Events on Feb 17

  • 1370Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
  • 1568Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace
  • 1598Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia
  • 1621Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony
  • 1634William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti
  • 1670France and Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1676Kings Charles II and Louis XIV sign secret treaty
  • 1691Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service
  • 17721st partition of Poland-Russia and Prussia, joined later by Austria
  • 1791Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
  • 1795Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England
  • 1801House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson President over Burr
  • 18171st US city lit by gas (Baltimore)
  • 1818Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
  • 1836HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania
  • 1848Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • 1854British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1864Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
  • 1865Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
  • 18671st ship passes through Suez Canal
  • 1867Gyula Andressy becomes Premier of Hungary
  • 1870Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
  • 1870Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 1876Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
  • 18781st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • 1880Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • 1883A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 1897National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)
  • 1905Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • 19111st hydroplane flight to and from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)

Born on Feb 17

  • 1444Rudolf Agricola [Roelof Huysman]: Dutch humanist / Organist
  • 1490Charles de Bourbon: Officer / Governor (Lombardy)
  • 1583J Henry Alting: Dutch theologist
  • 1653Arcangelo Corelli: Fusignano, Italy -- Violinist / comp (Concerto Grossi)
  • 1667Georg Bronner: Composer
  • 1675Johann Melchior Conradi: Composer
  • 1696Baron Ernst Gottlieb: Composer
  • 1697Louis-Maurice de La Pierre: Composer
  • 1699Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff: German architect (Sanssouci)
  • 1723Tobias Mayer: "method of lunars" for longitude determination
  • 1740Horace B de Saussure: Switzerland -- Physicist / geologist
  • 1747Narciso Casanovas: Composer
  • 1752Friedrich M Klinger: German playwright (Wirrwarr)
  • 1754Jan Jachym Kopriva: Composer
  • 1758John Pinkerton: Scottish historian
  • 1774Raphaelle Peale: United States -- Painter (After the Rain-1823)
  • 1796Giovanni Pacini: Composer
  • 1804Samuel Read Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1816Friedrich Wilhelm Markull: Composer
  • 1820Henri Vieuxtemps: Verviers, Belgium -- Composer / teacher (Brussels Cons)
  • 1824William Farrar "Baldy" Smith: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1831Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer
  • 1837Francis Jay Herron: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 1837Sam[uel] van Houten: Dutch (lib) Minister (child labor laws)
  • 1844A Montgomery Ward: Founded mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • 1849Selwyn Image: Bodiam, Sussex -- Painter
  • 1850Anton Urspruch: Composer
  • 1850Ludwig Bonvin: Composer
  • 1854Friedrich A Krupp: German arms manufacturer
  • 1855Otto Liman von Sanders: German General in Turkey (WWI)

Died on Feb 17

  • 0364Flavius Jovianus: Christian Emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
  • 0956Hugo the Great: Earl of Paris / Duke of Francia, dies at about 55
  • 1600Giordano Bruno: Advocate of Copernican theory, burned at stake
  • 1612Ernst of Bayern: Prince / Bishop of Luik / archbish Cologne, dies at 57
  • 1612Jodocus Hondius: Flemish cartoonist / mathematician, dies at 48
  • 1652Gregorio Allegri: Italian singer / Composer (Miserere), dies at about 67
  • 1654Michael Lohr: Composer, dies at 62
  • 1673Moliare [Jean Baptiste Poquelin]: French Author (Learned Lady)
  • 1688Rev James Renwick: Hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1715Antoine Galland: French interpreter, dies at 68
  • 1732Louis Marchand: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1796James Macpherson: Poet
  • 1804Christian Ernst Graf: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1815Franz Gotz: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1827Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi: Swiss educator, dies at 81
  • 1841Ferdinando Carulli: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1852Micha Joseph Levenson: Hebrew poet
  • 1854Hugues F R de Lamennais: French priest / writer, dies at 71
  • 1856Heinrich Heine: German poet, dies at 58 in Paris, France
  • 1856John Braham: Singer / composer, dies at 81
  • 1874[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belg astronomer / sociologist, dies at 77
  • 1883Napoleon Coste: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1901Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin: Composer, dies at 38
  • 1903Joseph Parry: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1905Serge Alexandrovich: Governor-General Moscow, murdered
  • 1907Henry Olcott: Co-founder (Theosophical Society-Madras)
  • 1907Henry Steel Olcott: US co-founder (Theosophist Society), dies at 74
  • 1908Geronimo: Apache chief, dies at about 79
  • 1912Aloys von Aerenthal: Foreign Minister (Austria-Hungary), dies at 57
  • 1912L Oates: British explorer (Antarctica)

