Events on Jan 16

  • 1219Floods in Northern Netherlands after storm, 1,000s killed
  • 1325Laure de Noves, beloved of Petrarch, marries Hugues de Sade
  • 1493Columbus returns to Spain on his 1st trip
  • 1547Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself 1st tsar of Moscow
  • 1556Emperor Karel appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 1581English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
  • 1756England and Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1759British Museum opens in London
  • 1765Charles Messier catalogs M41 (galactic cluster in Canis Major)
  • 1776Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
  • 1777Vermont declares independence from New York
  • 1780Battle at Cape St. Vincent: Admiral Rodney beats Spanish fleet
  • 1795French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht Neth
  • 1819Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes Governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1832Charles Darwin lands at San Tiago, Cape Verde
  • 1864Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 1865Confederate Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
  • 1865Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
  • 1865Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 1865San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle started
  • 1868Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 1870Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1871Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1877Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 1879January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 1883Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 1883Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
  • 1905Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman traded for 6th time in 8 months
  • 1908Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • 1909British explorer Ernest Shackleton finds magnetic south pole

Born on Jan 16

  • 1587Alexander Adriaenssen: Flemish painter
  • 1672Francesco Mancini: Composer
  • 1697Richard Savage: Poet
  • 1749Vittoria A Alfieri: Italian count / poet (Maria Stuarda)
  • 1757Samuel McIntire: Woodcarver / architect (architect of Salem)
  • 1804Karl August Krebs: Composer
  • 1807Charles Henry Davis: Rear Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1877
  • 1815Adolph Trube: Composer
  • 1815Henry Wagner "Old Brains" Halleck: Major General (Union Army)
  • 1834Albert Lindley Lee: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
  • 1837James Phillip Simms: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 1853Johnston Forbes-Robertson: English actor / theater director (Kathleen)
  • 1864Frank Bacon: Actor / author (Lightnin)
  • 1868Cyril Metodej Hrazdira: Composer
  • 1870Wilhelm Normann: German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 1872Edward G Craig: Actor / director (On the art of theatre)
  • 1872Henri-Paul Busser: Composer
  • 1873Boyd Alexander: English explorer
  • 1874Robert Service: England, United Kingdom -- Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • 1878Harry Carey, Sr.: Bronx, New York -- Actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
  • 1878Henry Dewitt "Harry" Carey II: US actor (Informer)
  • 1885Wladyslaw Raczkiewicz: President of Poland (1939-40)
  • 1887John Hamilton: Pennsylvania, United States -- Actor (Perry White-Superman)
  • 1890Karl Freund: Czech / Austrian cameraman / director
  • 1890Lloyd Bacon: San Jose, California -- Actor (Charlie Chaplin)
  • 1894Guy Chamberlin: Early NFL end / coach (Canton, Frankford, Cards)
  • 1901Fulgencio Batista: President / Dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)
  • 1902Eric Liddell: China -- English 400m runner (1924 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1902Evelyn Levine: Composer
  • 1904Max Vredenburg: Composer

Died on Jan 16

  • 0308Marcellus I: Catholic Pope (-308)
  • 1343Robert of Anjou: King (Naples)
  • 1595Murad III: Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1703Matteo Coferati: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1794Edward Gibbon: Historian (Decline & Fall), dies in London at 56
  • 1817Antonin Josef Alois Volanek: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1842Thomas Freanby: Norwegian landscape painter
  • 1849Wilhelm M L de Wette: German theologist, dies at 69
  • 1864Anton Schindler: German violinist / biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
  • 1891Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1892Imakita Kosen: Zen teacher / abbot of Engagkuji monastery
  • 1893Johan Philip Koelman: Painter / Sculptor / architect, dies at 74
  • 1901Hiram Revels: Dies at 73
  • 1912Georg Heym: Writer, dies at 24
  • 1916Arnold Aletrino: Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • 1919Jaroslav Jeremias: Composer, dies at 19
  • 1920Reginald De Koven: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1934Annie Patterson: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935Richard Wetz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1939Albert Fish: Mass murderer, executed
  • 1942Carole Lombard: Actress, (Bolero), and mom killed in plane crash at 32
  • 1943Franz Courtens: Flemish Painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
  • 1945Dennis Donnini: British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • 1946Johanna HC Albregt: Actress / Wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
  • 1954Michail M Prishvin: Russian writer
  • 1955Jonkheer Reneke de Marees van Swinderen: Dutch min (1908-13)
  • 1955Reneke de Marees van Swinderen: Dutch Minister (1908-13), dies at 94
  • 1957Alexander Cambridge: Governor-General (South African 1923-31 / Canada 1940-5), dies at 82
  • 1957Arturo Toscanini: Italian US conductor (NBC), dies in New York City at 89
  • 1961Janos Viski: Composer, dies at 54

