Events on Jan 30

  • 1077Pope Gregory VII pardons German Emperor Henry IV
  • 1349Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1487Bell chimes invented
  • 1522Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1544Adrian van Goes becomes land advocate of Holland
  • 1592Ippolito Aldobrandini elected Pope Clement VIII
  • 1647King Charles I handed over to English parliament
  • 1713England and Netherlands sign 2nd anti-French boundary treaty
  • 1781Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 1790Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
  • 1797Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
  • 1798Rep Matthew Lyon (Vt) spits in face of Rep Roger Griswold (Ct) in US House of Representatives, after an argument
  • 1800US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1804Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1806Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • 1818Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"
  • 1820Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim)
  • 1835Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC
  • 1847Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 18541st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 1858William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 1877Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 1879French President MacMahon resigns
  • 1883England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 1888Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • 1889John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • 1889Victoria beat NSW after following on (New South Wales all out 63 needed 76)
  • 1894Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • 1894US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Admiral Benham
  • 1895C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (vs. Victoria)

Born on Jan 30

  • 1563Franciscus Gomarus [Francois Gomaer]: Dutch theologist / opera singer
  • 1616William Sancroft: Archbishop (Canterbury)
  • 1624Arnold Geulincx: South Netherlands -- Philosopher (About Virtue)
  • 1628George Villiers: 2nd Duke of Buckingham England
  • 1647Konrad Hoffler: Composer
  • 1687[Johann] Balthasar Neumann: German architect, baptized
  • 1694Joseph Joachim Benedict Munster: Composer
  • 1697Johann Joachim Quantz: German royal flautist / composer
  • 1708Georg D Ehret: German / English cartoonist
  • 1710Vigilio Blasio Faitello: Composer
  • 1724Ignaz Franz Xaver Kurzinger: Composer
  • 1752Joseph Matthias Kracher: Composer
  • 1756Josef Preindl: Composer
  • 1760Franz Xaver Partsch: Composer
  • 1775Walter Savage Landor: Warwick, England -- Critic / writer (Imaginary Conversation)
  • 1781A v Chamisso: Writer
  • 1789George Augustus Kollmann: Composer
  • 1797Edwin Vose Sumner: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 1814Jean-Baptist Capronnier: French / Belgian glass painter
  • 1816Nathaniel Prentiss Banks: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 1822John Basil Turchin [Ivan Turchinoff]: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829Alfred Cummings: Georgia, United States -- Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1834Lord Avebury [John Lubbock]: British banker / politician
  • 1835Oliver Edwards: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1904
  • 1841Alfred Townsend George: Civil War journalist, died in 1914
  • 1844Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: German General / Governor-General of Belgium (1914-17)
  • 1846Francis H Bradley: British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 1861Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: Mulhouse, Alsace -- Composer
  • 1862Walter Johannes Damrosch: Composer
  • 1866Gelett Burgess: Author (Purple Cow)

Died on Jan 30

  • 1156Herman van Horn: Bishop of Utrecht (1151 / 52-56)
  • 1393Aimery Poitiers: French nobleman, burned at royal ball
  • 1393Yvain: Son of Earl of Foix, burned at royal ball
  • 1584Jonker Wigbold van Ewsum: Mister of Nienoord, dies in battle
  • 1584Pieter Jansz Pourbus: Flemish painter
  • 1644William Chillingworth: Engl theologian, Cambridge Platonist
  • 1649Charles I: King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason
  • 1730Peter II Alekseyevitch: Emperor of Russia (1727-30), dies at 14
  • 1774Frantisek Ignac Antonin Tuma: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1774Jean-Pierre Guignon: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1797Johann Abraham Sixt: Composer, dies at 40
  • 1816Reinier Vinkeles: Dutch engraver / cartoonist / art collector, dies at 74
  • 1827Johann Philipp Christian Schulz: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1838Osceola: Chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 1860Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1881Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • 1888Asa Gray: US Botanist (Flora of North America), dies at 77
  • 1890Karl Merz: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1900Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli]: Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • 1925Jakab Gyula Major: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1925John F Mellaerts: Flemish social founder (Boerenbond), dies at 79
  • 1927Friedrich Ernst Koch: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1942Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1945Gottlieb J Haberlandt: Hungarian / German botanist, dies at 90
  • 1945William Busch: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1947Frederick F Blackman: English botanist, dies at 80
  • 1948Herb Pennock: Pitcher (New York Yankees) / GM (Phillies)
  • 1948Mahatma Ghandi: Murdered by Hindu extremists in India
  • 1948Orville Wright: US aviation pioneer, dies at 76
  • 1951Ferdinand Porsche: German car inventor (Porsche), dies at 75

