Events on Feb 8

  • 0421Flavius Constantine becomes Emperor Constantine III of West Roman Empire
  • 1526Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
  • 1575University of Leiden Neth opens
  • 1600Vatican convicts Scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • 1601Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London
  • 1622King James I disbands the English parliament
  • 1672Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London
  • 1690French and Indian troops set Schenectady settlement New York on fire
  • 1690Lord Halifax resigns as Lord Privy Seal
  • 1693William and Mary college is 2nd college chartered in US
  • 17351st opera in US "Flora, " opens in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1743Comet C / 1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
  • 1744French / Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
  • 1750Minor earthquake in London
  • 1775Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • 1802Simon Willard patents banjo clock
  • 1807Napoleon defeats Russians in battle of Eylau
  • 1809Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 18371st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • 1861Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Ala
  • 1862Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • 1862Opera "Lily of Killarney, " premieres in London
  • 18651st black Major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany
  • 1883Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen
  • 1887Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club
  • 1887Dawes Act passed (indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship)
  • 1889Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1894Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • 1896Western Conference forms of Midwestern University, later renamed Big 10 Conf
  • 1898John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding and gumming mach (Mass)

Born on Feb 8

  • 0412St Proclus: Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1291Afonso IV: King of Portugal (1325-57)
  • 1577Robert Burton: Writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy)
  • 1586Jacob Praetorius: Composer
  • 1612Samuel Butler: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / satirist (Hudibras)
  • 1708Vaclav Jan Kopriva: Composer
  • 1741Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry: Composer
  • 1764Joseph Leopold von Eybler: Austrian composer
  • 1789Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer
  • 1795Friedlieb F Runge: German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 1795Moritz G [Moses] Saphir: Hungarian journalist / serial writer
  • 1807Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman
  • 1810Norbert Burgmuller: Composer
  • 1811Edwin Denison Morgan: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1883
  • 1813Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist
  • 1817Richard Stoddert Ewell: Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1818Austin Blair: Gov / MC (Union), died in 1894
  • 1819John Ruskin: Writer / critic / artist / Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • 1820William Tecumseh Sherman: Major General (Union Army), died in 1891
  • 1822Maxime Du Camp: France -- Writer / traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • 1824Barnard Elliot Bee: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 1828Antonio Cagnoni: Composer
  • 1876Paula Modersohn-Becker: German "entartet" painter
  • 1878Martin Buber: German / Israeli philosopher / theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 1880Franz Marc: German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • 1882George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)
  • 1883Joseph A Schumpeter: Austria -- Economist / Minister of finance
  • 1885Edith Evans: London, England -- Actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield)
  • 1886Charlie Ruggles: Los Angeles, California -- Actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show)
  • 1888Matthijs Vermeulen: Dutch composer / music critic

Died on Feb 8

  • 1124Stefanus of Thiers / Muret: Founder of order of Grammond / saint
  • 1245Johannes de Rupella / de la Rochelle: French theologist
  • 1303Nanshu: Zen teacher (Rinzai line) / founder (Zounan temple)
  • 1513Alonso de Ojeda: Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire)
  • 1611Jan H Van Linschoten: Traveller / writer (Reys-Gheschrift)
  • 1650John Adriaensz: Hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74
  • 1676Aleksei M Romanov: 1st Romanov-Czar of Russia, dies at 46
  • 1686Francois Tak: Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered
  • 1691Carlo di Girolamo Rainaldi: Italian Architect / composer, dies at 79
  • 1691Carlo Rainaldi: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1709Giuseppi Torelli: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 1725Peter I "the Great" Romanov: Czar of Russia (1682-1725), dies at 52
  • 1740Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini]: Blind Pope (1730-40), dies at 87
  • 1749Jan van Huysum: Dutch still life painter, dies at 66
  • 1771Augusta von Saxen-Gotha: German Prince Frederick Louis of Wales
  • 1797Johann Friedrich Doles: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1801Johann Chrysostomus Drexel: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1821Paul Anton Wineberger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1824Rhijnvis Feith: Dutch mayor / writer (Zwolle, Julia), dies at 71
  • 1849France Preseren: Slovenian Poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1849Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1874David F Strauss: German theologist, dies at 66
  • 1878Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
  • 1884Arnold Henry Guyot: Swiss / US geologist / meteorologist, dies at 76
  • 1907Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom: Chemist (fasenleer), dies at 52
  • 1909Edouard Silas: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1909Mieczyslaw Karlowicz: Composer, dies at 32
  • 1920Richard Dehmel: Writer, dies at 56
  • 1921Pjotr A Kropotkin: Russian ruler / anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1924Gee John: US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada)

