Events on Jan 29

  • 1523Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden
  • 1574Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1587Deventer andZutphen surrender to Spain
  • 1613Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees
  • 1676Fjodor Aleksejevitsj becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1788Australia Day
  • 1802John Beckley of Virginia appointed 1st Librarian of Congress
  • 1834President Jackson orders 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute
  • 1839Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
  • 1848Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament / freedom of press)
  • 1850Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate
  • 1856Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery
  • 1860American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1861Kansas becomes 34th state
  • 1863Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs. Indians
  • 1872Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • 1879Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
  • 18861st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe
  • 1896Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
  • 1900American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Minneapolis
  • 1900Boers under Joubert beat English at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1903Dutch railroad workers strike
  • 19041st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)
  • 1906Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km
  • 1908Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • 1912Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • 1913Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • 19161st bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1917English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch
  • 1919Secretary of State proclaims 18th amendment (prohibition)

Born on Jan 29

  • 1584Frederik Hendrik: Count of Nassau / Prince of Orange
  • 1688Emmanuel Swedenborg: Sweden -- Religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • 1689Hubert K Poot: Dutch poet
  • 1700Daniel Bernoulli: Basel, Switzerland -- Mathematician (10 time French award)
  • 1703Carlmann Kolb: Composer
  • 1711Giuseppi Bonno: Composer
  • 1715Georg Christoph Wagenseil: Austrian (court)composer / pianist
  • 1717Jeffrey Amherst: English Governor-General of America / Field Marshal
  • 1737Thomas Paine: Political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason)
  • 1756Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee: (Rep / Gov-Virginia) / General
  • 1761Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Switzerland -- US Minister of Finance (1801-14)
  • 1763J G Seume: Writer
  • 1782Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer (Fra Diavolo)
  • 1782Frantiszek Tucek Scigalski: Composer
  • 1783Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk poet / translator (Homerus)
  • 1784Ferdinand Ries: Composer
  • 1798Henry Neele: London, England -- Poet
  • 1801Johannes Bernardus van Bree: Dutch violinist / composer (Felix Meritis)
  • 1803James Outram: Butterley Hall, Derbyshire, England -- General
  • 1810Earnest E Kummer: German mathematician
  • 1821Isaac Ferdinand Quinby: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1823Franklin Gardner: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Karl von Perfall: Composer
  • 1836Benjamin Franklin Potts: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 1836James Meech Warner: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 1843William McKinley: Niles, Ohio -- (R) 25th President (1897-1901)
  • 1850Ebenezer Howard: London, England -- Pioneer of garden cities
  • 1850Lawrence Hargrave: Inventor (box kite)
  • 1852Frederick Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 1852Ion Luca Caragiale: Romanian actor / playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa)

Died on Jan 29

  • 0969Peter: Tsar of Bulgaria (927-69)
  • 1559Thomas Pope: English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • 1663Robert Sanderson: Bishop of Lincoln (1660-63)
  • 1696Ivan V: Co-tsar of Russia (1682-89)
  • 1814Johann G Fichte: German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • 1820George III: King of Great-Britain (1760-1820), dies at 81
  • 1824Louise MC Countess of Albany: Henegouws salon owner, dies at 71
  • 1837Aleksandr Pushkin: Poet / Novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel
  • 1879Antonia MB Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 80
  • 1888Edward Lear: Poet / author, dies at 75
  • 1899Alfred Sisley: Painter
  • 1899Robert J Fruin: Dutch Historian (80-year war), dies at 75
  • 1906Christaan IX: King of Denmark (1893-1906)
  • 1912Hermann Bang: Writer, dies at 54
  • 1916Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvils: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1917Evelyn Baring Earl Cromer: English Consul-General in Egypt, dies at 75
  • 1924Joseph Ludwig: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1928Douglas Haig: 1st Earl Haig / field marshal (WWI), dies at 66
  • 1934Fritz Haber: German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • 1941Ioannis Metaxas: Greek General / Dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69
  • 1942Ladislao Joseph Philip Paul Zavrtal: Composer, dies at 92
  • 1944William Allen White: US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • 1946Harry L Hopkins: US Minister of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • 1946Sidney James Jones: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1955Hans Hedtoft: Premier of Denmark (1947.. 55), dies at 51
  • 1956H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken: US essayist / critic (Smart Set), dies at 75
  • 1960Louis Jean Heydt: Actor (Joe-Waterfront), dies at 54
  • 1962Fritz Kreisler: Austria / US violinist / composer, dies at 86
  • 1963Robert Lee Frost: US Poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88
  • 1964Alan Ladd: Actor (Shane), dies at 50 in Palm Springs, California

