Events on Feb 2

  • 0506King Alarik II of Visigoten delegates Lex Romania Visigothorum out
  • 0962Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor
  • 1032Koenraad II succeeds Rudolf III as King of Bourgundy
  • 1119Guido di Borgogna elected Pope Callistus II
  • 1141Battle at Lincoln: King Stephen captured
  • 1536Pedro de Mendoza finds Argentine city of Buenos Aires
  • 1550English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset, freed
  • 1653New Amsterdam becomes a city (later NYC)
  • 1709British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 1732King Frederik Willem I moves Lutherans towards East-Prussia
  • 1742British Walpole government resigns
  • 1762Thomas Arnes opera "Artaxerxes, " premieres in London
  • 1795Joseph Haydns 102nd Symphony in B, premieres
  • 1798Federal St. Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • 18021st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)
  • 1811Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco
  • 1843US and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 18481st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
  • 1848Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1854Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 1863Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
  • 1869James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 1870Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 1870Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York
  • 1878Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1880SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton
  • 1882Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn
  • 1892Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter (Baltimore)
  • 1892Johnny Briggs takes a hat-trick, England vs. Aust SCG
  • 1892Longest boxing match under modern rules; 77 rounds in Nameoki, Illinois between Harry Sharpe and Frank Crosby

Born on Feb 2

  • 1583Anna Roemers Visscher: Dutch poetess
  • 1595Jacob van Campen: Painter / architect (New Church, Amsterdam)
  • 1649Benedict XIII [Pierfrancesco Orsini]: Italy -- 245th Pope (1724-30)
  • 1650Nell [Eleanor] Gwyn: English actress / mistress (King Charles II)
  • 1669Louis Marchand: Composer
  • 1714Gottfried August Homilius: Composer
  • 1748Christian Gottfried Thomas: Composer
  • 1773Vincenc Tomas Vaclav Tucek: Composer
  • 1780Johannes van den Bosch: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 1802Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault: French chemist
  • 1803Albert Sidney Johnston: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 1804Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer
  • 1815Nathaniel Collins McLean: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1817John Glover: English chemist (sulfuric acid)
  • 1817Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer
  • 1820Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Phantasterne)
  • 1827Abner Monroe Perrin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1827Oswald Aschenbach: German painter
  • 1835Luigi Manzotti: Milano, Italy -- Ballet choreographer
  • 1840Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray: Composer
  • 1844Leander Schlegel: Composer
  • 1847Jules Francois Blasini: Curacaos pianist / composer
  • 1850Carel V Gerritsen: Dutch free thinker
  • 1852Teunis Stoel: Actor / director (Small Theater, Rotterdam)
  • 1856Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer
  • 1857Jan Six: Dutch art historian / art collector
  • 1859Havelock Ellis: US Physician / sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • 1861Mehmed VI: Last Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1861Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 1861Solomon R Guggenheim: Philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)

Died on Feb 2

  • 1032Rudolf III: Last independent King of Bourgundy
  • 1435Johanna II: Lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1491Martin Schongauer: German painter, dies at 40
  • 1540George Schenck van Toutenburg: Gov / Viceroy of Frisia / Groningen
  • 1563Hans Neusiedler: Hungarian / German luitist / author
  • 1594Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina: Italian composer, dies at 68
  • 1597Lucas van Valckenborch: Flemish painter, buried at about 61
  • 1660Govert Flinck: Dutch Painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), dies at 45
  • 1673Kaspar Forster: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1723Antonio M Valsalva: Italian anatomist, dies at 66
  • 1750Johann Graf: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1769Clement XIII [Carlo Rezzonico]: Pope (1758-69), dies at 75
  • 1779Georg Philipp Kress: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1789Armand-Louis Couperin: French Composer / Organist (Notre Dame), dies at 63
  • 1793William Aiton: English Botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • 1822Jean-Baptiste Davaux: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1827Johann Nepomuk Kalcher: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1828Frederik Sigismund Earl of Bylandt: Vice-admiral, dies at 78
  • 1852Francois MP Liberman: French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • 1881Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59
  • 1882Fabio Campana: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1902Emanuil Mandlov: Composer, dies at 42
  • 1907Dmitri I Mendelejev: Russian chemist (Periodic Table), dies at 72
  • 1909Adolf Stoecker: German anti-semite / Prime Minister, dies at 73
  • 1918John L Sullivan: Mass, heavyweight boxing champ, dies at 59
  • 1919Xavier Henry Napoleon Leroux: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1921Luigi Mancinelli: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1925Antti Aarne: Finnish sociologist, dies at 57
  • 1931Theodor Batthynyi: Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1934Ernesto Nazareth: Composer, dies at 70

