Events on Feb 27

  • 1526Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • 1531Evangelical German monarchy / towns form Schmalkaldische Union
  • 15571st Russian Embassy opens in London, Russia and US sign trade agreement
  • 1563William Byrd is appointed Organist at Lincoln Cathedral
  • 1594Henri IV crowned King of France
  • 1665Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-adm De Ruyter beats English
  • 1670Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
  • 1678Earl of Shaftesbury freed out of London Tower
  • 1696English / Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Assn
  • 1700Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
  • 1713French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao
  • 1801Washington DC placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • 1803Great fire in Bombay, India
  • 18131st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 1813Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • 1814Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
  • 1816Dutch regain Suriname
  • 18271st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
  • 1844Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • 1854Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • 1861Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland
  • 1861US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
  • 1861Warsaw Massacre: Russians fire on crowd demonstrating against Russia
  • 18646th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 1865Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 1869John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
  • 1871Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 1872Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard University
  • 1873Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor

Born on Feb 27

  • 0274Constantine I: Great Roman Emperor (306-337), adopted Christianity
  • 1539Franciscus Raphelengius: Dutch book publisher
  • 1622Rembrandt Carel Fabritius: Dutch painter
  • 1649Johann Philipp Krieger: Composer
  • 1702Johann Valentin Gorner: Composer
  • 1745Silverius Muller: Composer
  • 1746Gian Francesco Fortunati: Composer
  • 1759Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer
  • 1784Elias Annes Borger: Dutch theologist / poet (To the Rhine)
  • 1784Job Plimpton: Composer
  • 1792Don Joaquin B F Espartero: Spanish adventurer / Field Marshal
  • 1802William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck: Lord George Bentinck
  • 1811[Catherine] Mildred Lee: Daughter of US General Robert E Lee
  • 1822Eugene Gautier: Composer
  • 1823Ferdinand Van Derveer: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 1823William Buel Franklin: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1903
  • 1827Richard W Johnson: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 1832Alfred Pollard Edward: Civil War journalist, died in 1872
  • 1835Charles Cartuyvels: Belgian pulprit orator
  • 1835Richard Garnett: English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • 1841[Eleanor] Agnes Lee: Daughter of US General Robert E Lee
  • 1846Joaquin Valverde: Composer
  • 1847Ellen Alice Terry: Coventry, England -- Actress / director (Imperial Theatre)
  • 1848Charles Hubert H Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Musicologist / composer (Jerusalem)
  • 1850Henry Edwards Huntington: United States -- Railroad exec
  • 1861Rudolph Steiner: Kraljevic, Austria -- Founder (doctrine of anthroposophy
  • 1867Irving Fisher: US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 1867Wilhelm Peterson-Berger: Composer
  • 1870Louis Coerne: Composer
  • 1874Max Ettinger: Composer

Died on Feb 27

  • 1167Robert of Melun: English philosopher / Bishop of Hereford
  • 1656Johan van Heemskerk: Dutch lawyer / writer / interpreter
  • 1706John Evelyn: Diarist
  • 1731Angelo Predieri: Composer, dies at 76
  • 1733Johann Adam Birkenstock: Composer, dies at 46
  • 1735John Arbuthnot: Physician / mathematician
  • 1779Jan Nepveu: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • 1797Benvenuto Robbio San Rafaele: Composer, dies at 61
  • 1805Stefan Paluselli: Composer, dies at 57
  • 1844Nicholas Biddle: US lawyer / diplomat / Statesman / financier, dies at 85
  • 1852Joseph Drechsler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 1881George Colley: British Governor of Natal / General, dies in battle at 46
  • 1913Adam Sedgwick: English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • 1920Alexandru D Xenopol: Romanian historian, dies at 72
  • 1923Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1929Manuel Manrique de Lara y Berry: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1936Ivan P Pavlov: Russian physiologist (reflexes, Nobel 1904), dies at 86
  • 1939Nadezjda K Krupskaya: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1940Peter Behrens: German architect
  • 1942Karel WFM Doorman: Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
  • 1945HJ Lochtman: Dutch chaplain / resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • 1950Ivan Goll: Writer, dies at 58
  • 1952Theodorus Pangalos: Greek General / Dictator 1926, dies at 74
  • 1955Tom Howard: Comedian (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 66
  • 1956Frank Dailey: Orchestra leader (Music at Meadowbrook), dies at 54
  • 1958Harry Cohn: CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack
  • 1960Adriano Olivetti: Italian engineer / manufacturer, dies at 58
  • 1961Platt Adams: High jumper (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 1962Willie Best: Actor (Charlie-My Little Margie), dies at 45
  • 1968Johannes Tralow: Writer, dies at 85

