Events on Jan 18

  • 0336St. Mark elected Catholic Pope
  • 0350General Maxentius drives out Western Roman Emperor Constans
  • 0532Nika uprising at Constantinople fails, 30-40,000 die
  • 1307German King Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia
  • 1478Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod
  • 1486King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, Daughter of Edward IV
  • 1520Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde
  • 1535Francisco Pizarro founds Lima Peru
  • 16441st UFO sighting in America, by perplexed pilgrims in Boston
  • 1691English King Willem III travels to The Hague
  • 1701Frederik I / Sophie Charlotte van Hanover crowned King / Queen of Prussia
  • 17331st polar bear exhibited in America (Boston)
  • 1777San Jose California, founded
  • 1778Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
  • 1795French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • 1795Governor / Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
  • 1840Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 1862Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1865Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 1869Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
  • 18712nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Bismarck
  • 1884General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 18961st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • 1896British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • 1901Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
  • 1905French government of Combes falls
  • 19111st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • 1912English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before
  • 1913Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • 1915Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die

Born on Jan 18

  • 1543Alfonso Ferrabosco: Composer
  • 1641Francois Michel le Tellier: French Statesman (Marquis de Louvois)
  • 1657Hendrik Casimir II: Dutch Field Marshal (Nassau)
  • 1685Tiberius Hemsterhuis: Dutch Classical prof, baptized
  • 1689Charles de Montesquieu: France -- Philosopher / writer (Letters Persanes)
  • 1726Hendrik D F L: Prince of Prussia / diplomat
  • 1732Jean-Guillain Cardon: Composer
  • 1751Ferdinand Kauer: Composer
  • 1779Peter Roget: Thesaurus fame / inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard)
  • 1782Daniel Webster: Salisbury, New Hampshire -- Orator / politician / lawyer
  • 1793William Henry Havergal: Composer
  • 1795Anna Paulowna Romanova: Monarch of Russia / Daughter of Czar Paul I
  • 1809Richard Caswell Gatlin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 1813Joseph Farwell Glidden: Inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)
  • 1815James Chesnut, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885
  • 1815Richard Yates Gov: MC (Union), died in 1873
  • 1817Jacques Gregoir: Composer
  • 1818Johannes van Vloten: Dutch literary / theologist
  • 1820Abraham Buford: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 1829Louis van Haecke: Flemish chaplain / author (Blood to Bridge)
  • 1831Edward Ferrero: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 1835Jan van Droogenbroeck: Flemish poet
  • 1840Austin Dobson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic / biographer
  • 1840Ernst Rudorff: Composer
  • 1849Edmund Barton: 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • 1854Thomas A Watson: Needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • 1856Daniel Nathan Hale Williams: Surgeon (1st open heart operation)
  • 1856John Hyatt Brewer: Composer
  • 1857Otto von Below: German Commandant (WWI)
  • 1861Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist

Died on Jan 18

  • 1367Pedro I: King of Portugal (1357-67), dies at 46
  • 1479Louis IX [the Rich]: Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt), dies at 61
  • 1580Antonio Scandello: Italian Composer (Passion of John), dies at 63
  • 1659Benedikt Lechler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1664Moise Amyrault: French Theologist / vicar
  • 1666Adriaen A Bloemaert: Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56
  • 1677John A van Riebeeck: Dutch founder Cape Colony, dies at 57
  • 1730Peter II: Czar of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1760Claudio Casciolini: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1769Hakuin Ekaku: Zen teacher (reformer of Rinzai school), dies in Japan
  • 1854Juda Turo: American philanthropist
  • 1862John Tyler: 10th US President (1841-45), dies at 71 in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1875Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1886Michal Czajchovski [Sadik Pasja]: Writer
  • 1890Amadeus I FM: King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • 1902Filippo Marchetti: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1913Edmond R H Regout: Dutch industrialist / politician, dies at 49
  • 1919John C F: Son of English King George V, dies at 13
  • 1921Adolf von Hildebrand: German sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1923Wallace Reid: Actor (Birth of a Nation), dies at 31
  • 1936Rudyard Kipling: Author (Gunga Din, Nobel 1907), dies at 70
  • 1940Kazimierz P Tetmajer: Polish writer / Poet (Young Poland), dies at 74
  • 1951Robert Mark: US Chairman (Caste World Congress), dies at 41
  • 1954Sydney Greenstreet: Actor (Conflict, Maltese Falcon), dies at 74
  • 1962Raymond Moulaert: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1966Kathleen Norris: US author, dies at 85
  • 1967Albert Conti: Actor (Eagle, Jazz Heaven, Topaz), dies at 79
  • 1967Barney Ross: Welterweight Boxing Champ (1934), dies at 57
  • 1967Harry Antrim: Actor (Ma & Pa Kettle), dies of heart attack at 83
  • 1967Reese "Goose" Tatum: Basketballer (Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 45

