Events on Feb 7

  • 1301Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes 1st Prince of Wales
  • 1522Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish / Austrian Branches
  • 1550Giovanni Maria del Monte elected Pope Julius III
  • 1569King Philip II forms inquistion in South America
  • 1613Michail Romanov (16) becomes Czar of Russia
  • 1653Nicolas Fouquet appointed superintendant of Finance of France
  • 1668Dutch Prince William III dances in premiere of "Ballet of Peace"
  • 1792Austria and Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 179511th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
  • 1795Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 18128.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1812Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
  • 18181st successful US educational magazine "Academician, " begins (NYC)
  • 1827Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
  • 1836"Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens
  • 1839Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than President"
  • 1862Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 1864Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1872Alcorn A&M College opens
  • 18771st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 1881Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1882Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Mississippi
  • 1883Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • 1884Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • 1889Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in San Francisco
  • 1891Great Blizzard of 1891 begins
  • 1900British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1900Labour Party forms in England
  • 1901Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1904Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)

Born on Feb 7

  • 1478Thomas More: Lawyer / lord chancellor of England / Saint (Utopia)
  • 1556Maria van Nassau: Dutch Countess of Buren
  • 1589Jacob de Witt: Dutch Mayor (Dordrecht) / mathematician
  • 1655Jean-Francois Regnard: French comedy writer (Slave in Algeria)
  • 1688Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel [Marijke Meu]: Princess of Orange
  • 1700Philippe Buache: French geographer / cartographer (Contourlijnen)
  • 1707Carl August Thielo: Composer
  • 1710William Boyce: English Organist / composer of Cathedral music
  • 1739Joseph Pouteau: Composer
  • 1740Adam-Philippe Custine: French Earl / General / MP
  • 1753Rhijnvis Feith: Dutch Mayor / writer (Zwolle / Thirsa)
  • 1758Benedikt Emanuel Schack: Composer
  • 1801John Rylands: England, United Kingdom -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 1817Leroy Pope Walker: US lawyer / Confederate Minister of War (1861)
  • 1822Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer
  • 1823Richard Genee: Composer
  • 1824William Higgins: Discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)
  • 1825Crystobal Oudrid y Segura: Composer
  • 1833Ricardo Palma: Peru -- Writer / poet (Tradiciones Peruanas)
  • 1834Dmitri I Mendelejev: Russian chemist (Periodic Table)
  • 1837James Augustus Henry Murray: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Created Oxford Dictionary
  • 1839Nicolaas G Pierson: Dutch banker / Suriname Premier (1897-1901)
  • 1842Alexandre Ribit: Premier (France)
  • 1847Ernst Franck: German composer / conductor
  • 1862Bernard Maybeck: US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • 1863Mieczyslaw Soltys: Composer
  • 1864Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet)
  • 1864Ricardo Castro Herrera: Composer
  • 1866Raf[ael] Verhulst [Koen Ravestein]: Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • 1867Laura Ingalls Wilder: Wisconsin, United States -- Kid book author (Little House on Prarie)

Died on Feb 7

  • 0590Pelagius II: Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague
  • 1593Jacques Amyot: French humanist / abbot of Bellozanne, dies at 79
  • 1609Ferdinand I: Cardinal / ruler of Toscane
  • 1743Lodovico Giustini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1749Andre Cardinal Destouches: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1820Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1823Ann Radcliffe (Ward): English Poet / Author of horror novels, dies at 58
  • 1827Franz Anton Dimmler: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1830Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal: Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • 1862Frantisek Jan Skroup: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1865John Henry Winder: US Confederate Brigadier General / provost marshal, dies at 64
  • 1878Pius IX: "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • 1881Fredrik Cygnaeus: Finnish Poet / literature critic, dies at 73
  • 1897Galileo Ferraris: Italian physicist (Ferrari), dies at 49
  • 1901Benjamin Edward Woolf: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1915Wladyslaw Gorski: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1918Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1920Alexander Koltsjak: Admiral / leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • 1921Peter Kropotkin: Russ Prince / geologist / revolut anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1931Ion Vidu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1937Elihu Root: US Minister of War / Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91
  • 1942Dorando di Desiderio Pietri: Marathoner (1908 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 56
  • 1948"Red" McKenzie: Blues-jazz singer (played comb-with-tissue-paper)
  • 1954Jan Adam Maklakiewicz: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1957Rudolph Reti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1958Walter Kingsford: Actor (My Favorite Blonde, Fly by Night), dies at 76
  • 1959Daniel F Malan: Premier of South Africa (1948-54), dies at 84
  • 1959Napoleon Lajorie: Baseball player, dies at 83
  • 1959Slim [Eddie Jones] Guitar: Rocker, dies at 32
  • 1960Igor V Kurtshatov: Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57

