Events on Jan 25

  • 0844Gregory IV begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1139Godfried II the Young becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 1327King Edward III accedes to British throne
  • 1348Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000
  • 1494Alfonso II replaces his father as King of Naples
  • 1554Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • 1579Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic
  • 1721Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy
  • 1775Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • 17991st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
  • 1802Napoleon elected President of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
  • 18251st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy, New York
  • 1835Opera "I Puritani, " premieres in Paris
  • 1844Recontre between Reps Weller and Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 1856Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers and Indians
  • 1863Battle of Kinston, North Carolina
  • 1863General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 1865CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1870Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 1875Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • 1877Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • 1882Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 1890National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
  • 1890United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1894James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1904179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • 1905Largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carets), found in South Africa
  • 1907Julia Ward Howe is 1st woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters
  • 19101st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, South Africa vs. England)
  • 1910Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem

Born on Jan 25

  • 0749Leo IV [the Khazar]: Byzantine Emperor (775-80)
  • 1477Anna de Bretagne: Wife of Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII
  • 1509Giovanni Morone: Italian theologist / diplomat / Cardinal / "heretic"
  • 1540Edmund Campion: London, England -- Saint / Jesuit martyr (Decem Rationes)
  • 1615Govert Flinck: Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob)
  • 1626John van de Cappelle: Amsterdam, Holland -- Landscape painter
  • 1627Robert Boyle: Ireland -- Physicist / chemist / author (experiments with color)
  • 1634Gaspar Fagel: Lawyer / pension advisor of Holland (1672-88)
  • 1693Anna Ivanova Romanova: Daughter of Ivan V / empress of Russia (1730-40)
  • 1708Pompeo Girolamo Batoni: Italian painter
  • 1736Joseph-Louis comte de Lagrange: Turin, Kingdom of Sardinia -- French mathematician
  • 1750Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer
  • 1759Robert Burns: Alloway, Scotland -- Poet (Auld Lang Syne)
  • 1770Francis Burdett: British politician
  • 1777Elias Canneman: Dutch liberal Minister of Finance (1813-14)
  • 1796William McGillivray: Old Aberdeen, United Kingdom -- Naturalist
  • 1806Daniel Maclise: Irish painter
  • 1814Francis Harrison Pierpont: Governor (Union), died in 1899
  • 1826Rembt T H P L A van Boneval Faure: Dutch MP
  • 1834Pablo Hernandez Salces: Composer
  • 1839Seldon Connor: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 1841John Arbuthnot Fisher: Ceylon -- 1st Baron Fisher / Admiral of the Fleet
  • 1844Frederick E Kitziger: Composer
  • 1851Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
  • 1851Jan Blockx: Belgium -- Opera composer (Sea Bride Princess of Herberg)
  • 1858Giuseppi Radiciotti: Composer
  • 1860Charles Curtis: (R) 31st US VP (1929-33)
  • 1866Emile Vandervelde: Leader of Belgian BWP party
  • 1874[William] Somerset Maugham: Paris, France -- Novelist / poet (Of Human Bondage)
  • 1874Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury]: English Bishop

Died on Jan 25

  • 1138Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone]: Jewish anti-pope (1130-38)
  • 1139Godfried I: With the Beard, Duke of Brabant / Earl of Leuven
  • 1494Ferdinand I: Cruel King of Naples
  • 1547Lieven Algoet: Flemish humanist
  • 1586Lucas Cranach "the Young": German painter, dies at 70
  • 1640Robert Burton: Author (Anatomy of Melancholy)
  • 1733Reinier V van Hompech: Dutch General Major cavalry
  • 1744Domenico Natale Sarro: Italian opera composer, dies at 64
  • 1820Joseph F Weigl: German / Austria violin cellist, dies at 79
  • 1821Johan Valckenier: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 62
  • 1829William Shield: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1855Dorothy Wordsworth: Writer, dies at 83
  • 1875Leopold Jansa: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1882Peter Singer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1896Frans C Baeckelmans: Flemish Architect (Court of Justice), dies at 68
  • 1896Frederic Leighton: President of the Royal Academy (1878-96)
  • 1906Joseph Wheeler II: Confederate General, dies at 70
  • 1906Pierre L Goossens: Belgian Archbishop of Malines / Cardinal, dies at 78
  • 1920Amadeo Modigliani: Italian Sculptor / painter, dies at 35
  • 1921Mykola Dmytrovich Leontovych: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1942Eugene Samuel-Holeman: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1947Al Capone: Chicago gangster, dies of syphilis at 48
  • 1949Emil Axman: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1960Diana Barrymore: Actress (Ladies Courageous), dies at 38
  • 1963Wilson Kettle: Nfld, dies at 102, leaving 582 living descendents
  • 1965Staff Nees: Flemish Composer (Maria-oratorio), dies at 63
  • 1968Virginia Maskell: Actress (Only Two Can Play), dies at 31
  • 1970Eunice Hunton Carter: 1st black female DA in NY, dies at 70
  • 1970Marie Benavente: Actress (Paradise), dies at 84
  • 1975Vivien Kellems: TV hostess (The Power of Women), dies at 78

