Events on Jan 24

  • 0772Stephen III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0817St. Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV
  • 1076Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
  • 1118Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II
  • 1328King Edward III of England marries Philippa of Henegouwen
  • 1458Matthias I Corvinus chosen King of Hungary
  • 1534Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
  • 1556Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
  • 1568Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire
  • 1568In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw
  • 1613Amsterdams Merchant Hans Bontemantel baptized
  • 1616Jacques Le Maire discovers Street Lemaire / Cape Receiver
  • 1634Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
  • 1639Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
  • 1644Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win
  • 16561st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • 1679King Charles II disbands English parliament
  • 1722Czar Peter the Great begins civil system
  • 1722Edward Wigglesworth appointed 1st US Divinity Professor (Harvard)
  • 1742German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • 1764Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire
  • 1839Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
  • 18471,500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
  • 1861Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia seized by Confederacy
  • 1861Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • 1862Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
  • 1892Battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack British missionaries
  • 1899Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • 1900Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs. British army)
  • 1901Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein

Born on Jan 24

  • 0076Publius A Hadrianus: 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)
  • 1664John Vanbrugh: London, England -- Dramatist / architect
  • 1679Christian von Wolff: German philosopher
  • 1705Farinelli [Carlo Broschi]: Andria, Italy -- Castrato
  • 1712Frederick II [the Great]: King of Prussia (1740-86)
  • 1712Georg F Schmidt: German engraver / etcher
  • 1732Pierre de Baumarchais: France -- Playwright (Barber of Seville)
  • 1746Gustav III: King during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • 1750Wybo Fijnje: Dutch politician / patriot / journalist
  • 1758Johann Chrysostomus Drexel: Composer
  • 1767Antony CW Staring: Dutch lawyer / poet (Jaromir)
  • 1774Karl Moser: Composer
  • 1776Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann: German writer / judge / composer (Undine)
  • 1778Charles F: Duke of Berry / Son of French King Charles X
  • 1798Karl von Holtei: Silezian actor / playwright (Die Vagabunden)
  • 1798Karl von Staudt: German Math Professor (projective geometrician)
  • 1800Edwin Chadwick: British social Reformer
  • 1820John Milton Thayer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 1828Adam Jacoby Slemmer: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 1828Ferdinand J Cohn: German Botanist / publicist
  • 1828Karol Studzinski: Composer
  • 1829William Mason: Composer
  • 1832John Pegram: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 1862Edith Wharton[-Jones]: United States -- Novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth)
  • 1874Arthur Shomburg: Famous African
  • 1880Elisabeth Achelis: Creator (World Calendar)
  • 1883Estelle Winwood [Goodwin]: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 1888Ernst Heinrich Heinkel: German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • 1888Hedwig "Vicki" Baum: Austrian / US author (Men Never Know)
  • 1891Walter Model: German Field Marshal

Died on Jan 24

  • 0041Caligula [G C Germanicus]: Roman Emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28
  • 0661Ali ibn Abu Talib: Kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
  • 0772Stefanus III / IV: Pope (768-72)
  • 1336Alfonso IV [the Benignant]: King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36
  • 1473Conrad Paumann: German blind Organist / composer
  • 1639George Jenatsch: Grisons leader, assassinated
  • 1666Johann Andreas Herbst: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1678Joan Maetsuyker: Governor-General of the Netherlands East-Indies, dies at 72
  • 1805Giacomo Conti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1812Eligio Celestino: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1851Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Italian composer, dies at 76
  • 1862James McIntosh: US confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 33
  • 1864Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1864Stephen Gardner Champlin: Brigadier General (Union), dies at about 36
  • 1883Friedrich von Flotow: German Baron / composer, dies at 70
  • 1884Johann Christian Gebauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1885Martin R Delany: Politician and black nationalist, dies at 72
  • 1901Simon Hassler: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1904Franz Coenen: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1911Carl Eilhardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1913Gustav Luders: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1924Thephilo Braga: Portuguese Poet / politician, dies at 80
  • 1929Willem Royaards: Theater directeor (Adam in Ballingschap)
  • 1940Emile van Bosch: Revue / operetta-artist, dies at 52
  • 1943John Burns: English Minister of Local Government (1905-14)
  • 1947Felix Timmermans: Writer / Painter (Gift from St Nicholas), dies at 60
  • 1950Bull Montana: Actor (Son of Sheik), dies at 62
  • 1953[Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt: Gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77
  • 1960John Miljan: Actor (Charlie Chan in Paris, Yankee Clipper), dies at 66
  • 1961Willem J M van Eysinga: People rights scholar, dies at 82

