Events on Feb 16

  • 0600Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze
  • 1486Diet of Frankfort
  • 1512Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen
  • 1559Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy
  • 1641English King Charles I accept Triennial Act
  • 1655Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker
  • 1666Netherlands and Brandenburg sign treaty
  • 1677Earl of Shaftesbury arrested / confined in London Tower
  • 1742Earl of Wilmington becomes British Premier
  • 1760Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George, South Carolina
  • 1771Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy
  • 1777Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
  • 1804Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor and burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • 1824Athenaeum founded
  • 1838Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • 1840American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
  • 1846Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 1854Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus, " premieres
  • 1857Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington, DC)
  • 1860Dutch Rochussen / Van Bosse government resigns
  • 1862Ft Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
  • 1864Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • 1868Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • 1878Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • 1880American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • 1883"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • 18871st newspaper convention (Rochester NY)
  • 1887Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5)
  • 1892Opera "Werther, " premieres in Vienna
  • 1894British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast

Born on Feb 16

  • 1075Ordericus Vitalis: French Monk / historian / poet
  • 1519Gaspard de Coligny: Huguenot leader / French Admiral
  • 1620Frederick William: Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1669Arnold Boonen: Dutch portrait painter
  • 1698Pierre Bouguer: French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1709Charles Avison: Composer
  • 1740Giambattista Bodoni: Saluzzo, Italy -- Printer / typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • 1746Johann Heinse: German Sturm und Drang Novelist / art critic
  • 1774Pierre Rode: Composer
  • 1787Andreas Schelfhout: Dutch painter / etcher / lithographer
  • 1788Juan van Halen: Dutch / Spanish officer / adventurer
  • 1790Chretien Urhan: Composer
  • 1807Lysander Cutler: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1866
  • 1812Henry Wilson: (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 1813Joseph Reid Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
  • 1813Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer
  • 1821Heinrich Barth: Hamburg, Germany -- Geographer / explorer (Central Africa)
  • 1822Francis Galton: Birmingham, England -- Anthropologist and geneticist
  • 1822James Patton Anderson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 1823John Daniel Imboden: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
  • 1826Franz von Holstein: Composer
  • 1826Joseph V von Scheffel: German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831Nikolai Leskow: Writer
  • 1832Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac: Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834Ernst Heinrich Haeckel: Potsdam, Germany -- Biologist (Causes of Evolution)
  • 1836Benjamin Edward Woolf: Dutch composer
  • 1838Henry Adams: Boston, Massachusetts -- Historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams)
  • 1847Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka: German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 1848Hugo de Vries: Dutch Botanist (How species emerge)
  • 1852William Scarborough: Macon, Georgia -- Linguist / author (Birds of Aristophanes)

Died on Feb 16

  • 0309Pamphilus van Caesarea: Palestinian Scholar / martyr, beheaded
  • 1279Afonso III: King of Portugal (1248-79)
  • 1391Johannes V Palaeologus: Emperor of Byzantium (1341-91)
  • 1538Everhard / Erardus van de Mark: Prince-bishop of Liege, dies at 65
  • 1653Johannes Schultz: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1754Richard Mead: Physician
  • 1799Charles Theoby: Ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • 1803Jan V clav Stich: Bohemian composer, dies at 56
  • 1823Johann Gottfried Schict: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1825George Gerson: Composer, dies at 34
  • 1829Francois-Joseph Gossec: Belg / Fr Composer (Messe of Morts), dies at 95
  • 1834Lionel Lukin: Life boat pioneer
  • 1851Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician, dies at 95
  • 1857Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers: French engraver, dies at 77
  • 1857Elisha Kent Kane: Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
  • 1858Georg F Creuzer: German philological / historian, dies at 86
  • 1864Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1892Henry Walter Bates: Naturalist / explorer (South America)
  • 1900George Labram: US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
  • 1910Albert Heinrich Zabel: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1912Edgar Evans: British explorer (Antarctica)
  • 1915Emil Waldteufel [Charles Levy]: French Composer (Estudiantina)
  • 1916[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Ot & Sien), dies at 57
  • 1916Jeltje de Bosch Kemper: Dutch feminist, dies at 79
  • 1934Eduard Bagritsky [Dzjubin]: Russ Poet / journalist, dies at 38
  • 1938Otto zur Linde: German Author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
  • 1939Jura Soyfer: Writer, dies at 26
  • 1944Edmund von Borck: Composer, dies at 37
  • 1951Henri Velge: 1st Chairman (Belgian Council of State), dies at 65
  • 1952Knut [Pedersen] Hamsun: Norwegian writer (Wanders, Nobel 1920)

