Events on Feb 25

  • 1095Council of Rockingham: Bishop Anselmus vs. King William II Rufus
  • 1497Italians troops reconquer Taranto on France
  • 1502Austrian Emperor Maximilian I reformats government machine
  • 1570Pius V excommunicates Elizabeth, absolves her subjects from allegiance
  • 1605Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • 1623Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes Monarch of Palts
  • 1634Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills Duke Wallenstein
  • 1643Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians
  • 1746Cumberlands troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 17511st performing monkey exhibited in America, NYC (admission 1 cent)
  • 17911st Bank of US chartered
  • 17991st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • 1799Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • 18031,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
  • 1804Jefferson nominated for President at Democratic-Republican caucus
  • 1836Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm
  • 18371st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • 1838London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 1839Seminoles and black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • 1847State University of Iowa is approved
  • 18591st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
  • 1862Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
  • 1862Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • 1870Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • 1875Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • 1879Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • 1885US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • 1896Italian government decides to attack Governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • 1901US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan

Born on Feb 25

  • 1635Walraad [the Elder]: Dutch Field Marshal / Earl of Nassau-Usingen
  • 1643Ahmed II: 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • 1680Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz: Composer
  • 1707Carlo Goldoni: Italy -- Lawyer / playwright (Belisario, Love of 3 Oranges)
  • 1725Karl Wilhelm Ramler: German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)
  • 1731Simon Stijl: Frisian Physician / writer
  • 1732Robert Hudson: Composer
  • 1735Ernst William Wolf: Composer
  • 1788Mateo Ferrer: Composer
  • 1794Gerrit Schimmelpenninck: Dutch Earl of Nijenhuis / Peckedam
  • 1807George Alfred Trenholm: Secy Treas (Confederacy), died in 1876
  • 1808James Bowen: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1809George Washington Cullom: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 1811Carl Schuberth: Composer
  • 1815Robert Hall Chilton: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1832Theodorus J I Arnold: Bibliographer (Bibliotheca Belgian)
  • 1833Clement Anselm Evans: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
  • 1833Julie Verstraete-Lacquet: Flemish actress
  • 1840Alexis Hollander: Composer
  • 1840Otto Liebmann: German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 1841Pierre Auguste Renoir: Limoges, France -- Impressionist painter / sculptor
  • 1842Karl May: German writer (Old Shatterhand / Winnetou)
  • 1847John Watson: Canada -- Philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 1860Menso Kamerlingh Onnes: Painter / water colors painter
  • 1860William James Ashley: English economic-historian
  • 1866Benedetto Croce: Italy -- Humanist / historian / editor / philosopher
  • 1868Anthony J Block: Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
  • 1871Oliver Samuel Campbell: Tennis champ (US Open-1890)
  • 1879Otakar Ostrcil: Composer
  • 1881William Foster: Massachusetts, United States -- Communist Presidential Candidate (1924, 28, 32)

Died on Feb 25

  • 0779Walburgis: Anglo-Saxon abbess / Saint (Walpurgis Night)
  • 1247Hendrik IV: Duke of Limburg / Earl of Bergen (1226-47)
  • 1495Djem Sultan: Son of Turkish Sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1602Everard van Reyd: Dutch historian, dies at about 51
  • 1634Albrecht WE baron von Wallenstein: German duke, murdered at 50
  • 1634Van Friedland / Mecklenburg: General-admiral, dies at 50
  • 1682Alessandro Stradella: Italian violist / composer, murdered at 37
  • 1713Frederik I: King of Prussia (1701-13), dies at 55
  • 1719Giovanni Maria Casini: Composer, dies at 66
  • 1723Christopher Wren: England, astronomer / architect, dies at 90
  • 1826Piotr A von der Pahlen: Military Governor of St Petersburg, dies at 60
  • 1851Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1852Thomas Moore: Writer (Utopia)
  • 1865Otto Ludwig: German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • 1894James Morrison Steele Mackaye: US actor / Author / director, dies at 51
  • 1899Paul Julius von Reuter: Founder of the news agency (Reuters)
  • 1901Jose Rogel: Composer, dies at 71
  • 1902Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1906Anton Stepanovich Arensky: Russian Composer / conductor c t, dies at 44
  • 1914John Tenniel: British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
  • 1915George Mimot: Physician (Nobel-1934)
  • 1920Aloys: Liechtenstein nobleman / politician, dies at 73
  • 1925Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia: Composer, dies at 81
  • 1934Daniel Protheroe: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1934John J McGraw: Manager (New York Giants), dies at 60
  • 1942Leo Ascher: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1947Friedrich Paschen: German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1953Jesus Garcia Leoz: Composer, dies at 49
  • 1955Marij Kogoj: Composer, dies at 59
  • 1957Kurt von Wolfurt: Composer, dies at 76

