Events on Feb 3

  • 1377Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term
  • 1377Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy
  • 1488Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)
  • 1547Russian Czar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova
  • 1576Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
  • 1591German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • 1653Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • 1660General Moncks army reaches London
  • 16901st paper money in America issued (Colony of Massachusetts)
  • 1740Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1743Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • 1752Dutch States-General forbid export of windmills
  • 1781Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
  • 1783Spain recognizes US independence
  • 1809Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 1825Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • 1836Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • 1855Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 1860Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • 1865Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln and Stephens reach an impasse
  • 1867Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1869Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in NYC (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 187015th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
  • 1876Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
  • 1882Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 1887To avoid disputed National elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • 1892Russia closes down Yeshiva of Volozhin
  • 18941st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched in Bath, Maine
  • 1895Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 seconds)
  • 1900Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Baltimore

Born on Feb 3

  • 1525Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina: Composer
  • 1648Louis Bouteiller: Composer
  • 1655Francois Fagel: Dutch Field Marshal, baptized
  • 1736Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austria -- Organist / composer
  • 1740Guillaume Lasceux: Composer
  • 1755Florido Tomeoni: Composer
  • 1763Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld]: German author
  • 1784John Fane graaf van Westmorland: English (opera)composer / diplomat
  • 1805Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel: Premier Prussia
  • 1807Joseph Eggleston Johnston: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 1809Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy: Hamburg, Germany -- Composer (Great Scherzos)
  • 1811Horace Greeley: Editor ("Go west, young man")
  • 1817Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer
  • 1817Samuel Ryan Curtis: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1820Elisha Kent Kane: US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
  • 1821Elizabeth Blackwell: Bristol, England -- 1st woman Physician
  • 1824George Thomas "Tige" Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824Nathan George "Shanks" Evans: Brigadier General (Confederacy), died in 1868
  • 1826Walter Bagehot: England, United Kingdom -- Economist / sociologist
  • 1830Robert Cecil: Marquess of Salisbury (C), British Prime Minister (1885-1902)
  • 1831Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 1833Thomas T H Jorissen: Dutch historian
  • 1842Sidney Clopton Lanier: United States -- Composer / poet (Hall of Fame)
  • 1845Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Sedan)
  • 1851Johannes B van Heutsz: Lieutenant General / Governor-General Dutch East Indies
  • 1865Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / author (Will Power)
  • 1868Damaso Ledesma: Composer
  • 1870Ada Negri: Italian poet / author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • 1873Ernest B Allo: French theologist
  • 1874Franklyn Dyall: Liverpool, England -- Actor (Easy Virtue)

Died on Feb 3

  • 0474Leo I: Byzantine Emperor (457-74)
  • 0865Ansgar / Anscharius / Oskar: German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg / saint
  • 1451Murad II: Sultan of Turkey (1421-51)
  • 1468Johann Gensfleisch Gutenberg: Printer
  • 1558Alfonsus de Castro: Spanish Theologist (council of Trente)
  • 1602Paul Melissus [Paul Schede]: German Poet / composer, dies at 62
  • 1679Jan Havicksz Steen: Dutch Painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
  • 1697Sjoucke Gabbes: Frisian sailor, buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
  • 1715Gottfried Vopelius: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1748Henri Madin: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1803Pedro R de Campomanes: Spanish economist / lawyer / literary, dies at 79
  • 1814Johann Antonin Kozeluch: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1832George Crabbe: English vicar / Poet (Borough), dies at 77
  • 1846Joseph Weigl: Austria Composer / conductor (Waisenhaus), dies at 79
  • 1862Jean-Baptiste Biot: French physicist / astronomer, dies at 87
  • 1875Everhardus J Potgieter: Writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • 1876Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • 1882Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1889Belle Starr: US female gangster, murdered at 40
  • 1890Christophorus H D Buys Ballot: Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
  • 1900Ottokar Eugen Novacek: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1902Isaac Fransen van der Putten: Dutch Prime Minister (1866)
  • 1903Frederick E Kitziger: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1909Johann Georg Herzog: Composer, dies at 86
  • 1921Max Wilhelm Zach: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1924Woodrow Wilson: 28th President (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67
  • 1925Jaap Eden: Dutch World champion bicyclist / speed skating, dies at 51
  • 1931Hans Schardt: Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • 1943Alexander Goode: Rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
  • 1945Jose Rolon: Composer, dies at 61

