Events on Feb 9

  • 1267Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
  • 1499France and Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1537Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England
  • 1540The 1st recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester)
  • 1554Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated
  • 1574Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht
  • 1621Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)
  • 1674English reconquer New York from Netherlands
  • 1742British ex-premier Walpole becomes Earl of Orford
  • 1744Battle at Toulon (French / Spanish vs. English fleet of Admiral Matthews)
  • 1775English Parliament declares Mass colony is in rebellion
  • 1788Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1799USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 1807French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon
  • 1822American Indian Society organizes
  • 1825House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US President
  • 1849Roman Republic declared
  • 1861Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states
  • 1861Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens elected President and VP of CSA
  • 1861Tennessee votes against secession
  • 1863Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane
  • 1867Nebraska becomes 37th US state
  • 1870US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 1871Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
  • 18851st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1886President Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence
  • 18911st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
  • 1893Canal builder De Lesseps and others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • 18951st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
  • 1895Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts

Born on Feb 9

  • 1404Constantine XI Dragases: Last Byzantine Emperor
  • 1579John Meursius [van Meurs]: Dutch historian
  • 1602Franciscus van de Enden: Flemish Jesuit / free thinker / tutor of Spinoza
  • 1607Abraham Megerle: Composer
  • 1735Adriaan Kluit: Dutch historian
  • 1741Henri-Joseph Rigel: Composer
  • 1744Amos Bull: Composer
  • 1756Karel Blazej Kopriva: Composer
  • 1771Daniel Belknap: Composer
  • 1773William Henry Harrison: Virginia, United States -- (Whigs) 9th President (March 4-April 4, 1841)
  • 1775Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungary -- Mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • 1780Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer
  • 1808Francesco Gomez da Rocha: Composer
  • 1814Samuel Jones Tilden: Philanthropist for New York Public Library
  • 1822Charles T Stork: Dutch industrialist
  • 1826John Alexander Logan: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1834Felix Dahn: Writer
  • 1834Franz Xaver Witt: Composer
  • 1846Wilhelm Maybach: German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • 1853Leander Starr Jameson: Prime Minister of South African Cape colony
  • 1854Edward Carson: 1st Baron Carson, lawyer / leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • 1857Johannes T de Visser: Theologist / Dutch 1st Minister of Education
  • 1863Anthony Hope [Hopkins]: London, England -- Novelist
  • 1865Erich von Drygalski: Germany -- Geographer / glaciologist / Antarctic expl
  • 1865Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Pygmalion)
  • 1866George Ade: United States -- Journalist / playwright / humorist (Fables in Slang)
  • 1867Edward Naylor: Composer
  • 1871Franc S Finzgar: Slovenian clergyman / writer (Our Blood)
  • 1871Howard T Ricketts: US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • 1874Amy Lowell: US poet / critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)

Died on Feb 9

  • 1555John Hooper: Deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • 1567Henry Stuart: Earl of Darnley / Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
  • 1583Jeseph Sanalbo: Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • 1588Marquis of Santa Cruz: Spanish Admiral
  • 1617Hans Christoph Haiden: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1640Murad IV: Sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
  • 1670Frederik III: King of Denmark / Norway (1648-70), dies at 60
  • 1675Gerard Dou: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1740Vincenz Lubeck: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1765Elisabetta de Gambarini: Composer, dies at 33
  • 1811Nevil Maskelyne: 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811)
  • 1812Franz Anton Hoffmeister: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1817Franz Wilhelm Tausch: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1824Anna K Emmerick / Emmerich: German poet, dies at 49
  • 1846Henry Gally Knight: Architect / writer
  • 1849Corneille Vander Planken: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1860Eduard W van Dam van Isselt: Dutch Military / liberal politician, dies at 63
  • 1874Jules Michelet: French Historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • 1881Feodor M Dostoevski: Russian Novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59
  • 1891Johan B Jongkind: Dutch / French Painter (Winter View), dies at 71
  • 1906Paul Laurence Dunbar: Black dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1916Hynek Ignac Frantisek Vojacek: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1918Emiel van der Straeten [Delrue]: Flemish playwright, dies at 30
  • 1932Junnosuke Inouye: Japanese Minister of Finance, murdered
  • 1935Karl Nef: Swiss musicologist, dies at 61
  • 1936Jacques Bainville: French Historian / essayist / journalist, dies at 57
  • 1938Truby King: Pioneer of mothercraft
  • 1943Reydons: Wife of General Reydons, shot to death by resistance
  • 1945George J L Maduro: Resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • 1945Jan Bakker: Resistance fighter, executed at 26