Historical events on January 17

  • 1501Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
  • 1536Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
  • 1562Edict of St. Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
  • 1584Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
  • 1595French King Henri IV declares war on Spain
  • 1601France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey and Gex in treaty with Spain
  • 1718Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
  • 1746Battle of Falkirk, Scotland-Edward I defeats and massacres Scots
  • 1757German Diet declares war on Prussia
  • 17759 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
  • 1827Duke of Wellington appointed British Supreme Commander
  • 1832Johannes van den Bosch appointed Governor-General of Dutch-Indies
  • 1852British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1861Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
  • 1863Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 18711st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
  • 1874Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • 18821st Dutch female Physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • 1885Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • 1893Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a Republic
  • 1895French President Casimir-Perier resigns
  • 1899US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
  • 1905Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer and C G Scannell, Chicago
  • 1911Failed assassination attempt on Premier Briand in French Assembly
  • 1912Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
  • 1915Russia occupies Bukovina and Western Ukraine
  • 19161st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club - Bronxville, New York
  • 1916Professional Golfer Association (PGA) forms in New York City
  • 1917US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3 / 21)
  • 1920Paul Deschanel elected President of France

Born on January 17

  • 1342Philip [the Bold]: Duke of Burgundy
  • 1463Frederick III [the Wise]: Elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
  • 1501Leonhard Fuchs: Germany -- Botanist (History of Plants)
  • 1504Pius V [Antonio Ghislieri]: Saint, Pope (1566-72)
  • 1517Antonio Scandello: Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
  • 1545Antonio Pace: Composer
  • 1574Robert Fludd: Composer
  • 1600Calderon: Writer
  • 1612Thomas Fairfax: Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary General
  • 1657Pieter van Bloemen [Standaart]: Flemish painter, baptized
  • 1659Antonio Veracini: Composer
  • 1683Gerard van Loon: Dutch historian
  • 1712John Stanley: Composer
  • 1719Jean-Joseph Vade: Composer
  • 1728Johann Gottfried Muthel: Composer
  • 1732Stanislaw II August Poniatowski: Last King of Poland (1764-95)
  • 1745Nicolas Roze: Composer
  • 1759Paul Cuffe: Massachusetts, United States -- Merchant / shipbuilder / black nationalist
  • 1761James Hall: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Geologist
  • 1769Ole Andreas Lindeman: Composer
  • 1771Charles Brockden Brown: Father of American novel (Wieland)
  • 1814Ellen Wood: English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
  • 1818Antoine Dorion: (L) joint Premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • 1820Anne Bronte: English Novelist / poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
  • 1828Lewis Addison Grant: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
  • 1834Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman: Dutch actress / Daughter of Mimi Bia
  • 1835Antanas Baranauskas: Lithuanian Bishop / poet / dialectologist
  • 1835Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer
  • 1836Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte: Composer
  • 1842Anton G van Hamel: Founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)

Died on January 17

  • 0395Theodosius I [the Great]: Spanish Emperor of Rome, dies at 49
  • 1103Frutolf: German Monk / musicologist / historian
  • 1119Boudouin VII Hapkin: Count of Flanders
  • 1229Albert: Bishop of Riga / founder (Sword Knights), dies at about 68
  • 1604Santino Garsi: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1617Pieter C Bockenberg: Dutch historian, dies at 68
  • 1620Diego Alvarez de Paz: Spanish Missionary / writer (Peru), dies at about 59
  • 1625Nicolo Rubini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1654Paul Potter: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1661Andres Malong: Philippines rebel leader, executed
  • 1738Jean-Francois Dandrieu: Composer
  • 1750Tomaso Albinioni: Italian Composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
  • 1781Marie de Negre Dables: Marquess
  • 1788Alessio Prati: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1805Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron: French interpreter, dies at 73
  • 1820Daniel W Wyttenbach: Dutch classicist / historian, dies at 73
  • 1823Zacharius Werner: German playwright, dies at 36
  • 1830W Waiblinger: Writer
  • 1833James Ball Antyne: Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
  • 1833William Rush: Indians Sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill)
  • 1856Thomas Attwood Walmisley: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1863E J Horace Vernet: French painter, dies at 73
  • 1869Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1874Chang and Eng Bunker: Chinese / Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
  • 1889Juan Montalvo: Ecuadorian Author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
  • 1890Salomon Sulzer: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1891Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1892Alexandre Levy: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1893Rutherford B Hayes: 19th US President (1877-81), dies at 70 in Fremont, Ohio
  • 1901Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist, dies at 87