Events on Jan 31

  • 0314St. Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0876Charles becomes King of Italy
  • 1504By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
  • 1560Spanish King Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois
  • 1578Battle of Gembloers
  • 1596Catholic League disjoins
  • 1609Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • 1627Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1675Cornelia / Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • 1696Revolt of undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
  • 1779Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 1804British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • 1849Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • 1851Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
  • 1854Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 1855Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 1861State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans
  • 1862Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
  • 18631st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1865Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
  • 1865Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies
  • 1871Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky
  • 1874Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
  • 1893"Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • 1901Boer general John Smuts and De la Rey Conqueror Mud river Transvaal
  • 19051st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 km/h), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • 1905Carroll Wright appointed 1st US Commissioner of Labor
  • 1906Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 1911Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • 19151st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians

Born on Jan 31

  • 1517Gioseffo Zarlino: Composer
  • 1573Ambrosius Metzger: Composer
  • 1573Giulio Cesare Monteverdi: Composer
  • 1601Pieter de Bloot: Dutch landscape painter
  • 1607James Stanley: 7th Earl of Derby
  • 1612Hendrik Casimir I: Count of Nassau-Dietz / Mayor of Frisia
  • 1614Nicolas Saboly: Composer
  • 1620Georg F von Waldeck: German Commander-in-Chief
  • 1623Francois-Xavier de Laval
  • 1633Nathaniel Crew: English Bishop (Durham)
  • 1734Julien-Amable Mathieu: Composer
  • 1734Robert Morris: Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750Gerrit J Pijman: Dutch Minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
  • 1759Francois Devienne: Composer
  • 1778Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat: Austrian Premier of Bohemia (1848)
  • 1784Carl Wilhelm Henning: Composer
  • 1797Franz Peter Schubert: Lichtenthal, Australia -- Composer (Unfinished Symphony)
  • 1798Karl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer
  • 1802Jan C J van Speijk: Dutch naval hero
  • 1810Daniel Ruggles: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 1812John Randolph Tucker: Captain (Confederate Navy), died in 1883
  • 1813Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam, Holland -- Physician / pharmacist / social activist
  • 1817Antony Winkler Prins: Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)
  • 1818William Raine Peck: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 1836Henryk Szulc: Composer
  • 1863F Henri Berz: French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 1866Emil Strauss: Germany -- Writer (Naked Man)
  • 1868Theodore William Richards: Chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • 1869Henry graaf Carton de Wiart: Belgian literary / Premier (1920-21)
  • 1872Zane Grey: American West Novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)

Died on Jan 31

  • 1561Menno Simonsz: Dutch priest / vicar (Foundation Book)
  • 1580Hendrik: Portuguese Cardinal / epilepticus / regent (1578-80)
  • 1606Guy Fawkes: Convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot", executed at 35
  • 1788[Bonnie Prince] Charles E Stuart: English pretender, dies at 67
  • 1788Charles E Stuart: English pretender to the throne, dies at 67
  • 1788Francesco Zannetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1828Alexandros Ypsilanti: Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35
  • 1861Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • 1864Hamilton Rowan Gamble: US judge / Governor of Missouri (1861-64)
  • 1891Ernest Meissonier: French Painter / etcher / sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1919Paul Lindau: German playwright / critic (Estimate), dies at 79
  • 1922Heinrich Reinhardt: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1933John Galsworthy: England, writer (Forsythe, Nobel 1932), dies at 65
  • 1945Eddie Slovik: 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • 1949Henri de Vries [Hendricus Walterop]: Actor (Cleopatra), dies at 84
  • 1954Edwin H Armstrong: US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
  • 1954Florence Bates: Actress (Kismet, I Remember Mama), dies at 65
  • 1955John R Mott: US Theologist / founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89
  • 1960Lowell Gilmore: Actor (Calcutta, Roadblock), dies at 53
  • 1966Elizabeth Patterson: Actress (Tall Story), dies at 90
  • 1967Chief Thundercloud: Actor (Ambush, Colt 45, Typhoon), dies at 100
  • 1967Otto Dibelius: German Theologian / Bishop, dies at 86
  • 1969Alexander Mikhaylovich Dzegelyonok: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1970Slim Harpo [James Moore]: Rocker, dies at 28
  • 1972Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra: King of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
  • 1972Howard Barlow: Conductor (Voice of Firestone), dies at 79
  • 1972Istvan Szelenyi: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1973Ragnar Frisch: Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77
  • 1974Harry Baum: Actor (Crime & Punishment), dies at 58
  • 1974Paul Haesaerts: Flemish Architect / Painter (Flandre), dies at 72

