Events on Feb 19

  • 0356Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 0607Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0842Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
  • 1512French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1537Weavers of Leiden Neth strike
  • 1539Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer and Jisp Neth
  • 1582Francis of Valois becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 1619Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague
  • 1674Netherlands and England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • 1771Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • 17971 / 3 of papal domain ceded to France
  • 1807British squadron under Admiral Duckworth forces passage of Dardanelle
  • 1807VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later found innocent
  • 18311st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 1846Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1856Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1859Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used
  • 1864Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington DC (12 members)
  • 1869US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 1878Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
  • 1881Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky and In kill 800 people
  • 1900British troops occupy Hlangwane Natal
  • 1906WK Kellogg and Ch Bolin found Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company
  • 19131st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • 1915British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast
  • 1919Pan-African Congress, organized by W E B Du Bois (Paris)

Born on Feb 19

  • 1588Pieter de Carpentier: Flemish Governor-General of Dutch East-Indies
  • 1611Andries de Graeff: Mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71)
  • 1616Jacques de Saint-Luc: Composer
  • 1671Charles-Hubert Gervais: Composer
  • 1687Johann Adam Birkenstock: Composer
  • 1717David Garrick: Actor / producer / writer (Aboan-Oroonoko)
  • 1743[Ridolfo] Luigi Boccherini: Italian composer, cellist (Minuet)
  • 1751Cornelis de Gijselaar: Dutch politician / patriot
  • 1754Vincenzo Monti: Italian poet / translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • 1755Pieter G van Overstraten: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1762Friedrich Franz Hurka: Composer
  • 1780Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 1812Lauro Rossi: Composer
  • 1817Willem III: Last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90)
  • 1819Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch author / Novelist / writer
  • 1821Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Lexington, Kentucky -- (Rep-Missouri)
  • 1824Constantine D Uschinsky: Russian educator
  • 1827Charles Robert Woods: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1855
  • 1828Johannes von Miquel: German politician
  • 1841Felipe Pedrell: Composer
  • 1843Adelina Patti: Madrid, Spain -- Opera soprano (Lucio)
  • 1859Svante August Arhenius: Swedish physicist / chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1863Emanuel Moor: Composer
  • 1864Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • 1865Adrian van Oordt: Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 1865Sven Hedin: Sweden -- Scientist / explorer (Tibet)
  • 1877Else Berg: German / Dutch painter
  • 1877Louis Francois-Marie Aubert: French composer (Habanera)
  • 1880Arthur Shepherd: Composer
  • 1881Armin Knab: German composer (Eichendorff-cycle)

Died on Feb 19

  • 0197D Clodius Septimus Albinus: Roman bequest in England, dies in battle
  • 1401William Sawtree: 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • 1414Thomas Arundel: Archbishop of Canterbury / chancellor of England
  • 1545Pierre Brully [Peter Brulius]: Calvinist minister, burned to death
  • 1553Erasmus Reinhold: German mathematician, dies at 41
  • 1605Orazio Tiberio Vecchi: Composer, dies at 54
  • 1620Roemer P Visscher: Poet, buried in Amsterdam
  • 1653Luigi Rossi: Composer
  • 1785Johann Christoph Richter: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1790Jean-Baptiste Krumphultz: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1815Leonhard von Call: Composer, dies at 47
  • 1822Jeronymo Francisco de Lima: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1858Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1864William Edwin Baldwin: US Confederate Brigadier General
  • 1875Jean B Vuillaume: French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 1878Charles F Daubigny: French restaurateur / painter, dies at 61
  • 1887Eduard Douwes Dekker: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), dies at 66
  • 1894Ernesto Camillo Sivori: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1897Karl T Weierstrass: German mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1916Ernst Mach: Austrian physicist / philosopher / psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1923Jeronimo Gimenez y Bellido: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1927Georg Brandes [Cohen]: Danish literary-historian / critic, dies at 85
  • 1927Robert Fuchs: Composer, dies at 80
  • 1933Arnold Ludwig Mendelssohn: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1941Hamilton Hamilton Harty: Composer / conductor, dies at 61
  • 1944Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1945Wim Speelman: Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1949Auguste Jean Maria Charles Serieyx: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1950Edyth Walker: US singer, dies at 82
  • 1951Andre[-Paul-Guillaume] Gide: French writer (Nobel 1947), dies at 82

