Events on Feb 6

  • 0337St. Julius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1189Riots of Lynn in Norfolk spread to Norwich England
  • 1508Maximilian I crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1577King Henri de Bourbon of Navarra becomes leader of Huguenots
  • 1626Huguenot rebels and French sign Peace of La Rochelle
  • 1693Royal charter granted College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia
  • 1716England and Netherlands renew alliance
  • 1778England declares war on France
  • 1778France recognizes US, signs treaty of aid in Paris; 1st US treaty
  • 1788Mass becomes 6th state to ratify constitution
  • 1815New Jersey issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)
  • 1819Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds freeport harbor Singapore
  • 18201st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • 1820US population announced at 9,638,453 (1,771,656 blacks (18.4%))
  • 18321st appearance of cholera at Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1832US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy
  • 1840Waitangi Day; treaty signed between Britain and Maoris of New Zealand
  • 1854Composer R Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine
  • 18611st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America
  • 1861English Admiral Robert Ritzroy issues 1st storm warnings for ships
  • 1862Gen Ulysses S Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee
  • 1862Naval Engagement at Tenn River-USS Conestago vs. CSS Appleton Belle
  • 1862Ulysses S Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • 1865Robert E Lee appointed Confederate General in Chief
  • 1867Peabody Fund forms to promote Black education in South
  • 18911st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
  • 1899Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
  • 1900Battle at Vaalkrans, South-Africa (Boers vs. British army)
  • 1904Russian-Japanese war began
  • 19111st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona

Born on Feb 6

  • 1461Dzore Drzic: Croatian poet
  • 1564Christopher Marlowe: English poet / dramatist (Dr Faustus)
  • 1608Antonio Vieira: Portuguese Jesuit preacher
  • 1612Antoine Arnauld [Grand Arnauld]: French lawyer / theologist
  • 1637Toyotomi Hideyoshi: Unified Japan
  • 1665Anne Stuart: Queen of England (1702-14)
  • 1673Maximilian Dietrich Freisslich: Composer
  • 1695Andre Cheron: Composer
  • 1705Johann Matthias Leffloth: Composer
  • 1756Aaron Burr: Newark, New Jersey -- 3rd US VP (1801-05), dueler
  • 1793Pietro Rovelli: Composer
  • 1797Joseph Maria von Radowitz: Prussian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1804Ragnerus L van Andringa de Kempenaer: Dutch officer / swindler
  • 1807Hans Matthison-Hansen: Composer
  • 1818William Maxwell Evarts: (Union), died in 1901
  • 1830Marcellus Monroe Crocker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1865)
  • 1832John Brown Gordon: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1904
  • 1833James Ewell Brown "JEB" Stuart: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834William Dorsey Pender: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1838Henry Irving [John H Brodribb]: England, United Kingdom -- Knighted 1895 / actor (Hamlet)
  • 1848Luigi Mancinelli: Composer
  • 1860Johan [Eliza J] de Meester: Dutch journalist / writer (Geertje)
  • 1864John Henry Mackay: Scottish / German author / poet (Anarchists)
  • 1866Karl T Sapper: German geography / geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • 1874Milton Bennett Medary: United States -- Architect (Washington Chapel)
  • 1876Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt]: German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • 1878Waclaw Gieburowski: Composer
  • 1879Carl Ramsauer
  • 1881Karl Weigl: Composer
  • 1888Ljudmil Stojanow: Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera)

Died on Feb 6

  • 0891Photius: Byzantine Theologist / patriarch of Constantinople / saint
  • 1140Thurstan: Archbishop of York
  • 1497John Ockeghem: Flemish singer / composer, dies at 79
  • 1612Christopher Clavius: Calendar reformer
  • 1617Prosper Alpinus: Italian Physician / botanist, dies at 63
  • 1695Ahmed II: 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • 1699Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria: Heir of Spanish King Carlos II
  • 1725Johann Philipp Krieger: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1783Lancelot "Capability" Brown: English Architect (Kew), dies at about 67
  • 1785Iman Willem Falck: Dutch Governor of Ceylon (1765-83), dies at 48
  • 1798Niels Schiorring: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1804Joseph Priestley: Engl / US Theologist / philosopher / chemist, dies at 70
  • 1807John Reid: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1859Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer, dies at 45
  • 1865John Pegram: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 1881Pieter Mijer: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • 1896Abraham Czn van Stolk: Dutch art collector, dies at 82
  • 1897Ebenezer C Brewer: British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable)
  • 1899Georg Leo Earl von Caprivi: German chancellor, dies at 67
  • 1914J Albert Neuhuys: Dutch Painter (Hague School), dies at 69
  • 1916Anne C A I van Diest: Belgian Physician / feminist, dies at 73
  • 1917Edouard A Drumont: French anti-semite journalist, dies at 72
  • 1918Gustav Klimt: Austrian Painter / cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1919Friedrich W Mengelberg: German Sculptor / painter, dies at 81
  • 1923Edward E Barnard: US astronomer (5th moon Jupiter), dies at 65
  • 1930Eva Strittmatter: Writer, dies at 17
  • 1938Marianne V von Werefkin: Russ / German / Swiss house painter, dies at 77
  • 1941Maximilien Luce: French painter, dies at 82
  • 1942Wobbe de Vries: Dutch linguist, dies at 78
  • 1943HA Seyffardt: Dutch Lieutenant General / NSB "minister", dies at 71

