Events on Jan 15

  • 0708Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 0946Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded / ousted
  • 1346Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland / Zealand
  • 1535Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
  • 1552France signs secret treaty with German Protestants
  • 15623rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754Riot at burial of doelist Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
  • 1759British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1762Fraunces Tavern opens in New York City
  • 1777People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1785Mozarts string quartet opus 10 premieres
  • 17971st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
  • 18311st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr and Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 18311st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1833HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 18471st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in New York City
  • 1851Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • 18571st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
  • 1861Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
  • 18631st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
  • 1877US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 18821st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1886Weekly Herald, 1st Vancouver, BC newspaper, publishes 1st issue
  • 1892Basketball rules published in Triangle Magazine, Massachusetts

Born on Jan 15

  • 1432Afonso V "the African": King of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1507Johann Oporinus [Herbster]: Switzerland -- Book publisher (Koran)
  • 1567Black Box [Catherine Quinol]: Guadeloupe -- Vocalist (Love Sensation)
  • 1715Georg C Wagenzeil: Austria -- Composer / pianist
  • 1716Philip Livingston: Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1730John Malchair: Composer
  • 1733Joseph Lederer: Composer
  • 1742Eugene Godecharle: Composer
  • 1779Jean Coralli: Paris, France -- Ballet producer / choreographer
  • 1791Franz Gillparzer: Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 1795Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / man of letters
  • 1798Thomas Crofton Croker: Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • 1809Cornelia Connelly: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus)
  • 1809Pierre Joseph Proudhon: France -- Politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1813James Marion Sims: South Carolina, United States -- Surgeon / gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1815Henry Morris Naglee: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1817Lewis Golding Arnold: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1871
  • 1821Lafayette McLaws: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1826Mikhail Saltykov: Spas-Ugol, Russia -- Satirist (Family of Noblemen)
  • 1845Ella Flagg Young: 1st woman President (National Educational Association)
  • 1845Heinrich Vogl: Composer
  • 1850Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici]: Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 1850Sonya Kurtovsky Kovalevsky: Mathemetician (Academy of Science)
  • 1858Giovanni Segantini: Italy -- Painter
  • 1863Adolph Goldschmidt: German historian
  • 1863Wilhelm Marx: Premier (Prussia)
  • 1868Noach Zjordanija: Georgian veterinarian / Premier (1918-21)
  • 1870Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer (Greenland)
  • 1871Bertram Shapleigh: Composer
  • 1873Max Adler: Austria -- Sociologist / socialist theorist

Died on Jan 15

  • 1208Peter of Castelnau: French nobleman, murdered
  • 1684Caspar Netscher: Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48
  • 1705Walraad [the Young]: Earl of Nassau-Ottweiler / gov of Nijmegen
  • 1744Charles-Hubert Gervais: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1755Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaia: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1765Carlmann Kolb: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1775Giovanni Battista Sammartini: Composer
  • 1788Gaetano Latilla: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1812Johannes Herbst: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1816Henry Harington: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1844Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1896Matthew B Brady: US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72
  • 1904Eduard Lassen: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1909Ernest Reyer: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1909Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1911Wilhelm Berger: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1915Guillaume Couture: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1919Karl Liebknecht: Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47
  • 1919Rosa Luxemburg: Marxist revolutionary, murdered
  • 1924Geza Zichy: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1926Enrico Toselli: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1932Georg Kerschensteiner: German educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1934Hermann Bahr: Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1942Melvin Winfield Sheppard: Runner (1908, 12 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 58
  • 1949Black Dahlia: Murder victim found in LA (basis of the movie)
  • 1949Pompeo Aloisi: Italian Baron / diplomat / senator, dies at 63
  • 1953Viktor Patrick Vretblad: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1955Yves Tanguy: French / American sailor / surrealistic painter
  • 1961Francesco Maria Saraceni: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1962Kenneth MacKenna: Actor (Men Without Women), dies of cancer at 62

