Events on Feb 1

  • 0772Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1539Emperor Karel and King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
  • 1587English Queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuarts death sentence
  • 1662Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders for Chinese pirates
  • 1669French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion
  • 1709Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
  • 1720Sweden and Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1732Parliament of Ratisborn accept Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742Sardinia and Austria sign alliance
  • 1783William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
  • 17881st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs and Longstreet
  • 1789Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793France declares war on England and Netherlands
  • 1793Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk and linen
  • 1809Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 18101st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Philadelphia)
  • 1810Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • 1810US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
  • 1814Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 18601st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
  • 1861Dike breaks in Gelderland Netherlands
  • 1861Texas becomes 7th state to secede
  • 1862Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
  • 18642nd German-Danish war begins
  • 1864Austrian / Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk / Holstein
  • 186513th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
  • 1865JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
  • 1867Bricklayers start working 8-hour days

Born on Feb 1

  • 1552Edward Coke: Mileham Norfolk, England -- Jurist / politician (defended common law)
  • 1603Michael Trumper: Composer
  • 1605Isaac Aboab de Fonseca: Portuguese / Neth rabbi / mystic
  • 1633Gabriel Schutz: Composer
  • 1659Jacob Roggeveen: Dutch Swiss lawyer / navigator (Easter Island)
  • 1669Miguel Lopez: Composer
  • 1690Francesco Maria Veracini: Italian opera composer
  • 1710Konrad E Ackermann: German actor (Die Oberpfalz)
  • 1757John P Kemble: England, United Kingdom -- Actor / director (Drury Lane, Covent Garden)
  • 1763Thomas Campbell: Founder (Church of Disciples in America)
  • 1791Charles J Sax: Belgian music instrument builder
  • 1801Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer
  • 1801Thomas Cole: United States -- Romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • 1807William Bowen Campbell: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1810Charles Lenox Remond: Salem, Massachusetts -- Famous black
  • 1819Henry Lawrence Eustis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 1821Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer
  • 1827Alphonse de Rothschild: French banker
  • 1829John Potts Slough: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 1833Henry McNeal Turner: Black Methodist Bishop
  • 1839James A Herne [J Aherne]: US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • 1841William H H Davenport: Buffalo, New York -- Stage medium
  • 1844Eduard Adolf Strasburger: German Botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 1844Granville Stanley Hall: United States -- Psychologist
  • 1859Victor August Herbert: Dublin, Ireland -- Composer (Babes in Toyland)
  • 1869Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • 1872Paul Fort: French poet / founder of Vers et Prose
  • 1873Clara Butt: Southwick, Sussex -- Contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
  • 1874Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Austria -- Poet / dramatist / essayist
  • 1875Eddie Pola: Composer (Lullabye of Broadway)

Died on Feb 1

  • 0656Sigebert III: King of Austrasia, dies at about 25
  • 1204Alexius IV Angelus: Regent of Byzantium (1203-04), murdered
  • 1248Hendrik II: Duke of Brabant (1235-48)
  • 1294Louis II [the Stern]: Ruler of Upper-Bayern
  • 1328Charles IV [the Handsome]: King of France (1322-28)
  • 1502Olivier de la Marche: Flemish writer / Poet / governor
  • 1666Sjihab al-Din Sultan C Shah Djahan: Mogol of India (Taj-Mahal)
  • 1669Abandoned child: Huygens friend Poet Catharina Questiers, buried at 31
  • 1691Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni]: Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
  • 1691George Etherege: English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • 1694John L baron van Elderen: 63rd Bishop of Liege (1688-94), dies at 73
  • 1733August II [the Strong]: King of Poland (355 children), dies at 62
  • 1743Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni: Italian composer, dies at 85
  • 1747Jacobus E J Capitein: Dutch slave / vicar / merchant
  • 1795Giacomo Insanguine: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1818Giuseppi Gazzaniga: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1824Maria Theresia von Paradis: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1832Ecco Epkema: Dutch classic linguist (Frisian / Old Frisian), dies at 71
  • 1838Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
  • 1839Giuseppe Valadier: Italian Architect / archaeologist, dies at 76
  • 1851Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: Novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53
  • 1869Frederik W Conrad: Hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • 1871Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1873Matthew Maury: Hydrographer
  • 1875William Sterndale Bennett: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1877Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1878George Cruikshank: English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • 1889Joseph Gungl: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1902Salomon Jaoassohn: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1903George G Stokes: British physicist / President Royal Society, dies at 83

