Events on Feb 28

  • 08708th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
  • 1066Westminster Abbey opens
  • 1570Anti-Portugese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1610Thomas West, Baron de La Mar, is appointed Governor of Virginia
  • 1638Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1646Roger Scott was tried in Mass for sleeping in church
  • 1667English colony Suriname in Dutch hands
  • 1692Salem witch hunt begins
  • 1704Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opens a school for blacks in New York City
  • 1704Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100
  • 1708Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • 1730Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • 1759Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • 1778Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 1784John Wesley charters Methodist Church
  • 18101st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 18271st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • 184412-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes
  • 18491st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • 1854Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
  • 1859Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 1861Territories of Nevada and Colorado created
  • 1862Opera "La Reine de Saba, " premieres in Paris
  • 1863Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 18712nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • 1878US Congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 1879"Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political / economic exploitation
  • 18821st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 18831st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • 1888Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes

Born on Feb 28

  • 1533Michel de Montaigne: France -- Essayist / philosopher
  • 1573Elias Hill: German architect / city builder (Augsburg)
  • 1616Kaspar Forster: Composer
  • 1663Thomas Newcomen: English co-inventor (steam engine)
  • 1690Aleksei P Romanov: Russia -- Son of Peter the Great
  • 1747Justin Morgan: Composer
  • 1750Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister
  • 1764Robert Haldane: Scottish theologist / philanthropist
  • 1771French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter
  • 1786D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist / politician
  • 1792Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer: Estonian / German embryologist
  • 1797Mary Lyon: United States -- Educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • 1797W Frederik K: Prince of the Netherlands / General / Admiral (10 day campaign)
  • 1810Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian
  • 1817James Craig: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1820John Tenniel: England, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist / illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • 1822Matthew Duncan Ector: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 1823Ernest Renan: French philosopher / historian / Scholar of religion
  • 1824Charles Blondin: France -- Acrobat / aerialist
  • 1824John Creed Moore: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1910
  • 1825Quincy Adams Gillmore: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1888
  • 1833Alfred von Schlieffen: Count / Prussian General-Field Marshal
  • 1850Hermann Schell: German theologist / philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 1854Juliusz Zarebski: Composer
  • 1857Gustave Adolph Kerker: Composer
  • 1858Jacob P Vis: Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • 1865Arthur Symons: Welsh poet / critic / co-founder (Savoy)
  • 1865Wilfred Grenfell: England, United Kingdom -- Medical Missionary
  • 1874Soledad Jiminez: Santander, Spain -- Actor (Phantom ofthe Range)
  • 1875Viliam Figus: Composer

Died on Feb 28

  • 1261Hendrik: Duke of Brabant (1248-61)
  • 1573Jan "Hans" Liefrinck: Flemish engraver / publisher, dies at about 54
  • 1609Paul Sartorius: Composer, dies at 39
  • 1618Filips Willem: Prince of Orange, dies at 63
  • 1626Cyril Tourneur: English Poet / dramatist, dies at about 51
  • 1638Claude G Bachet de Meziriac: French Mathematician / poet, dies at 56
  • 1638Henri duc de Rohan: French soldier / Huguenot leader
  • 1665Lodewijk van Nassau: Dutch Governor (Bois-le-Duc)
  • 1737Hercule Brehy: Composer, dies at 63
  • 1781Richard Stockton: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1784Phillis Wheatly: Poetess
  • 1796Friedrich Wilhelm Rust: Composer, dies at 56
  • 1818Adriaan Loosjes Pzn: Dut publisher / writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • 1844Abel P Upshur: Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1844Thommas W Gilmer: Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1876Charles Edward Horsley: Composer, dies at 53
  • 1903Girolamo / Jeromin de Rada: Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • 1905Joseph C Juglar: French Physician / economist, dies at 85
  • 1913Elephant seal: 6.8-m, 4000-kg, killed in S Georgia (South Atlantic)
  • 1916Henry James: US / British writer (Bostonians), dies in London at 72
  • 1922Vicente Lleo: Composer, dies at 51
  • 1925Friedrich Ebert: Soc-dem President Germany
  • 1929Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet: Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1929John Ebenezer West: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1935Alexander W F Idenburg: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1909-16), dies at 73
  • 1940Johan C Braakensiek: Dutch political cartoonist, dies at 81
  • 1949Stanley Robert Marchant: Composer, dies at 65
  • 1953Jim Thorpe: Decathlete (1912 Olympics - Gold Medalist), dies at 64
  • 1959Maxwell Anderson: US dramatist (Key Largo, Bath Seed), dies at 70
  • 1960F S Flint: British translator / Poet (imagist movement), dies at 74