Historical events on January 25

  • 0844Gregory IV begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1139Godfried II the Young becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 1327King Edward III accedes to British throne
  • 1348Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000
  • 1494Alfonso II replaces his father as King of Naples
  • 1554Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • 1579Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic
  • 1721Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy
  • 1775Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • 17991st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • 1802Napoleon elected President of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
  • 18251st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, New York
  • 1835Opera "I Puritani, " premieres in Paris
  • 1844Recontre between Reps Weller and Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 1856Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers and Indians
  • 1863Battle of Kinston, North Carolina
  • 1863General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1865CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1870Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 1875Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • 1877Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • 1882Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1890National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
  • 1890United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1894James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1904179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • 1905Largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carets), found in South Africa
  • 1907Julia Ward Howe is 1st woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters
  • 19101st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, South Africa vs. England)
  • 1910Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem

Born on January 25

  • 0749Leo IV [the Khazar]: Byzantine Emperor (775-80)
  • 1477Anna de Bretagne: Wife of Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII
  • 1509Giovanni Morone: Italian theologist / diplomat / Cardinal / "heretic"
  • 1540Edmund Campion: London, England -- Saint / Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes)
  • 1615Govert Flinck: Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob)
  • 1626John van de Cappelle: Amsterdam, Holland -- Landscape painter
  • 1627Robert Boyle: Ireland -- Physicist / chemist / author (experiments with color)
  • 1634Gaspar Fagel: Lawyer / pension advisor of Holland (1672-88)
  • 1693Anna Ivanova Romanova: Daughter of Ivan V / empress of Russia (1730-40)
  • 1708Pompeo Girolamo Batoni: Italian painter
  • 1736Joseph-Louis comte de Lagrange: Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia -- French mathematician
  • 1750Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer
  • 1759Robert Burns: Alloway, Scotland -- Poet (Auld Lang Syne)
  • 1770Francis Burdett: British politician
  • 1777Elias Canneman: Dutch liberal Minister of Finance (1813-14)
  • 1796William McGillivray: Old Aberdeen, United Kingdom -- Naturalist
  • 1806Daniel Maclise: Irish painter
  • 1814Francis Harrison Pierpont: Governor (Union), died in 1899
  • 1826Rembt T H P L A van Boneval Faure: Dutch MP
  • 1834Pablo Hernandez Salces: Composer
  • 1839Seldon Connor: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 1841John Arbuthnot Fisher: Ceylon -- 1st Baron Fisher / Admiral of the Fleet
  • 1844Frederick E Kitziger: Composer
  • 1851Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
  • 1851Jan Blockx: Belgium -- Opera composer (Sea Bride Princess of Herberg)
  • 1858Giuseppi Radiciotti: Composer
  • 1860Charles Curtis: (R) 31st US VP (1929-33)
  • 1866Emile Vandervelde: Leader of Belgian BWP party
  • 1874[William] Somerset Maugham: Paris, France -- Novelist / poet (Of Human Bondage)
  • 1874Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury]: English Bishop

Died on January 25

  • 1138Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone]: Jewish anti-pope (1130-38)
  • 1139Godfried I: With the Beard, Duke of Brabant / Earl of Leuven
  • 1494Ferdinand I: Cruel King of Naples
  • 1547Lieven Algoet: Flemish humanist
  • 1586Lucas Cranach "the Young": German painter, dies at 70
  • 1640Robert Burton: Author (Anatomy of Melancholy)
  • 1733Reinier V van Hompech: Dutch General Major cavalry
  • 1744Domenico Natale Sarro: Italian opera composer, dies at 64
  • 1820Joseph F Weigl: German / Austria violin cellist, dies at 79
  • 1821Johan Valckenier: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 62
  • 1829William Shield: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1855Dorothy Wordsworth: Writer, dies at 83
  • 1875Leopold Jansa: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1882Peter Singer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1896Frans C Baeckelmans: Flemish Architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68
  • 1896Frederic Leighton: President of the Royal Academy (1878-96)
  • 1906Joseph Wheeler II: Confederate General, dies at 70
  • 1906Pierre L Goossens: Belgian Archbishop of Malines / Cardinal, dies at 78
  • 1920Amadeo Modigliani: Italian Sculptor / painter, dies at 35
  • 1921Mykola Dmytrovich Leontovych: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1942Eugene Samuel-Holeman: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1947Al Capone: Chicago gangster, dies of syphilis at 48
  • 1949Emil Axman: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1960Diana Barrymore: Actress (Ladies Courageous), dies at 38
  • 1963Wilson Kettle: Nfld, dies at 102, leaving 582 living descendents
  • 1965Staff Nees: Flemish Composer (Maria-oratorio), dies at 63
  • 1968Virginia Maskell: Actress (Only Two Can Play), dies at 31
  • 1970Eunice Hunton Carter: 1st black female DA in NY, dies at 70
  • 1970Marie Benavente: Actress (Paradise), dies at 84
  • 1975Vivien Kellems: TV hostess (The Power of Women), dies at 78