Events on Jan 26

  • 1340English King Edward III proclaimed King of France
  • 1531Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1654Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1699Venice, Poland and Austria sign peace treaty with Turkey
  • 1736Stanislaw Lesczynski flees Polish throne
  • 1748England, Netherlands, Austria and Sardinia sign anti-French treaty
  • 1788Captain Arthur Phillip hoists English flag on Botany Bay, New South Wales
  • 1797Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • 1802Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1837Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838Tennessee becomes 1st state to prohibit alcohol
  • 1841Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 18501st German-language daily newspaper in US published, New York City
  • 1861Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede
  • 1862Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order
  • 186354th Regiment (Black) infantry forms
  • 1863War Department authorizes Mass Governor to recruit black troops
  • 1870Virginia rejoins US
  • 1871British Rugby Union forms
  • 1871US income tax repealed
  • 1875Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882France government of Gambetta falls
  • 18841st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
  • 1886Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor
  • 1887Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians
  • 1905Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a Monk in Korea
  • 19071st federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1910Heavy rains cause floods in Paris

Born on Jan 26

  • 1613Johann Jakob Wolleb: Composer
  • 1667Henricus Zwaardecroon: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1708William Hayes: Composer
  • 1714Jean B Pigalle: French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)
  • 1715Claude Helvetius: Paris, France -- Philosopher
  • 1716George Sackville Germain: 1st Viscount Sackville
  • 1722Prestonpans
  • 1742Johann Friedrich Ludwig Sievers: Composer
  • 1748Emmanuel Aloys Forster: Composer
  • 1763Charles XIV: French marshall, King of Sweden and Norway (1818-44)
  • 1770Alexander Carlyle: Moderator of General Assembly
  • 1771Jacob Andries van Braam: Colonial director (Suriname)
  • 1781Achim v Arnim: Writer
  • 1781Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim: German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1786Benjamin Robert Haydon: Plymouth -- Painter (Waiting for The Times)
  • 1814Rufus King: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876
  • 1816Lloyd Tilghman: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1826Julia Dent Grant: 1st lady (1862-76)
  • 1828Johan T Buys: Dutch lawyer
  • 1831Mary Mapes Dodge: NYC, New York -- Writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)
  • 1852Frederick Corder: Composer
  • 1852Pierre Brazza: Explorer / colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 1855Arthur Hervey: Composer
  • 1871Warner Fabian [Samuel H Adams]: US journalist / writer (Average Jones)
  • 1877Kees van Dongen: Netherlands -- French painter
  • 1879Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans: Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
  • 1884Edward Sapir: Germany -- Linguist / antropologist (indians)
  • 1884Roy Chapman Andrews: United States -- Scientist / explorer
  • 1886Joannes A Veraart: Dutch economist / MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • 1887Enrique E Ecker: Bacteriologist

Died on Jan 26

  • 1706Guillaume Poitevin: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1795Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1798Christian Gottlob Neefe: German Organist / composer, dies at 49
  • 1803Georg von Pasterwiz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1824Edward Jenner: Discoverer (vaccination)
  • 1850Francis Jeffrey: Baron Jeffrey, judge / literary critic
  • 1870Cesare Pugni: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1885Charles George Gordon: British Governor-General (Sudan), executed at 51
  • 1891Nicholaus Otto: Auto pioneer (internal combustion engine)
  • 1893Abner Doubleday: Credit with inventing baseball, dies on 74th birthday
  • 1895Arthur Cayley: Mathematician
  • 1904John P R Tak: Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
  • 1911Charles Wentworth Dilke: English Undersecretary of State, dies at 67
  • 1920Matthias Enzberger: German Minister of finance, murdered
  • 1922Luigi Denza: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1932William K Wrigley: Owner (Wrigley Gum, Chicago Cubs)
  • 1942Gerard L F Philips: Dutch manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
  • 1943Nikolai Vavilov: Geneticist, Saratovv labour camp
  • 1947Grace Moore: US soprano / actress (1 Night of Life), dies at 45
  • 1947Gustav Adolf: Crown Prince of Sweden, dies in air crash
  • 1948Ignaz Friedman: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1949Victor Fleming: Director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind), dies at 65
  • 1950Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs), dies at 78
  • 1952Louis van Deyssel: Dutch writer (Diary of Franc Rozelaar), dies at 87
  • 1954Carl J Eldh: Swedish sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1962Charles "Lucky" Luciano: NYC Mafia gangster, dies at 65
  • 1962Fran Lhotka: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1963John Sigvard Olsen: Comedian (Olsen & Johnson), dies at 70
  • 1965Ali Mansoer: Premier of Persia, murdered
  • 1967Albert Remy: Actor (Blows), dies at 55

