Events on Feb 26

  • 1266Battle of Benevento
  • 1531Earthquake in Lisbon Spain, kills 20,000-30,000
  • 1534Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1590Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
  • 1616Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo
  • 17321st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, Philadelphia
  • 1773Construction authorized for Walnut St. jail (Philadelphia) (1st solitary)
  • 1804Vice-admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
  • 1815Napoleon and 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France
  • 1832Polish constitution abolished / replaced by Czar Nicholas I
  • 18341st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • 1839Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
  • 18482nd French Republic forms
  • 18482nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1848Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
  • 1852British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die
  • 1862Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • 1863Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • 1866New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 186915th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
  • 18701st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 1881SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
  • 1884British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 1885Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
  • 18911st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • 1891Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler, " premieres in Oslo
  • 18932 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Michigan
  • 1893Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 seconds)
  • 1895Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine
  • 1907Royal Oil and Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)

Born on Feb 26

  • 1361Wenceslas of Bohemia: Holy Roman Catholic German Emperor (1378-1400)
  • 1588Nicolaus Erich: Composer
  • 1675Johann Philipp Treiber: Composer
  • 1677Nicola Fago: Composer
  • 1717John Randall: Composer
  • 1770Antoine Reicha: Composer
  • 1772Caspar Furstenau: Composer
  • 1802Victor Hugo: France -- Author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables)
  • 1824Carlos Calvo: Arg diplomat / people rights Scholar (Calvo Clause)
  • 1825Hans Balatka: Composer
  • 1831Filippo Marchetti: Composer
  • 1834Aleksander Zarzycki: Composer
  • 1837Charles Woeste: Belgian count / Minister of Justice
  • 1838Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer
  • 1841Evelyn Baring Earl Cromer: English consul-General (Egypt)
  • 1842Camille Flammarion: Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy
  • 1845Aleksander Rozycki: Composer
  • 1845Alexander III: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Russian tsar (1881-94) (3 / 10 NS)
  • 1852John Harvey Kellogg: Surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1861Ferdinand I: Vienna, Austria -- 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
  • 1866Herbert Henry Dow: Pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
  • 1867Siegfried Passarge: German geographer (Cameroon / So Afr / America)
  • 1868Leonard Borwick: Pianist
  • 1869Nadezjda K Krupskaja: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin
  • 1873Ewoud van Everdingen: Dutch meteorologist
  • 1874Carl Vogler: Composer
  • 1875Richard Wetz: Composer
  • 1876Agustin P Justo y Rolon: President Argentina (1931-38)
  • 1877Carel S Adama van Scheltema: Dutch poet / writer (socialism)
  • 1877Russell Alexander: Composer

Died on Feb 26

  • 1076Godfried III: With the Hump, Duke of Neth-Lutherian, murdered
  • 1154Rogier II Guiscard: King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
  • 1266Manfred: Bastard Son of Emperor Frederik II / King of Sicily
  • 1324Dino Compagni: Italian silk seller / Poet / chronicler
  • 1538Worp van Thabor: Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae)
  • 1577Erik XIV Wasa: King of Sweden (1560-69), dies at 43
  • 1630William Brade: Composer
  • 1726Maximilian II M Emanuel: Elect of Bavaria / Governor of the Netherlands
  • 1766August Bernhard Valentin Herbing: Composer, dies at 30
  • 1770Francois Hanot: Composer, dies at 72
  • 1770Giuseppe Tartini: Italian Composer / violinist, dies at 77
  • 1810Johann Ernst Rembt: Composer, dies at 60
  • 1813Robert R Livingston: US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1823John P Kemble: English actor / director (Covent Garden), dies at 66
  • 1827David Moritz Michael: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1857Ole Andreas Lindeman: Composer, dies at 88
  • 1859Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 1870Wyatt Outlaw: Black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • 1871Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General, dies at 76
  • 1901Chi-hsui: During Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1901Hsu Cheng-yu: During Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1903Richard J Gatling: US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
  • 1906Manuel Fernandez Caballero: Composer, dies at 70
  • 1913Felix Draeseke: Composer, dies at 77
  • 1920Ludwig Rubiner: Writer, dies at 38
  • 1921Carl Menger: Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1926Frederik Pijper: Dut vicar / church Historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
  • 1926Peter Erasmus Lange-Muller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 1930Raffaele Merry del Val: Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1931Otto Wallach: German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83

