Events on Feb 12

  • 1049Bruno Count of Egesheim and Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX
  • 1111German King Hendry V arrives at St. Peter, Rome
  • 1130Pope Innocent II elected
  • 1502Granada: Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism
  • 1528Treaty of Dordrecht between Emperor and ecclesiastical power
  • 1577Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1624English parliament comes together
  • 1733Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1736Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (Emperor Francois I)
  • 1762English fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1763John Casteret appointed British Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1772Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • 17931st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • 1818Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1821Mercantile Library of City of New York opens
  • 1825Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by September 1, 1826
  • 1832Ecuador annexes Gal pagos Islands
  • 1839Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
  • 1840Housatonic Railroad opens
  • 1848Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
  • 1861State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas
  • 1865Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
  • 1870Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 1873Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins
  • 1874King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st King to visit US
  • 1876Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • 18771st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1877US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 18791st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1879News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London

Born on Feb 12

  • 1211Henry VII: Roman Catholic German King (1220-35)
  • 1438Adolf van Egmond: Duke of Gelre / Earl of Zutphen
  • 1474Lorenzo Campeggio: Archbishop of Bologna / diplomat
  • 1567Thomas Campion: England, United Kingdom -- Composer / poet / Physician
  • 1584Casparus Barleaus: Flemish theologist / poet (Muiderkring)
  • 1636Herman Witsius [Wits]: Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1637John Swammerdam: Dutch anatomist / entomologist (Bible of Nature)
  • 1663Cotton Mather: Witchcraft authority
  • 1665Rudolph J Camerarius: German Botanist / Physician (sexuality plant)
  • 1706Josef Christian: German sculptor
  • 1740Matej Sojka: Composer
  • 1751Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot: Composer
  • 1753Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer
  • 1758Christian Ignatius Latrobe: Composer
  • 1760Jan Ladislav Dussek: Bohemia -- Pianist / composer
  • 1768Francis II: Florence, Italy -- Last Holy Roman Emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1775Louise Catherine Johnson Adams: 1st lady (1825-1829)
  • 1778Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer
  • 1791Jan D Zocher, Jr.: Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 1791Peter Cooper: Industrialist / philanthropist (Cooper Union)
  • 1792Ferdinand de Braekeleer: Belgian painter
  • 1809Charles Darwin: England, United Kingdom -- Discovered evolution (Origin of species)
  • 1818Otto Ludwig: German writer (Die Heiterethei)
  • 1824Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati: Indian hindu leader
  • 1828George Meredith: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / Novelist (Shaving of Shagpat)
  • 1828Robert Ransom, Jr.: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1831John Morrissey: Boxer / developer of Saratoga Springs horse race track
  • 1838Charles Carroll Walcott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 1841Bert van Tienhoven: Mayor (Amsterdam) / Foreign Minister
  • 1841Gijsbert van Tienhoven: Dutch Mayor (Amsterdam) / Foreign Minister

Died on Feb 12

  • 1128Toghtekin: Slave / atabek of Damascus
  • 1242Hendrik VII: Roman Catholics German King (1220-35), commits suicide
  • 1538Albrecht Altdorfer: German painter, dies at about 57
  • 1554Jane Grey: Queen of England for 13 days, beheaded at 17
  • 1590Francois Hotman / Hotomanus: French lawyer / diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1616John Drusius: Of Driesschen, Flemish Hebraist, dies at 65
  • 1684Pietro Andrea Ziani: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1728Agostino Steffani: Italian / German diplomat / composer, dies at 73
  • 1738James Sherard: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1762Laurent Belissen: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1771Adolf Frederik: King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • 1787Ruggiero Boscovich: Ital physicist / astronomer / philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1799Frantisek Xaver Dusek: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1804Immanuel Kant: German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • 1820Guillaume Albert Teniers: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1834Friedrich Schleiermacher: German Theologist / philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1861Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1896Charles Louis Ambrose Thomas: French Composer (Mignon), dies at 84
  • 1896Isaac Murphy: Jockey, 628 wins on 1, 412 mounts (44.5%), dies at 35
  • 1905Marcel Schwob: French writer / journalist (Coeur double)
  • 1915Charles Emile Waldteufel: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1916J W Richard Dedekind: German mathematician
  • 1920Emile Sauret: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1920Jean Allemane: French socialist / communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1929Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist, dies at 66
  • 1933Henri Duparc: French composer, dies at 85
  • 1942Grant Wood: US Painter (American Gothic), dies at 49
  • 1945de Jong: Dutch vicar / resistance fighter, executed
  • 1945Henrietta Szold: Founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah)
  • 1945Walraven [Wally] van Hall: Dutch banker / resisted Nazis, executed at 39

