Events on Jan 28

  • 1077German King Henry IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
  • 1077Pope Gregory VII pardons German Emperor Heinrich IV
  • 10991st Crusaders begins siege of Hosn-el-Akrad Syria
  • 1262Flemish / Dutch coast ravaged by north western storm
  • 1393Fire during Royal Ball at Paris, 4 die (Ball of the Ardents)
  • 1495Pope gives his son Cesare Borgia as hostage to Charles VIII of France
  • 15479-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as King of England
  • 1561By Edict of Orleans persecution of French Huguenots is suspended
  • 1581James VI signs 2nd Confession of Faith in Scotland
  • 1613Galileo may have unknowingly viewed undiscovered planet Neptune
  • 1689English parliament ends King Charles II reign
  • 1788Captain Arthur Phillip forms English colony at Sydney, Botany Bay, New South Wales
  • 1788Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France
  • 1819Sir Stamford Raffles 1st lands in Singapore
  • 1821Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica
  • 1824William Kneass becomes 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40)
  • 1830Opera "Fra Diavolo, " premieres in Paris
  • 1846Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
  • 1848King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 1851Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 1860Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 1864Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • 1865President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
  • 1871Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 18781st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • 1878George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • 1878Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 1887England all out for 45 vs. Aust SCG, their lowest total ever
  • 1899American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • 1902Carnegie Institute founded in Washington DC

Born on Jan 28

  • 1457Henry VII: Pembroke Castle -- 1st Tudor King of England (1485-1509)
  • 1578Cornelis Haga: Dutch lawyer / ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39)
  • 1600Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi]: Pistoia, Italy -- 238th Pope (1667-69)
  • 1608Giovanni Alfonso Borelli: Naples, Italy -- Mathematician / astronomer
  • 1611Johannes Hevelius: Danzig -- Astronomer (star cataloger)
  • 1627Alfonso Marsh: Composer
  • 1645Gottfried Vopelius: Composer
  • 1688Jan Maurits Quinkhard: Dutch portrait painter
  • 1691Johann Balthasar Konig: Composer
  • 1693Anna "Ivanovna": Tsarina of Russia (1730-40) (2 / 7 NS)
  • 1693Gregor Joseph Werner: Composer
  • 1702Hermanus Noordkerk: Dutch lawyer
  • 1706John Baskerville: English printer (typeface inventor)
  • 1714Jean-Baptiste Pigalle: French sculptor (Child with Pigeon)
  • 1717Mustapha III: Sultan of Turkey (1757-74)
  • 1722Johann Ernst Bach: Composer
  • 1756Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth: Composer
  • 1757Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni: Composer
  • 1768Frederick VI: Danish King (1808-39); lost Norway to Sweden (1814)
  • 1775Peter the Great: Russia
  • 1784George HG Earl of Aberdeen: English Secretary of State
  • 1815Andrew Jackson Hamilton: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1875
  • 1818George Sewall Boutwell: MC (Union), died in 1905
  • 1822Alexander MacKenzie: (L) 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (1873-78)
  • 1825George Edward Pickett: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
  • 1828Michel Abeloos: Flemish sculptor
  • 1828Thomas Carmichael Hindman: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1868
  • 1831Henry Brevard Davidson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 1832Franz Wullner: Composer
  • 1833Charles George Gordon: London, England -- General (China, Khartoum)

Died on Jan 28

  • 0814Charlemagne: German Emperor / Roman Emperor (800-814), dies at 71
  • 1119Gelasius II [Giovannis Caetani]: Pope (1118-19)
  • 1256Willem II: Earl of Holland / German Emperor (1238, 47-56), dies at 22
  • 1393Earl of Joigny: Burned at royal ball
  • 1528Philips of Cleve: Ruler of Ravenstein
  • 1547Henry VIII: King of England (1509-47), dies at 55
  • 1549Elia Levita: German-Yiddish writer (Habachur), dies at about 80
  • 1560John a Lasco [John Laski]: Polish nobleman / reformed theologist
  • 1595Francis Drake: English pirate (Porto Bello West Indies), dies at 50
  • 1606Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan]: Dutch lawyer / pastor / vicar, dies at 85
  • 1612Thomas Bodley: Diplomat / founder (Bodleian Library)
  • 1621Paulus V [Camillo Borghese]: 233rd Pope (1605-21), dies at 68
  • 1687Johannes Hevelius: Astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday
  • 1754Ludvig Holberg: Danish lawyer / writer (Hendrig og Pernille), dies at 69
  • 1768John Wainwright: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1810Andrew Hofer: Tyrolian rebel against French and Bavarians, shot dead
  • 1813Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1817Friedrich Ludwig Emilius Kunzen: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1829William Burke: Murderer / body snatcher, executed in Edinburgh
  • 1868Adalbert Stifter: Austrian Author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • 1869Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1873Henry Hugo Pierson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1895Francois Certain de Canrobert: French marshal, dies at 85
  • 1896Joseph Barnby: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1898Alexandru Flechtenmacher: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1903Augusta Mary Anne Holmes: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1903Jean Robert Planquette: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1910Jose Garcia Robles: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1918John McCrae: Canadian Poet / physician
  • 1924Simon Abramsz: Dutch writer (Artist book), dies at 56

