Events on Jan 23

  • 0638Start of Islamic calendar
  • 12651st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1492"Pentateuch" (Jewish holy book) 1st printed
  • 15522nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes manditory in England
  • 1556Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 1570Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
  • 1571Queen Elizabeth I opens Royal Exchange in London
  • 1579Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1637Dutch Governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco Brazil
  • 1643Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians
  • 1647Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
  • 1668England, Netherlands and Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719Principality of Liechtenstein created within Holy Roman Empire
  • 1779Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 1789Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 17932nd partition of Poland, between Prussia and Russia
  • 1793Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • 1796Armand-Gaston Camus becomes Chairman of Council of 500
  • 18127.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845Uniform US election day for President and VP authorized
  • 1849Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman Physician in US
  • 1849Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • 1856Steamer Pacific lost
  • 1862Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
  • 1870173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • 1879National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)
  • 1889Dr Daniel Hale Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago
  • 1894G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1897Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)

Born on Jan 23

  • 1574Lucas I Franchoys: Belgian painter
  • 1730Joseph Hewes: US Merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)
  • 1752Muzio Clementi: Italian composer
  • 1761Friedrich von Matthison: German poet (Adelaide)
  • 1762Christian A Vulpius: Germany -- Writer (Rinaldo Rinaldini)
  • 1783Stendahl [Marie Henri Beyle]: France -- Writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
  • 1785Carl A Agardh: Sweden -- Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad
  • 1813Franz Commer: Composer
  • 1816Carl Herrmann: Germany -- Stage magician
  • 1820Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer
  • 1828Calvin Edward Pratt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1830Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet: French General / Minister of War (1899-1900)
  • 1833John Randolph Chambliss, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1840Ernst Abbe: Germany -- Physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
  • 1843Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg: Composer
  • 1857Andrija Mohorovicic: Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • 1865Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor (Black Haired Whore)
  • 1867Herbert Bedford: Composer
  • 1868Juventino Rosas: Composer
  • 1869Carlo Felice Boghen: Composer
  • 1869Herbert David Croly: US author (Promise of American Life)
  • 1878Oton Zupancic: Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • 1878Rutland Boughton: Composer
  • 1885Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski: Composer
  • 1888Gilbert Ledward: Sculptor
  • 1889Franklin Pangborn: Newark -- Actor (My Best Gal, Hats Off, Easy Living)
  • 1889Prosper Arents: Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • 1891Antonio Gramsci: Italian philosopher / marxist theorist
  • 1893Frank Carlson: (Gov / Rep / Sen-R-Kansas)
  • 1894Remy Angenot: Flemish actor (Patriot / Idiot)

Died on Jan 23

  • 1002Otto III: German King / Emperor 983 / 996-1002, dies at 21
  • 1356Margaretha of Bavaria: Emperess of Germany
  • 1516Ferdinand II: King of Aragon / Sicily, dies at 63
  • 1548Bernardo Pisano: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1622William Baffin: British explorer, dies at about 38
  • 1639Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis: Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1648Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla: Spanish Poet (Del Rey Abajo), dies at 40
  • 1800Edward Rutledge: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1805Vaclav Pichl: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1806William Pitt [the Younger]: Prime Minister of Great Britain (1783-1806), dies at 46
  • 1813George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 1814Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1838Arnold A Buyskes: Dutch Vice-Admiral / colonial director, dies at 67
  • 1845Francesco Ruggi: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1864Michele Puccini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1875Charles Kingsley: English vicar / writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 1879Adolf Jensen: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1891Boudouin LPMCAJL: Prince of Belgium / Count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • 1893Jose Zorrilla y Moral: Spanish Poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1898W A Remy: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1908Edward Alexander MacDowell: US Composer (Indian Suite), dies at 47
  • 1921Wlasyslaw Zelenski: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1926Joseph Carl Breil: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1931Anna Pavlova: Russian ballerina (Diaghilew, Dying Swan)
  • 1936Dame Clara Butt: Alto singer (Country of Hope & Glory), dies at 62
  • 1939Matthias Sindelar: Austria soccer star, commits suicide
  • 1941Dobri Khristov: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1943Alexander Woollcott: Critic, dies at 56 of a heart attack while on the radio
  • 1944Edvard Munch: Norwegian Painter (The Scream), dies at 80
  • 1945Helmuth J Moltke: German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37