Historical events on February 13

  • 1349Jews are expelled from Burgsordf Switzerland
  • 1510Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal
  • 1545Willem of Nassau becomes Prince of Orange
  • 1566St. Augustine, Florida founded
  • 1601John Lancaster leads 1st East India Company voyage from London
  • 1633Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
  • 1635Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded
  • 1651Flemish Missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • 1668Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1678Tycho Brahe 1st sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system
  • 1689British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights
  • 1692MacDonald clan murdered on orders of King William III
  • 1693College of William and Mary opens
  • 1706Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia / Saksen
  • 1741Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
  • 1755Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java
  • 1777De Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
  • 1782French fleet occupies St. Christopher
  • 1786Abraham Baldwin selected President of University of Georgia
  • 17951st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 17991st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts
  • 1809French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1826American Temperance Society, forms in Boston
  • 18321st appearance of cholera at London
  • 1837Riot in New York over high price of flour
  • 1858Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
  • 1860King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 18611st military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • 1861Abraham Lincoln declared President
  • 1861Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks and defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians

Born on February 13

  • 1440Hartmann Schedel: German Physician / humanist / historian
  • 1599Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi]: Siena, Italy -- Pope (1655-67)
  • 1610Jean de la Badie: French divine, founder of Lagardists
  • 1622Adam Pijnacker: Landscape painter / etcher, baptized
  • 1658Jan B Wellekens: Dutch poet / painter
  • 1660Johann Sigismund Kusser: Composer
  • 1682Giovanni Battista Piazzetta: Venice, Italy -- Painter (Fortune Teller)
  • 1713Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas: Composer
  • 1721John Reid: Composer
  • 1755Francois Alexander Sallantin: Composer
  • 1756Joannes van der Linden: Lawyer / judge (Ware Pleiter)
  • 1757John C Hespe: Dutch journalist / politician
  • 1778Fernando Sor: Composer
  • 1787James P Carrell: Composer
  • 1805David Dudley Field: Lawyer / law codifier
  • 1805Peter G L Dirichlet: Germany -- Number theorist / analysist
  • 1807Bartolommea Capitanio: Italian monastery founder (Liefdezusters)
  • 1813Charles Pierre Schimpf: Governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 1820Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer
  • 1822Lev A Mej: Russian nobleman / poet
  • 1829Gerard Keller: Writer (Netherlands Spectator)
  • 1831John Aaron Rawlins: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1869
  • 1833William Whedbee Kirkland: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
  • 1837Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea: Composer
  • 1840Georg Jacobi: Composer
  • 1852Johan L E Dreyer: Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1859Frank van de Goes: Dutch writer / marxist theorist
  • 1859William Strang: Scottish painter / engraver
  • 1861Uchimura Kanzo: Tokyo, Japan -- Religious writer (How I Became a Christian)
  • 1862Karel Weis: Composer

Died on February 13

  • 1130Honorius II [Lamberto]: Pope (1124-30)
  • 1199Stefanus Nemanja (Symeon): Monk
  • 1237Jordanus of Saxon: 2nd General of Dominicans, drowns
  • 1332Andronicus II Paleologus: Byzantine Emperor (1282-1328) / monk
  • 1542Catharine Howard: Queen of England / 5th Wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
  • 1629Girolamo Giacobbi: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1635Georg R Weckerlin: German poet, dies at 50
  • 1662Elisabeth Stuart: English Daughter of James I, dies at 65
  • 1693Johann Kaspar von Kerll: German composer, dies at 65
  • 1724Francisco Jose Coutinho: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1741Johann Joseph Fux: Austrian Composer / music theorist, dies at about 80
  • 1784Charles Gravier: French Earl of Vergennes / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1798Wilhelm H Wackenroder: German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • 1814Augustin Holler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1841Thomas Ainsworth: English / Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • 1849Christian Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1873Petrus AS van Limburg Brouwer [Abraham van Luik]: Literary
  • 1882Henry Highland Garnet: Diplomat, dies at 66 in Monrovia, Liberia
  • 1883Wilhelm Richard Wagner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1891David Dixon Porter: US rear Admiral (Union), dies at 77
  • 1893Ignacio M Altamirano: Mexican Author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • 1894Franjo Racki: Croatian Historian / politician, dies at 65
  • 1896Karl Reinthaler: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1907Marcel Bertrand: French mine engineer, dies at 59
  • 1917Joel Angel: Russian musicologist / composer, dies at 48
  • 1921Willem P C Knuttel: Dutch bibliography / librarian, dies at 67
  • 1927Brooks Adams: US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78
  • 1935Violet Paget: British Author (Gospels of Anarchy), dies at 78
  • 1937C A Bernoulli: Writer
  • 1943William Walraven: Journalist / writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55