Events on Feb 4

  • 1508Maximilian I assumes imperial title without being crowned
  • 1586Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, becomes Governor of Neth
  • 1600Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler meet for 1st time near Prague
  • 1657Oliver Cromwell grants residency to Luis Caravajal
  • 16973 VOC-ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • 1699350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • 1782British garrison surrenders to French and Spanish fleet
  • 1783Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
  • 17871st Anglican bishops of New York and Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • 17891st electoral college chooses Washington and Adams as President and VP
  • 1794French National Convention proclaims abolishment of slavery
  • 1797Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • 1803William Dunlap, adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • 1822Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • 1824J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public
  • 1846Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west
  • 18471st US telegraph co established in Maryland
  • 1849University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • 1854Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party, " Ripon, Wisc
  • 1855Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • 1861Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time, Montgomery Alabama: Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina elect Jefferson Davis President of Confederacy
  • 186424th Amendment abolishes Poll tax
  • 1864Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 1865Hawaiian Board of Education formed
  • 1865Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army
  • 1866Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
  • 1875Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
  • 1887Interstate Commerce Act authorizes federal regulation of railroads
  • 18951st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
  • 1899Revolt against US occupation of Philippines

Born on Feb 4

  • 1465French van Brederode: Leader of Hoeksen
  • 1549Eustache du Caurroy: Composer
  • 1581Daniel Selich: Composer
  • 1646Hans A Freiherr von Abschatz: Silesian poet
  • 1688Pierre De Marivaux: Paris, France -- Writer (Marianne)
  • 1693George Lillo: Bourgeois English dramatist (London Merchant)
  • 1747Tadeusz Kosciusko: Poland -- Patriot, (New York Bridge)
  • 1751Blas de Laserna: Composer
  • 1758Pierre-Gabriel Gardel: French ballet dancer / choreographer
  • 1764Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral / Minister of Navy
  • 1767Johann Franz Volkert: Composer
  • 1768Maurits C van Hall: Dutch ruler of Heicop and Boeicop, lawyer / politician
  • 1769Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer
  • 1799Joao Batista da Silva Leitao de Almeida Garret: Portuguese playwright
  • 1802Mark Hopkins: United States -- Educator / philosopher (Williams College)
  • 1805Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer
  • 1819Joshua Norton: San Francisco, California -- Norton I, Emperor of USA
  • 1826Halbert Eleazer Paine: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
  • 1842Georg Brandes [Morris Cohen]: Danish literary-historian / critic
  • 1842Vasili O Klyutshevski: Russian historian
  • 1848[Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard: French playwright / poet (Jeune Croyances)
  • 1849Jean Richepin: French poet / writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • 1865Charles Bally: Switzerland -- Linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • 1868Constance Gore-booth Markiewicy: Irish patriot / playwright / MP
  • 1875Ludwig Prandtl: Germany -- Physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 1875Raymond Moulaert: Composer
  • 1876Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls: Composer
  • 1881Kliment J Woroshilov: Marshal / President USSR (1953-60)
  • 1884Julius Callewaert: Flemish dominican / bringing up children
  • 1888Paul Althaus: German theologist (The Christian Truth)

Died on Feb 4

  • 0211Lucius Septimus Severus: Emperor of Rome (193-211), dies at 64
  • 0708Sisinnius: Greek-Syrian Pope (708, 20 days)
  • 0856Hrabanus Maurus: East France, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1189Gilbert of Sempringham: English monastery founder / saint
  • 1222Willem I: Earl of Holland (1203-22)
  • 1503Queen Elizabeth: Consort of Henry VII of England
  • 1505Joan of Valois: Queen of France / saint, dies at 40
  • 1553Caspar Othmayr: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1590Gioseffo Zarlino: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1617Louis Elsevier: Dutch publisher, dies at about 76
  • 1640Hendrick C Vroom: Dutch seascape painter
  • 1746Robert Blair: Scottish Poet (Grave), dies at 46
  • 1781Josef Myslivecek: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1781Willem Crul: Admiral (West-Indies), dies in battle at 59
  • 1815Geert Reinders: Dutch cattle breeder / inoculation proponent, dies at 77
  • 1815Jacob van Strij: Dutch cartoonist / graphic artist, dies at 58
  • 1816Meingosus Gaelle: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1834Amelie Julia Candielle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1844Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / literary, dies at 49
  • 1854Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1869Johan M Dautzenberg: Flemish Author / Novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • 1894Antoine J "Adolphe" Sax: Instrument maker (saxophone), dies at 79
  • 1895Faustina Hasse Hodges: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1896Henry David Leslie: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1911Peter A "Piet" Cronje: South African Boer General, dies at about 75
  • 1921Xavier Mellery: Belgian Painter / illustrator, dies at 75
  • 1927Thomas Linnemann Laub: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1928Hendrik A Lorentz: Physicist (L transformation-Nobel 1902), dies at 74
  • 1939Edward Sapir: US linguist / cultural antropologist (indian), dies at 55
  • 1939Henri W A Deterding: Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), dies at 72