Historical events on February 10

  • 0060St. Paul thought to have been shipwrecked at Malta
  • 1098Crusaders defeat Prince Redwan of Aleppo at Antioch
  • 153512 nude anabaptists run through Amsterdam streets
  • 1676Wampanoag Indians under King Philip kill all men in Lancaster, Massachusetts
  • 1716Scottish pretender to the throne James III Edward returns to France
  • 1720Edmund Halley appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England
  • 1746English Pelham government resigns
  • 1763Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to England
  • 1774Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
  • 1807US Coast Survey authorized by Congress
  • 1824Simon Bolivar named Dictator by the Congress of Peru
  • 1840British Queen Victoria marries her cousin Albert von Saksen-Coburg
  • 1846Beginning of Mormon march to west US
  • 1846British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • 1855US citizenship laws amended all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship
  • 1859Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude and Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny
  • 1862Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • 18631st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • 1863PT Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb and Mercy Lavinia Warren (NYC)
  • 1866Dutch government Frans van der Putte forms
  • 1868Conservatives and military, seize Convention Hall in Florida
  • 1870City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • 18791st electric arc light used (California Theater)
  • 1879Henry Morton Stanley departs to the Congo
  • 1880Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • 1882Rimski-Korsakovs opera "Snyegurochka, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 1883Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee Wisc, kills 71
  • 1890Around 11M acres, ceded to US by Sioux Indians opens for settlement
  • 1899US-Spain peace treaty signed by President McKinley. US gets PR and Guam
  • 1900Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 seconds)

Born on February 10

  • 1609John Suckling: English Cavalier poet / dramatist / courtier
  • 1670Norbert van Flowers [Cephalus]: Flemish painter
  • 1670William Congreve: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Old Bachelor, Way of the World)
  • 1685Aaron Hill: English playwright / poet (Tragedy of Zara)
  • 1686Johann F Gronovius: Dutch Physician / botany
  • 1696Johann Melchior Molter: Composer
  • 1702Jean-Pierre Guignon: Composer
  • 1717Pierre de La Garde: Composer
  • 1728Peter III Feodorovich: German / Russian Czar of Russia (1761-62)
  • 1735Johann Christoph Kuhnau: Composer
  • 1741Franz Adam Veichtner: Composer
  • 1750Stanislao Mattei: Composer
  • 1775Charles Lamb: London, England -- Critic / poet / essayist
  • 1788Johann Peter Pixis: Composer
  • 1795Ary Scheffer: Dutch painter / etcher / sculptor
  • 1807Abner Clark Harding: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
  • 1818Isham Green Harris: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1897
  • 1819Richard Storrs Willis: Composer
  • 1821William Read Scurry: (Confederate Army Brigadier General) Died in 1864.
  • 1824Samuel Plimsoll: Bristol, England -- Inventor (Plimsoll line for ships)
  • 1827Peter J Savelberg: Dutch Limburgs monastery founder
  • 1841Walter Parratt: Composer
  • 1846Mildred Childe "Life" Lee: Daughter of confederate General Robert E Lee
  • 1866Bror Beckman: Composer
  • 1866Rafael Altamira Crevea: Spanish lawyer / historian
  • 1868William Allen White: Emporia, Kansas -- Editor (Pulitzer 1942)
  • 1869Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati: Composer
  • 1870Fritz Klimsch: German sculptor / painter
  • 1872Anne Anema: Dutch lawyer / journalist / politician (ARP)
  • 1879Franz Carl Bornschein: Composer

Died on February 10

  • 1134Robert III / II Curthouse: Duke of Normandy
  • 1162Boudouin III: Son of King Fulco of Anjou / husband of Theodora
  • 1482Luca della Robbia: Italian Sculptor (majolica reliefs), dies at 81
  • 1495William Stanley: Engl lord chamberlain, executed for conspiracy
  • 1567Lord Darnley Stuart: Husband of English Queen Mary, murdered
  • 1588Joost Sybrantsz Buyck: Amsterdam Merchant / regent, dies at about 82
  • 1598Anna van Bull: 1st Wife of Polish / Swedish King Sigismund II
  • 1657Sebastian Stosskopf: Elzabethian painter, dies at 59
  • 1686William Dugdale: Garter King of Arms (1677-86)
  • 1711Lukas Fencer: Dutch Poet (Meleager & Atalante), dies at 22
  • 1772Jozef Wenceslas: Monarch of Liechtenstein / General, dies at 75
  • 1774Florian Leopold Gassmann: Composer, dies at 44
  • 1783James Nares: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1816Johann Paul Aegidius Martini: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1822Albert-Kasimir: Duke of Saxon-Teschen / Governor of Hungary, dies at 83
  • 1825Paul van Hemert: Dutch Theologist / philosopher (Kant), dies at 68
  • 1829Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei]: Italian Pope (1823-29), dies at 68
  • 1832Antonio Benedetto Maria Puccini: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1837Alexander S Pushkin: Writer, dies at 37
  • 1861Francis Danby: Exmouth, painter
  • 1876Johan August Soderman: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1887Ellen Wood: English Author (Pomeroy Abbey), dies at 73
  • 1887Pieter JBCR van der Aa: Dutch geographer, dies at 54
  • 1902J N Krieger: German Selenographer
  • 1905Ignacy Krzyzanowski: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1912Joseph Lister: 1st Baron Lister, surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic)
  • 1915Albert J-BJ Thijs: Belgian Colonial pioneer (Congo), dies at 65
  • 1917Emile Pessard: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1923Wilhelm Konrad von Rontgen: Physicist (Nobel 1901), dies at 77
  • 1932R H Edgar Wallace: British writer / journalist (3 Just Men), dies at 76