Events on Feb 18

  • 1129Jerusalem taken by Emperor Frederik II
  • 1503Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII)
  • 1536France and Turkey sign milt / trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1574Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
  • 1634Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein, execution
  • 1688Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1713French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao
  • 17351st opera performed in America, "Flora, " in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
  • 1787Austrian Emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
  • 18041st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
  • 1828More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
  • 18341st US labor newspaper, "The Man, " published, New York City
  • 1839Detroit Boat Club forms
  • 18411st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 18491st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02 / 28)
  • 1850California Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
  • 1856American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
  • 1857Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
  • 1861Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery Ala
  • 1861King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st King of Italy
  • 1865Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 1865Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, North Carolina
  • 1876Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 1879Arabs capture Egyptian Premier Nabar Pasha
  • 1884General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
  • 1896Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
  • 1899San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • 1900Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
  • 1900Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed / injured

Born on Feb 18

  • 1404Leon B Alberti: Italian humanist / architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1516Mary I Tudor [Bloody Mary]: Greenwich -- Queen of England (1553-58)
  • 1559Isaac Casaubon: Naturalized English classical scholar, Theologian
  • 1609Edward Hyde: Earl of Clarendon, English Prime Minister (1660-67)
  • 1632Giovanni Battista Vitali: Composer
  • 1677Jacques Cassini: French astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • 1716Gaspard Fritz: Composer
  • 1743Count Alessandro Volta: Como, Italy -- Physicist
  • 1745Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta: Inventor (battery)
  • 1751Karl Haack: Composer
  • 1770Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck: Composer
  • 1771Friedrich Christian Ruppe: Composer
  • 1775Thomas Girtin: London, England -- Artist / watercolorist
  • 1776John Parry: Composer
  • 1781Henry Martyn: Truro -- Missionary
  • 1790Marshall Hall: Basford Nottinghamshire, England -- Physician
  • 1795George Peabody: South Danvers, Massachusetts -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 1805Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough: Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • 1815Henri Leys: Flemish painter
  • 1817Lewis Addison Armistead: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1817Walter Page Lane: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1892
  • 1819Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer
  • 1829Jean Jacques Alfred Mouton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1833James Deshler: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 1836Ramakrishna: Hooghly Bengal, India -- Hindu Saint (preached unity of religions)
  • 1836Swami Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji]: Indian mystic / hindu leader
  • 1838Ernst Mach: Chirlitz-Turas, Austria -- Physicist / philosopher / psychologist
  • 1841Samuel Prowse Warren: Composer
  • 1844Willem Maris: Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 1848Louis Comfort Tiffany: Glassmaker (stained glass windows)

Died on Feb 18

  • 0999Gregory V [Bruno]: 1st German Pope
  • 1217Alexander Neckum de Sancto Albano: Engl encyclopedist, dies at 59
  • 1397Enguerrand VII: French master of Coucy / Count of Soissons, dies at 56
  • 1455Fra Angelico: Italian Monk / painter
  • 1478Duke of Clarence: Forced drowning in a wine barrel
  • 1535Agrippa von Nettesheim: German royal astrologer, dies at 48
  • 1535Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim: Physician / theologian
  • 1546Martin Luther: Biblical Scholar / religious reformer, dies at 62
  • 1564Michelangelo Buonarroti: Italian Sculptor / Painter (David), dies at 88
  • 1660Judith Jansdochter Leyster: Dutch painter, buried
  • 1683Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem: Dutch landscape Painter / etcher, dies at 62
  • 1745Nicola Fago: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1790Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1799Maurus Haberhauer: Composer, dies at 52
  • 1803J W L Gleim: Writer
  • 1807August G Meissner: German estheticus / literary, dies at 53
  • 1807S von Laroche: Writer, dies at 75
  • 1817Giacomo Quarenghi: Master builder (Hermitage Theater), dies at 72
  • 1829Jan Krtitel Kuchar: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1830Charles G G: Earl of Merode, mayor (Brussels), dies at 67
  • 1833Georg Johann Schinn: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1833Ignac Ruzitska: Composer, dies at 55
  • 1846Giovanni Liverati: Composer, dies at 73
  • 1861Louis C Luzac: Dutch Minister of Internal affairs, dies at 74
  • 1878Peter D Regout: Industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • 1885Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1890Guyla Andr ssy, Sr.: Earl / Premier of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • 1895Albrecht FR: Archduke of Austrian (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77
  • 1899M Sophus Lie: Norwegian mathematician, dies at 56
  • 1905Jules de Geyter: Belgian Poet (International), dies at 75