Historical events on January 31

  • 0314St. Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0876Charles becomes King of Italy
  • 1504By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
  • 1560Spanish King Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois
  • 1578Battle of Gembloers
  • 1596Catholic League disjoins
  • 1609Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • 1627Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1675Cornelia / Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • 1696Revolt of undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
  • 1779Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 1804British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • 1849Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • 1851Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
  • 1854Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 1855Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 1861State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans
  • 1862Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
  • 18631st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1865Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
  • 1865Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies
  • 1871Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky
  • 1874Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
  • 1893"Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • 1901Boer general John Smuts and De la Rey Conqueror Mud river Transvaal
  • 19051st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 km/h), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • 1905Carroll Wright appointed 1st US Commissioner of Labor
  • 1906Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 1911Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • 19151st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

Born on January 31

  • 1517Gioseffo Zarlino: Composer
  • 1573Ambrosius Metzger: Composer
  • 1573Giulio Cesare Monteverdi: Composer
  • 1601Pieter de Bloot: Dutch landscape painter
  • 1607James Stanley: 7th Earl of Derby
  • 1612Hendrik Casimir I: Count of Nassau-Dietz / Mayor of Frisia
  • 1614Nicolas Saboly: Composer
  • 1620Georg F von Waldeck: German Commander-in-Chief
  • 1623Francois-Xavier de Laval
  • 1633Nathaniel Crew: English Bishop (Durham)
  • 1734Julien-Amable Mathieu: Composer
  • 1734Robert Morris: Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Gerrit J Pijman: Dutch Minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
  • 1759Francois Devienne: Composer
  • 1778Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat: Austrian Premier of Bohemia (1848)
  • 1784Carl Wilhelm Henning: Composer
  • 1797Franz Peter Schubert: Lichtenthal, Australia -- Composer (Unfinished Symphony)
  • 1798Karl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer
  • 1802Jan C J van Speijk: Dutch naval hero
  • 1810Daniel Ruggles: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1812John Randolph Tucker: Captain (Confederate Navy), died in 1883
  • 1813Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam, Holland -- Physician / pharmacist / social activist
  • 1817Antony Winkler Prins: Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)
  • 1818William Raine Peck: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1836Henryk Szulc: Composer
  • 1863F Henri Berz: French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 1866Emil Strauss: Germany -- Writer (Naked Man)
  • 1868Theodore William Richards: Chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • 1869Henry graaf Carton de Wiart: Belgian literary / Premier (1920-21)
  • 1872Zane Grey: American West Novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)

Died on January 31

  • 1561Menno Simonsz: Dutch priest / vicar (Foundation Book)
  • 1580Hendrik: Portuguese Cardinal / epilepticus / regent (1578-80)
  • 1606Guy Fawkes: Convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot", executed at 35
  • 1788[Bonnie Prince] Charles E Stuart: English pretender, dies at 67
  • 1788Charles E Stuart: English pretender to the throne, dies at 67
  • 1788Francesco Zannetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1828Alexandros Ypsilanti: Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35
  • 1861Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • 1864Hamilton Rowan Gamble: US judge / Governor of Missouri (1861-64)
  • 1891Ernest Meissonier: French Painter / etcher / sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1919Paul Lindau: German playwright / critic (Estimate), dies at 79
  • 1922Heinrich Reinhardt: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1933John Galsworthy: England, writer (Forsythe, Nobel 1932), dies at 65
  • 1945Eddie Slovik: 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • 1949Henri de Vries [Hendricus Walterop]: Actor (Cleopatra), dies at 84
  • 1954Edwin H Armstrong: US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
  • 1954Florence Bates: Actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama), dies at 65
  • 1955John R Mott: US Theologist / founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89
  • 1960Lowell Gilmore: Actor (Calcutta, Roadblock), dies at 53
  • 1966Elizabeth Patterson: Actress (Tall Story), dies at 90
  • 1967Chief Thundercloud: Actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100
  • 1967Otto Dibelius: German Theologian / Bishop, dies at 86
  • 1969Alexander Mikhaylovich Dzegelyonok: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1970Slim Harpo [James Moore]: Rocker, dies at 28
  • 1972Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra: King of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
  • 1972Howard Barlow: Conductor (Voice of Firestone), dies at 79
  • 1972Istvan Szelenyi: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1973Ragnar Frisch: Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77
  • 1974Harry Baum: Actor (Crime & Punishment), dies at 58
  • 1974Paul Haesaerts: Flemish Architect / Painter (Flandre), dies at 72