Historical events on January 27

  • 0672St. Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0847Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1302Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
  • 1538States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as Viceroy
  • 1556Willem of Orange becomes knight of Guilder Flies
  • 1593Vatican opens 7 year trial against Scholar Giordano Bruno
  • 16621st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)
  • 1671Pirate Henry Morgen lands at Panama City
  • 1710Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
  • 1736Abdication of Stanislas, last King of Poland
  • 17851st US state university chartered - Athens, Georgia
  • 1823President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
  • 1864Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • 18701st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 1870After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union
  • 1870Manitoba and Northwest Territories incorporated
  • 1880Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
  • 18861st British government of Salisbury resigns
  • 1888National Geographic Society organizes (Washington, DC)
  • 1891Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania
  • 18941st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
  • 1894Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • 1896Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • 1897British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 19025 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • 1905Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
  • 1906Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 seconds
  • 1915US Marines occupy Haiti
  • 1916Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)

Born on January 27

  • 1546Joachim III Frederick: Elector (Brandenburg)
  • 1556Abbas I: "the Great" shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 1592Pierre de La Barre: Composer
  • 1662Richard Bentley: Oulton, United Kingdom -- Scholar / controversialist
  • 1679Jean-Francois de Troy: French painter
  • 1701Johann N von Hontheim: German church historian / suffragan (Bishop)
  • 1715Vaclav Kalous: Composer
  • 1720Samuel Foote: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / dramatist (Mirror)
  • 1723Johann A Cramer: Prime Minister / poet
  • 1775Friedrich von Schelling: Germany -- Philosopher (Views on Christianity)
  • 1784Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer
  • 1805Samuel Palmer: London, England -- Painter / etcher (Valley of Vision)
  • 1822Thomas Leiper Kane: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1823Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo: France -- Composer (Symphonie Espagnole)
  • 1826Richard Taylor: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1828Louis Schubert: Composer
  • 1828Samuel Allen Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1830Georg Hellmesberger: Composer
  • 1830William Henry Fitzhugh Payne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Dmitri Mendeleev: Chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)
  • 1834Robert Sanford Foster: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836Leopold von Sacher-Masoch: Austrian writer (masochism)
  • 1850Samuel Gompers: Dutch / US 1st President (American Federation of Labor)
  • 1851Rafael Obligado: Argentina -- Writer (Santos Vega)
  • 1859Wilhelm II: Potsdam -- German Emperor (1888-1918)
  • 1867Claude Antoine Terrasse: Composer
  • 1868Cato Engelen-Sewing: Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera)
  • 1869Will Marion Cook: Composer
  • 1872Learned Hand: Albany, New York -- Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
  • 1882Giuseppe Prezzolini: Italy -- Writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)

Died on January 27

  • 0098Marius Cocceius Nerva: Emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67
  • 0672Vitalianus: Pope (657-72) / saint
  • 0847Sergius II: Pope (844-47)
  • 1164Abraham ibn Ezra: Poet / philosopher
  • 1540Angela Merici: Italian Monk / monastery
  • 1565Robrecht de Berghes: Prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64)
  • 1612Maarten van Valckenborch: Flemish painter, buried at about 77
  • 1625Adriaen Valerius: Notary / Netherlands Gedenck-clanck, dies at about 49
  • 1629Hieronymus Praetorius: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1669Gaspar de Crayer: Flemish painter, dies at 87
  • 1699William Temple: Statesman
  • 1731Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori: Ital piano builder, dies at 75
  • 1763John Theodor of Bavaria: Prince-bishop of Liege / cardinal
  • 1802Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1814Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Philosopher
  • 1814Philip Astley: Theatre manager
  • 1816Samuel Hood: 1st Viscount Hood / Admiral
  • 1850J Gottfried Schadow: German Sculptor / cartoonist / writer, dies at 85
  • 1850Philipp Roth: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1851John James Audubon: Conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
  • 1851Karl Moser: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1857Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • 1858Gerrit van der Linde Jz: Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
  • 1859Carl A Agardh: Swedish Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • 1864Franz von Klenze: German Architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
  • 1866John Gibson: Sculptor
  • 1889Ivan S Aksakov: Russian journalist, dies at 65
  • 1893James G Blaine: US Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 62
  • 1904Adam Minchejmer: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1928Marie Verstraete: Actress (Frou-Frou / Nora), dies at 74