Events on Feb 24

  • 03031st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued
  • 1208St. Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy
  • 1296Pope Boniface VIII degree Clericis Iaicos
  • 1510Pope Julius II excommunicates the Republic of Venice
  • 1525Francois I caught taken / 8700 killed
  • 1525Imperial forces defeat French in battle of Pavia
  • 1527Ferdinand of Austria crowned as King of Bohemia
  • 15301st imperial coronation by a Pope, Charles V crowned by Clement V
  • 1552Privileges of Hanseatic League in England are abrogated
  • 1582Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1597Flemish Painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • 1613English Princess Elizabeth marries Earl Frederik of Palts
  • 1708Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as Viceroy of Groningen
  • 1779George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 1786Charles Cornwallis appointed Governor-General of India
  • 1793French troops conquer Breda
  • 1803Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury vs. Madison)
  • 180717 die and 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty and Elizabeth Godfrey in England
  • 1821Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • 1835Siwinowe Kesibwi (Shawnee Sun) is 1st Indian language monthly magazine
  • 18363,000 Mexicans attack 182 Texans at Alamo, lasts 13 days
  • 1839Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
  • 1848King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French Republic declared
  • 1855US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
  • 18571st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • 1857LA Vineyard Society organized
  • 1863Arizona Territory created
  • 18681st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)
  • 1868House of Reps vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson
  • 1888Louisville, Ky becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot

Born on Feb 24

  • 1304Muhammad ibn Battutah: Arab travel writer (Travels in Asia and Africa)
  • 1463Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: Italy -- Scholar / platonist
  • 1500Carlos V: King of Spain (1516-56) / Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1501Sixtus Birck [Xystus Betulius]: German writer (Suzanna)
  • 1536Clement VIII [Ippolito Aldofireini]: Fano, Italy -- Pope (1592-1605)
  • 1547Jan of Austria: Spanish military man / land guardian of the Netherland
  • 1557Matthias: Vienna, Austria -- Holy Roman Emperor (1612-19)
  • 1595Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius]: Polish Jesuit / poet
  • 1697Bernard S Albinus [Weiss]: German surgeon / anatomist
  • 1704Hubert Renotte: Composer
  • 1717Bernhard Hupfeld: Composer
  • 1766Samuel Wesley: Bristol, England -- Composer / Organist (Exultate Deo)
  • 1771Johann Baptist Cramer: German / British pianist / composer / publisher
  • 1797Samuel Lover: Composer
  • 1809Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel: Governor / Viceroy (Elzas-Lutherian)
  • 1811Daniel A Payne: Bishop / Reformer / educator of AME Church
  • 1811Edward Dickinson Baker: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1861
  • 1824John Crawford Vaughn: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1875
  • 1827Charles Davis Jameson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 1831Georg Leo Earl von Caprivi: German chancellor / Premier of Prussia
  • 1833Eduard Earl von Taaffe: Austrian Premier (1868..93)
  • 1836Winslow Homer: United States -- Painter (Gulfstream)
  • 1838Thomas Benton Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1923
  • 1842Arrigio Enrico Boito: Composer
  • 1846Luigi Denza: Composer
  • 1848C Grant B Allen: Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
  • 1848Johanna C P Barbiers: Actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
  • 1852George A Moore: Ireland -- Painter / Novelist (Esther Waters)
  • 1854Franz Courtens: Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • 1858Arnold Dolmetsch: Le Mans, France -- Musician

Died on Feb 24

  • 1563Francois Guise: French General / duke, assassinated at 44
  • 1666Nicholas Lanier: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1686Ferdinando Tacca: Italian Painter / Son of Pietro Tacca, dies at 66
  • 1692Antimo Liberati: Composer, dies at 74
  • 1704Marc-Antoine Charpentier: French Composer (church music)
  • 1735Georg Friedrich Kauffman: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1784Anton Laube: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1785Carlo Bonaparte: Corsican attorney, dies at 39
  • 1799Broerius Brorius: Theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • 1799Georg C Lichtenberg: German physicist / writer, dies at 56
  • 1806John Nieuwenhuijzen: Theologist (Society for General Use), dies at 81
  • 1810Henry Cavendish: Physicist / chemist
  • 1812Hugo Kollataj: Polish teacher / minister, dies at 61
  • 1815Robert Fulton: Steamboat pioneer
  • 1825Thomas Bowdler: Self-appointed Shakespearean censor
  • 1829Auguste Chouteau: St. Louis co-founder
  • 1862Bernard S Ingemann: Danish Author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • 1874Anselmo Clave: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1876Jan Pieter Heije: Dutch Physician / writer / poet, dies at 67
  • 1895Ignaz Lachner: Composer, dies at 87
  • 1907Otto Goldschmidt: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1919Josephine McGill: Composer, dies at 41
  • 1922Dmitri B Shostakovitch: Father of Russian Composer Dmitri D S
  • 1924Edmond Picard: French / Belg writer (Ambidextre journalist), dies at 87
  • 1926Eddie Plank: Pitcher (won 327 games in 17 years), dies at 51
  • 1929Andre-Charles-Prosper Messager: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1930Jacobus van Looy: Dutch writer / Painter (Night Cactus), dies at 74
  • 1933Spottiswoode Aitken: Actor (Eagle, Home Sweet Home), dies at 64
  • 1941Oskar Loerke: German director (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
  • 1944Leo H A Baekeland: Belgian / US chemist (bakeliet), dies at 80