Historical events on February 19

  • 0356Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 0607Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0842Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
  • 1512French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1537Weavers of Leiden Neth strike
  • 1539Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer and Jisp Neth
  • 1582Francis of Valois becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 1619Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague
  • 1674Netherlands and England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • 1771Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • 17971 / 3 of papal domain ceded to France
  • 1807British squadron under Admiral Duckworth forces passage of Dardanelle
  • 1807VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later found innocent
  • 18311st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 1846Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1856Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1859Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used
  • 1864Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington DC (12 members)
  • 1869US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 1878Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
  • 1881Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky and In kill 800 people
  • 1900British troops occupy Hlangwane Natal
  • 1906WK Kellogg and Ch Bolin found Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company
  • 19131st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • 1915British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast
  • 1919Pan-African Congress, organized by W E B Du Bois (Paris)

Born on February 19

  • 1588Pieter de Carpentier: Flemish Governor-General of Dutch East-Indies
  • 1611Andries de Graeff: Mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71)
  • 1616Jacques de Saint-Luc: Composer
  • 1671Charles-Hubert Gervais: Composer
  • 1687Johann Adam Birkenstock: Composer
  • 1717David Garrick: Actor / producer / writer (Aboan-Oroonoko)
  • 1743[Ridolfo] Luigi Boccherini: Italian composer, cellist (Minuet)
  • 1751Cornelis de Gijselaar: Dutch politician / patriot
  • 1754Vincenzo Monti: Italian poet / translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • 1755Pieter G van Overstraten: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1762Friedrich Franz Hurka: Composer
  • 1780Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 1812Lauro Rossi: Composer
  • 1817Willem III: Last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90)
  • 1819Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch author / Novelist / writer
  • 1821Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Lexington, Kentucky -- (Rep-Missouri)
  • 1824Constantine D Uschinsky: Russian educator
  • 1827Charles Robert Woods: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1855
  • 1828Johannes von Miquel: German politician
  • 1841Felipe Pedrell: Composer
  • 1843Adelina Patti: Madrid, Spain -- Opera soprano (Lucio)
  • 1859Svante August Arhenius: Swedish physicist / chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1863Emanuel Moor: Composer
  • 1864Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • 1865Adrian van Oordt: Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 1865Sven Hedin: Sweden -- Scientist / explorer (Tibet)
  • 1877Else Berg: German / Dutch painter
  • 1877Louis Francois-Marie Aubert: French composer (Habanera)
  • 1880Arthur Shepherd: Composer
  • 1881Armin Knab: German composer (Eichendorff-cycle)

Died on February 19

  • 0197D Clodius Septimus Albinus: Roman bequest in England, dies in battle
  • 1401William Sawtree: 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • 1414Thomas Arundel: Archbishop of Canterbury / chancellor of England
  • 1545Pierre Brully [Peter Brulius]: Calvinist minister, burned to death
  • 1553Erasmus Reinhold: German mathematician, dies at 41
  • 1605Orazio Tiberio Vecchi: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1620Roemer P Visscher: Poet, buried in Amsterdam
  • 1653Luigi Rossi: Composer
  • 1785Johann Christoph Richter: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1790Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1815Leonhard von Call: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1822Jeronymo Francisco de Lima: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1858Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1864William Edwin Baldwin: US Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1875Jean B Vuillaume: French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 1878Charles F Daubigny: French restaurateur / painter, dies at 61
  • 1887Eduard Douwes Dekker: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), dies at 66
  • 1894Ernesto Camillo Sivori: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1897Karl T Weierstrass: German mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1916Ernst Mach: Austrian physicist / philosopher / psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1923Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1927Georg Brandes [Cohen]: Danish literary-historian / critic, dies at 85
  • 1927Robert Fuchs: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1933Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1941Hamilton Hamilton Harty: Composer / conductor, dies at 61
  • 1944Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1945Wim Speelman: Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1949Auguste Jean Maria Charles Serieyx: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1950Edyth Walker: US singer, dies at 82
  • 1951Andre[-Paul-Guillaume] Gide: French writer (Nobel 1947), dies at 82