Historical events on February 26

  • 1266Battle of Benevento
  • 1531Earthquake in Lisbon Spain, kills 20,000-30,000
  • 1534Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1590Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
  • 1616Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo
  • 17321st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, Philadelphia
  • 1773Construction authorized for Walnut St. jail (Philadelphia) (1st solitary)
  • 1804Vice-admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
  • 1815Napoleon and 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France
  • 1832Polish constitution abolished / replaced by Czar Nicholas I
  • 18341st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • 1839Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
  • 18482nd French Republic forms
  • 18482nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1848Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
  • 1852British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die
  • 1862Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • 1863Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • 1866New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 186915th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
  • 18701st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 1881SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
  • 1884British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 1885Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
  • 18911st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • 1891Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler, " premieres in Oslo
  • 18932 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Michigan
  • 1893Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 seconds)
  • 1895Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine
  • 1907Royal Oil and Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)

Born on February 26

  • 1361Wenceslas of Bohemia: Holy Roman Catholic German Emperor (1378-1400)
  • 1588Nicolaus Erich: Composer
  • 1675Johann Philipp Treiber: Composer
  • 1677Nicola Fago: Composer
  • 1717John Randall: Composer
  • 1770Antoine Reicha: Composer
  • 1772Caspar Furstenau: Composer
  • 1802Victor Hugo: France -- Author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables)
  • 1824Carlos Calvo: Arg diplomat / people rights Scholar (Calvo Clause)
  • 1825Hans Balatka: Composer
  • 1831Filippo Marchetti: Composer
  • 1834Aleksander Zarzycki: Composer
  • 1837Charles Woeste: Belgian count / Minister of Justice
  • 1838Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer
  • 1841Evelyn Baring Earl Cromer: English consul-General (Egypt)
  • 1842Camille Flammarion: Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy
  • 1845Aleksander Rozycki: Composer
  • 1845Alexander III: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Russian tsar (1881-94) (3 / 10 NS)
  • 1852John Harvey Kellogg: Surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1861Ferdinand I: Vienna, Austria -- 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
  • 1866Herbert Henry Dow: Pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
  • 1867Siegfried Passarge: German geographer (Cameroon / So Afr / America)
  • 1868Leonard Borwick: Pianist
  • 1869Nadezjda K Krupskaja: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin
  • 1873Ewoud van Everdingen: Dutch meteorologist
  • 1874Carl Vogler: Composer
  • 1875Richard Wetz: Composer
  • 1876Agustin P Justo y Rolon: President Argentina (1931-38)
  • 1877Carel S Adama van Scheltema: Dutch poet / writer (socialism)
  • 1877Russell Alexander: Composer

Died on February 26

  • 1076Godfried III: With the Hump, Duke of Neth-Lutherian, murdered
  • 1154Rogier II Guiscard: King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
  • 1266Manfred: Bastard Son of Emperor Frederik II / King of Sicily
  • 1324Dino Compagni: Italian silk seller / Poet / chronicler
  • 1538Worp van Thabor: Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae)
  • 1577Erik XIV Wasa: King of Sweden (1560-69), dies at 43
  • 1630William Brade: Composer
  • 1726Maximilian II M Emanuel: Elect of Bavaria / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1766August Bernhard Valentin Herbing: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1770Francois Hanot: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1770Giuseppe Tartini: Italian Composer / violinist, dies at 77
  • 1810Johann Ernst Rembt: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1813Robert R Livingston: US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1823John P Kemble: English actor / director (Covent Garden), dies at 66
  • 1827David Moritz Michael: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1857Ole Andreas Lindeman: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1859Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1870Wyatt Outlaw: Black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • 1871Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General, dies at 76
  • 1901Chi-hsui: During Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1901Hsu Cheng-yu: During Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1903Richard J Gatling: US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
  • 1906Manuel Fernandez Caballero: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1913Felix Draeseke: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920Ludwig Rubiner: Writer, dies at 38
  • 1921Carl Menger: Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1926Frederik Pijper: Dut vicar / church Historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
  • 1926Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1930Raffaele Merry del Val: Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1931Otto Wallach: German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83