Historical events on February 5

  • 0816Frankish Emperor Louis grants Archbishop Salzburg immunity
  • 1488Roman Catholic German Emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium
  • 1512French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna
  • 1556Kings Henri I and Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles
  • 1572Beggars assault Oisterwijk Neth, drive nuns out
  • 1576Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours
  • 1631Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England
  • 16441st US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut
  • 1649Prince of Wales becomes King Charles II
  • 1663Earthquake in Canada
  • 1679German Emperor Leopold I signs peace with France
  • 1736Methodists John and Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1777Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
  • 1778Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina
  • 1782Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from English
  • 1783Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
  • 1783Sweden recognizes US independence
  • 1795Zealand Neth surrenders to French general Michaud
  • 18171st US gas co incorporated, Baltimore (coal gas for street lights)
  • 1825Hannah Lord Montague of New York creates 1st detachable shirt collar
  • 1831Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
  • 1846"Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • 1850Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, New York
  • 1855British government of Palmerston forms
  • 18611st moving picture peep show machine is patented by Samuel Goodale
  • 1861Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia
  • 1861Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress
  • 1864Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • 18701st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • 1879Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow

Born on February 5

  • 1589Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan: French playwright / poet
  • 1662Giuseppi Vignola: Composer
  • 1711Joseph Umstatt: Composer
  • 1723John Witherspoon: Clergyman / signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1732Nathanael Gottfried Gruner: Composer
  • 1744John Jeffries: Colonial Physician / meteorologist
  • 1748Christian Gottlob Neefe: German composer / conductor / tutor of Beethoven
  • 1753Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma: Frisian regent / patriot
  • 1770Alexandre Brongniart: Paris, France -- Mineralogist / geologist (Tertiary)
  • 1775Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (Small Pligten)
  • 1788Karoly Kisfaludy: Hungarian literary (A Tat rok Magyarorsz gon)
  • 1799John Lindley: English Botanist (Elements of Botany)
  • 1804Johan Ludvig Runeberg: Finland -- Poet
  • 1810Ole Bull: Composer
  • 1833John Watkinson: Founder of British Chess Magazine (oldest chess magazine)
  • 1837Dwight Lyman Moody: United States -- Evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • 1840Hiram Stevens Maxim: Inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)
  • 1840John Boyd Dunlop: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 1848Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley]: US female outlaw (wild west)
  • 1848Joris-Karl Huysmans: France -- Writer (Against the Grain)
  • 1856Otto Brahm: German critic / founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 1860Jackson Showalter: 1st US Chess Champion
  • 1863Armand Parent: Composer
  • 1864Carl Tieke: Composer
  • 1865Harvey Worthington Loomis: Composer
  • 1866Arthur Keith: Scottish anthropologist
  • 1866Henri [Hendrik J] Hall: Dutch MP / comic (Put a Lid on it)
  • 1866Rossetter Gleason Cole: Composer
  • 1867Casper A Lingbeek: Vicar / Dutch MP (HSP, 1925..37)
  • 1868Lodewijk Mortelmans: Composer

Died on February 5

  • 1578Giovanni B Moroni: Italian portrait painter
  • 1591Gerard de Jode: Flemish publisher
  • 1658Maria Margaretha van Angels: Dutch prioress at Oirschot, dies at 52
  • 1679Joost van den Vondel: Dutch Poet (Gysbreght van Aemstel), dies at 91
  • 1705Jean Gilles: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1721James Stanhope 1st Earl of Stanhope: English General, dies at 47
  • 1738Georg Reidel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1745Coelestin Praelisauer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1754Nicolaas S Cruquius: Hydraulic engineer, (Haarlemmermeer), dies at 75
  • 1758Bernhard Christian Weber: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1807Pasquale Paoli: Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80
  • 1812Franz Schneider: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1822Ali Pasha of Janina: (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77
  • 1825Pierre Gaveaux: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1831John CJ van Speijk: Commits suicide at 29
  • 1838Philippe Libon: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1867Salomon Munk: Published Arabic edition of Maimounides
  • 1881Thomas Carlyle: Historian / essayist, dies in London at 85
  • 1897Hoss Radbourn: Pitcher won 60 games in 1884, dies at 42
  • 1907Ludwig Thuille: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1917Paul Rubens: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1919Vasili V Rozanov: Russian philosopher / writer, dies at 62
  • 1922James William Tate: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1924Alexis Hollander: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1926Andre Gedalge: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1929Siegfried Ochs: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1943Wim Gertenbach: Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis
  • 1944Robert E Park: Sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • 1946George Arliss: Actor / writer (Dr Syn, Voltaire), dies at 77
  • 1947Ganzefles: Dutch Nazi spy / Jews hunter, executed