Historical events on February 28

  • 08708th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
  • 1066Westminster Abbey opens
  • 1570Anti-Portugese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1610Thomas West, Baron de La Mar, is appointed Governor of Virginia
  • 1638Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1646Roger Scott was tried in Mass for sleeping in church
  • 1667English colony Suriname in Dutch hands
  • 1692Salem witch hunt begins
  • 1704Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opens a school for blacks in New York City
  • 1704Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100
  • 1708Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • 1730Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • 1759Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • 1778Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 1784John Wesley charters Methodist Church
  • 18101st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 18271st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • 184412-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes
  • 18491st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • 1854Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
  • 1859Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 1861Territories of Nevada and Colorado created
  • 1862Opera "La Reine de Saba, " premieres in Paris
  • 1863Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 18712nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • 1878US Congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 1879"Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political / economic exploitation
  • 18821st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 18831st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • 1888Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes

Born on February 28

  • 1533Michel de Montaigne: France -- Essayist / philosopher
  • 1573Elias Hill: German architect / city builder (Augsburg)
  • 1616Kaspar Forster: Composer
  • 1663Thomas Newcomen: English co-inventor (steam engine)
  • 1690Aleksei P Romanov: Russia -- Son of Peter the Great
  • 1747Justin Morgan: Composer
  • 1750Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister
  • 1764Robert Haldane: Scottish theologist / philanthropist
  • 1771French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter
  • 1786D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist / politician
  • 1792Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer: Estonian / German embryologist
  • 1797Mary Lyon: United States -- Educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • 1797W Frederik K: Prince of the Netherlands / General / Admiral (10 day campaign)
  • 1810Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian
  • 1817James Craig: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1820John Tenniel: England, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist / illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • 1822Matthew Duncan Ector: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1823Ernest Renan: French philosopher / historian / Scholar of religion
  • 1824Charles Blondin: France -- Acrobat / aerialist
  • 1824John Creed Moore: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1825Quincy Adams Gillmore: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1833Alfred von Schlieffen: Count / Prussian General-Field Marshal
  • 1850Hermann Schell: German theologist / philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 1854Juliusz Zarebski: Composer
  • 1857Gustave Adolph Kerker: Composer
  • 1858Jacob P Vis: Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • 1865Arthur Symons: Welsh poet / critic / co-founder (Savoy)
  • 1865Wilfred Grenfell: England, United Kingdom -- Medical Missionary
  • 1874Soledad Jiminez: Santander, Spain -- Actor (Phantom ofthe Range)
  • 1875Viliam Figus: Composer

Died on February 28

  • 1261Hendrik: Duke of Brabant (1248-61)
  • 1573Jan "Hans" Liefrinck: Flemish engraver / publisher, dies at about 54
  • 1609Paul Sartorius: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1618Filips Willem: Prince of Orange, dies at 63
  • 1626Cyril Tourneur: English Poet / dramatist, dies at about 51
  • 1638Claude G Bachet de Meziriac: French Mathematician / poet, dies at 56
  • 1638Henri duc de Rohan: French soldier / Huguenot leader
  • 1665Lodewijk van Nassau: Dutch Governor (Bois-le-Duc)
  • 1737Hercule Brehy: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1781Richard Stockton: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1784Phillis Wheatly: Poetess
  • 1796Friedrich Wilhelm Rust: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1818Adriaan Loosjes Pzn: Dut publisher / writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • 1844Abel P Upshur: Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1844Thommas W Gilmer: Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1876Charles Edward Horsley: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1903Girolamo / Jeromin de Rada: Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • 1905Joseph C Juglar: French Physician / economist, dies at 85
  • 1913Elephant seal: 6.8-m, 4000-kg, killed in S Georgia (South Atlantic)
  • 1916Henry James: US / British writer (Bostonians), dies in London at 72
  • 1922Vicente Lleo: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1925Friedrich Ebert: Soc-dem President Germany
  • 1929Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet: Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929John Ebenezer West: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935Alexander W F Idenburg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1909-16), dies at 73
  • 1940Johan C Braakensiek: Dutch political cartoonist, dies at 81
  • 1949Stanley Robert Marchant: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1953Jim Thorpe: Decathlete (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 64
  • 1959Maxwell Anderson: US dramatist (Key Largo, Bath Seed), dies at 70
  • 1960F S Flint: British translator / Poet (imagist movement), dies at 74