Events on Feb 11

  • 0385Oldest Pope elected; Siricius-bishop of Tarragona
  • 0824St. Paschal I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1531Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England
  • 1543Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian / Portugese troops beat Moslem army
  • 1543Karel / Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
  • 15731st European, Francis Drake sees the Pacific (from Panama)
  • 1575King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe
  • 1638Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries Earl John of Brederode
  • 1720Sweden and Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1752Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the US, opened
  • 1766Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia
  • 1768Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes
  • 1790Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 1793Prussian troops occupy Venlo Neth
  • 17941st session of US Senate open to the public
  • 1808Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally - Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 1809Robert Fulton patents steamboat
  • 1810Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria
  • 1811President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • 1812Mass Gov Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander"
  • 1826London University founded
  • 1837American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1843Opera "I Lombardi, " premieres in Milan
  • 18521st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)
  • 1854Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
  • 18581st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France
  • 1861President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington DC
  • 1861US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • 1873Spanish Cortes fires King Amadeus I
  • 18781st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms

Born on Feb 11

  • 1380Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini: Italy -- Humanist
  • 1465Elizabeth of York: London, England -- Consort of King Henry VII
  • 1506Juliana van Stolberg: Engraver of Nassau
  • 1557John Wtenbogaert: Remonstrants theologist
  • 1657Bernard Fontenelle: France -- Scientist / writer (Plurality of Worlds)
  • 1755Albert Christoph Dies: Composer
  • 1776Joannis Capodistrias: Greek Governor of Troezen (1827-31)
  • 1783Jarena Lee: Famous African
  • 1790Ignaz Assmayer: Composer
  • 1800William Henry Fox Talbot: Wiltshire, England -- Photographic pioneer
  • 1802Lydia Maria Child: United States -- Author / abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany)
  • 1810Loisa Puget: Composer
  • 1812Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Vice President (Confederacy), died in 1883
  • 1812Benjamin Franklin Sands: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 1819Samuel Parkman Tuckerman: Composer
  • 1821Hermann Allmers: Writer
  • 1829William Anderson Pile: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1830Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf: Composer
  • 1830Peter Arnold Heise: Composer
  • 1833Melville Weston Fuller: 8th chief justice
  • 1839Josiah Willard Gibbs: Theoretical physicist / chemist
  • 1840Sanuel Dana Greene: Lieutenant Commander (Union Navy), died in 1884
  • 1846William Fox Talbot: Pioneer photographer / inventor
  • 1860Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery]: French author (Monsieur Venus)
  • 1867August W Messer: German philosopher / educator / psychologist
  • 1873Feodor Chaliapine: Russian author / Novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1874Fritz Bennicke Hart: Composer
  • 1875Sara Wennerberg-Reuter: Composer
  • 1879Jean Gilbert: Composer
  • 1882Gheorghe Cucu: Composer

Died on Feb 11

  • 0641Heraclius: Emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65
  • 0731Gregory II: Greek-Syrian Pope
  • 0821Benedict of Aniane: Saint
  • 0824Paschal I: Italian Pope (817-24)
  • 1141Hugo of St-Victor: Philosopher / Theologist / mystic
  • 1503Elizabeth of York: Consort of King Henry VII, dies on 38th birthday
  • 1543Ahmed Gran: Sultan of Adal, dies in battle
  • 1554Lady Jane Grey: Deposed Queen of England, beheaded after 9 day rule
  • 1622Alfonso Fontanelli: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1685David Teniers III: Flemish painter, dies at 46
  • 1762Johann Tobias Krebs: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1797Antoine Dauvergne: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1806Vicente Martin y Soler: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1841J H Ferdinand Olivier: German painter, dies at 55
  • 1870Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch Minister of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
  • 1870Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1879Honore Daumier: Caricaturist / painter
  • 1879Willem J van Zeggelen: Dutch Author / Novelist / writer, dies at 67
  • 1892Erik Anthon Valdemar Siboni: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1894Pasqual Juan Emilio Arrieta y Corera: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1899George Morgan: 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident
  • 1901Milan I: King of Serbia, dies at 56
  • 1903Henryk Szulc: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1907Peter J Savelberg: Dutch Limbourg monastery founder, dies at 80
  • 1911Albert von Rothschild: Baron / Austrian banker, dies at 66
  • 1922Gerardus J P Bolland: Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • 1931Charles Algernon Parsons: British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • 1931Charles Parsons: Inventor of the steam turbine
  • 1939Franz Schmidt: Austrian composer, dies at 64
  • 1940John Buchan: 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Governor-General of Canada (1935-40)