Historical events on February 25

  • 1095Council of Rockingham: Bishop Anselmus vs. King William II Rufus
  • 1497Italians troops reconquer Taranto on France
  • 1502Austrian Emperor Maximilian I reformats government machine
  • 1570Pius V excommunicates Elizabeth, absolves her subjects from allegiance
  • 1605Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • 1623Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes Monarch of Palts
  • 1634Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills Duke Wallenstein
  • 1643Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians
  • 1746Cumberlands troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 17511st performing monkey exhibited in America, NYC (admission 1 cent)
  • 17911st Bank of US chartered
  • 17991st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • 1799Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • 18031,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
  • 1804Jefferson nominated for President at Democratic-Republican caucus
  • 1836Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm
  • 18371st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • 1838London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 1839Seminoles and black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • 1847State University of Iowa is approved
  • 18591st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
  • 1862Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
  • 1862Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • 1870Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • 1875Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • 1879Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • 1885US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • 1896Italian government decides to attack Governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • 1901US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan

Born on February 25

  • 1635Walraad [the Elder]: Dutch Field Marshal / Earl of Nassau-Usingen
  • 1643Ahmed II: 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • 1680Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1707Carlo Goldoni: Italy -- Lawyer / playwright (Belisario, Love of 3 Oranges)
  • 1725Karl Wilhelm Ramler: German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)
  • 1731Simon Stijl: Frisian Physician / writer
  • 1732Robert Hudson: Composer
  • 1735Ernst William Wolf: Composer
  • 1788Mateo Ferrer: Composer
  • 1794Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Dutch Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam
  • 1807George Alfred Trenholm: Secy Treas (Confederacy), died in 1876
  • 1808James Bowen: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1809George Washington Cullom: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 1811Carl Schuberth: Composer
  • 1815Robert Hall Chilton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1832Theodorus J I Arnold: Bibliographer (Bibliotheca Belgian)
  • 1833Clement Anselm Evans: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
  • 1833Julie Verstraete-Lacquet: Flemish actress
  • 1840Alexis Hollander: Composer
  • 1840Otto Liebmann: German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 1841Pierre Auguste Renoir: Limoges, France -- Impressionist painter / sculptor
  • 1842Karl May: German writer (Old Shatterhand / Winnetou)
  • 1847John Watson: Canada -- Philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 1860Menso Kamerlingh Onnes: Painter / water colors painter
  • 1860William James Ashley: English economic-historian
  • 1866Benedetto Croce: Italy -- Humanist / historian / editor / philosopher
  • 1868Anthony J Block: Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
  • 1871Oliver Samuel Campbell: Tennis champ (US Open-1890)
  • 1879Otakar Ostrcil: Composer
  • 1881William Foster: Massachusetts, United States -- Communist Presidential Candidate (1924, 28, 32)

Died on February 25

  • 0779Walburgis: Anglo-Saxon abbess / Saint (Walpurgis Night)
  • 1247Hendrik IV: Duke of Limburg / Earl of Bergen (1226-47)
  • 1495Djem Sultan: Son of Turkish Sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1602Everard van Reyd: Dutch historian, dies at about 51
  • 1634Albrecht WE baron von Wallenstein: German duke, murdered at 50
  • 1634Van Friedland / Mecklenburg: General-admiral, dies at 50
  • 1682Alessandro Stradella: Italian violist / composer, murdered at 37
  • 1713Frederik I: King of Prussia (1701-13), dies at 55
  • 1719Giovanni Maria Casini: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1723Christopher Wren: England, astronomer / architect, dies at 90
  • 1826Piotr A von der Pahlen: Military Governor of St Petersburg, dies at 60
  • 1851Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1852Thomas Moore: Writer (Utopia)
  • 1865Otto Ludwig: German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • 1894James Morrison Steele Mackaye: US actor / Author / director, dies at 51
  • 1899Paul Julius von Reuter: Founder of the news agency (Reuters)
  • 1901Jose Rogel: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1902Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1906Anton Stepanovich Arensky: Russian Composer / conductor c t, dies at 44
  • 1914John Tenniel: British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
  • 1915George Mimot: Physician (Nobel-1934)
  • 1920Aloys: Liechtenstein nobleman / politician, dies at 73
  • 1925Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1934Daniel Protheroe: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1934John J McGraw: Manager (New York Giants), dies at 60
  • 1942Leo Ascher: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1947Friedrich Paschen: German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1953Jesus Garcia Leoz: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1955Marij Kogoj: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Kurt von Wolfurt: Composer, dies at 76