Events on Jan 22

  • 0871Battle at Basing: Danish invasion army beats Ethelred of Wessex
  • 1371King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned
  • 1510Jews are expelled from Colmar Germany
  • 1517Turks conquer Cairo
  • 1528England and France declare war on Emperor Charles V
  • 1575English Queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis and William Byrd music press monopoly
  • 1584Parts of Switzerland adopt Gregorian Calendar
  • 1588Pope Sixtus V decrees "Immense aeterni" (Reformed curia)
  • 1673Postal service between New York and Boston inaugurated
  • 1689Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords
  • 1689Prince Willem III calls English parliament together
  • 1690Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French
  • 1760Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1771Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1775Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
  • 1798Coup of Midderigh
  • 1813Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada
  • 18141st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held, New York City
  • 1816Lord Byron completes "Parisina" and"Siege of Corinth"
  • 1817English freighter Diana sinks off Malaysia
  • 1831Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam
  • 1837Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 1850Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in California
  • 1857National Association of Baseball Players founded, New York
  • 1862Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 1873Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die
  • 1879James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois and Minnesota
  • 1879Zulus attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa
  • 1883England complete 1st innings victory in Tests vs. Aust MCG
  • 1890Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in New York City

Born on Jan 22

  • 1440Ivan III [the Great]: Russian Czar (1462-1505) / conquered Lithuania
  • 1561Francis Bacon: England, United Kingdom -- Statesman / essayist (Novum Organum)
  • 1571Robert Bruce Cotton: English antiquary, politician
  • 1592Pierre Gassendi: Champtercier Provence, France -- Scientist / philosopher
  • 1649Pascal Collasse: Composer
  • 1655Geleyn Evertsen: Lieutenant Admiral (Zealand)
  • 1707Carl Hockh: Composer
  • 1709Joseph Reipel: Composer
  • 1727Claude-Benigne Balbastre: Composer
  • 1729G E Lessing: Writer
  • 1729Giuseppe Luigi Tibaldi: Composer
  • 1729Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Germany -- Critic / dramatist
  • 1748Lewis Edson: Composer
  • 1753Peter Fuchs: Composer
  • 1756Vincenzo Righini: Composer
  • 1779Stefano Pavesi: Composer
  • 1781Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer
  • 1788Lord [George Gordon Noel] Byron: England, United Kingdom -- Romantic poet (Don Juan)
  • 1802Richard Upjohn: United States -- Gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY)
  • 1815Ferdinand Christian Wilhelm Praeger: Composer
  • 1820Hermann von Lingg: German playwright / poet
  • 1820Johan Hendrik Koelman: Portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • 1824Josef Leopold Zvonar: Composer
  • 1826[Merriwether] Jeff Thompson: Partisan (Confederate Army), died in 1876
  • 1842Charles Henri Marechal: Composer
  • 1845Jacob Verdam: Dutch philologist
  • 1845Paul Vidal de la Blanche: France -- Geographer
  • 1848Samuel Muller Fzn: Dutch historian / archivist (Middle Ages)
  • 1849August Strindberg: Sweden -- Dramatist / Novelist (Apologia)
  • 1855Ernst Kullak: Composer

Died on Jan 22

  • 1336Louis III: Last Earl of Loon
  • 1531Andrea del Sarto: Italian painter, dies at 44
  • 1552Edward Seymour: Duke of Somerset, beheaded for treason
  • 1581Joost de Damhoudere: Flemish lawyer
  • 1581Seerp Galama: Dutch nobleman / military / politician, dies at 52
  • 1599Cristofano Malvezzi: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1640Erasmus Quellinus I: Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55
  • 1700Jacob Balthasar Schutz: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1781Johann Siebenkas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1796Bernhard Hupfeld: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1798Lewis Morris: US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 1798Matija A Reljkovic: Croatian writer (Satire of Wild Man), dies at 66
  • 1799Horace B de Saussure: Swiss physicist / geologist / alpinist, dies at 58
  • 1847Georges-Julien Sieber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1850Vincenzo Pallotti: Italian saint, dies at 54
  • 1852George Rodwell: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1868Moritz Ganz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1879Anthony Durnford: British Colonel, dies in battle
  • 1879George Shepstone: British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 1893Vincenz Lachner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1895Edward Solomon: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1909Richard A C E Erlenmeyer: German chemist, dies at 83
  • 1913Ferdinand van der Haeghen: Flemish librarian / bibliographer, dies at 82
  • 1914Frederik Rung: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1916Iwan Knorr: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1922Benedictus XV [Giacomo Markies D Chiesa]: Pope (1914-22), dies at 67
  • 1936Louis Glass: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1942Reimond Tollenaere: Leader Flemishch National Front, dies at 81
  • 1942Walter Richard Sickert: British Painter (Free House!), dies at 81
  • 1945A Wolfenstein: Writer, dies at 61