Historical events on February 12

  • 1049Bruno Count of Egesheim and Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX
  • 1111German King Hendry V arrives at St. Peter, Rome
  • 1130Pope Innocent II elected
  • 1502Granada: Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism
  • 1528Treaty of Dordrecht between Emperor and ecclesiastical power
  • 1577Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1624English parliament comes together
  • 1733Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1736Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (Emperor Francois I)
  • 1762English fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1763John Casteret appointed British Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1772Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • 17931st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • 1818Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1821Mercantile Library of City of New York opens
  • 1825Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by September 1, 1826
  • 1832Ecuador annexes Gal pagos Islands
  • 1839Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
  • 1840Housatonic Railroad opens
  • 1848Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
  • 1861State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas
  • 1865Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
  • 1870Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 1873Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins
  • 1874King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st King to visit US
  • 1876Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • 18771st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1877US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 18791st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1879News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London

Born on February 12

  • 1211Henry VII: Roman Catholic German King (1220-35)
  • 1438Adolf van Egmond: Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen
  • 1474Lorenzo Campeggio: Archbishop of Bologna / diplomat
  • 1567Thomas Campion: England, United Kingdom -- Composer / poet / Physician
  • 1584Casparus Barleaus: Flemish theologist / poet (Muiderkring)
  • 1636Herman Witsius [Wits]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1637John Swammerdam: Dutch anatomist / entomologist (Bible of Nature)
  • 1663Cotton Mather: Witchcraft authority
  • 1665Rudolph J Camerarius: German Botanist / Physician (sexuality plant)
  • 1706Josef Christian: German sculptor
  • 1740Matej Sojka: Composer
  • 1751Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot: Composer
  • 1753Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer
  • 1758Christian Ignatius Latrobe: Composer
  • 1760Jan Ladislav Dussek: Bohemia -- Pianist / composer
  • 1768Francis II: Florence, Italy -- Last Holy Roman Emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1775Louise Catherine Johnson Adams: 1st lady (1825-1829)
  • 1778Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer
  • 1791Jan D Zocher, Jr.: Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 1791Peter Cooper: Industrialist / philanthropist (Cooper Union)
  • 1792Ferdinand de Braekeleer: Belgian painter
  • 1809Charles Darwin: England, United Kingdom -- Discovered evolution (Origin of species)
  • 1818Otto Ludwig: German writer (Die Heiterethei)
  • 1824Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati: Indian hindu leader
  • 1828George Meredith: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / Novelist (Shaving of Shagpat)
  • 1828Robert Ransom, Jr.: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1831John Morrissey: Boxer / developer of Saratoga Springs horse race track
  • 1838Charles Carroll Walcott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1841Bert van Tienhoven: Mayor (Amsterdam) / Foreign Minister
  • 1841Gijsbert van Tienhoven: Dutch Mayor (Amsterdam) / Foreign Minister

Died on February 12

  • 1128Toghtekin: Slave / atabek of Damascus
  • 1242Hendrik VII: Roman Catholics German King (1220-35), commits suicide
  • 1538Albrecht Altdorfer: German painter, dies at about 57
  • 1554Jane Grey: Queen of England for 13 days, beheaded at 17
  • 1590Francois Hotman / Hotomanus: French lawyer / diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1616John Drusius: Of Driesschen, Flemish Hebraist, dies at 65
  • 1684Pietro Andrea Ziani: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1728Agostino Steffani: Italian / German diplomat / composer, dies at 73
  • 1738James Sherard: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1762Laurent Belissen: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1771Adolf Frederik: King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • 1787Ruggiero Boscovich: Ital physicist / astronomer / philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1799Frantisek Xaver Dusek: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1804Immanuel Kant: German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • 1820Guillaume Albert Teniers: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1834Friedrich Schleiermacher: German Theologist / philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1861Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1896Charles Louis Ambrose Thomas: French Composer (Mignon), dies at 84
  • 1896Isaac Murphy: Jockey, 628 wins on 1, 412 mounts (44.5%), dies at 35
  • 1905Marcel Schwob: French writer / journalist (Coeur double)
  • 1915Charles Emile Waldteufel: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1916J W Richard Dedekind: German mathematician
  • 1920Emile Sauret: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1920Jean Allemane: French socialist / communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1929Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist, dies at 66
  • 1933Henri Duparc: French composer, dies at 85
  • 1942Grant Wood: US Painter (American Gothic), dies at 49
  • 1945de Jong: Dutch vicar / resistance fighter, executed
  • 1945Henrietta Szold: Founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah)
  • 1945Walraven [Wally] van Hall: Dutch banker / resisted Nazis, executed at 39