Events on Feb 13

  • 1349Jews are expelled from Burgsordf Switzerland
  • 1510Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal
  • 1545Willem of Nassau becomes Prince of Orange
  • 1566St. Augustine, Florida founded
  • 1601John Lancaster leads 1st East India Company voyage from London
  • 1633Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
  • 1635Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded
  • 1651Flemish Missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • 1668Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1678Tycho Brahe 1st sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system
  • 1689British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights
  • 1692MacDonald clan murdered on orders of King William III
  • 1693College of William and Mary opens
  • 1706Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia / Saksen
  • 1741Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
  • 1755Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java
  • 1777De Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
  • 1782French fleet occupies St. Christopher
  • 1786Abraham Baldwin selected President of University of Georgia
  • 17951st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 17991st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts
  • 1809French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1826American Temperance Society, forms in Boston
  • 18321st appearance of cholera at London
  • 1837Riot in New York over high price of flour
  • 1858Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
  • 1860King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 18611st military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • 1861Abraham Lincoln declared President
  • 1861Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks and defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians

Born on Feb 13

  • 1440Hartmann Schedel: German Physician / humanist / historian
  • 1599Alexander VII [Fabio Chigi]: Siena, Italy -- Pope (1655-67)
  • 1610Jean de la Badie: French divine, founder of Lagardists
  • 1622Adam Pijnacker: Landscape painter / etcher, baptized
  • 1658Jan B Wellekens: Dutch poet / painter
  • 1660Johann Sigismund Kusser: Composer
  • 1682Giovanni Battista Piazzetta: Venice, Italy -- Painter (Fortune Teller)
  • 1713Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas: Composer
  • 1721John Reid: Composer
  • 1755Francois Alexander Sallantin: Composer
  • 1756Joannes van der Linden: Lawyer / judge (Ware Pleiter)
  • 1757John C Hespe: Dutch journalist / politician
  • 1778Fernando Sor: Composer
  • 1787James P Carrell: Composer
  • 1805David Dudley Field: Lawyer / law codifier
  • 1805Peter G L Dirichlet: Germany -- Number theorist / analysist
  • 1807Bartolommea Capitanio: Italian monastery founder (Liefdezusters)
  • 1813Charles Pierre Schimpf: Governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 1820Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer
  • 1822Lev A Mej: Russian nobleman / poet
  • 1829Gerard Keller: Writer (Netherlands Spectator)
  • 1831John Aaron Rawlins: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1869
  • 1833William Whedbee Kirkland: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
  • 1837Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea: Composer
  • 1840Georg Jacobi: Composer
  • 1852Johan L E Dreyer: Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1859Frank van de Goes: Dutch writer / marxist theorist
  • 1859William Strang: Scottish painter / engraver
  • 1861Uchimura Kanzo: Tokyo, Japan -- Religious writer (How I Became a Christian)
  • 1862Karel Weis: Composer

Died on Feb 13

  • 1130Honorius II [Lamberto]: Pope (1124-30)
  • 1199Stefanus Nemanja (Symeon): Monk
  • 1237Jordanus of Saxon: 2nd General of Dominicans, drowns
  • 1332Andronicus II Paleologus: Byzantine Emperor (1282-1328) / monk
  • 1542Catharine Howard: Queen of England / 5th Wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
  • 1629Girolamo Giacobbi: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1635Georg R Weckerlin: German poet, dies at 50
  • 1662Elisabeth Stuart: English Daughter of James I, dies at 65
  • 1693Johann Kaspar von Kerll: German composer, dies at 65
  • 1724Francisco Jose Coutinho: Composer, dies at 43
  • 1741Johann Joseph Fux: Austrian Composer / music theorist, dies at about 80
  • 1784Charles Gravier: French Earl of Vergennes / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1798Wilhelm H Wackenroder: German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • 1814Augustin Holler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1841Thomas Ainsworth: English / Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • 1849Christian Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1873Petrus AS van Limburg Brouwer [Abraham van Luik]: Literary
  • 1882Henry Highland Garnet: Diplomat, dies at 66 in Monrovia, Liberia
  • 1883Wilhelm Richard Wagner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1891David Dixon Porter: US rear Admiral (Union), dies at 77
  • 1893Ignacio M Altamirano: Mexican Author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • 1894Franjo Racki: Croatian Historian / politician, dies at 65
  • 1896Karl Reinthaler: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1907Marcel Bertrand: French mine engineer, dies at 59
  • 1917Joel Angel: Russian musicologist / composer, dies at 48
  • 1921Willem P C Knuttel: Dutch bibliography / librarian, dies at 67
  • 1927Brooks Adams: US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78
  • 1935Violet Paget: British Author (Gospels of Anarchy), dies at 78
  • 1937C A Bernoulli: Writer
  • 1943William Walraven: Journalist / writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55

Historical events on February 14

  • 0842Charles II and Louis the German sign treaty
  • 1014Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German Emperor
  • 1076Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV
  • 1130Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
  • 1540Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
  • 1556Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
  • 1610Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 and Romanov family sign covenant against Czar Vasili Shushki
  • 1630Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil
  • 1670Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1689English parliament places Mary Stuart / Prince Willem III on the throne
  • 1746Henry Pelham appointed English Premier
  • 1766Dutch Governor Falck signs Treaty of Batticaloa with rebels
  • 1778"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 17941st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia
  • 1803Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn
  • 1848James K Polk became 1st President photographed in office (Matthew Brady)
  • 1859Oregon admitted as 33rd state
  • 1862Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Conn
  • 1867Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • 1867Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 18721st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • 1876A G Bell and Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 1879Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 18831st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • 1887Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000
  • 18891st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • 1894Venus is both a morning star and evening star
  • 1896George Lohmann takes a hat-trick vs. South Africa, 8-7 for inning
  • 1896South Africa all out for 30 vs. England - their lowest ever
  • 1896Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0

Born on February 14

  • 1462Edzard I Cirksena [the Great]: Earl of East-Friesia (1494-1528)
  • 1483Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah: Prince / founder Mogols-dynasty
  • 1487Henry II of Bavaria: Bishop of Utrecht / Worms / Freising
  • 1513Domenico Maria Ferrabosco: Italian composer
  • 1515Frederick III [the Pious]: Elect of the Palts
  • 1533Christianus Adrichomius: Dutch priest / writer (Vita Jesu Christi)
  • 1546Johann Pistorius: German theologist / historian
  • 1572Hans Christoph Haiden: Composer
  • 1602Pier Francesco Cavalli: Italian opera composer
  • 1638Sybilla Schwarz: Writer
  • 1670Georg Gabriel Schutz: Composer
  • 1679Georg Friedrich Kauffman: Composer
  • 1760Richard Allen: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- 1st black ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church
  • 1778Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer
  • 1806Lajos: Count Batthy, New York -- Revolutionary Premier of Hungary (1848-49)
  • 1813Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer
  • 1813John McNeil: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1817Frederick Douglass: African-American abolitionist / lecturer / editor
  • 1819James Green Martin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878
  • 1824Winfield Scott Hancock: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1829Alfred Iverson, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
  • 1835Francois Haverschmidt: Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes)
  • 1838Margaret Knight: Inventor "the female Thomas Edison"
  • 1845Cecil De Vere: 1st official British chess champion (1866)
  • 1847Anna Howard Shaw: United States -- Suffragette
  • 1853Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor (Antwerp)
  • 1856Frank Harris: England, United Kingdom -- Journalist / writer (My Life & Loves)
  • 1858Charles Beach Hawley: Composer
  • 1859George Washington Gale Ferris: Engineer / inventor (Ferris Wheel)
  • 1864Israel Zangwill: England, United Kingdom -- Jewish author / Zionist (Children of Ghetto)

Died on February 14

  • 0869Cyrillus: Greek apostle of Slaves
  • 1405Timur / Tamerlan "Lenk" [Crippled]: Mongols monarch, dies at about 68
  • 1528Edzard I the Great: Count of Austria-E Frisia (1494-1528), dies at 66
  • 1571Benvenuto Cellini: Ital Sculptor / writer (Perseus), dies at 70
  • 1681Francesco Nigetti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1760Francois Collin de Blamont: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1790Capel Bond: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1818John C Hespe: Dutch journalist / politician, dies at 61
  • 1820Charles F: Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • 1831Vincente Guerrero: Mexican revolutionary hero
  • 1841Antun Sorkocevic: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1846Cornelis F van Maanen: Dutch Supreme Court Justice, dies at 76
  • 1857Johannes B van Bree: Dutch violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 1857John B van Bree: Violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 1873Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1891William Tecumseh Sherman: Union Civil War General, dies at 71
  • 1901Edward John Hopkins: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1908Georges Jean Pfeiffer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1916Petko J Todorov: Bulgaria writer (Zmejova), dies at 36
  • 1937Erkki Gustav Melartin: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1943David Hilbert: German Mathematician (Hilbert Space), dies at 81
  • 1943Frieda Reiss: French 11 month old baby, murdered in Auschwitz
  • 1950Eduard Hermann: German linguist (Homer), dies at 80
  • 1950Karl G Jansky: Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
  • 1955Charles Cuvillier: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1961Wallis Clark: Actress (Easy Money), dies at 78
  • 1965Desire-Emile Inghelbrecht: French Composer / conductor, dies at 84
  • 1967James Schneider: Actor (Keystone Kops), dies at 85
  • 1967Sig Ruman: Actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), dies at 82
  • 1969Vito Genovese: US mafia chief, dies at 71