Events on Feb 15

  • 0399Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death
  • 1145Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
  • 1313Peace of Angleur
  • 1386Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
  • 1539Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
  • 1552Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • 1563Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
  • 1637Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1677King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
  • 1689German Parliament declares war on France
  • 1745Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny, " premieres in London
  • 1763Austria, Prussia and Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
  • 1764St. Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
  • 17681st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
  • 1775Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • 1797Battle of Cape St. Vincent
  • 17991st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 1804New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 18421st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), New York City
  • 1845William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
  • 1848Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 1851Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
  • 1852Great Ormond St. Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1861Ft Point completed and garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • 1864Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
  • 1869Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
  • 1870Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1876Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 1879Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • 18821st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin

Born on Feb 15

  • 0037Claudius Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nero: Emperor of Rome (54-68)
  • 1483Babur: Founder of Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30)
  • 1519Pedro Menendez de Aviles: Explorer (found St. Augustine Florida)
  • 1524Charles de Guise: Archbishop / Cardinal of Reims
  • 1557Alfonso Fontanelli: Composer
  • 1564Galileo Galilei: Pisa, Italy -- Astronomer / physicist
  • 1571Michael Praetorius: Kreuzberg, Germany -- Composer (Syntagma music)
  • 1620Francois Charpentier: French Scholar / archaeologist
  • 1650Anne Jules Duke de Noailles: Marshal of France (hugenot)
  • 1660Frans Anneessens: Belgian Merchant / Dean of artisans
  • 1666Antonio M Valsalva: Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • 1705Charles A Vanloo: French painter
  • 1707Claude Prosper: Paris, France -- Novelist
  • 1710Louis XV the Well-Beloved: Versailles, France -- King of France (1715-74)
  • 1726Abraham Clark: Farmer / lawyer, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1740Ernst Eichner: Composer
  • 1748Jeremy Bentham: London, England -- Philosopher / originator (Utilitarian)
  • 1759Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf]: German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1760Jean-Francois Le Sueur: Composer
  • 1768Jozef B Cannaert [Olim]: Flemish lawyer
  • 1774W G Frederik: Prince of Orange
  • 1780Carel Asser: Dutch jurist
  • 1783Johann Nepomuk Poissl: Composer
  • 1785Claude Louis Marie Navier
  • 1789Friedrich Fesca: Composer
  • 1795Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General (10 day campaign)
  • 1797Henry Engelhard Steinway: Piano maker (Steinway)
  • 1800Frederik W Conrad: Dutch hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer
  • 1803John Augustus Sutter: Swiss / US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)
  • 1807Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski: Composer

Died on Feb 15

  • 1043Gisela: Wife of RC-German Emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52
  • 1145Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici]: Italian Pope (1144-45)
  • 1152Konrad III: Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
  • 1503Henry Deane: Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03)
  • 1568Hendrik van Brederode: Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
  • 1580Cunerus Petri: Dutch Theologist / Bishop of Leeuwarden
  • 1597Pieter J Kies: Dutch Mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
  • 1600Jose the Acosta: Spanish Missionary (Peru)
  • 1621Michael Praetorius: German Composer (In Dulce Jubilo), dies at 50
  • 1637Ferdinand II: King of Bohemia / Hun / German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58
  • 1660Klaas Geritsz Compaen: Dutch buccaneer / merchant, dies at 72
  • 1680Jan Swammerdam: Dutch entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 41
  • 1680John Swammerdam: Anatomist / entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
  • 1701Adam Drese: German composer, dies at 80
  • 1713Anthony Ashley Cooper: 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer
  • 1744Frantisek Antonin Mica: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1744John Hadley: Inventor (sextant)
  • 1759Alexander von Papenhoven: Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1761Carlo Cecere: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1778Johann Gottlieb Gorner: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1781G E Lessing: Writer, dies at 52
  • 1781Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Saxon playwright / critic
  • 1818Charles XIII: King of Sweden (1809-18) / Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • 1820Pierre-Joseph Cambon: Member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 1820William Ellery: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 1831Henry Maudslay: Inventor (metal lathe)
  • 1832Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck: Composer, dies at 85
  • 1835Henry Hunt: British politican
  • 1841Sibrand Acker Stratingh: Dutch dr / chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • 1844Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth: British Premier (1801-04), dies at 86