Historical events on February 3

  • 1377Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term
  • 1377Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy
  • 1488Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)
  • 1547Russian Czar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova
  • 1576Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
  • 1591German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • 1653Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • 1660General Moncks army reaches London
  • 16901st paper money in America issued (Colony of Massachusetts)
  • 1740Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1743Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • 1752Dutch States-General forbid export of windmills
  • 1781Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
  • 1783Spain recognizes US independence
  • 1809Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 1825Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • 1836Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • 1855Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 1860Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • 1865Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln and Stephens reach an impasse
  • 1867Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1869Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in NYC (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 187015th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
  • 1876Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
  • 1882Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 1887To avoid disputed National elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • 1892Russia closes down Yeshiva of Volozhin
  • 18941st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched in Bath, Maine
  • 1895Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 seconds)
  • 1900Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Baltimore

Born on February 3

  • 1525Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina: Composer
  • 1648Louis Bouteiller: Composer
  • 1655Francois Fagel: Dutch Field Marshal, baptized
  • 1736Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austria -- Organist / composer
  • 1740Guillaume Lasceux: Composer
  • 1755Florido Tomeoni: Composer
  • 1763Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld]: German author
  • 1784John Fane graaf van Westmorland: English (opera)composer / diplomat
  • 1805Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel: Premier Prussia
  • 1807Joseph Eggleston Johnston: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1809Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy: Hamburg, Germany -- Composer (Great Scherzos)
  • 1811Horace Greeley: Editor ("Go west, young man")
  • 1817Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer
  • 1817Samuel Ryan Curtis: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1820Elisha Kent Kane: US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
  • 1821Elizabeth Blackwell: Bristol, England -- 1st woman Physician
  • 1824George Thomas "Tige" Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Nathan George "Shanks" Evans: Brigadier General (Confederacy), died in 1868
  • 1826Walter Bagehot: England, United Kingdom -- Economist / sociologist
  • 1830Robert Cecil: Marquess of Salisbury (C), British Prime Minister (1885-1902)
  • 1831Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1833Thomas T H Jorissen: Dutch historian
  • 1842Sidney Clopton Lanier: United States -- Composer / poet (Hall of Fame)
  • 1845Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Sedan)
  • 1851Johannes B van Heutsz: Lieutenant General / Governor-General Dutch East Indies
  • 1865Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / author (Will Power)
  • 1868Damaso Ledesma: Composer
  • 1870Ada Negri: Italian poet / author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • 1873Ernest B Allo: French theologist
  • 1874Franklyn Dyall: Liverpool, England -- Actor (Easy Virtue)

Died on February 3

  • 0474Leo I: Byzantine Emperor (457-74)
  • 0865Ansgar / Anscharius / Oskar: German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg / saint
  • 1451Murad II: Sultan of Turkey (1421-51)
  • 1468Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg: Printer
  • 1558Alfonsus de Castro: Spanish Theologist (council of Trente)
  • 1602Paul Melissus [Paul Schede]: German Poet / composer, dies at 62
  • 1679Jan Havicksz Steen: Dutch Painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
  • 1697Sjoucke Gabbes: Frisian sailor, buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
  • 1715Gottfried Vopelius: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1748Henri Madin: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1803Pedro R de Campomanes: Spanish economist / lawyer / literary, dies at 79
  • 1814Johann Antonin Kozeluch: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1832George Crabbe: English vicar / Poet (Borough), dies at 77
  • 1846Joseph Weigl: Austria Composer / conductor (Waisenhaus), dies at 79
  • 1862Jean-Baptiste Biot: French physicist / astronomer, dies at 87
  • 1875Everhardus J Potgieter: Writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • 1876Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • 1882Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1889Belle Starr: US female gangster, murdered at 40
  • 1890Christophorus H D Buys Ballot: Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
  • 1900Ottokar Eugen Novacek: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1902Isaac Fransen van der Putten: Dutch Prime Minister (1866)
  • 1903Frederick E Kitziger: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1909Johann Georg Herzog: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1921Max Wilhelm Zach: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1924Woodrow Wilson: 28th President (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67
  • 1925Jaap Eden: Dutch World champion bicyclist / speed skating, dies at 51
  • 1931Hans Schardt: Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • 1943Alexander Goode: Rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
  • 1945Jose Rolon: Composer, dies at 61