Historical events on February 27

  • 1526Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • 1531Evangelical German monarchy / towns form Schmalkaldische Union
  • 15571st Russian Embassy opens in London, Russia and US sign trade agreement
  • 1563William Byrd is appointed Organist at Lincoln Cathedral
  • 1594Henri IV crowned King of France
  • 1665Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-adm De Ruyter beats English
  • 1670Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
  • 1678Earl of Shaftesbury freed out of London Tower
  • 1696English / Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Assn
  • 1700Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
  • 1713French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao
  • 1801Washington DC placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • 1803Great fire in Bombay, India
  • 18131st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 1813Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • 1814Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
  • 1816Dutch regain Suriname
  • 18271st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
  • 1844Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • 1854Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • 1861Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland
  • 1861US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
  • 1861Warsaw Massacre: Russians fire on crowd demonstrating against Russia
  • 18646th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 1865Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 1869John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
  • 1871Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 1872Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard University
  • 1873Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor

Born on February 27

  • 0274Constantine I: Great Roman Emperor (306-337), adopted Christianity
  • 1539Franciscus Raphelengius: Dutch book publisher
  • 1622Rembrandt Carel Fabritius: Dutch painter
  • 1649Johann Philipp Krieger: Composer
  • 1702Johann Valentin Gorner: Composer
  • 1745Silverius Muller: Composer
  • 1746Gian Francesco Fortunati: Composer
  • 1759Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer
  • 1784Elias Annes Borger: Dutch theologist / poet (To the Rhine)
  • 1784Job Plimpton: Composer
  • 1792Don Joaquin B F Espartero: Spanish adventurer / Field Marshal
  • 1802William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck: Lord George Bentinck
  • 1811[Catherine] Mildred Lee: Daughter of US General Robert E Lee
  • 1822Eugene Gautier: Composer
  • 1823Ferdinand Van Derveer: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1823William Buel Franklin: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1827Richard W Johnson: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 1832Alfred Pollard Edward: Civil War journalist, died in 1872
  • 1835Charles Cartuyvels: Belgian pulprit orator
  • 1835Richard Garnett: English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • 1841[Eleanor] Agnes Lee: Daughter of US General Robert E Lee
  • 1846Joaquin Valverde: Composer
  • 1847Ellen Alice Terry: Coventry, England -- Actress / director (Imperial Theatre)
  • 1848Charles Hubert H Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Musicologist / composer (Jerusalem)
  • 1850Henry Edwards Huntington: United States -- Railroad exec
  • 1861Rudolph Steiner: Kraljevic, Austria -- Founder (doctrine of anthroposophy
  • 1867Irving Fisher: US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 1867Wilhelm Peterson-Berger: Composer
  • 1870Louis Coerne: Composer
  • 1874Max Ettinger: Composer

Died on February 27

  • 1167Robert of Melun: English philosopher / Bishop of Hereford
  • 1656Johan van Heemskerk: Dutch lawyer / writer / interpreter
  • 1706John Evelyn: Diarist
  • 1731Angelo Predieri: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1733Johann Adam Birkenstock: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1735John Arbuthnot: Physician / mathematician
  • 1779Jan Nepveu: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • 1797Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1805Stefan Paluselli: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1844Nicholas Biddle: US lawyer / diplomat / Statesman / financier, dies at 85
  • 1852Joseph Drechsler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1881George Colley: British Governor of Natal / General, dies in battle at 46
  • 1913Adam Sedgwick: English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • 1920Alexandru D Xenopol: Romanian historian, dies at 72
  • 1923Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1929Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936Ivan P Pavlov: Russian physiologist (reflexes, Nobel 1904), dies at 86
  • 1939Nadezjda K Krupskaya: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1940Peter Behrens: German architect
  • 1942Karel WFM Doorman: Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
  • 1945HJ Lochtman: Dutch chaplain / resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • 1950Ivan Goll: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1952Theodorus Pangalos: Greek General / Dictator 1926, dies at 74
  • 1955Tom Howard: Comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 66
  • 1956Frank Dailey: Orchestra leader (Music at Meadowbrook), dies at 54
  • 1958Harry Cohn: CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack
  • 1960Adriano Olivetti: Italian engineer / manufacturer, dies at 58
  • 1961Platt Adams: High jumper (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1962Willie Best: Actor (Charlie-My Little Margie), dies at 45
  • 1968Johannes Tralow: Writer, dies at 85