Events on Jan 27

  • 0672St. Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0847Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1302Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
  • 1538States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as Viceroy
  • 1556Willem of Orange becomes knight of Guilder Flies
  • 1593Vatican opens 7 year trial against Scholar Giordano Bruno
  • 16621st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)
  • 1671Pirate Henry Morgen lands at Panama City
  • 1710Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
  • 1736Abdication of Stanislas, last King of Poland
  • 17851st US state university chartered - Athens, Georgia
  • 1823President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
  • 1864Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • 18701st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 1870After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union
  • 1870Manitoba and Northwest Territories incorporated
  • 1880Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
  • 18861st British government of Salisbury resigns
  • 1888National Geographic Society organizes (Washington, DC)
  • 1891Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania
  • 18941st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
  • 1894Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • 1896Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • 1897British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 19025 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • 1905Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
  • 1906Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 seconds
  • 1915US Marines occupy Haiti
  • 1916Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)

Born on Jan 27

  • 1546Joachim III Frederick: Elector (Brandenburg)
  • 1556Abbas I: "the Great" shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 1592Pierre de La Barre: Composer
  • 1662Richard Bentley: Oulton, United Kingdom -- Scholar / controversialist
  • 1679Jean-Francois de Troy: French painter
  • 1701Johann N von Hontheim: German church historian / suffragan (Bishop)
  • 1715Vaclav Kalous: Composer
  • 1720Samuel Foote: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / dramatist (Mirror)
  • 1723Johann A Cramer: Prime Minister / poet
  • 1775Friedrich von Schelling: Germany -- Philosopher (Views on Christianity)
  • 1784Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer
  • 1805Samuel Palmer: London, England -- Painter / etcher (Valley of Vision)
  • 1822Thomas Leiper Kane: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
  • 1823Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo: France -- Composer (Symphonie Espagnole)
  • 1826Richard Taylor: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1828Louis Schubert: Composer
  • 1828Samuel Allen Rice: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 1830Georg Hellmesberger: Composer
  • 1830William Henry Fitzhugh Payne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Dmitri Mendeleev: Chemist (discovered periodic table of the elements)
  • 1834Robert Sanford Foster: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836Leopold von Sacher-Masoch: Austrian writer (masochism)
  • 1850Samuel Gompers: Dutch / US 1st President (American Federation of Labor)
  • 1851Rafael Obligado: Argentina -- Writer (Santos Vega)
  • 1859Wilhelm II: Potsdam -- German Emperor (1888-1918)
  • 1867Claude Antoine Terrasse: Composer
  • 1868Cato Engelen-Sewing: Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera)
  • 1869Will Marion Cook: Composer
  • 1872Learned Hand: Albany, New York -- Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
  • 1882Giuseppe Prezzolini: Italy -- Writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)

Died on Jan 27

  • 0098Marius Cocceius Nerva: Emperor of Rome (96-98), dies at about 67
  • 0672Vitalianus: Pope (657-72) / saint
  • 0847Sergius II: Pope (844-47)
  • 1164Abraham ibn Ezra: Poet / philosopher
  • 1540Angela Merici: Italian Monk / monastery
  • 1565Robrecht de Berghes: Prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64)
  • 1612Maarten van Valckenborch: Flemish painter, buried at about 77
  • 1625Adriaen Valerius: Notary / Netherlands Gedenck-clanck, dies at about 49
  • 1629Hieronymus Praetorius: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1669Gaspar de Crayer: Flemish painter, dies at 87
  • 1699William Temple: Statesman
  • 1731Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori: Ital piano builder, dies at 75
  • 1763John Theodor of Bavaria: Prince-bishop of Liege / cardinal
  • 1802Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1814Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Philosopher
  • 1814Philip Astley: Theatre manager
  • 1816Samuel Hood: 1st Viscount Hood / Admiral
  • 1850J Gottfried Schadow: German Sculptor / cartoonist / writer, dies at 85
  • 1850Philipp Roth: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1851John James Audubon: Conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
  • 1851Karl Moser: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1857Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • 1858Gerrit van der Linde Jz: Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
  • 1859Carl A Agardh: Swedish Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • 1864Franz von Klenze: German Architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
  • 1866John Gibson: Sculptor
  • 1889Ivan S Aksakov: Russian journalist, dies at 65
  • 1893James G Blaine: US Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 62
  • 1904Adam Minchejmer: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1928Marie Verstraete: Actress (Frou-Frou / Nora), dies at 74