Historical events on January 19

  • 0379Theodosius installed as co-Emperor of East Roman Empire
  • 0973Pope Benedictus VI elected
  • 1419French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War
  • 1668King Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
  • 1714Richard Steele publishes "Crisis, " defending Hanoverian success
  • 1770Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)
  • 1793French King Louis XVI sentenced to death
  • 1795Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
  • 1806Britain occupies Cape of Good Hope
  • 1808Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • 1825Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland
  • 1839Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 1840Antarctica discovered, Charles Wilkes expedition (US claim)
  • 1861Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
  • 1861MS troops take Ft Massachusetts an Ship Island
  • 1863General Mieroslawski appointed Dictator of Poland
  • 1865NV Suriname Bank established
  • 1865Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • 18711st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • 1885Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed
  • 1886Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
  • 1898Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • 1899Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 19031st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US and England
  • 1903New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
  • 1910Germany and Bolivia ends commerce / friendship treaty
  • 1910National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress
  • 19151st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • 1915Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude

Born on January 19

  • 1200Dogen Kigen: Japan -- Zen teacher and 1st Patriarch of the Japanese Soto
  • 1613Jacques Huyn: Composer
  • 1676John Weldon: Composer
  • 1679Girolamo Chiti: Composer
  • 1686Hakuin Ekakuborn: Japan -- Zen Buddhist
  • 1736James Watt: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Inventor (steam engine)
  • 1736Laurens P van de Spiegel: Dutch regent / Secretary of State 1787-95
  • 1737Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre: Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)
  • 1749Isaiah Thomas: United States -- Printer / editor / publisher / historian
  • 1760Melchor Lopez Jimenez: Composer
  • 1798Auguste Comte: Philosopher / founder (sociology and positivism)
  • 1802[Jean] Silvain van de Weyer: 1st Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs (1831)
  • 1806Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer
  • 1813Henry Bessemer: Engineer / inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 1816Henry Gray: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1820John Haskell King: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
  • 1830George Blake Cosby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909
  • 1832Ferdinand Laub: Composer
  • 1832Salvador Giner y Vidal: Composer
  • 1837William Williams Keen: Surgeon (brain)
  • 1839Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer
  • 1851David Starr Jordan: New York, United States -- Biologist / university President (Leland Stanford)
  • 1851Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer
  • 1858Eugene Brieux: French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • 1859Alice Eastwood: Toronto, Ontario -- Botanist (Handbook of Trees of California)
  • 1863Werner Sombart: German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 1866Harry Davenport: NYC, New York -- Actor / director (Her Unborn Child, My Sin)
  • 1868Gustav Meyrink: Writer
  • 1869Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22) / Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1873Hans E Blaich: Writer

Died on January 19

  • 1549Barthout van Assendelft: 1st land advocate of Holland
  • 1576Hans Sachs: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1591Edmond Auger: French Jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • 1625Erhard Buttner: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1629Abbas I: Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • 1647Johan van Beverwijck: Physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1669Leo Allatios: Greek / Italian Theologist / literary, dies at about 82
  • 1692John Commelin: Director of Hortus Botanist (Amsterdam), dies at 62
  • 1795Maria Teresa Agnesi: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1805Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1830Wenzel Thomas Matiegka: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1839Georg Abraham Schneider: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1874H v Fallersleben: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1878Henri V Regnault: French physicist / chemist, dies at 67
  • 1885Fred Burnaby: English Colonel / balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 1893Julius Eichberg: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1894Francois Haverschmidt: Dutch writer, dies at 58
  • 1913David Emlyn Evans: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1927Charlotte MAAVCL: Princess of Belg / emp of Mexico (1864-67), dies at 86
  • 1934Armand Parent: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1944Harold Fraser-Simson: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1945Ernest B Allo: French theologist, dies at 71
  • 1951Constantin Nottara: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1962Snub Pollard: Actor (Limelight, Arizona Days), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1965Frank Reicher: Actor (King Kong, Nazi Agent, Son of Kong), dies at 89
  • 1967Grace Cunard: Actress (Untamed, Ressurection), dies at 73
  • 1970Hal March: Actor (Atomic Kit, Outrage, Yankee Pasha), dies at 49
  • 1973Max Adrian: Actor (Boy Friend, Her Favorite Husband), dies at 69
  • 1975Thomas Heart Benson: US artist, dies at 85
  • 1976Kevin Coughlin: Actor (T R Ryan-Mama), killed in hit-&-run at 30