Historical events on January 24

  • 0772Stephen III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0817St. Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV
  • 1076Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
  • 1118Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II
  • 1328King Edward III of England marries Philippa of Henegouwen
  • 1458Matthias I Corvinus chosen King of Hungary
  • 1534Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
  • 1556Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
  • 1568Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire
  • 1568In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw
  • 1613Amsterdams Merchant Hans Bontemantel baptized
  • 1616Jacques Le Maire discovers Street Lemaire / Cape Receiver
  • 1634Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
  • 1639Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
  • 1644Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win
  • 16561st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • 1679King Charles II disbands English parliament
  • 1722Czar Peter the Great begins civil system
  • 1722Edward Wigglesworth appointed 1st US Divinity Professor (Harvard)
  • 1742German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • 1764Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire
  • 1839Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
  • 18471,500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
  • 1861Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia seized by Confederacy
  • 1861Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • 1862Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
  • 1892Battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack British missionaries
  • 1899Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • 1900Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs. British army)
  • 1901Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein

Born on January 24

  • 0076Publius A Hadrianus: 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)
  • 1664John Vanbrugh: London, England -- Dramatist / architect
  • 1679Christian von Wolff: German philosopher
  • 1705Farinelli [Carlo Broschi]: Andria, Italy -- Castrato
  • 1712Frederick II [the Great]: King of Prussia (1740-86)
  • 1712Georg F Schmidt: German engraver / etcher
  • 1732Pierre de Baumarchais: France -- Playwright (Barber of Seville)
  • 1746Gustav III: King during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • 1750Wybo Fijnje: Dutch politician / patriot / journalist
  • 1758Johann Chrysostomus Drexel: Composer
  • 1767Antony CW Staring: Dutch lawyer / poet (Jaromir)
  • 1774Karl Moser: Composer
  • 1776Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann: German writer / judge / composer (Undine)
  • 1778Charles F: Duke of Berry / Son of French King Charles X
  • 1798Karl von Holtei: Silezian actor / playwright (Die Vagabunden)
  • 1798Karl von Staudt: German Math Professor (projective geometrician)
  • 1800Edwin Chadwick: British social Reformer
  • 1820John Milton Thayer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1828Adam Jacoby Slemmer: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1828Ferdinand J Cohn: German Botanist / publicist
  • 1828Karol Studzinski: Composer
  • 1829William Mason: Composer
  • 1832John Pegram: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1862Edith Wharton[-Jones]: United States -- Novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth)
  • 1874Arthur Shomburg: Famous African
  • 1880Elisabeth Achelis: Creator (World Calendar)
  • 1883Estelle Winwood [Goodwin]: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 1888Ernst Heinrich Heinkel: German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • 1888Hedwig "Vicki" Baum: Austrian / US author (Men Never Know)
  • 1891Walter Model: German Field Marshal

Died on January 24

  • 0041Caligula [G C Germanicus]: Roman Emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28
  • 0661Ali ibn Abu Talib: Kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
  • 0772Stefanus III / IV: Pope (768-72)
  • 1336Alfonso IV [the Benignant]: King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36
  • 1473Conrad Paumann: German blind Organist / composer
  • 1639George Jenatsch: Grisons leader, assassinated
  • 1666Johann Andreas Herbst: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1678Joan Maetsuyker: Governor-General of the Netherlands East-Indies, dies at 72
  • 1805Giacomo Conti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1812Eligio Celestino: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1851Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Italian composer, dies at 76
  • 1862James McIntosh: US confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 33
  • 1864Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1864Stephen Gardner Champlin: Brigadier General (Union), dies at about 36
  • 1883Friedrich von Flotow: German Baron / composer, dies at 70
  • 1884Johann Christian Gebauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1885Martin R Delany: Politician and black nationalist, dies at 72
  • 1901Simon Hassler: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1904Franz Coenen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1911Carl Eilhardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1913Gustav Luders: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1924Thephilo Braga: Portuguese Poet / politician, dies at 80
  • 1929Willem Royaards: Theater directeor (Adam in Ballingschap)
  • 1940Emile van Bosch: Revue / operetta-artist, dies at 52
  • 1943John Burns: English Minister of Local Government (1905-14)
  • 1947Felix Timmermans: Writer / Painter (Gift from St Nicholas), dies at 60
  • 1950Bull Montana: Actor (Son of Sheik), dies at 62
  • 1953[Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt: Gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77
  • 1960John Miljan: Actor (Charlie Chan in Paris, Yankee Clipper), dies at 66
  • 1961Willem J M van Eysinga: People rights scholar, dies at 82