Historical events on January 28

  • 1077German King Henry IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
  • 1077Pope Gregory VII pardons German Emperor Heinrich IV
  • 10991st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria
  • 1262Flemish / Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm
  • 1393Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)
  • 1495Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France
  • 15479-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as King of England
  • 1561By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended
  • 1581James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
  • 1613Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune
  • 1689English parliament ends King Charles II reign
  • 1788Captain Arthur Phillip forms English colony at Sydney, Botany Bay, New South Wales
  • 1788Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • 1819Sir Stamford Raffles 1st lands in Singapore
  • 1821Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica
  • 1824William Kneass becomes 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40)
  • 1830Opera "Fra Diavolo, " premieres in Paris
  • 1846Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
  • 1848King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 1851Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 1860Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 1864Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • 1865President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
  • 1871Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 18781st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • 1878George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • 1878Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 1887England all out for 45 vs. Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • 1899American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • 1902Carnegie Institute founded in Washington DC

Born on January 28

  • 1457Henry VII: Pembroke Castle -- 1st Tudor King of England (1485-1509)
  • 1578Cornelis Haga: Dutch lawyer / ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39)
  • 1600Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi]: Pistoia, Italy -- 238th Pope (1667-69)
  • 1608Giovanni Alfonso Borelli: Naples, Italy -- Mathematician / astronomer
  • 1611Johannes Hevelius: Danzig -- Astronomer (star cataloger)
  • 1627Alfonso Marsh: Composer
  • 1645Gottfried Vopelius: Composer
  • 1688Jan Maurits Quinkhard: Dutch portrait painter
  • 1691Johann Balthasar Konig: Composer
  • 1693Anna "Ivanovna": Tsarina of Russia (1730-40) (2 / 7 NS)
  • 1693Gregor Joseph Werner: Composer
  • 1702Hermanus Noordkerk: Dutch lawyer
  • 1706John Baskerville: English printer (typeface inventor)
  • 1714Jean-Baptiste Pigalle: French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)
  • 1717Mustapha III: Sultan of Turkey (1757-74)
  • 1722Johann Ernst Bach: Composer
  • 1756Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth: Composer
  • 1757Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni: Composer
  • 1768Frederick VI: Danish King (1808-39); lost Norway to Sweden (1814)
  • 1775Peter the Great: Russia
  • 1784George HG Earl of Aberdeen: English Secretary of State
  • 1815Andrew Jackson Hamilton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1818George Sewall Boutwell: MC (Union), died in 1905
  • 1822Alexander MacKenzie: (L) 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (1873-78)
  • 1825George Edward Pickett: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
  • 1828Michel Abeloos: Flemish sculptor
  • 1828Thomas Carmichael Hindman: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1868
  • 1831Henry Brevard Davidson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1832Franz Wullner: Composer
  • 1833Charles George Gordon: London, England -- General (China, Khartoum)

Died on January 28

  • 0814Charlemagne: German Emperor / Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71
  • 1119Gelasius II [Giovannis Caetani]: Pope (1118-19)
  • 1256Willem II: Earl of Holland / German Emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22
  • 1393Earl of Joigny: Burned at royal ball
  • 1528Philips of Cleve: Ruler of Ravenstein
  • 1547Henry VIII: King of England (1509-47), dies at 55
  • 1549Elia Levita: German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80
  • 1560John a Lasco [John Laski]: Polish nobleman / reformed theologist
  • 1595Francis Drake: English pirate (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50
  • 1606Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan]: Dutch lawyer / pastor / vicar, dies at 85
  • 1612Thomas Bodley: Diplomat / founder (Bodleian Library)
  • 1621Paulus V [Camillo Borghese]: 233rd Pope (1605-21), dies at 68
  • 1687Johannes Hevelius: Astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday
  • 1754Ludvig Holberg: Danish lawyer / writer (Hendrig og Pernille), dies at 69
  • 1768John Wainwright: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1810Andrew Hofer: Tyrolian rebel against French and Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1813Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1817Friedrich Ludwig Emilius Kunzen: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1829William Burke: Murderer / body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh
  • 1868Adalbert Stifter: Austrian Author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • 1869Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1873Henry Hugo Pierson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1895Francois Certain de Canrobert: French marshal, dies at 85
  • 1896Joseph Barnby: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1898Alexandru Flechtenmacher: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1903Augusta Mary Anne Holmes: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1903Jean Robert Planquette: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1910Jose Garcia Robles: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1918John McCrae: Canadian Poet / physician
  • 1924Simon Abramsz: Dutch writer (Artist book), dies at 56