Historical events on February 1

  • 0772Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1539Emperor Karel and King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
  • 1587English Queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuarts death sentence
  • 1662Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders for Chinese pirates
  • 1669French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion
  • 1709Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
  • 1720Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1732Parliament of Ratisborn accept Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
  • 1783William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
  • 17881st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs and Longstreet
  • 1789Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793France declares war on England and Netherlands
  • 1793Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk and linen
  • 1809Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 18101st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Philadelphia)
  • 1810Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • 1810US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
  • 1814Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 18601st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
  • 1861Dike breaks in Gelderland Netherlands
  • 1861Texas becomes 7th state to secede
  • 1862Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
  • 18642nd German-Danish war begins
  • 1864Austrian / Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk / Holstein
  • 186513th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
  • 1865JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
  • 1867Bricklayers start working 8-hour days

Born on February 1

  • 1552Edward Coke: Mileham Norfolk, England -- Jurist / politician (defended common law)
  • 1603Michael Trumper: Composer
  • 1605Isaac Aboab de Fonseca: Portuguese / Neth rabbi / mystic
  • 1633Gabriel Schutz: Composer
  • 1659Jacob Roggeveen: Dutch Swiss lawyer / navigator (Easter Island)
  • 1669Miguel Lopez: Composer
  • 1690Francesco Maria Veracini: Italian opera composer
  • 1710Konrad E Ackermann: German actor (Die Oberpfalz)
  • 1757John P Kemble: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / director (Drury Lane, Covent Garden)
  • 1763Thomas Campbell: Founder (Church of Disciples in America)
  • 1791Charles J Sax: Belgian music instrument builder
  • 1801Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer
  • 1801Thomas Cole: United States -- Romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • 1807William Bowen Campbell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1810Charles Lenox Remond: Salem, Massachusetts -- Famous black
  • 1819Henry Lawrence Eustis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1821Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer
  • 1827Alphonse de Rothschild: French banker
  • 1829John Potts Slough: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1833Henry McNeal Turner: Black Methodist Bishop
  • 1839James A Herne [J Aherne]: US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • 1841William H H Davenport: Buffalo, New York -- Stage medium
  • 1844Eduard Adolf Strasburger: German Botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844Granville Stanley Hall: United States -- Psychologist
  • 1859Victor August Herbert: Dublin, Ireland -- Composer (Babes in Toyland)
  • 1869Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • 1872Paul Fort: French poet / founder of Vers et Prose
  • 1873Clara Butt: Southwick, Sussex -- Contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
  • 1874Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Austria -- Poet / dramatist / essayist
  • 1875Eddie Pola: Composer (Lullabye of Broadway)

Died on February 1

  • 0656Sigebert III: King of Austrasia, dies at about 25
  • 1204Alexius IV Angelus: Regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered
  • 1248Hendrik II: Duke of Brabant (1235-48)
  • 1294Louis II [the Stern]: Ruler of Upper-Bayern
  • 1328Charles IV [the Handsome]: King of France (1322-28)
  • 1502Olivier de la Marche: Flemish writer / Poet / governor
  • 1666Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan: Mogol of India (Taj-Mahal)
  • 1669Abandoned child: Huygens friend Poet Catharina Questiers, buried at 31
  • 1691Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni]: Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
  • 1691George Etherege: English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • 1694John L baron van Elderen: 63rd Bishop of Liege (1688-94), dies at 73
  • 1733August II [the Strong]: King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
  • 1743Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni: Italian composer, dies at 85
  • 1747Jacobus E J Capitein: Dutch slave / vicar / merchant
  • 1795Giacomo Insanguine: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1818Giuseppi Gazzaniga: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1824Maria Theresia von Paradis: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1832Ecco Epkema: Dutch classic linguist (Frisian / Old Frisian), dies at 71
  • 1838Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
  • 1839Giuseppe Valadier: Italian Architect / archaeologist, dies at 76
  • 1851Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: Novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53
  • 1869Frederik W Conrad: Hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • 1871Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1873Matthew Maury: Hydrographer
  • 1875William Sterndale Bennett: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1877Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1878George Cruikshank: English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • 1889Joseph Gungl: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1902Salomon Jaoassohn: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1903George G Stokes: British physicist / President Royal Society, dies at 83