Historical events on February 4

  • 1508Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned
  • 1586Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, becomes Governor of Neth
  • 1600Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler meet for 1st time near Prague
  • 1657Oliver Cromwell grants residency to Luis Caravajal
  • 16973 VOC-ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1699350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • 1782British garrison surrenders to French and Spanish fleet
  • 1783Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
  • 17871st Anglican bishops of New York and Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • 17891st electoral college chooses Washington and Adams as President and VP
  • 1794French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • 1797Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • 1803William Dunlap, adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • 1822Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • 1824J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public
  • 1846Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west
  • 18471st US telegraph co established in Maryland
  • 1849University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • 1854Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party, " Ripon, Wisc
  • 1855Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • 1861Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time, Montgomery Alabama: Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina elect Jefferson Davis President of Confederacy
  • 186424th Amendment abolishes Poll tax
  • 1864Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 1865Hawaiian Board of Education formed
  • 1865Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army
  • 1866Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
  • 1875Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
  • 1887Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads
  • 18951st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
  • 1899Revolt against US occupation of Philippines

Born on February 4

  • 1465French van Brederode: Leader of Hoeksen
  • 1549Eustache du Caurroy: Composer
  • 1581Daniel Selich: Composer
  • 1646Hans A Freiherr von Abschatz: Silesian poet
  • 1688Pierre De Marivaux: Paris, France -- Writer (Marianne)
  • 1693George Lillo: Bourgeois English dramatist (London Merchant)
  • 1747Tadeusz Kosciusko: Poland -- Patriot, (New York Bridge)
  • 1751Blas de Laserna: Composer
  • 1758Pierre-Gabriel Gardel: French ballet dancer / choreographer
  • 1764Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral / Minister of Navy
  • 1767Johann Franz Volkert: Composer
  • 1768Maurits C van Hall: Dutch ruler of Heicop and Boeicop, lawyer / politician
  • 1769Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer
  • 1799Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret: Portuguese playwright
  • 1802Mark Hopkins: United States -- Educator / philosopher (Williams College)
  • 1805Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer
  • 1819Joshua Norton: San Francisco, California -- Norton I, Emperor of USA
  • 1826Halbert Eleazer Paine: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1842Georg Brandes [Morris Cohen]: Danish literary-historian / critic
  • 1842Vasili O Klyutshevski: Russian historian
  • 1848[Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard: French playwright / poet (Jeune Croyances)
  • 1849Jean Richepin: French poet / writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • 1865Charles Bally: Switzerland -- Linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • 1868Constance Gore-booth Markiewicy: Irish patriot / playwright / MP
  • 1875Ludwig Prandtl: Germany -- Physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 1875Raymond Moulaert: Composer
  • 1876Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls: Composer
  • 1881Kliment J Woroshilov: Marshal / President USSR (1953-60)
  • 1884Julius Callewaert: Flemish dominican / bringing up children
  • 1888Paul Althaus: German theologist (The Christian Truth)

Died on February 4

  • 0211Lucius Septimus Severus: Emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64
  • 0708Sisinnius: Greek-Syrian Pope (708, 20 days)
  • 0856Hrabanus Maurus: East France, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1189Gilbert of Sempringham: English monastery founder / saint
  • 1222Willem I: Earl of Holland (1203-22)
  • 1503Queen Elizabeth: Consort of Henry VII of England
  • 1505Joan of Valois: Queen of France / saint, dies at 40
  • 1553Caspar Othmayr: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1590Gioseffo Zarlino: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1617Louis Elsevier: Dutch publisher, dies at about 76
  • 1640Hendrick C Vroom: Dutch seascape painter
  • 1746Robert Blair: Scottish Poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • 1781Josef Myslivecek: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1781Willem Crul: Admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59
  • 1815Geert Reinders: Dutch cattle breeder / inoculation proponent, dies at 77
  • 1815Jacob van Strij: Dutch cartoonist / graphic artist, dies at 58
  • 1816Meingosus Gaelle: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1834Amelie Julia Candielle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1844Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / literary, dies at 49
  • 1854Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1869Johan M Dautzenberg: Flemish Author / Novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • 1894Antoine J "Adolphe" Sax: Instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79
  • 1895Faustina Hasse Hodges: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1896Henry David Leslie: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1911Peter A "Piet" Cronje: South African Boer General, dies at about 75
  • 1921Xavier Mellery: Belgian Painter / illustrator, dies at 75
  • 1927Thomas Linnemann Laub: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1928Hendrik A Lorentz: Physicist (L transformation-Nobel 1902), dies at 74
  • 1939Edward Sapir: US linguist / cultural antropologist (indian), dies at 55
  • 1939Henri W A Deterding: Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), dies at 72