Historical events on February 18

  • 1129Jerusalem taken by Emperor Frederik II
  • 1503Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII)
  • 1536France and Turkey sign milt / trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1574Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
  • 1634Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein, execution
  • 1688Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1713French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao
  • 17351st opera performed in America, "Flora, " in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
  • 1787Austrian Emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
  • 18041st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
  • 1828More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
  • 18341st US labor newspaper, "The Man, " published, New York City
  • 1839Detroit Boat Club forms
  • 18411st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 18491st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02 / 28)
  • 1850California Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
  • 1856American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
  • 1857Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
  • 1861Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery Ala
  • 1861King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st King of Italy
  • 1865Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 1865Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, North Carolina
  • 1876Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 1879Arabs capture Egyptian Premier Nabar Pasha
  • 1884General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
  • 1896Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
  • 1899San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • 1900Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
  • 1900Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed / injured

Born on February 18

  • 1404Leon B Alberti: Italian humanist / architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1516Mary I Tudor [Bloody Mary]: Greenwich -- Queen of England (1553-58)
  • 1559Isaac Casaubon: Naturalized English classical scholar, Theologian
  • 1609Edward Hyde: Earl of Clarendon, English Prime Minister (1660-67)
  • 1632Giovanni Battista Vitali: Composer
  • 1677Jacques Cassini: French astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • 1716Gaspard Fritz: Composer
  • 1743Count Alessandro Volta: Como, Italy -- Physicist
  • 1745Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta: Inventor (battery)
  • 1751Karl Haack: Composer
  • 1770Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck: Composer
  • 1771Friedrich Christian Ruppe: Composer
  • 1775Thomas Girtin: London, England -- Artist / watercolorist
  • 1776John Parry: Composer
  • 1781Henry Martyn: Truro -- Missionary
  • 1790Marshall Hall: Basford Nottinghamshire, England -- Physician
  • 1795George Peabody: South Danvers, Massachusetts -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 1805Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough: Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • 1815Henri Leys: Flemish painter
  • 1817Lewis Addison Armistead: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1817Walter Page Lane: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1819Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer
  • 1829Jean Jacques Alfred Mouton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1833James Deshler: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1836Ramakrishna: Hooghly Bengal, India -- Hindu Saint (preached unity of religions)
  • 1836Swami Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji]: Indian mystic / hindu leader
  • 1838Ernst Mach: Chirlitz-Turas, Austria -- Physicist / philosopher / psychologist
  • 1841Samuel Prowse Warren: Composer
  • 1844Willem Maris: Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 1848Louis Comfort Tiffany: Glassmaker (stained glass windows)

Died on February 18

  • 0999Gregory V [Bruno]: 1st German Pope
  • 1217Alexander Neckum de Sancto Albano: Engl encyclopedist, dies at 59
  • 1397Enguerrand VII: French master of Coucy / Count of Soissons, dies at 56
  • 1455Fra Angelico: Italian Monk / painter
  • 1478Duke of Clarence: Forced drowning in a wine barrel
  • 1535Agrippa von Nettesheim: German royal astrologer, dies at 48
  • 1535Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim: Physician / theologian
  • 1546Martin Luther: Biblical Scholar / religious reformer, dies at 62
  • 1564Michelangelo Buonarroti: Italian Sculptor / Painter (David), dies at 88
  • 1660Judith Jansdochter Leyster: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1683Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem: Dutch landscape Painter / etcher, dies at 62
  • 1745Nicola Fago: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1790Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1799Maurus Haberhauer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1803J W L Gleim: Writer
  • 1807August G Meissner: German estheticus / literary, dies at 53
  • 1807S von Laroche: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1817Giacomo Quarenghi: Master builder (Hermitage Theater), dies at 72
  • 1829Jan Krtitel Kuchar: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1830Charles G G: Earl of Merode, mayor (Brussels), dies at 67
  • 1833Georg Johann Schinn: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1833Ignac Ruzitska: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1846Giovanni Liverati: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1861Louis C Luzac: Dutch Minister of Internal affairs, dies at 74
  • 1878Peter D Regout: Industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • 1885Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1890Guyla Andr ssy, Sr.: Earl / Premier of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • 1895Albrecht FR: Archduke of Austrian (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77
  • 1899M Sophus Lie: Norwegian mathematician, dies at 56
  • 1905Jules de Geyter: Belgian Poet (International), dies at 75