Historical events on January 30

  • 1077Pope Gregory VII pardons German Emperor Henry IV
  • 1349Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1487Bell chimes invented
  • 1522Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1647King Charles I handed over to English parliament
  • 1713England and Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
  • 1781Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 1790Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • 1797Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
  • 1798Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • 1800US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1818Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"
  • 1820Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim)
  • 1835Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC
  • 1847Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 18541st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1877Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879French President MacMahon resigns
  • 1883England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • 1889John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • 1889Victoria beat NSW after following on (New South Wales all out 63 needed 76)
  • 1894Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Admiral Benham
  • 1895C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (vs. Victoria)

Born on January 30

  • 1563Franciscus Gomarus [Francois Gomaer]: Dutch theologist / opera singer
  • 1616William Sancroft: Archbishop (Canterbury)
  • 1624Arnold Geulincx: South Netherlands -- Philosopher (About Virtue)
  • 1628George Villiers: 2nd Duke of Buckingham England
  • 1647Konrad Hoffler: Composer
  • 1687[Johann] Balthasar Neumann: German architect, baptized
  • 1694Joseph Joachim Benedict Munster: Composer
  • 1697Johann Joachim Quantz: German royal flautist / composer
  • 1708Georg D Ehret: German / English cartoonist
  • 1710Vigilio Blasio Faitello: Composer
  • 1724Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger: Composer
  • 1752Joseph Matthias Kracher: Composer
  • 1756Josef Preindl: Composer
  • 1760Franz Xaver Partsch: Composer
  • 1775Walter Savage Landor: Warwick, England -- Critic / writer (Imaginary Conversation)
  • 1781A v Chamisso: Writer
  • 1789George Augustus Kollmann: Composer
  • 1797Edwin Vose Sumner: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1814Jean-Baptist Capronnier: French / Belgian glass painter
  • 1816Nathaniel Prentiss Banks: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1822John Basil Turchin [Ivan Turchinoff]: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Alfred Cummings: Georgia, United States -- Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1834Lord Avebury [John Lubbock]: British banker / politician
  • 1835Oliver Edwards: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1841Alfred Townsend George: Civil War journalist, died in 1914
  • 1844Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: German General / Governor-General of Belgium (1914-17)
  • 1846Francis H Bradley: British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1861Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: Mulhouse, Alsace -- Composer
  • 1862Walter Johannes Damrosch: Composer
  • 1866Gelett Burgess: Author (Purple Cow)

Died on January 30

  • 1156Herman van Horn: Bishop of Utrecht (1151 / 52-56)
  • 1393Aimery Poitiers: French nobleman, burned at royal ball
  • 1393Yvain: Son of Earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
  • 1584Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum: Mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
  • 1584Pieter Jansz Pourbus: Flemish painter
  • 1644William Chillingworth: Engl theologian, Cambridge Platonist
  • 1649Charles I: King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason
  • 1730Peter II Alekseyevitch: Emperor of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1774Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1774Jean-Pierre Guignon: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1797Johann Abraham Sixt: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1816Reinier Vinkeles: Dutch engraver / cartoonist / art collector, dies at 74
  • 1827Johann Philipp Christian Schulz: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1838Osceola: Chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 1860Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1881Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • 1888Asa Gray: US Botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
  • 1890Karl Merz: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1900Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli]: Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • 1925Jakab Gyula Major: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1925John F Mellaerts: Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • 1927Friedrich Ernst Koch: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1942Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1945Gottlieb J Haberlandt: Hungarian / German botanist, dies at 90
  • 1945William Busch: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1947Frederick F Blackman: English botanist, dies at 80
  • 1948Herb Pennock: Pitcher (New York Yankees) / GM (Phillies)
  • 1948Mahatma Ghandi: Murdered by Hindu extremists in India
  • 1948Orville Wright: US aviation pioneer, dies at 76
  • 1951Ferdinand Porsche: German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75