Historical events on January 16

  • 1219Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed
  • 1325Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade
  • 1493Columbus returns to Spain on his 1st trip
  • 1547Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow
  • 1556Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 1581English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
  • 1756England and Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1759British Museum opens in London
  • 1765Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
  • 1776Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • 1777Vermont declares independence from New York
  • 1780Battle at Cape St. Vincent: Admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
  • 1795French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht Neth
  • 1819Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes Governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1832Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde
  • 1864Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 1865Confederate Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
  • 1865Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
  • 1865Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 1865San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle started
  • 1868Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 1870Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1871Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1877Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 1879January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 1883Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 1883Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
  • 1905Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman traded for 6th time in 8 months
  • 1908Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • 1909British explorer Ernest Shackleton finds magnetic south pole

Born on January 16

  • 1587Alexander Adriaenssen: Flemish painter
  • 1672Francesco Mancini: Composer
  • 1697Richard Savage: Poet
  • 1749Vittoria A Alfieri: Italian count / poet (Maria Stuarda)
  • 1757Samuel McIntire: Woodcarver / architect (architect of Salem)
  • 1804Karl August Krebs: Composer
  • 1807Charles Henry Davis: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877
  • 1815Adolph Trube: Composer
  • 1815Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck: Major General (Union Army)
  • 1834Albert Lindley Lee: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
  • 1837James Phillip Simms: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1853Johnston Forbes-Robertson: English actor / theater director (Kathleen)
  • 1864Frank Bacon: Actor / author (Lightnin)
  • 1868Cyril Metodej Hrazdira: Composer
  • 1870Wilhelm Normann: German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1872Edward G Craig: Actor / director (On the art of theatre)
  • 1872Henri-Paul Busser: Composer
  • 1873Boyd Alexander: English explorer
  • 1874Robert Service: England, United Kingdom -- Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • 1878Harry Carey, Sr.: Bronx, New York -- Actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
  • 1878Henry Dewitt "Harry" Carey II: US actor (Informer)
  • 1885Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz: President of Poland (1939-40)
  • 1887John Hamilton: Pennsylvania, United States -- Actor (Perry White-Superman)
  • 1890Karl Freund: Czech / Austrian cameraman / director
  • 1890Lloyd Bacon: San Jose, California -- Actor (Charlie Chaplin)
  • 1894Guy Chamberlin: Early NFL end / coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
  • 1901Fulgencio Batista: President / Dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)
  • 1902Eric Liddell: China -- English 400m runner (1924 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1902Evelyn Levine: Composer
  • 1904Max Vredenburg: Composer

Died on January 16

  • 0308Marcellus I: Catholic Pope (-308)
  • 1343Robert of Anjou: King (Naples)
  • 1595Murad III: Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1703Matteo Coferati: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1794Edward Gibbon: Historian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56
  • 1817Antonin Josef Alois Volanek: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1842Thomas Freanby: Norwegian landscape painter
  • 1849Wilhelm M L de Wette: German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1864Anton Schindler: German violinist / biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
  • 1891Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1892Imakita Kosen: Zen teacher / abbot of Engagkuji monastery
  • 1893Johan Philip Koelman: Painter / Sculptor / architect, dies at 74
  • 1901Hiram Revels: Dies at 73
  • 1912Georg Heym: Writer, dies at 24
  • 1916Arnold Aletrino: Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • 1919Jaroslav Jeremias: Composer, dies at 19
  • 1920Reginald De Koven: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1934Annie Patterson: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935Richard Wetz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1939Albert Fish: Mass murderer, executed
  • 1942Carole Lombard: Actress, (Bolero), and mom killed in plane crash at 32
  • 1943Franz Courtens: Flemish Painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
  • 1945Dennis Donnini: British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • 1946Johanna HC Albregt: Actress / Wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
  • 1954Michail M Prishvin: Russian writer
  • 1955Jonkheer Reneke de Marees van Swinderen: Dutch min (1908-13)
  • 1955Reneke de Marees van Swinderen: Dutch Minister (1908-13), dies at 94
  • 1957Alexander Cambridge: Governor-General (South African 1923-31 / Canada 1940-5), dies at 82
  • 1957Arturo Toscanini: Italian US conductor (NBC), dies in New York City at 89
  • 1961Janos Viski: Composer, dies at 54