Events on Jan 19

  • 0379Theodosius installed as co-Emperor of East Roman Empire
  • 0973Pope Benedictus VI elected
  • 1419French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War
  • 1668King Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain
  • 1714Richard Steele publishes "Crisis, " defending Hanoverian success
  • 1770Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)
  • 1793French King Louis XVI sentenced to death
  • 1795Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
  • 1806Britain occupies Cape of Good Hope
  • 1808Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • 1825Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
  • 1833Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland
  • 1839Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 1840Antarctica discovered, Charles Wilkes expedition (US claim)
  • 1861Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
  • 1861MS troops take Ft Massachusetts an Ship Island
  • 1863General Mieroslawski appointed Dictator of Poland
  • 1865NV Suriname Bank established
  • 1865Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • 18711st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • 1885Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed
  • 1886Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
  • 1898Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • 1899Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 19031st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US and England
  • 1903New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
  • 1910Germany and Bolivia ends commerce / friendship treaty
  • 1910National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress
  • 19151st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • 1915Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude

Born on Jan 19

  • 1200Dogen Kigen: Japan -- Zen teacher and 1st Patriarch of the Japanese Soto
  • 1613Jacques Huyn: Composer
  • 1676John Weldon: Composer
  • 1679Girolamo Chiti: Composer
  • 1686Hakuin Ekakuborn: Japan -- Zen Buddhist
  • 1736James Watt: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Inventor (steam engine)
  • 1736Laurens P van de Spiegel: Dutch regent / Secretary of State 1787-95
  • 1737Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre: Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)
  • 1749Isaiah Thomas: United States -- Printer / editor / publisher / historian
  • 1760Melchor Lopez Jimenez: Composer
  • 1798Auguste Comte: Philosopher / founder (sociology and positivism)
  • 1802[Jean] Silvain van de Weyer: 1st Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs (1831)
  • 1806Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer
  • 1813Henry Bessemer: Engineer / inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 1816Henry Gray: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1820John Haskell King: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
  • 1830George Blake Cosby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909
  • 1832Ferdinand Laub: Composer
  • 1832Salvador Giner y Vidal: Composer
  • 1837William Williams Keen: Surgeon (brain)
  • 1839Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer
  • 1851David Starr Jordan: New York, United States -- Biologist / university President (Leland Stanford)
  • 1851Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer
  • 1858Eugene Brieux: French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • 1859Alice Eastwood: Toronto, Ontario -- Botanist (Handbook of Trees of California)
  • 1863Werner Sombart: German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 1866Harry Davenport: NYC, New York -- Actor / director (Her Unborn Child, My Sin)
  • 1868Gustav Meyrink: Writer
  • 1869Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22) / Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1873Hans E Blaich: Writer

Died on Jan 19

  • 1549Barthout van Assendelft: 1st land advocate of Holland
  • 1576Hans Sachs: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1591Edmond Auger: French Jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • 1625Erhard Buttner: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1629Abbas I: Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • 1647Johan van Beverwijck: Physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1669Leo Allatios: Greek / Italian Theologist / literary, dies at about 82
  • 1692John Commelin: Director of Hortus Botanist (Amsterdam), dies at 62
  • 1795Maria Teresa Agnesi: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1805Johann Gottlieb Karl Spazier: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1830Wenzel Thomas Matiegka: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1839Georg Abraham Schneider: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1874H v Fallersleben: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1878Henri V Regnault: French physicist / chemist, dies at 67
  • 1885Fred Burnaby: English Colonel / balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 1893Julius Eichberg: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1894Francois Haverschmidt: Dutch writer, dies at 58
  • 1913David Emlyn Evans: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1927Charlotte MAAVCL: Princess of Belg / emp of Mexico (1864-67), dies at 86
  • 1934Armand Parent: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1944Harold Fraser-Simson: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1945Ernest B Allo: French theologist, dies at 71
  • 1951Constantin Nottara: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1962Snub Pollard: Actor (Limelight, Arizona Days), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1965Frank Reicher: Actor (King Kong, Nazi Agent, Son of Kong), dies at 89
  • 1967Grace Cunard: Actress (Untamed, Ressurection), dies at 73
  • 1970Hal March: Actor (Atomic Kit, Outrage, Yankee Pasha), dies at 49
  • 1973Max Adrian: Actor (Boy Friend, Her Favorite Husband), dies at 69
  • 1975Thomas Heart Benson: US artist, dies at 85
  • 1976Kevin Coughlin: Actor (T R Ryan-Mama), killed in hit-&-run at 30