Historical events on January 29

  • 1523Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden
  • 1574Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1587Deventer andZutphen surrender to Spain
  • 1613Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees
  • 1676Fjodor Aleksejevitsj becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1788Australia Day
  • 1802John Beckley of Virginia appointed 1st Librarian of Congress
  • 1834President Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute
  • 1839Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
  • 1848Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament / freedom of press)
  • 1850Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate
  • 1856Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery
  • 1860American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1861Kansas becomes 34th state
  • 1863Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs. Indians
  • 1872Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • 1879Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
  • 18861st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe
  • 1896Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
  • 1900American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Minneapolis
  • 1900Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1903Dutch railroad workers strike
  • 19041st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)
  • 1906Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km
  • 1908Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • 1912Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • 1913Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • 19161st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1917English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch
  • 1919Secretary of State proclaims 18th amendment (prohibition)

Born on January 29

  • 1584Frederik Hendrik: Count of Nassau / Prince of Orange
  • 1688Emmanuel Swedenborg: Sweden -- Religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • 1689Hubert K Poot: Dutch poet
  • 1700Daniel Bernoulli: Basel, Switzerland -- Mathematician (10 time French award)
  • 1703Carlmann Kolb: Composer
  • 1711Giuseppi Bonno: Composer
  • 1715Georg Christoph Wagenseil: Austrian (court)composer / pianist
  • 1717Jeffrey Amherst: English Governor-General of America / Field Marshal
  • 1737Thomas Paine: Political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason)
  • 1756Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee: (Rep / Gov-Virginia) / General
  • 1761Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Switzerland -- US Minister of Finance (1801-14)
  • 1763J G Seume: Writer
  • 1782Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer (Fra Diavolo)
  • 1782Frantiszek Tucek Scigalski: Composer
  • 1783Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk poet / translator (Homerus)
  • 1784Ferdinand Ries: Composer
  • 1798Henry Neele: London, England -- Poet
  • 1801Johannes Bernardus van Bree: Dutch violinist / composer (Felix Meritis)
  • 1803James Outram: Butterley Hall, Derbyshire, England -- General
  • 1810Earnest E Kummer: German mathematician
  • 1821Isaac Ferdinand Quinby: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1823Franklin Gardner: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Karl von Perfall: Composer
  • 1836Benjamin Franklin Potts: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1836James Meech Warner: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1843William McKinley: Niles, Ohio -- (R) 25th President (1897-1901)
  • 1850Ebenezer Howard: London, England -- Pioneer of garden cities
  • 1850Lawrence Hargrave: Inventor (box kite)
  • 1852Frederick Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 1852Ion Luca Caragiale: Romanian actor / playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa)

Died on January 29

  • 0969Peter: Tsar of Bulgaria (927-69)
  • 1559Thomas Pope: English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • 1663Robert Sanderson: Bishop of Lincoln (1660-63)
  • 1696Ivan V: Co-tsar of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1814Johann G Fichte: German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • 1820George III: King of Great-Britain (1760-1820), dies at 81
  • 1824Louise MC Countess of Albany: Henegouws salon owner, dies at 71
  • 1837Aleksandr Pushkin: Poet / Novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel
  • 1879Antonia MB Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 80
  • 1888Edward Lear: Poet / author, dies at 75
  • 1899Alfred Sisley: Painter
  • 1899Robert J Fruin: Dutch Historian (80-year war), dies at 75
  • 1906Christaan IX: King of Denmark (1893-1906)
  • 1912Hermann Bang: Writer, dies at 54
  • 1916Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvils: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1917Evelyn Baring Earl Cromer: English Consul-General in Egypt, dies at 75
  • 1924Joseph Ludwig: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1928Douglas Haig: 1st Earl Haig / field marshal (WWI), dies at 66
  • 1934Fritz Haber: German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • 1941Ioannis Metaxas: Greek General / Dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69
  • 1942Ladislao Joseph Philip Paul Zavrtal: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1944William Allen White: US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • 1946Harry L Hopkins: US Minister of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • 1946Sidney James Jones: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1955Hans Hedtoft: Premier of Denmark (1947.. 55), dies at 51
  • 1956H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken: US essayist / critic (Smart Set), dies at 75
  • 1960Louis Jean Heydt: Actor (Joe-Waterfront), dies at 54
  • 1962Fritz Kreisler: Austria / US violinist / composer, dies at 86
  • 1963Robert Lee Frost: US Poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88
  • 1964Alan Ladd: Actor (Shane), dies at 50 in Palm Springs, California