Historical events on February 8

  • 0421Flavius Constantine becomes Emperor Constantine III of West Roman Empire
  • 1526Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
  • 1575University of Leiden Neth opens
  • 1600Vatican convicts Scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • 1601Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London
  • 1622King James I disbands the English parliament
  • 1672Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London
  • 1690French and Indian troops set Schenectady settlement New York on fire
  • 1690Lord Halifax resigns as Lord Privy Seal
  • 1693William and Mary college is 2nd college chartered in US
  • 17351st opera in US "Flora, " opens in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1743Comet C / 1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
  • 1744French / Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
  • 1750Minor earthquake in London
  • 1775Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • 1802Simon Willard patents banjo clock
  • 1807Napoleon defeats Russians in battle of Eylau
  • 1809Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 18371st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • 1861Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Ala
  • 1862Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • 1862Opera "Lily of Killarney, " premieres in London
  • 18651st black Major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany
  • 1883Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen
  • 1887Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club
  • 1887Dawes Act passed (indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship)
  • 1889Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1894Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • 1896Western Conference forms of Midwestern University, later renamed Big 10 Conf
  • 1898John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding and gumming mach (Mass)

Born on February 8

  • 0412St Proclus: Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1291Afonso IV: King of Portugal (1325-57)
  • 1577Robert Burton: Writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy)
  • 1586Jacob Praetorius: Composer
  • 1612Samuel Butler: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / satirist (Hudibras)
  • 1708Vaclav Jan Kopriva: Composer
  • 1741Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry: Composer
  • 1764Joseph Leopold von Eybler: Austrian composer
  • 1789Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer
  • 1795Friedlieb F Runge: German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 1795Moritz G [Moses] Saphir: Hungarian journalist / serial writer
  • 1807Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman
  • 1810Norbert Burgmuller: Composer
  • 1811Edwin Denison Morgan: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1883
  • 1813Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist
  • 1817Richard Stoddert Ewell: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1818Austin Blair: Gov / MC (Union), died in 1894
  • 1819John Ruskin: Writer / critic / artist / Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • 1820William Tecumseh Sherman: Major General (Union Army), died in 1891
  • 1822Maxime Du Camp: France -- Writer / traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • 1824Barnard Elliot Bee: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1828Antonio Cagnoni: Composer
  • 1876Paula Modersohn-Becker: German "entartet" painter
  • 1878Martin Buber: German / Israeli philosopher / theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 1880Franz Marc: German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • 1882George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)
  • 1883Joseph A Schumpeter: Austria -- Economist / Minister of finance
  • 1885Edith Evans: London, England -- Actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield)
  • 1886Charlie Ruggles: Los Angeles, California -- Actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show)
  • 1888Matthijs Vermeulen: Dutch composer / music critic

Died on February 8

  • 1124Stefanus of Thiers / Muret: Founder of order of Grammond / saint
  • 1245Johannes de Rupella / de la Rochelle: French theologist
  • 1303Nanshu: Zen teacher (Rinzai line) / founder (Zounan temple)
  • 1513Alonso de Ojeda: Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire)
  • 1611Jan H Van Linschoten: Traveller / writer (Reys-Gheschrift)
  • 1650John Adriaensz: Hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74
  • 1676Aleksei M Romanov: 1st Romanov-Czar of Russia, dies at 46
  • 1686Francois Tak: Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered
  • 1691Carlo di Girolamo Rainaldi: Italian Architect / composer, dies at 79
  • 1691Carlo Rainaldi: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1709Giuseppi Torelli: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 1725Peter I "the Great" Romanov: Czar of Russia (1682-1725), dies at 52
  • 1740Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini]: Blind Pope (1730-40), dies at 87
  • 1749Jan van Huysum: Dutch still life painter, dies at 66
  • 1771Augusta von Saxen-Gotha: German Prince Frederick Louis of Wales
  • 1797Johann Friedrich Doles: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1801Johann Chrysostomus Drexel: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1821Paul Anton Wineberger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1824Rhijnvis Feith: Dutch mayor / writer (Zwolle, Julia), dies at 71
  • 1849France Preseren: Slovenian Poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1849Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1874David F Strauss: German theologist, dies at 66
  • 1878Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
  • 1884Arnold Henry Guyot: Swiss / US geologist / meteorologist, dies at 76
  • 1907Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom: Chemist (fasenleer), dies at 52
  • 1909Edouard Silas: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1909Mieczyslaw Karlowicz: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1920Richard Dehmel: Writer, dies at 56
  • 1921Pjotr A Kropotkin: Russian ruler / anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1924Gee John: US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada)