Events on Feb 14

  • 0842Charles II and Louis the German sign treaty
  • 1014Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German Emperor
  • 1076Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV
  • 1130Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
  • 1540Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
  • 1556Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic
  • 1610Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 and Romanov family sign covenant against Czar Vasili Shushki
  • 1630Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil
  • 1670Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
  • 1689English parliament places Mary Stuart / Prince Willem III on the throne
  • 1746Henry Pelham appointed English Premier
  • 1766Dutch Governor Falck signs Treaty of Batticaloa with rebels
  • 1778"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 17941st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia
  • 1803Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn
  • 1848James K Polk became 1st President photographed in office (Matthew Brady)
  • 1859Oregon admitted as 33rd state
  • 1862Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Conn
  • 1867Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • 1867Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 18721st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • 1876A G Bell and Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 1879Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 18831st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • 1887Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000
  • 18891st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • 1894Venus is both a morning star and evening star
  • 1896George Lohmann takes a hat-trick vs. South Africa, 8-7 for inning
  • 1896South Africa all out for 30 vs. England - their lowest ever
  • 1896Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0

Born on Feb 14

  • 1462Edzard I Cirksena [the Great]: Earl of East-Friesia (1494-1528)
  • 1483Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah: Prince / founder Mogols-dynasty
  • 1487Henry II of Bavaria: Bishop of Utrecht / Worms / Freising
  • 1513Domenico Maria Ferrabosco: Italian composer
  • 1515Frederick III [the Pious]: Elect of the Palts
  • 1533Christianus Adrichomius: Dutch priest / writer (Vita Jesu Christi)
  • 1546Johann Pistorius: German theologist / historian
  • 1572Hans Christoph Haiden: Composer
  • 1602Pier Francesco Cavalli: Italian opera composer
  • 1638Sybilla Schwarz: Writer
  • 1670Georg Gabriel Schutz: Composer
  • 1679Georg Friedrich Kauffman: Composer
  • 1760Richard Allen: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- 1st black ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church
  • 1778Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer
  • 1806Lajos: Count Batthy, New York -- Revolutionary Premier of Hungary (1848-49)
  • 1813Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer
  • 1813John McNeil: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 1817Frederick Douglass: African-American abolitionist / lecturer / editor
  • 1819James Green Martin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878
  • 1824Winfield Scott Hancock: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1829Alfred Iverson, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
  • 1835Francois Haverschmidt: Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes)
  • 1838Margaret Knight: Inventor "the female Thomas Edison"
  • 1845Cecil De Vere: 1st official British chess champion (1866)
  • 1847Anna Howard Shaw: United States -- Suffragette
  • 1853Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor (Antwerp)
  • 1856Frank Harris: England, United Kingdom -- Journalist / writer (My Life & Loves)
  • 1858Charles Beach Hawley: Composer
  • 1859George Washington Gale Ferris: Engineer / inventor (Ferris Wheel)
  • 1864Israel Zangwill: England, United Kingdom -- Jewish author / Zionist (Children of Ghetto)

Died on Feb 14

  • 0869Cyrillus: Greek apostle of Slaves
  • 1405Timur / Tamerlan "Lenk" [Crippled]: Mongols monarch, dies at about 68
  • 1528Edzard I the Great: Count of Austria-E Frisia (1494-1528), dies at 66
  • 1571Benvenuto Cellini: Ital Sculptor / writer (Perseus), dies at 70
  • 1681Francesco Nigetti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1760Francois Collin de Blamont: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1790Capel Bond: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1818John C Hespe: Dutch journalist / politician, dies at 61
  • 1820Charles F: Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • 1831Vincente Guerrero: Mexican revolutionary hero
  • 1841Antun Sorkocevic: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1846Cornelis F van Maanen: Dutch Supreme Court Justice, dies at 76
  • 1857Johannes B van Bree: Dutch violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 1857John B van Bree: Violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 1873Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1891William Tecumseh Sherman: Union Civil War General, dies at 71
  • 1901Edward John Hopkins: Composer, dies at 82
  • 1908Georges Jean Pfeiffer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1916Petko J Todorov: Bulgaria writer (Zmejova), dies at 36
  • 1937Erkki Gustav Melartin: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1943David Hilbert: German Mathematician (Hilbert Space), dies at 81
  • 1943Frieda Reiss: French 11 month old baby, murdered in Auschwitz
  • 1950Eduard Hermann: German linguist (Homer), dies at 80
  • 1950Karl G Jansky: Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
  • 1955Charles Cuvillier: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1961Wallis Clark: Actress (Easy Money), dies at 78
  • 1965Desire-Emile Inghelbrecht: French Composer / conductor, dies at 84
  • 1967James Schneider: Actor (Keystone Kops), dies at 85
  • 1967Sig Ruman: Actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), dies at 82
  • 1969Vito Genovese: US mafia chief, dies at 71