Historical events on February 9

  • 1267Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
  • 1499France and Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1537Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England
  • 1540The 1st recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester)
  • 1554Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated
  • 1574Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht
  • 1621Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)
  • 1674English reconquer New York from Netherlands
  • 1742British ex-premier Walpole becomes Earl of Orford
  • 1744Battle at Toulon (French / Spanish vs. English fleet of Admiral Matthews)
  • 1775English Parliament declares Mass colony is in rebellion
  • 1788Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1799USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 1807French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon
  • 1822American Indian Society organizes
  • 1825House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US President
  • 1849Roman Republic declared
  • 1861Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states
  • 1861Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens elected President and VP of CSA
  • 1861Tennessee votes against secession
  • 1863Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane
  • 1867Nebraska becomes 37th US state
  • 1870US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 1871Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
  • 18851st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1886President Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence
  • 18911st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
  • 1893Canal builder De Lesseps and others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • 18951st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
  • 1895Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts

Born on February 9

  • 1404Constantine XI Dragases: Last Byzantine Emperor
  • 1579John Meursius [van Meurs]: Dutch historian
  • 1602Franciscus van de Enden: Flemish Jesuit / free thinker / tutor of Spinoza
  • 1607Abraham Megerle: Composer
  • 1735Adriaan Kluit: Dutch historian
  • 1741Henri-Joseph Rigel: Composer
  • 1744Amos Bull: Composer
  • 1756Karel Blazej Kopriva: Composer
  • 1771Daniel Belknap: Composer
  • 1773William Henry Harrison: Virginia, United States -- (Whigs) 9th President (March 4-April 4, 1841)
  • 1775Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungary -- Mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • 1780Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer
  • 1808Francesco Gomez da Rocha: Composer
  • 1814Samuel Jones Tilden: Philanthropist for New York Public Library
  • 1822Charles T Stork: Dutch industrialist
  • 1826John Alexander Logan: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1834Felix Dahn: Writer
  • 1834Franz Xaver Witt: Composer
  • 1846Wilhelm Maybach: German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • 1853Leander Starr Jameson: Prime Minister of South African Cape colony
  • 1854Edward Carson: 1st Baron Carson, lawyer / leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • 1857Johannes T de Visser: Theologist / Dutch 1st Minister of Education
  • 1863Anthony Hope [Hopkins]: London, England -- Novelist
  • 1865Erich von Drygalski: Germany -- Geographer / glaciologist / Antarctic expl
  • 1865Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Pygmalion)
  • 1866George Ade: United States -- Journalist / playwright / humorist (Fables in Slang)
  • 1867Edward Naylor: Composer
  • 1871Franc S Finzgar: Slovenian clergyman / writer (Our Blood)
  • 1871Howard T Ricketts: US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • 1874Amy Lowell: US poet / critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)

Died on February 9

  • 1555John Hooper: Deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • 1567Henry Stuart: Earl of Darnley / Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
  • 1583Jeseph Sanalbo: Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • 1588Marquis of Santa Cruz: Spanish Admiral
  • 1617Hans Christoph Haiden: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1640Murad IV: Sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
  • 1670Frederik III: King of Denmark / Norway (1648-70), dies at 60
  • 1675Gerard Dou: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1740Vincenz Lubeck: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1765Elisabetta de Gambarini: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1811Nevil Maskelyne: 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811)
  • 1812Franz Anton Hoffmeister: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1817Franz Wilhelm Tausch: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1824Anna K Emmerick / Emmerich: German poet, dies at 49
  • 1846Henry Gally Knight: Architect / writer
  • 1849Corneille Vander Planken: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1860Eduard W van Dam van Isselt: Dutch Military / liberal politician, dies at 63
  • 1874Jules Michelet: French Historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • 1881Feodor M Dostoevski: Russian Novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59
  • 1891Johan B Jongkind: Dutch / French Painter (Winter View), dies at 71
  • 1906Paul Laurence Dunbar: Black dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1916Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1918Emiel van der Straeten [Delrue]: Flemish playwright, dies at 30
  • 1932Junnosuke Inouye: Japanese Minister of Finance, murdered
  • 1935Karl Nef: Swiss musicologist, dies at 61
  • 1936Jacques Bainville: French Historian / essayist / journalist, dies at 57
  • 1938Truby King: Pioneer of mothercraft
  • 1943Reydons: Wife of General Reydons, shot to death by resistance
  • 1945George J L Maduro: Resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • 1945Jan Bakker: Resistance fighter, executed at 26