Historical events on February 17

  • 1370Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
  • 1568Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
  • 1598Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
  • 1621Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony
  • 1634William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti
  • 1670France and Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1676Kings Charles II and Louis XIV sign secret treaty
  • 1691Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
  • 17721st partition of Poland-Russia and Prussia, joined later by Austria
  • 1791Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
  • 1795Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
  • 1801House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson President over Burr
  • 18171st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
  • 1818Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
  • 1848Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • 1854British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1864Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
  • 1865Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
  • 18671st ship passes through Suez Canal
  • 1867Gyula Andressy becomes Premier of Hungary
  • 1870Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
  • 1870Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1876Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
  • 18781st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • 1880Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • 1883A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 1897National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
  • 1905Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • 19111st hydroplane flight to and from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)

Born on February 17

  • 1444Rudolf Agricola [Roelof Huysman]: Dutch humanist / Organist
  • 1490Charles de Bourbon: Officer / Governor (Lombardy)
  • 1583J Henry Alting: Dutch theologist
  • 1653Arcangelo Corelli: Fusignano, Italy -- Violinist / comp (Concerto Grossi)
  • 1667Georg Bronner: Composer
  • 1675Johann Melchior Conradi: Composer
  • 1696Baron Ernst Gottlieb: Composer
  • 1697Louis-Maurice de La Pierre: Composer
  • 1699Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff: German architect (Sanssouci)
  • 1723Tobias Mayer: "method of lunars" for longitude determination
  • 1740Horace B de Saussure: Switzerland -- Physicist / geologist
  • 1747Narciso Casanovas: Composer
  • 1752Friedrich M Klinger: German playwright (Wirrwarr)
  • 1754Jan Jachym Kopriva: Composer
  • 1758John Pinkerton: Scottish historian
  • 1774Raphaelle Peale: United States -- Painter (After the Rain-1823)
  • 1796Giovanni Pacini: Composer
  • 1804Samuel Read Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1816Friedrich Wilhelm Markull: Composer
  • 1820Henri Vieuxtemps: Verviers, Belgium -- Composer / teacher (Brussels Cons)
  • 1824William Farrar "Baldy" Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1831Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer
  • 1837Francis Jay Herron: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1837Sam[uel] van Houten: Dutch (lib) Minister (child labor laws)
  • 1844A Montgomery Ward: Founded mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • 1849Selwyn Image: Bodiam, Sussex -- Painter
  • 1850Anton Urspruch: Composer
  • 1850Ludwig Bonvin: Composer
  • 1854Friedrich A Krupp: German arms manufacturer
  • 1855Otto Liman von Sanders: German General in Turkey (WWI)

Died on February 17

  • 0364Flavius Jovianus: Christian Emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
  • 0956Hugo the Great: Earl of Paris / Duke of Francia, dies at about 55
  • 1600Giordano Bruno: Advocate of Copernican theory, burned at stake
  • 1612Ernst of Bayern: Prince / Bishop of Luik / archbish Cologne, dies at 57
  • 1612Jodocus Hondius: Flemish cartoonist / mathematician, dies at 48
  • 1652Gregorio Allegri: Italian singer / Composer (Miserere), dies at about 67
  • 1654Michael Lohr: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1673Moliare [Jean Baptiste Poquelin]: French Author (Learned Lady)
  • 1688Rev James Renwick: Hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1715Antoine Galland: French interpreter, dies at 68
  • 1732Louis Marchand: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1796James Macpherson: Poet
  • 1804Christian Ernst Graf: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1815Franz Gotz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1827Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: Swiss educator, dies at 81
  • 1841Ferdinando Carulli: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1852Micha Joseph Levenson: Hebrew poet
  • 1854Hugues F R de Lamennais: French priest / writer, dies at 71
  • 1856Heinrich Heine: German poet, dies at 58 in Paris, France
  • 1856John Braham: Singer / composer, dies at 81
  • 1874[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belg astronomer / sociologist, dies at 77
  • 1883Napoleon Coste: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1901Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1903Joseph Parry: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1905Serge Alexandrovich: Governor-General Moscow, murdered
  • 1907Henry Olcott: Co-founder (Theosophical Society-Madras)
  • 1907Henry Steel Olcott: US co-founder (Theosophist Society), dies at 74
  • 1908Geronimo: Apache chief, dies at about 79
  • 1912Aloys von Aerenthal: Foreign Minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
  • 1912L Oates: British explorer (Antarctica)