Events on Feb 22

  • 0896Pope Formosa crowned King Arnulf of Karinthie / French Emperor
  • 1071Battle of Cassel-Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III / I
  • 1281Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV
  • 1288Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV
  • 1300Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree
  • 1349Jews are expelled from Zurich Switzerland
  • 1495French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown
  • 1561William of Orange appointed Viceroy of Burgundy / Charolais
  • 1630Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn, at Thanksgiving
  • 1656New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • 1744Battle at Toulon: English-French and Spanish fleet
  • 1746French troops conquer Brussels
  • 1746Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
  • 1774English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1775Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
  • 17841st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China, " sails from New York
  • 1821Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • 1825Russia and Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1828Russia and Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1835HMS Beagle / Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
  • 1836Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • 1847Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army
  • 18541st meeting of the Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 18561st national meeting of the Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 1860Organized baseball played in SF for 1st time
  • 1860Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 18642nd / last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 1864Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
  • 1865Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 1865Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery

Born on Feb 22

  • 1403Charles VII: King of France (1422-61) - drove out English
  • 1440Ladislaus V Posthumus: King of Hungary / Bohemia
  • 1514Tahmasp I: Shah of Persia (1524-76) / author (Tazkire-i Shah)
  • 1542Santino Garsi: Composer
  • 1573Gemignano Capilupi: Composer
  • 1634Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten: Fortress architect
  • 1684William Pulteney: London, England -- Statesman (Earl of Bath)
  • 1705Peter Arctedius [Artedi]: Swedish biologist
  • 1745Joao de Sousa Carvalho: Composer
  • 1749Johann Nikolaus Forkel: Musicologist / 1st biographer of Bach
  • 1761Erik Eriksson Tulindberg: Composer
  • 1761Jacob Kimball: Composer
  • 1764Alexander Campbell: Composer
  • 1770Jan Matyas Nepomuk August Vitasek: Composer
  • 1772Joseph Lipavsky: Composer
  • 1772Karl Jacob Wagner: Composer
  • 1773Matthijs I van Bree: Flemish (court)painter
  • 1778Rembrandt Peale: Portrait / historical painter (Court of Death)
  • 1779Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer
  • 1788Arthur Schopenhauer: Germany -- Philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1796Adolphe Quetelet: Belgium -- Mathematician / astronomer / statistician
  • 1797William I: Berlin, Germany -- King of Prussia (1861-88) / German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1798Charles Mynn Thruston: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1873
  • 1810Holger Simon Paulli: Composer
  • 1814Henryk Oskar Kolberg: Composer
  • 1817Niels Wilhelm Gade: Danish violinist / composer / conductor
  • 1819Bernardo Calvo Puig: Composer
  • 1819James Russell Lowell: Poet / critic / diplomat / abolitionist
  • 1822Adolf Kuszmaul: German Physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • 1827James Barnet Fry: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1894

Died on Feb 22

  • 0606Sabinian: Italian Pope (604-06)
  • 1071Arnulf III: Earl of Flanders / Hainault (Arnulf I), dies in battle
  • 1213Wibert of Gembloers: Benediction / writer / abbot of Gembloers
  • 1371David II Bruce: King of Scotland (1331..71), dies at 46
  • 1478Hendrik Herp (Herpius / Harphius): Writer (Spieghel volcomenheit)
  • 1512Amerigo Vespucci: Italian explorer (America), dies at 60
  • 1674John Wilson: Composer, dies at 78
  • 1690Charles Le Brun: Classical Painter (Academie de Peinture), dies at 70
  • 1727Francesco Gasparini: Composer, dies at 58
  • 1731Frederik Ruysch: Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • 1750Pietro Filippo Scarlotti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1770Christopher Snider: 11, Boston, becomes 1st martyr of US Revolution
  • 1788Franz Joseph Oehlschlagel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1816Adam Ferguson: Scottish sociologist / historian, dies at 92
  • 1822Johann Ignaz Walter: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1824John Davy: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1829Adam A Earl von Neipperg: Austrian General, dies at 53
  • 1832Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Poet, Weimar, Germany
  • 1836John Clarke-Whitfeld: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1838Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1846Carolus Antonius Fodor: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1849Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer, dies at 28
  • 1875Charles Lyell: British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77
  • 1878Franz Hunten: Composer, dies at 84
  • 1903Frederick William Farrar: Writer / dean (Canterbury 1895-1903)
  • 1903Hugo Filipp Jakob Wolf: Austrian Composer (Corregidor), dies at 42
  • 1913Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure: Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • 1913Francisco Indalecio Madero: Mex pres, assassinated in military coup at 39
  • 1913Suarez: Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a miltary coup
  • 1925Georges / Joris Helleputte: Belgian Catholic minister, dies at 72