Historical events on January 20

  • 0250St. Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
  • 0820Book of mother, published
  • 1045Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
  • 12651st English Parliament called into session by Earl of Leicester
  • 1320Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes King of Poland
  • 1356Scottish King Edward Baliol resigns
  • 1503Casa Contratacion (Board of Trade) found (Spain) to deal with American affairs
  • 1513Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish / Norwegian King
  • 1648Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
  • 1667Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland and Russia
  • 17781st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 17811st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 1783Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
  • 1785Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
  • 1788Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1801John Marshall appointed US Chief Justice
  • 1807Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
  • 18091st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 1840Dutch King Willem II crowned
  • 1841China cedes Hong Kong to British
  • 1850Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • 1860Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 1868Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
  • 1869Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress
  • 1870"City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
  • 1870Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
  • 1872California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • 1879British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
  • 1883Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England vs. Aust MCG
  • 1887US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor

Born on January 20

  • 1622Susanna van Baerle: Dutch poet / Wife of Geeraert Burns
  • 1654Michiel de Swaen: Netherlands -- Physician / poet
  • 1681Francesco Bartolomeo Conti: Composer
  • 1703Joseph-Hector Fiocco: Composer
  • 1716Carlos III: King of Naples / Spain (1759-88) Pompei / Jesuits
  • 1732Richard H Lee: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1743Pascal Boyer: Composer
  • 1761Giovanni Domenico Perotti: Composer
  • 1762Jerome-Joseph de Momigny: Composer
  • 1782Johan B J F S: Archduke of Austria
  • 1806Nathaniel Willis: Writer / editor / founder (American Monthly Magazine)
  • 1809Sebastian de Iradier: Spanish composer (La Paloma)
  • 1812Ralph Pomeroy Buckland: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1813Jacon Gartner Lauman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1820Anne Jemima Clough: England, United Kingdom -- Promoted higher education for women
  • 1831Pieter J Joubert: General (South Africa)
  • 1843Pierre-Paul Cambon: French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1844Johan Peter Selmer: Composer
  • 1847W R Pettiford: Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
  • 1855Amedee-Ernest Chausson: Composer
  • 1865Friedrich A H von Waldeck: Brother of Queen Emma / last ruler of Waldeck
  • 1866Richard Le Gallienne: English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 1870Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu: Composer
  • 1873Charles A Ellwood: United States -- Sociologist / psychologist
  • 1873Johannes V Jensen: Denmark -- Novelist / poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
  • 1877Ruth St Denis: Newark, New Jersey -- Ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)
  • 1878Finlay Currie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • 1883Betram Home Ramsay: English Admiral / Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • 1884A[braham P] Merritt: United States -- Sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • 1888Leadbelly: Louisiana, United States -- Blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line)

Died on January 20

  • 0250Fabianus: Pope (236-50) / saint
  • 0842Theophilus: Byzantine kaiser (829-42)
  • 0882Louis II / III the Younger: German King (876-82)
  • 1479John II: King of Aragon / Navarra, dies at 81
  • 1612Rudolf II von Habsburg: Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), dies at 59
  • 1639Mustapha I: Sultan of Turkey (1622-23)
  • 1666Anna of Austria: Queen of France / Daughter of Philip III, dies at 64
  • 1691Christian de Placker: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1713Pavao Vitezovic: Croatian historian
  • 1727John van Bylevelt: Catholic apostole
  • 1745Charles VII Albert: German Emperor (1742-45), dies at 47
  • 1779John Burman: Dutch Botanist / director (botanical gardens), dies at 71
  • 1789Johann Christoph Oley: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1798Christian Cannabich: German Composer / royal chaplain master, dies at 66
  • 1813C M Wieland: Writer, dies at 79
  • 1819Carlos IV: King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 1830Michal Bogdanowicz: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1837John Soane: English Architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
  • 1838Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1857Edward Francis Fitzwilliam: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1859B v Arnim: Writer, dies at 73
  • 1859Bettina Brentano: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1862Felix Zollicoffer: General killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
  • 1882John Linnell: British Painter / minaturist / engraver
  • 1890Franz Paul Lachner: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1891David Kalakahua: Emperor of Hawaii
  • 1896Heinrich M von Battenberg: German son-in-law of Victoria, dies at 37
  • 1900John Ruskin: English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
  • 1900Richard D Blackmore: English Novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
  • 1905Stanislaw Pilinski: Composer, dies at 65