Historical events on February 15

  • 0399Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death
  • 1145Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
  • 1313Peace of Angleur
  • 1386Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
  • 1539Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
  • 1552Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • 1563Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
  • 1637Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1677King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
  • 1689German Parliament declares war on France
  • 1745Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny, " premieres in London
  • 1763Austria, Prussia and Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
  • 1764St. Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
  • 17681st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
  • 1775Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • 1797Battle of Cape St. Vincent
  • 17991st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 1804New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 18421st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), New York City
  • 1845William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
  • 1848Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 1851Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
  • 1852Great Ormond St. Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1861Ft Point completed and garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • 1864Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
  • 1869Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
  • 1870Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1876Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 1879Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • 18821st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin

Born on February 15

  • 0037Claudius Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nero: Emperor of Rome (54-68)
  • 1483Babur: Founder of Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30)
  • 1519Pedro Menendez de Aviles: Explorer (found St. Augustine Florida)
  • 1524Charles de Guise: Archbishop / Cardinal of Reims
  • 1557Alfonso Fontanelli: Composer
  • 1564Galileo Galilei: Pisa, Italy -- Astronomer / physicist
  • 1571Michael Praetorius: Kreuzberg, Germany -- Composer (Syntagma music)
  • 1620Francois Charpentier: French Scholar / archaeologist
  • 1650Anne Jules Duke de Noailles: Marshal of France (hugenot)
  • 1660Frans Anneessens: Belgian Merchant / Dean of artisans
  • 1666Antonio M Valsalva: Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • 1705Charles A Vanloo: French painter
  • 1707Claude Prosper: Paris, France -- Novelist
  • 1710Louis XV the Well-Beloved: Versailles, France -- King of France (1715-74)
  • 1726Abraham Clark: Farmer / lawyer, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1740Ernst Eichner: Composer
  • 1748Jeremy Bentham: London, England -- Philosopher / originator (Utilitarian)
  • 1759Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf]: German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1760Jean-Francois Le Sueur: Composer
  • 1768Jozef B Cannaert [Olim]: Flemish lawyer
  • 1774W G Frederik: Prince of Orange
  • 1780Carel Asser: Dutch jurist
  • 1783Johann Nepomuk Poissl: Composer
  • 1785Claude Louis Marie Navier
  • 1789Friedrich Fesca: Composer
  • 1795Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General (10 day campaign)
  • 1797Henry Engelhard Steinway: Piano maker (Steinway)
  • 1800Frederik W Conrad: Dutch hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer
  • 1803John Augustus Sutter: Swiss / US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)
  • 1807Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski: Composer

Died on February 15

  • 1043Gisela: Wife of RC-German Emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52
  • 1145Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici]: Italian Pope (1144-45)
  • 1152Konrad III: Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
  • 1503Henry Deane: Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03)
  • 1568Hendrik van Brederode: Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
  • 1580Cunerus Petri: Dutch Theologist / Bishop of Leeuwarden
  • 1597Pieter J Kies: Dutch Mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
  • 1600Jose the Acosta: Spanish Missionary (Peru)
  • 1621Michael Praetorius: German Composer (In Dulce Jubilo), dies at 50
  • 1637Ferdinand II: King of Bohemia / Hun / German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58
  • 1660Klaas Geritsz Compaen: Dutch buccaneer / merchant, dies at 72
  • 1680Jan Swammerdam: Dutch entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 41
  • 1680John Swammerdam: Anatomist / entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
  • 1701Adam Drese: German composer, dies at 80
  • 1713Anthony Ashley Cooper: 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer
  • 1744Frantisek Antonin Mica: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1744John Hadley: Inventor (sextant)
  • 1759Alexander von Papenhoven: Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1761Carlo Cecere: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1778Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1781G E Lessing: Writer, dies at 52
  • 1781Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Saxon playwright / critic
  • 1818Charles XIII: King of Sweden (1809-18) / Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • 1820Pierre-Joseph Cambon: Member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 1820William Ellery: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 1831Henry Maudslay: Inventor (metal lathe)
  • 1832Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1835Henry Hunt: British politican
  • 1841Sibrand Acker Stratingh: Dutch dr / chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • 1844Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth: British Premier (1801-04), dies at 86