Historical events on February 2

  • 0506King Alarik II of Visigoten delegates Lex Romania Visigothorum out
  • 0962Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor
  • 1032Koenraad II succeeds Rudolf III as King of Bourgundy
  • 1119Guido di Borgogna elected Pope Callistus II
  • 1141Battle at Lincoln: King Stephen captured
  • 1536Pedro de Mendoza finds Argentine city of Buenos Aires
  • 1550English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset, freed
  • 1653New Amsterdam becomes a city (later NYC)
  • 1709British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 1732King Frederik Willem I moves Lutherans towards East-Prussia
  • 1742British Walpole government resigns
  • 1762Thomas Arnes opera "Artaxerxes, " premieres in London
  • 1795Joseph Haydns 102nd Symphony in B, premieres
  • 1798Federal St. Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • 18021st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)
  • 1811Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco
  • 1843US and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 18481st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
  • 1848Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1854Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 1863Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
  • 1869James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 1870Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 1870Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York
  • 1878Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1880SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton
  • 1882Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn
  • 1892Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter (Baltimore)
  • 1892Johnny Briggs takes a hat-trick, England vs. Aust SCG
  • 1892Longest boxing match under modern rules; 77 rounds in Nameoki, Illinois between Harry Sharpe and Frank Crosby

Born on February 2

  • 1583Anna Roemers Visscher: Dutch poetess
  • 1595Jacob van Campen: Painter / architect (New Church, Amsterdam)
  • 1649Benedict XIII [Pierfrancesco Orsini]: Italy -- 245th Pope (1724-30)
  • 1650Nell [Eleanor] Gwyn: English actress / mistress (King Charles II)
  • 1669Louis Marchand: Composer
  • 1714Gottfried August Homilius: Composer
  • 1748Christian Gottfried Thomas: Composer
  • 1773Vincenc Tomas Vaclav Tucek: Composer
  • 1780Johannes van den Bosch: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 1802Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault: French chemist
  • 1803Albert Sidney Johnston: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1804Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer
  • 1815Nathaniel Collins McLean: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1817John Glover: English chemist (sulfuric acid)
  • 1817Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer
  • 1820Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Phantasterne)
  • 1827Abner Monroe Perrin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1827Oswald Aschenbach: German painter
  • 1835Luigi Manzotti: Milano, Italy -- Ballet choreographer
  • 1840Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray: Composer
  • 1844Leander Schlegel: Composer
  • 1847Jules Francois Blasini: Curacaos pianist / composer
  • 1850Carel V Gerritsen: Dutch free thinker
  • 1852Teunis Stoel: Actor / director (Small Theater, Rotterdam)
  • 1856Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer
  • 1857Jan Six: Dutch art historian / art collector
  • 1859Havelock Ellis: US Physician / sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • 1861Mehmed VI: Last Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1861Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 1861Solomon R Guggenheim: Philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)

Died on February 2

  • 1032Rudolf III: Last independent King of Bourgundy
  • 1435Johanna II: Lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1491Martin Schongauer: German painter, dies at 40
  • 1540George Schenck van Toutenburg: Gov / Viceroy of Frisia / Groningen
  • 1563Hans Neusiedler: Hungarian / German luitist / author
  • 1594Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina: Italian composer, dies at 68
  • 1597Lucas van Valckenborch: Flemish painter, buried at about 61
  • 1660Govert Flinck: Dutch Painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), dies at 45
  • 1673Kaspar Forster: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1723Antonio M Valsalva: Italian anatomist, dies at 66
  • 1750Johann Graf: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1769Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico]: Pope (1758-69), dies at 75
  • 1779Georg Philipp Kress: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1789Armand-Louis Couperin: French Composer / Organist (Notre Dame), dies at 63
  • 1793William Aiton: English Botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • 1822Jean-Baptiste Davaux: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1827Johann Nepomuk Kalcher: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1828Frederik Sigismund Earl of Bylandt: Vice-admiral, dies at 78
  • 1852Francois MP Liberman: French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • 1881Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59
  • 1882Fabio Campana: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1902Emanuil Mandlov: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1907Dmitri I Mendelejev: Russian chemist (Periodic Table), dies at 72
  • 1909Adolf Stoecker: German anti-semite / Prime Minister, dies at 73
  • 1918John L Sullivan: Mass, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 59
  • 1919Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1921Luigi Mancinelli: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925Antti Aarne: Finnish sociologist, dies at 57
  • 1931Theodor Batthynyi: Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1934Ernesto Nazareth: Composer, dies at 70