Historical events on February 20

  • 1547King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
  • 1613Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch Governor-General of East-Indies
  • 1653Defeat of Dutch fleet under Admiral Van Tromp by Admiral Blake off Portsmouth
  • 16731st recorded wine auction held (London)
  • 1710Johan Willem Friso becomes Viceroy of Groningen Neth
  • 1732Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
  • 1737French Minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
  • 1745Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
  • 17681st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
  • 1809Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • 1811Austria declares bankruptcy
  • 1831Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • 1832Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1839Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
  • 1846British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • 1856John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
  • 1861Department of Navy of Confederacy forms
  • 1861Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
  • 1864Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • 1865M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
  • 1869Tenn Gov W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • 1872Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • 1872Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • 1872Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
  • 1872Silas Noble and JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • 1873University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC / SF)
  • 18771st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • 1877International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
  • 18871st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
  • 1887Germany, Austria-Hungary and France end Triple Alliance

Born on February 20

  • 1494Johan Friis: Chancellor (Denmark, helped formed Lutheranism)
  • 1507Gentile Bellini: Italian artist (Sultan Mohammed II)
  • 1523Jan Blahoslav: Czechoslovakia -- Humanist / Bishop (Bohemian brothers)
  • 1632Thomas Osborne: Duke of Leeds, English Prime Minister (1690-94) / founder (Tories)
  • 1633Jan de Baen: Portrait painter / etcher
  • 1734Franz Ignaz Beck: Composer
  • 1745Johann Peter Salomon: Composer
  • 1752Charles Broche: Composer
  • 1770Ferdinando Carulli: Composer
  • 1784Adam Black: Edinburgh, Scotland -- Politician / publisher
  • 1791Carl Czerny: Vienna, Austria -- Pianist / composer (Schule der Virtuosen)
  • 1796Eduard W van Dam van Isselt: Dutch military / liberal politician
  • 1802Charles-Auguste de Beriot: Belgian violinist / composer
  • 1803Friedrich Theodor Frohlich: Composer
  • 1805Angelina Grimke: Reformer / abolitionist / politician / lawyer
  • 1808Daumier: Marseilles, France -- Artist
  • 1809Albertus J Duymaer van Twist: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 1809Henry Walton Wessells: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 1816Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski: Composer
  • 1820Mahlon Dickerson Manson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 1827Edward Stuyvesant Bragg: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
  • 1838James Barbour Terrill: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 1844Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann: Austria -- Physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 1854Louis F M van Westerhoven: Actor / singer / opera director (Youth)
  • 1861Nicolaas van Meeteren: Folklorist
  • 1870Pieter Cornelis Boutens: Holland, Netherlands -- Mystic poet / Scholar (Verzen)
  • 1874Mary Garden: Aberdeen, Scotland -- Opera star
  • 1876Fyodor Akimenko: Composer
  • 1883Shiga Naoya: Japan -- Novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • 1886Bela Kun: Cehu Silvaniei, Romania -- Head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)

Died on February 20

  • 1054Yaroslav I [the Wise]: Ruler (Kiev)
  • 1194Tancredo of Lecce: King of Sicily
  • 1431Martinus V [Oddo Colonna]: Italian Pope
  • 1569Mark van Vaernewijck: Flemish nobleman / politician, dies at 50
  • 1595Ernst: Archduke of Austria, dies at 41
  • 1628Gregor Aichinger: German Composer / organist, dies at about 63
  • 1656James Ussher: Irish bible Scholar / anglican Archbishop, dies at 76
  • 1667David ben Samuel Halevi: Rabbi / Author (Shulchan Aruch)
  • 1731Frederich Karl Erbach: Composer, dies at 50
  • 1737Elizabeth Rowe: Poet
  • 1746Guillaume Coustou, Sr.: French Sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
  • 1773Charles Emanuel I: King of Sardinia / Duke of Savoy (CE III), dies at 71
  • 1786Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1788Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck: Dutch regent (Utrecht), dies at 68
  • 1790Joseph II: Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
  • 1809Johann Joseph Emmert: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1810Johann Friedrich Kranz: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1817Martin de Ron: Composer, dies at 27
  • 1845Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1848[Willem] Alexander FCNM: Prince of the Netherlands / General Major, dies at 29
  • 1851Josef Alois Ladurner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1855Joseph Hume: Social reformer
  • 1860Henry Drummond: English banker / religious leader, dies at 69
  • 1892Hermann Kopp: German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74
  • 1895Frederick Douglass: Escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 77
  • 1904Gustav Adolf Heinze: Composer, dies at 83
  • 1907[Ferdinand-Frederic-]Henri Moissan: Chemist (Nobel 1906), dies at 54
  • 1910Boetros Ghali: Egyptian Premier, murdered
  • 1911Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1911Peter Nicolai von Wilm: Composer, dies at 76