Historical events on January 26

  • 1340English King Edward III proclaimed King of France
  • 1531Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1654Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1699Venice, Poland and Austria sign peace treaty with Turkey
  • 1736Stanislaw Lesczynski flees Polish throne
  • 1748England, Netherlands, Austria and Sardinia sign anti-French treaty
  • 1788Captain Arthur Phillip hoists English flag on Botany Bay, New South Wales
  • 1797Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 1802Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1837Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838Tennessee becomes 1st state to prohibit alcohol
  • 1841Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 18501st German-language daily newspaper in US published, New York City
  • 1861Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede
  • 1862Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order
  • 186354th Regiment (Black) infantry forms
  • 1863War Department authorizes Mass Governor to recruit black troops
  • 1870Virginia rejoins US
  • 1871British Rugby Union forms
  • 1871US income tax repealed
  • 1875Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882France government of Gambetta falls
  • 18841st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 1886Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor
  • 1887Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians
  • 1905Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a Monk in Korea
  • 19071st federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1910Heavy rains cause floods in Paris

Born on January 26

  • 1613Johann Jakob Wolleb: Composer
  • 1667Henricus Zwaardecroon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1708William Hayes: Composer
  • 1714Jean B Pigalle: French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)
  • 1715Claude Helvetius: Paris, France -- Philosopher
  • 1716George Sackville Germain: 1st Viscount Sackville
  • 1722Prestonpans
  • 1742Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers: Composer
  • 1748Emmanuel Aloys Forster: Composer
  • 1763Charles XIV: French marshall, King of Sweden and Norway (1818-44)
  • 1770Alexander Carlyle: Moderator of General Assembly
  • 1771Jacob Andries van Braam: Colonial director (Suriname)
  • 1781Achim v Arnim: Writer
  • 1781Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim: German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1786Benjamin Robert Haydon: Plymouth -- Painter (Waiting for The Times)
  • 1814Rufus King: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876
  • 1816Lloyd Tilghman: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1826Julia Dent Grant: 1st lady (1862-76)
  • 1828Johan T Buys: Dutch lawyer
  • 1831Mary Mapes Dodge: NYC, New York -- Writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)
  • 1852Frederick Corder: Composer
  • 1852Pierre Brazza: Explorer / colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 1855Arthur Hervey: Composer
  • 1871Warner Fabian [Samuel H Adams]: US journalist / writer (Average Jones)
  • 1877Kees van Dongen: Netherlands -- French painter
  • 1879Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans: Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
  • 1884Edward Sapir: Germany -- Linguist / antropologist (indians)
  • 1884Roy Chapman Andrews: United States -- Scientist / explorer
  • 1886Joannes A Veraart: Dutch economist / MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • 1887Enrique E Ecker: Bacteriologist

Died on January 26

  • 1706Guillaume Poitevin: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1795Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1798Christian Gottlob Neefe: German Organist / composer, dies at 49
  • 1803Georg von Pasterwiz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1824Edward Jenner: Discoverer (vaccination)
  • 1850Francis Jeffrey: Baron Jeffrey, judge / literary critic
  • 1870Cesare Pugni: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1885Charles George Gordon: British Governor-General (Sudan), executed at 51
  • 1891Nicholaus Otto: Auto pioneer (internal combustion engine)
  • 1893Abner Doubleday: Credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday
  • 1895Arthur Cayley: Mathematician
  • 1904John P R Tak: Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
  • 1911Charles Wentworth Dilke: English Undersecretary of State, dies at 67
  • 1920Matthias Enzberger: German Minister of finance, murdered
  • 1922Luigi Denza: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1932William K Wrigley: Owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs)
  • 1942Gerard L F Philips: Dutch manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
  • 1943Nikolai Vavilov: Geneticist, Saratovv labour camp
  • 1947Grace Moore: US soprano / actress (1 Night of Life), dies at 45
  • 1947Gustav Adolf: Crown Prince of Sweden, dies in air crash
  • 1948Ignaz Friedman: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1949Victor Fleming: Director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65
  • 1950Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs), dies at 78
  • 1952Louis van Deyssel: Dutch writer (Diary of Franc Rozelaar), dies at 87
  • 1954Carl J Eldh: Swedish sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1962Charles "Lucky" Luciano: NYC Mafia gangster, dies at 65
  • 1962Fran Lhotka: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1963John Sigvard Olsen: Comedian (Olsen & Johnson), dies at 70
  • 1965Ali Mansoer: Premier of Persia, murdered
  • 1967Albert Remy: Actor (Blows), dies at 55