Historical events on February 23

  • 0303Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians
  • 1455Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)
  • 1574France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots
  • 1660Charles XI becomes King of Sweden
  • 1668Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, Emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1672Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
  • 1689Dutch Prince William III proclaimed King of England
  • 1778Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 1792Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
  • 1804Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
  • 18131st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 1820Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • 1821College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 1822Boston is incorporated as a city
  • 1836Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
  • 1846Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
  • 1854Great-Britain and Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1861By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
  • 1861Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • 1861Pres-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington DC to take office
  • 1869Louisiana Governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1870Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 1874Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • 1883Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1883American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1886Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • 1887Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco
  • 1887French / Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 18921st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn
  • 1895Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Born on February 23

  • 1417Paul II [Pietro Barbo]: Italy -- Pope (1464-71)
  • 1614Jacob Colijns: Dutch coat of arms painter
  • 1615Cornelis Galle II: Flemish engraver / illustrator, baptised
  • 1633Samuel Pepys: London, England -- Navy expert / composer (Diary, Memoirs)
  • 1649John Blow: Composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis)
  • 1700Wilhelmus Schortinghuis: Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • 1730Christian Joseph Lidarti: Composer
  • 1734Mayer Amschel Rothschild: Frankfurt, Germany -- Founder (House of Rothschild)
  • 1776John Walter II: London, England -- Chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47)
  • 1787Emma Willard: United States -- Opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
  • 1792Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor
  • 1811George Washington Hewitt: Composer
  • 1817George Watts: London, England -- Painter
  • 1818Jeremy F Gilmer: Major General / Chief Engineer Confederate War Department
  • 1824Lewis Cass Hunt: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1831Hendrik W Mesdag: Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1834Gustav Hermann Nachtigal: German Physician / colonizer / consul in Tunis
  • 1838Gilbert Moxley Sorrel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1840Carl Menger: Austrian economist
  • 1848Thomas Paine Westendorf: Composer
  • 1863Franz von Stuck: German painter (Der Krieg)
  • 1865Barney Dreyfuss: Baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • 1868William E B Du Bois: Massachusetts, United States -- Civil rights writer (Souls of Black Folk)
  • 1869Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya: Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1873Dmitri Arakishvili: Composer
  • 1875Jozef E Stokvis: Journalist / Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 1876Agnes M Royden: Writer
  • 1879Agnes Arber: English biologist / philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1879Norman Lindsay: Creswick, Victoria -- Artist / Novelist
  • 1880Edgar Istel: Composer

Died on February 23

  • 0155Polycarp: Disciple of Apostle John, arrested and burned at stake
  • 1447Eugene IV [Gabriele Condulmer]: Italian Pope (1431-47)
  • 1468John Gutenberg: German inventor (boekdrukkunst)
  • 1607Herman Herbertsz: Vicar, dies at about 60
  • 1669Lieuwe van Aitzema: Frisian historian, dies at 68
  • 1682Abraham de Wicquefort: Dutch diplomat / historian, dies at 75
  • 1704Georg Muffat: French / German Organist / composer, dies at 50
  • 1766Stanislaw Leszcynski: Duke of Lutherans / King of Poland
  • 1792Joshua Reynolds: English portrait Painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 1806John Alcock: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1807Francois Guichard: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1821John Keats: Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
  • 1821Marie-Anne Collot: French sculptor
  • 1848John Quincy Adams: 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
  • 1855Carl Friedrich Gauss: Mathematician
  • 1867George Thomas Smart: Composer, dies at 90
  • 1884Tambo Tambo: Australian aboriginal / US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • 1897Woldemar Bargiel: Composer, dies at 68
  • 1900William Butterfield: Architect of the Gothic revival
  • 1902Samuel R Gardiner: British Historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1903Albert Cahen: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1903Friedrich Grutzmacher: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1906Johann Hoch: US murderer, executed
  • 1915Robert Smalls: Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in South Carolina
  • 1916George Clement Martin: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1924Thomas Woodrow Wilson: 28th US President (1913-21)
  • 1927Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson: Composer, dies at 79
  • 1930Horst Wessel: German Nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22
  • 1930Mabel Normand: Actress / director (Extra Girl), dies at 35
  • 1931Nellie Melba [Helen Mitchell]: Australian soprano