Historical events on February 7

  • 1301Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes 1st Prince of Wales
  • 1522Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish / Austrian Branches
  • 1550Giovanni Maria del Monte elected Pope Julius III
  • 1569King Philip II forms inquistion in South America
  • 1613Michail Romanov (16) becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1653Nicolas Fouquet appointed superintendant of Finance of France
  • 1668Dutch Prince William III dances in premiere of "Ballet of Peace"
  • 1792Austria and Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 179511th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
  • 1795Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 18128.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1812Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
  • 18181st successful US educational magazine "Academician, " begins (NYC)
  • 1827Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
  • 1836"Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens
  • 1839Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than President"
  • 1862Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1864Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1872Alcorn A&M College opens
  • 18771st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 1881Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1882Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Mississippi
  • 1883Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • 1884Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • 1889Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in San Francisco
  • 1891Great Blizzard of 1891 begins
  • 1900British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1900Labour Party forms in England
  • 1901Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1904Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)

Born on February 7

  • 1478Thomas More: Lawyer / lord chancellor of England / Saint (Utopia)
  • 1556Maria van Nassau: Dutch Countess of Buren
  • 1589Jacob de Witt: Dutch Mayor (Dordrecht) / mathematician
  • 1655Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedy writer (Slave in Algeria)
  • 1688Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel [Marijke Meu]: Princess of Orange
  • 1700Philippe Buache: French geographer / cartographer (Contourlijnen)
  • 1707Carl August Thielo: Composer
  • 1710William Boyce: English Organist / composer of Cathedral music
  • 1739Joseph Pouteau: Composer
  • 1740Adam-Philippe Custine: French Earl / General / MP
  • 1753Rhijnvis Feith: Dutch Mayor / writer (Zwolle / Thirsa)
  • 1758Benedikt Emanuel Schack: Composer
  • 1801John Rylands: England, United Kingdom -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 1817Leroy Pope Walker: US lawyer / Confederate Minister of War (1861)
  • 1822Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer
  • 1823Richard Genee: Composer
  • 1824William Higgins: Discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)
  • 1825Crystobal Oudrid y Segura: Composer
  • 1833Ricardo Palma: Peru -- Writer / poet (Tradiciones Peruanas)
  • 1834Dmitri I Mendelejev: Russian chemist (Periodic Table)
  • 1837James Augustus Henry Murray: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Created Oxford Dictionary
  • 1839Nicolaas G Pierson: Dutch banker / Suriname Premier (1897-1901)
  • 1842Alexandre Ribit: Premier (France)
  • 1847Ernst Franck: German composer / conductor
  • 1862Bernard Maybeck: US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • 1863Mieczyslaw Soltys: Composer
  • 1864Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet)
  • 1864Ricardo Castro Herrera: Composer
  • 1866Raf[ael] Verhulst [Koen Ravestein]: Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • 1867Laura Ingalls Wilder: Wisconsin, United States -- Kid book author (Little House on Prarie)

Died on February 7

  • 0590Pelagius II: Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague
  • 1593Jacques Amyot: French humanist / abbot of Bellozanne, dies at 79
  • 1609Ferdinand I: Cardinal / ruler of Toscane
  • 1743Lodovico Giustini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1749Andre Cardinal Destouches: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1820Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1823Ann Radcliffe (Ward): English Poet / Author of horror novels, dies at 58
  • 1827Franz Anton Dimmler: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1830Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal: Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • 1862Frantisek Jan Skroup: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1865John Henry Winder: US Confederate Brigadier General / provost marshal, dies at 64
  • 1878Pius IX: "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • 1881Fredrik Cygnaeus: Finnish Poet / literature critic, dies at 73
  • 1897Galileo Ferraris: Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49
  • 1901Benjamin Edward Woolf: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1915Wladyslaw Gorski: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1918Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1920Alexander Koltsjak: Admiral / leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • 1921Peter Kropotkin: Russ Prince / geologist / revolut anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1931Ion Vidu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1937Elihu Root: US Minister of War / Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91
  • 1942Dorando di Desiderio Pietri: Marathoner (1908 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 56
  • 1948"Red" McKenzie: Blues-jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper)
  • 1954Jan Adam Maklakiewicz: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1957Rudolph Reti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1958Walter Kingsford: Actor (My Favorite Blonde, Fly by Night), dies at 76
  • 1959Daniel F Malan: Premier of South Africa (1948-54), dies at 84
  • 1959Napoleon Lajorie: Baseball player, dies at 83
  • 1959Slim [Eddie Jones] Guitar: Rocker, dies at 32
  • 1960Igor V Kurtshatov: Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57