Historical events on February 29

  • 1504Columbus uses a lunar eclipse to frighten hostile Jamaican Indians
  • 1692Sarah Good and Tituba, an Indian servant, accused of witchcraft, Salem
  • 1704French and Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 50, abduct 100
  • 1720Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns
  • 1784Marquis de Sade transferred from Vincennes fortress to the Bastille
  • 1816Dutch (King) Willem II marries Russian grand-duchess Anna Paulowna
  • 1832Charles Darwin visits jungle near Bahia Brazil
  • 1836Giacomo Meyerbeers opera "Les Huguenots, " premieres in Paris
  • 1848Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
  • 1856Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 18681st British government of Disraeli forms
  • 1880Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland and Italy completed
  • 1892Britian and US sign treaty on seal hunting in Bering Sea
  • 1904Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7 man committee to study Panama Canal
  • 1908Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • 1932Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • 1936FDR signs 2nd neutrality act
  • 1940"Gone with the Wind, " wins 8 Oscars
  • 194045 U-boats sunk this month (170,000 ton)
  • 1940Frederic from G&S "Pirates of Penzance" finally released by pirate
  • 1940Hattie McDaniel becomes 1st black woman to win an Oscar
  • 19445 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • 1944US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands
  • 1948Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • 1952Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood and Demmy GRB
  • 1952Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk and Paul Falk of GER
  • 1952Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of FRA
  • 1956Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956President Eisenhower announces he would seek a 2nd term
  • 19601st Playboy Club, featuring bunnies, opens in Chicago

Born on February 29

  • 1468Paul III: Last Renaissance Pope (1534-49)
  • 1696Esprit Joseph Antoine Blanchard: Composer
  • 1728Robert Bage: English writer (Criticism by Peter Faulkner)
  • 1736Anna Lee: Manchester, England -- Founder (Shaker movement in America)
  • 1784Franz KL von Klenze: German architect (Hermitage, St-Petersburg)
  • 1792Gioacchino Rossini: Pesaro, Italy -- Composer (Barber of Seville)
  • 1792Karl Ernst von Baler: Russia -- Naturalist (discovered human ovum)
  • 1796[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belgian astronomer / meteorology
  • 1812Hermann Hirschboch: German composer
  • 1820Adolf Schimon: Composer
  • 1828Antonio Guzman Blanco: President Venezuela
  • 1840John Philip Holland: Liscannor, Ireland -- Pioneer in submarine building
  • 1852Frederic Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 1860Herman Hollerith: Inventor (1st electric tabulating machine)
  • 1884Alfred Sendrey: Composer
  • 1896Omer C F L Tulippe: Belgian geographer
  • 1896Ranchhodji Morarji Desai: Premier of India (1977-79)
  • 1896Stanley Swash: CEO (Woolworths)
  • 1896William W Wellman: Brookline, Massachusetts -- Director (Star is Born)
  • 1896Wladimir Rudolfovich Vogel: Composer
  • 1904Alan Richardson: Composer
  • 1904Jimmy Dorsey: Shenandoah, Pennsylvania -- Orchestra leader (Stage Show)
  • 1904John "Pepper" Martin: Baseballer (NL stolen base leader 1933, 34, 36)
  • 1908Balthus: Painter (Valerie)
  • 1920Arthur Franz: Perth Amboy, New Jersey -- Actor (Invaders From Mars, Young Lions)
  • 1920James Mitchell: Sacramento, California -- Actor (Palmer-All My Children)
  • 1920Louise Wood: Director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)
  • 1924David Beattie: British Governor-General of NZ
  • 1924Otto Hutter: Physiologist
  • 1928Alan Loveday: Violinist

Died on February 29

  • 0468Pope Hilarius: Calendar reformer
  • 0468St Hilary: Catholic Pope (461-468)
  • 1604John Whitgift: Archbishop of Canterbury (1583-1604), dies at about 74
  • 1844Thaddaus Weigl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 1852John Landseer: Printer / engraver (Royal Academy)
  • 1868[Charles] Louis I [Augustus]: King of Bavaria (L Montez), dies at 81
  • 1916Edward H J Keurvels: Flemish conductor / Composer (Parisina), dies at 62
  • 1928Adolphe Appia: Swiss set designer / theorist, dies at 65
  • 1928Armando V Diaz: Italian marshal / Minister of War (1922-24), dies at 66
  • 1932"Big Ed" Morris: Pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1940Edward Frederic Benson: Novelist
  • 1956Elpidio Quirino: President of Philippines (1949-53), dies at 65
  • 1964Frank Albertson: Actor (Chico & Man, Room Service), dies at 55
  • 1964Victor van Straelen: Flemish biologist / paleontologist, dies at 74
  • 1980Yigol Alton: Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61
  • 1984Roland Culver: Actor (Thunderball), dies of heart problems at 83
  • 1992Earl Scheib: CEO (Earl Scheib Auto Paint), dies at 85
  • 1992Johnny Mack: British actor (Time Lord-Dr Who), dies at 70
  • 1996Duncan Stuart Wilson Fighter pilot-MacDonald: Dies at 83
  • 1996Joe Minogue: Journalist, dies at 72
  • 1996John Grant: Rear-admiral, dies at 87
  • 1996Wes Farrell: Songwriter, dies at 56