Heinrich Vogl: Composer
  • 1850Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici]: Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 1850Sonya Kurtovsky Kovalevsky: Mathemetician (Academy of Science)
  • 1858Giovanni Segantini: Italy -- Painter
  • 1863Adolph Goldschmidt: German historian
  • 1863Wilhelm Marx: Premier (Prussia)
  • 1868Noach Zjordanija: Georgian veterinarian / Premier (1918-21)
  • 1870Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer (Greenland)
  • 1871Bertram Shapleigh: Composer
  • 1873Max Adler: Austria -- Sociologist / socialist theorist

Died on January 15

  • 1208Peter of Castelnau: French nobleman, murdered
  • 1684Caspar Netscher: Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48
  • 1705Walraad [the Young]: Earl of Nassau-Ottweiler / gov of Nijmegen
  • 1744Charles-Hubert Gervais: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1755Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaia: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1765Carlmann Kolb: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1775Giovanni Battista Sammartini: Composer
  • 1788Gaetano Latilla: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1812Johannes Herbst: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1816Henry Harington: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1844Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1896Matthew B Brady: US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72
  • 1904Eduard Lassen: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1909Ernest Reyer: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1909Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1911Wilhelm Berger: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1915Guillaume Couture: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1919Karl Liebknecht: Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47
  • 1919Rosa Luxemburg: Marxist revolutionary, murdered
  • 1924Geza Zichy: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1926Enrico Toselli: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1932Georg Kerschensteiner: German educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1934Hermann Bahr: Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1942Melvin Winfield Sheppard: Runner (1908, 12 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 58
  • 1949Black Dahlia: Murder victim found in LA (basis of the movie)
  • 1949Pompeo Aloisi: Italian Baron / diplomat / senator, dies at 63
  • 1953Viktor Patrick Vretblad: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1955Yves Tanguy: French / American sailor / surrealistic painter
  • 1961Francesco Maria Saraceni: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1962Kenneth MacKenna: Actor (Men Without Women), dies of cancer at 62