Historical events on February 16

  • 0600Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze
  • 1486Diet of Frankfort
  • 1512Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
  • 1559Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
  • 1641English King Charles I accept Triennial Act
  • 1655Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
  • 1666Netherlands and Brandenburg sign treaty
  • 1677Earl of Shaftesbury arrested / confined in London Tower
  • 1742Earl of Wilmington becomes British Premier
  • 1760Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George, South Carolina
  • 1771Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
  • 1777Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • 1804Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor and burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • 1824Athenaeum founded
  • 1838Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • 1840American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
  • 1846Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 1854Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus, " premieres
  • 1857Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington, DC)
  • 1860Dutch Rochussen / Van Bosse government resigns
  • 1862Ft Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
  • 1864Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • 1868Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • 1878Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • 1880American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • 1883"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • 18871st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
  • 1887Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
  • 1892Opera "Werther, " premieres in Vienna
  • 1894British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast

Born on February 16

  • 1075Ordericus Vitalis: French Monk / historian / poet
  • 1519Gaspard de Coligny: Huguenot leader / French Admiral
  • 1620Frederick William: Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1669Arnold Boonen: Dutch portrait painter
  • 1698Pierre Bouguer: French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1709Charles Avison: Composer
  • 1740Giambattista Bodoni: Saluzzo, Italy -- Printer / typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • 1746Johann Heinse: German Sturm und Drang Novelist / art critic
  • 1774Pierre Rode: Composer
  • 1787Andreas Schelfhout: Dutch painter / etcher / lithographer
  • 1788Juan van Halen: Dutch / Spanish officer / adventurer
  • 1790Chretien Urhan: Composer
  • 1807Lysander Cutler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1812Henry Wilson: (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 1813Joseph Reid Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
  • 1813Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer
  • 1821Heinrich Barth: Hamburg, Germany -- Geographer / explorer (Central Africa)
  • 1822Francis Galton: Birmingham, England -- Anthropologist and geneticist
  • 1822James Patton Anderson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1823John Daniel Imboden: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1826Franz von Holstein: Composer
  • 1826Joseph V von Scheffel: German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831Nikolai Leskow: Writer
  • 1832Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Ernst Heinrich Haeckel: Potsdam, Germany -- Biologist (Causes of Evolution)
  • 1836Benjamin Edward Woolf: Dutch composer
  • 1838Henry Adams: Boston, Massachusetts -- Historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams)
  • 1847Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka: German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 1848Hugo de Vries: Dutch Botanist (How species emerge)
  • 1852William Scarborough: Macon, Georgia -- Linguist / author (Birds of Aristophanes)

Died on February 16

  • 0309Pamphilus van Caesarea: Palestinian Scholar / martyr, beheaded
  • 1279Afonso III: King of Portugal (1248-79)
  • 1391Johannes V Palaeologus: Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91)
  • 1538Everhard / Erardus van de Mark: Prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65
  • 1653Johannes Schultz: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1754Richard Mead: Physician
  • 1799Charles Theoby: Ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • 1803Jan V clav Stich: Bohemian composer, dies at 56
  • 1823Johann Gottfried Schict: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1825George Gerson: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1829Francois-Joseph Gossec: Belg / Fr Composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95
  • 1834Lionel Lukin: Life boat pioneer
  • 1851Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician, dies at 95
  • 1857Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers: French engraver, dies at 77
  • 1857Elisha Kent Kane: Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
  • 1858Georg F Creuzer: German philological / historian, dies at 86
  • 1864Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1892Henry Walter Bates: Naturalist / explorer (South America)
  • 1900George Labram: US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
  • 1910Albert Heinrich Zabel: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1912Edgar Evans: British explorer (Antarctica)
  • 1915Emil Waldteufel [Charles Levy]: French Composer (Estudiantina)
  • 1916[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Ot & Sien), dies at 57
  • 1916Jeltje de Bosch Kemper: Dutch feminist, dies at 79
  • 1934Eduard Bagritsky [Dzjubin]: Russ Poet / journalist, dies at 38
  • 1938Otto zur Linde: German Author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
  • 1939Jura Soyfer: Writer, dies at 26
  • 1944Edmund von Borck: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1951Henri Velge: 1st Chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65
  • 1952Knut [Pedersen] Hamsun: Norwegian writer (Wanders, Nobel 1920)