Historical events on January 23

  • 0638Start of Islamic calendar
  • 12651st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1492"Pentateuch" (Jewish holy book) 1st printed
  • 15522nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes manditory in England
  • 1556Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 1570Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
  • 1571Queen Elizabeth I opens Royal Exchange in London
  • 1579Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1637Dutch Governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco Brazil
  • 1643Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians
  • 1647Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
  • 1668England, Netherlands and Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719Principality of Liechtenstein created within Holy Roman Empire
  • 1779Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 1789Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 17932nd partition of Poland, between Prussia and Russia
  • 1793Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • 1796Armand-Gaston Camus becomes Chairman of Council of 500
  • 18127.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845Uniform US election day for President and VP authorized
  • 1849Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman Physician in US
  • 1849Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • 1856Steamer Pacific lost
  • 1862Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
  • 1870173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • 1879National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)
  • 1889Dr Daniel Hale Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago
  • 1894G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1897Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)

Born on January 23

  • 1574Lucas I Franchoys: Belgian painter
  • 1730Joseph Hewes: US Merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)
  • 1752Muzio Clementi: Italian composer
  • 1761Friedrich von Matthison: German poet (Adelaide)
  • 1762Christian A Vulpius: Germany -- Writer (Rinaldo Rinaldini)
  • 1783Stendahl [Marie Henri Beyle]: France -- Writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
  • 1785Carl A Agardh: Sweden -- Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad
  • 1813Franz Commer: Composer
  • 1816Carl Herrmann: Germany -- Stage magician
  • 1820Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer
  • 1828Calvin Edward Pratt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1830Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet: French General / Minister of War (1899-1900)
  • 1833John Randolph Chambliss, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1840Ernst Abbe: Germany -- Physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
  • 1843Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg: Composer
  • 1857Andrija Mohorovicic: Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • 1865Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor (Black Haired Whore)
  • 1867Herbert Bedford: Composer
  • 1868Juventino Rosas: Composer
  • 1869Carlo Felice Boghen: Composer
  • 1869Herbert David Croly: US author (Promise of American Life)
  • 1878Oton Zupancic: Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • 1878Rutland Boughton: Composer
  • 1885Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski: Composer
  • 1888Gilbert Ledward: Sculptor
  • 1889Franklin Pangborn: Newark -- Actor (My Best Gal, Hats Off, Easy Living)
  • 1889Prosper Arents: Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • 1891Antonio Gramsci: Italian philosopher / marxist theorist
  • 1893Frank Carlson: (Gov / Rep / Sen-R-Kansas)
  • 1894Remy Angenot: Flemish actor (Patriot / Idiot)

Died on January 23

  • 1002Otto III: German King / Emperor 983 / 996-1002, dies at 21
  • 1356Margaretha of Bavaria: Emperess of Germany
  • 1516Ferdinand II: King of Aragon / Sicily, dies at 63
  • 1548Bernardo Pisano: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1622William Baffin: British explorer, dies at about 38
  • 1639Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis: Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1648Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla: Spanish Poet (Del Rey Abajo), dies at 40
  • 1800Edward Rutledge: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1805Vaclav Pichl: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1806William Pitt [the Younger]: Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783-1806), dies at 46
  • 1813George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 1814Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1838Arnold A Buyskes: Dutch Vice-Admiral / colonial director, dies at 67
  • 1845Francesco Ruggi: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1864Michele Puccini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1875Charles Kingsley: English vicar / writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 1879Adolf Jensen: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1891Boudouin LPMCAJL: Prince of Belgium / Count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • 1893Jose Zorrilla y Moral: Spanish Poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1898W A Remy: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1908Edward Alexander MacDowell: US Composer (Indian Suite), dies at 47
  • 1921Wlasyslaw Zelenski: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1926Joseph Carl Breil: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1931Anna Pavlova: Russian ballerina (Diaghilew, Dying Swan)
  • 1936Dame Clara Butt: Alto singer (Country of Hope & Glory), dies at 62
  • 1939Matthias Sindelar: Austria soccer star, commits suicide
  • 1941Dobri Khristov: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1943Alexander Woollcott: Critic, dies at 56 of a heart attack while on the radio
  • 1944Edvard Munch: Norwegian Painter (The Scream), dies at 80
  • 1945Helmuth J Moltke: German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37